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1972 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1972
MCMLXXII

Ab urbe condita 2725
Armenian calendar 1421
ԹՎ ՌՆԻԱ
Bahá'í calendar 128 – 129
Buddhist calendar 2516
Coptic calendar 1688 – 1689
Ethiopian calendar 1964 – 1965
Hebrew calendar 5732 5733
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2027 – 2028
 - Shaka Samvat 1894 – 1895
 - Kali Yuga 5073 – 5074
Holocene calendar 11972
Iranian calendar 1350 – 1351
Islamic calendar 1391 – 1392
Japanese calendar Shōwa

47


(昭和 47年)

 - Imperial Year Kōki 2632
(皇紀2632年)
Julian calendar 2017
Korean calendar 4305
Thai solar calendar 2515
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Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. Within the context of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) it was the longest year ever, as two leap seconds were added during this 366-day year, an event which has not been repeated since. (If its begin and end are defined using mean solar time (the legal time scale) then its duration was 31622401.141 seconds of Terrestrial Time (or Ephemeris Time), which is slightly shorter than 1908).[1]

Events[]

January[]

  • January 1
    • Kurt Waldheim becomes Secretary General of the United Nations.
    • Pierre Hotel Robbery: Six men rob the safety deposit boxes of The Pierre Hotel in New York City of at least $4 million.
  • January 3
    • MGM's 1951 Show Boat is presented on television by NBC for the first time. This marks the first complete network telecast of any version of Show Boat (it had already been filmed as a part-talkie in 1929, and as a full-sound musical in 1936).
  • January 4
    • The first scientific hand-held calculator (HP-35) is introduced (price $395).
    • Rose Heilbron becomes the first woman judge at the Old Bailey in London.
  • January 5 – U.S. President Richard Nixon orders the development of a space shuttle program.
  • January 7
    • An Iberian Airlines passenger plane crashes into a 250-meter peak on the island of Ibiza; 104 are killed.
    • Howard Hughes speaks by telephone to denounce Clifford Irving's supposed biography of him.
  • January 9 – The RMS Queen Elizabeth is destroyed by fire in Hong Kong harbor.
  • January 10Sheikh Mujibur Rahman returns Bangladesh from Pakistan
  • January 13 – Prime Minister of Ghana Kofi Abrefa Busia is overthrown in a military coup.
  • January 14 – Queen Margrethe II of Denmark succeeds her father, King Frederick IX, on the throne of Denmark.
  • January 19 – The Libertarian enclave Minerva on a platform in the South Pacific, sponsored by the Phoenix Foundation, declares independence. Soon neighboring Tonga annexes the area and dismantles the platform.
  • January 20
    • – President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto announces that Pakistan will immediately begin a nuclear weapons programme.
    • – Fears are growing about the economy of the United Kingdom, where unemployment is now exceeding 1 million for the first time since World War II.[2]
  • January 21 – A New Delhi bootlegger sells wood alcohol to a wedding party; 100 die.
  • January 24 – Japanese soldier Shoichi Yokoi is discovered in Guam; he had spent 28 years in the jungle.
  • January 25Shirley Chisholm, the first African American Congresswoman, announces her candidacy for President.
  • January 26
    • Yugoslavian air stewardess Vesna Vulović is the only survivor when her plane crashes in Czechoslovakia. She survives after falling 10,160 meters (33,330 feet) in the tail section of the aircraft.
    • The Aboriginal Tent Embassy is set up on the lawn of Parliament House in Canberra.
  • January 28Richard Chanfray claims he is the Count of St Germain on French television.
  • January 30
    • Bloody Sunday: The British Army kills 14 unarmed nationalist civil rights marchers in Derry, Northern Ireland.
    • Pakistan withdraws from the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • January 31 – King Birendra succeeds his father as King of Nepal.

February[]

  • February 2
    • A bomb explodes at the British Yacht Club in West Berlin, killing Irwin Beelitz, a German boat builder.
    • The German militant group Movement 2 June announces its support of the Provisional Irish Republican Army.
    • Anti-British riots take place throughout Ireland. The British Embassy in Dublin is burned to the ground, as are several British-owned businesses.
  • February 3February 13 – The 1972 Winter Olympics are held in Sapporo, Japan.
  • February 4Mariner 9 sends pictures as it orbits Mars.
  • February 5
    • U.S. airlines begin mandatory inspection of passengers and baggage.
    • Bob Douglas becomes the first African American elected to the Basketball Hall of Fame.
  • February 9 – The British government declares a state of emergency over a miners' strike.
  • February 15
    • President of Ecuador José María Velasco Ibarra is deposed for the fourth time.
    • Phonorecords are granted U.S. federal copyright protection for the first time.
  • February 17Volkswagen Beetle sales exceed those of the Ford Model T when the 15,007,034th Beetle is produced.
  • February 18 – The California Supreme Court voids the state's death penalty, commuting all death sentences to life in prison.
  • February 19Asama-Sansō incident: Five United Red Army members break into a lodge below Mount Asama, taking the wife of the lodge keeper hostage.
  • February 21 – The Soviet unmanned spaceship Luna 20 lands on the Moon.
  • February 21February 28 – U.S. President Richard M. Nixon makes an unprecedented 8-day visit to the People's Republic of China and meets with Mao Zedong.
  • February 22
    • Aldershot bombing: An Official IRA bomb kills 7 in Aldershot, England.
    • A Lufthansa plane is hijacked and taken to Aden. Passengers are released after a ransom of 16 million German marks is agreed.
  • February 23Angela Davis is released from jail. A Caruthers, California farmer, Rodger McAfee, helps her make bail.
  • February 24 – North Vietnamese negotiators walk out of the Paris Peace Talks to protest U.S. air raids.
  • February 26
    • A coal sludge spill kills 125 people in Buffalo Creek, West Virginia.
    • Luna 20 comes back to Earth with 55 grams (1.94 oz) of lunar soil.
  • February 28 – The Asama-Sanso incident ends in a standoff between five members of the Japanese United Red Army and the authorities, in which two policemen are killed and 12 injured.

March[]

  • March 1
    • The Thai province Yasothon is created after being split off from the Ubon Ratchathani Province.
    • The Club of Rome publishes its report Limits to Growth.
  • March 2
    • The Pioneer 10 spacecraft is launched from Cape Kennedy, to be the first man-made satellite to leave the solar system.
    • Jean-Bédel Bokassa becomes President of the Central African Republic.
  • March 3 – Sculpted figures of Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee, and Stonewall Jackson are completed at Stone Mountain in the U.S. state of Georgia.
  • March 4
    • Libya and the Soviet Union sign a cooperation treaty.
    • The Organisation of the Islamic Conference Charter is signed (effective 28 February 1973).
  • March 5 – Greek composer Mikis Theodorakis leaves the Greek Communist Party.
  • March 13
    • The United Kingdom and the People's Republic of China elevate diplomatic exchanges to the ambassadorial level after 22 years.
    • Clifford Irving admits to a New York court that he had fabricated Howard Hughes' "autobiography".
  • March 16 – The first building of the Pruitt–Igoe housing development is destroyed.
  • March 19 – India and Bangladesh sign a friendship treaty.
  • March 22 – The 92nd U.S. Congress votes to send the proposed Equal Rights Amendment to the states for ratification.
  • March 24
    • The Godfather is released in cinemas in the United States.
    • The British government announces the prorogation of the Parliament of Northern Ireland and the introduction of 'Direct Rule' of Northern Ireland, after the Unionist government refuses to cede security powers.
  • March 25
    • Après Toi sung by Vicky Leandros (music by Klaus Munro & Mario Panas, lyric by Klaus Munro & Yves Dessca) wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1972 for Luxembourg.
    • Bewitched starring Elizabeth Montgomery and Dick Sargent aired its final episode, "The Truth, Nothing but the Truth, So Help Me Sam" on ABC.
  • March 26
    • An avalanche on Mount Fuji kills 19 climbers.
    • The last trolleybus system in the United Kingdom closes in Bradford, West Riding of Yorkshire after over 60 years of operation.
    • After fourteen years, the last of Leonard Bernstein's Young People's Concerts is telecast by CBS. This last concert is devoted to Gustav Holst's The Planets.
  • March 30Vietnam War: The Easter Offensive begins after North Vietnamese forces cross into the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) of South Vietnam.

April[]

  • April 7Vietnam War veteran Richard McCoy, Jr. hijacks a United Airlines jet and extorts $500,000; he is later captured.
  • April 10
    • The U.S. and the Soviet Union join some 70 nations in signing the Biological Weapons Convention, an agreement to ban biological warfare.
    • A 7.0 Richter scale earthquake kills 5,000 people in the Iranian province of Fars.
    • The 44th Annual Academy Awards are held at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles.
  • April 13 – The Universal Postal Union decides to recognize the People's Republic of China as the only legitimate Chinese representative, effectively expelling the Republic of China administering Taiwan.
  • April 16
    • Apollo 16 (John Young, Ken Mattingly, Charlie Duke) is launched. During the mission, the astronauts achieve a lunar rover speed record of 18 km/h.
    • Vietnam War – Nguyen Hue Offensive: Prompted by the North Vietnamese offensive, the United States resumes bombing of Hanoi and Haiphong.
  • April 17 – The first Boston Marathon in which women are officially allowed to compete.
  • April 22 – Sylvia Cook and John Fairfax finish rowing across the Pacific.
  • April 26 – The Lockheed L-1011 Tristar enters service with Eastern Airlines.
  • April 27 – A no-confidence vote against German Chancellor Willy Brandt fails under obscure circumstances.
  • April 29 – The fourth anniversary of the Broadway musical Hair is celebrated with a free concert at a Central Park bandshell, followed by dinner at the Four Seasons. There, 13 Black Panther protesters and the show's co-author, Jim Rado, are arrested for disturbing the peace and for using marijuana.

May[]

  • May
    • The Burundian Genocide against the Hutu begins; more than 500,000 Hutus die.
  • May 2 – Fire in a silver mine in Idaho kills 91.
  • May 5 – An Alitalia DC-8 crashes west of Palermo, Sicily; 115 die.
  • May 7General elections are held in Italy.
  • May 8 – U.S. President Richard Nixon orders the mining of Haiphong Harbor in Vietnam.
  • May 13 – Fire in a nightclub atop the Sennichi department store in Osaka, Japan, kills 115.
  • May 15
    • Okinawa is returned to Japan after 27 years of United States Military occupation.
    • Governor George C. Wallace of Alabama is shot by Arthur Herman Bremer at a Laurel, Maryland political rally.
  • May 16 – The first financial derivatives exchange, the International Monetary Market (IMM), opens on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange.
  • May 18 – Four troopers of both SAS and SBS are parachuted onto the RMS Queen Elizabeth 2, 1,000 miles (1,600 km) off Britain in the Atlantic, after a bomb threat and ransom demand, which turns out to be bogus.
  • May 19 – Three out of 6 bombs explode in the Springer Press building in Hamburg, Germany, injuring 17; the Red Army Faction claims responsibility.
  • May 21 – In Rome, Laszlo Toth attacks Michelangelo's "Pietà" statue with a sledgehammer, shouting that he is Jesus Christ.
  • May 22
    • Ceylon becomes the republic of Sri Lanka under prime minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike, when its new constitution is ratified.
    • Ferit Melen forms the new (interim) government of Turkey (35th government)
  • May 23 – The Tamil United Front (now known as Tamil United Liberation Front), a pro-Tamil organization, is founded.
  • May 24
    • Rangers lift the Cup Winners Cup, defeating Dynamo Moscow in the final at the Nou Camp. Their supporters invade the pitch, with the team banned from defending the trophy the following season.
    • A Red Army Faction bomb explodes in the Campbell Barracks of the U.S. Army Supreme European Command in Heidelberg, West Germany; 3 U.S. soldiers (Clyde Bonner, Ronald Woodard and Charles Peck) are killed.
    • The Magnavox Odyssey video game system is first demoed, marking the dawn of the video game age; it goes on sale to the public in August.
  • May 26
    • Richard Nixon and Leonid Brezhnev sign the SALT I treaty in Moscow, as well as the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty and other agreements.
    • The Watergate first break-in, the "Ameritas dinner", fails.
    • Wernher von Braun retires from NASA, frustrated by the agency's unwillingness to pursue a manned trans-orbital space program.
    • Willandra National Park is established in Australia.
  • May 27A second Watergate break-in attempt fails.
  • May 30
    • The Angry Brigade goes on trial in the United Kingdom.
    • Three Japanese Red Army members kill 24 and injure 100 in Lod Airport, Israel.

June[]

  • June – Iraq nationalizes the Iraq Petroleum Company.
  • June 2Andreas Baader, Jan-Carl Raspe, Holger Meins and some other members of Red Army Faction are arrested in Frankfurt am Main after a shootout.
  • June 3Sally Priesand becomes the first female U.S. rabbi.
  • June 4Angela Davis is found not guilty of murder.
  • June 5June 16 – The United Nations Conference on the Human Environment is held in Stockholm, Sweden
  • June 8 – Seven men and 3 women hijack a plane from Czechoslovakia to West Germany.
  • June 9 – The Black Hills flood kills 238 in South Dakota.
  • June 14June 23Hurricane Agnes kills 117 on the U.S. East Coast.
  • June 15Ulrike Meinhof and Gerhard Müller of the Red Army Faction are arrested in a teacher's apartment in Langenhagen, West Germany.
  • June 15June 18 – The first U.S. Libertarian Party National Convention is held in Denver, Colorado.
  • June 16 – 108 die as two passenger trains hit the debris of a collapsed railway tunnel near Soissons, France.
  • June 17
    • Watergate scandal: Five White House operatives are arrested for burglarizing the offices of the Democratic National Committee.
    • The United States returns Okinawa, occupied and governed since the World War II Battle of Okinawa, to Japan.
    • Chilean president Salvador Allende forms a new government.
  • June 18
    • Staines air disaster: 118 die when a Trident 1 jet airliner crashes 2 minutes after take off from London Heathrow Airport.
    • West Germany beats the Soviet Union 3–0 to win Euro 72.
  • June 23Watergate Scandal: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon and White House chief of staff H. R. Haldeman are taped talking about using the C.I.A. to obstruct the F.B.I.'s investigation into the Watergate break-ins.
  • June 26Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney co-found Atari.
  • June 28 – U.S. President Richard Nixon announces that no new draftees will be sent to Vietnam.
  • June 29Furman v. Georgia: The Supreme Court of the United States rules that capital punishment is unconstitutional.
  • June 30 – The International Time Bureau adds the first leap second (23:59:60) to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) at the end of the month.

July[]

  • July – U.S. actress Jane Fonda tours North Vietnam, during which she is photographed sitting on a North Vietnamese anti-aircraft gun.
  • July 1
    • The Canadian ketch Vega, flying the Greenpeace III banner, collides with the French naval minesweeper La Paimpolaise while in international waters, to protest French nuclear weapon tests in the South Pacific.
    • The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms becomes independent from the IRS.
  • July 2 – Following Pakistan's surrender to India in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, both nations sign the historic Simla Agreement, agreeing to settle their disputes bilaterally.
  • July 4 – The first Rainbow Gathering is held in Colorado.
  • July 8 – The U.S. sells grain to the Soviet Union for $750 million.
  • July 10 – India's news agency reports that at least 24 people have been killed in separate incidents, in the Chandka Forest in India, by elephants crazed by heat and drought.
  • July 10July 14 – The Democratic National Convention meets in Miami Beach. Senator George McGovern, who backs the immediate and complete withdrawal of U.S. troops from South Vietnam, is nominated for President. He names fellow Senator Thomas Eagleton as his running mate.
  • July 15 – The Pruitt–Igoe housing development is demolished in Saint Louis, Missouri.
  • July 18Anwar Sadat expels 20,000 Soviet advisors from Egypt.
  • July 21
    • Bloody Friday: 22 bombs planted by the Provisional IRA explode in Belfast, Northern Ireland; nine people are killed and 130 seriously injured.[3]
    • Comedian George Carlin is arrested by Milwaukee police for public obscenity, for reciting his "Seven Words You Can Never Say On Television" at Summerfest.
    • A collision between two trains near Sevilla, Spain kills 76 people.
  • July 23 – The United States launches Landsat 1, the first Earth-resources satellite.
  • July 25 – U.S. health officials admit that African-Americans were used as guinea pigs in the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male.
  • July 29 – A national dock strike begins in Britain.
  • July 31The Troubles, Northern Ireland:
    • Operation Motorman, 4:00 AM: British Army begins to regain control of the "no-go areas" established by Irish republican paramilitaries in Belfast, Derry ("Free Derry") and Newry.[3]
    • Claudy bombing (“Bloody Monday”), 10:00 AM: Three car bombs in Claudy, County Londonderry, kill nine. It becomes public knowledge only in 2010 that that a local Catholic priest was an IRA officer believed to be involved in the bombings but his role was covered up by the authorities.[4]

August[]

  • August 1 – U.S. Senator Thomas Eagleton, the Democratic vice-presidential nominee, withdraws from the race after revealing he was once treated for mental illness.
  • August 4
    • Arthur Bremer is jailed for 63 years for shooting George Wallace.
    • Dictator Idi Amin declares that Uganda will expel 50,000 Asians with British passports to Britain within 3 months.
    • A huge solar flare (one of the largest ever recorded) knocks out cable lines in U.S. It begins with the appearance of sunspots on August 2; an August 4 flare kicks off high levels of activity until August 10.
  • August 10 – A brilliant, daytime meteor skips off the Earth's atmosphere due to an Apollo asteroid streaking over the western US into Canada.[5]
  • August 12 – The last U.S. ground troops are withdrawn from Vietnam.
  • August 14 – An East German Ilyushin airliner crashes near East Berlin; all 156 onboard perish.
  • August 16 – As part of a coup attempt, members of the Royal Moroccan Air Force fire upon, but fail to bring down, Hassan II of Morocco's plane while he is traveling back to Rabat.
  • August 21 – The Republican National Convention in Miami Beach, Florida renominates U.S. President Richard Nixon and Vice President Spiro Agnew for a second term.
  • August 22John Wojtowicz, 27, and Sal Naturile, 18, hold several Chase Manhattan Bank employees hostage for 17 hours in Gravesend, Brooklyn, N.Y, an event later dramatized in the film Dog Day Afternoon.
  • August 26September 11 – The 1972 Summer Olympics are held in Munich, West Germany.

September[]

  • September 1
    • Bobby Fischer defeats Boris Spassky in a chess match in Reykjavík, Iceland, becoming the first American world chess champion.
    • The Second Cod War begins between the United Kingdom and Iceland.
  • September 4 – The first episode of The Price Is Right is hosted on CBS by Bob Barker. Gambit and The Joker's Wild also premiere.
  • September 5September 6Munich Massacre: Eleven Israeli athletes at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich are murdered after eight members of the Arab terrorist group Black September invade the Olympic Village; five guerrillas and one policeman are also killed in a failed hostage rescue.
  • September 10 – The Brazilian driver Emerson Fittipaldi wins the Italian Grand Prix at Monza and becomes the youngest Formula One World Champion.
  • September 14 – West Germany and Poland renew diplomatic relations.
  • September 17Uganda announces that there are Tanzanian troops in its territory.
  • September 18São Paulo Metro is inaugurated in Brazil.
  • September 19 – A parcel bomb sent to the Israeli Embassy in London kills one diplomat.
  • September 21Philippine president Ferdinand Marcos issues Proclamation No. 1081[6] placing the entire country under martial law.
  • September 24 – An F-86 fighter aircraft leaving an air show at Sacramento Executive Airport fails to become airborne and crashes into a Farrell's Ice Cream Parlor, killing 12 children and 11 adults.[7]
  • September 25Norwegian EC referendum, 1972: Norway rejects membership in the European Economic Community.
  • September 27 – The Joint Communique of the Government of Japan and the Government of the People's Republic of China is signed in Beijing.
  • September 28 – The Canadian national men's hockey team defeats the Soviet national ice hockey team in Game 8 of the 1972 Summit Series (French: La Série du Siècle, Russian: Суперсерия СССР — Канада), 6–5, to win the series 4–3–1.
  • September 29Sino-Japanese relations: Japan normalizes diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China after breaking official ties with the Republic of China (Taiwan).

October[]

  • October – The government of former President of Somalia Mohamed Siad Barre formally introduces the Somali alphabet as Somalia's official writing script.[8]
  • October 1
    • The first publication reporting the production of a recombinant DNA molecule marks the birth of modern molecular biology methodology.[9]
    • Alex Comfort's bestselling manual The Joy of Sex is published.
  • October 2 – Denmark joins the European Community; the Faroe Islands stay out.
  • October 5 – The United Reformed Church is founded out of the Congregational and Presbyterian Churches.
  • October 6 – A train crash in Saltillo, Mexico kills 208 people.
  • October 8R. Sargent Shriver is chosen to replace Thomas Eagleton as the U.S. vice-presidential nominee of the Democratic Party.
  • October 12 – En route to the Gulf of Tonkin, a racial riot involving more than 200 sailors breaks out aboard the United States Navy aircraft carrier USS Kitty Hawk; nearly 50 sailors are injured.
  • October 13Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571: A Fairchild FH-227D passenger aircraft transporting a rugby union team crashes at about 14,000' in the Andes mountain range, near the Argentina/Chile border. Sixteen of the survivors are found alive December 20 but they have had to resort to cannibalism to survive.
  • October 16
    • A plane carrying U.S. Congressman Hale Boggs of Louisiana and 3 other men vanishes in Alaska. The wreckage has never been found, despite a massive search at the time.
    • Rioting Maze Prison inmates cause a fire that destroys most of the camp.
  • October 17Elizabeth II visits Yugoslavia.
  • October 25
    • The first female FBI agents are hired.
    • Belgian Eddy Merckx sets a new world hour record in cycling in Mexico City.
  • October 26 – Following a visit to South Vietnam, U.S. National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger suggests that "peace is at hand."
  • October 28 – The Airbus A300 flies for the first time.
  • October 29 – The Black September group hijacks a Lufthansa Boeing 727 over Turkey, demanding the release of 3 comrades still held for the massacre of Israeli athletes at the Olympic Games.
  • October 30
    • U.S. President Richard Nixon approves legislation to increase Social Security spending by US$5.3 billion.
    • A commuter train collision in Chicago kills 45, injures hundreds.

November[]

Nixon's landslide victory in the electoral college during the 1972 Election.

The arcade version of Pong is released.

  • November
    • At a scientific meeting in Honolulu, Herbert Boyer and Stanley N. Cohen conceive the concept of recombinant DNA. They publish their results in November 1973 in PNAS. Separately in 1972, Paul Berg also recombines DNA in a test tube. Recombinant DNA technology has dramatically changed the field of biological sciences, especially biotechnology, and opened the door to genetically modified organisms.
    • The Nishitetsu Lions baseball club, part of the NPB's Pacific League, is sold to the Fukuoka Baseball Corporation, a subsidiary of Nishi-Nippon Railroad. The team is renamed the Taiheiyo Club Lions.
  • November 5 – A group of Amerindians occupies the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • November 7U.S. presidential election, 1972: Republican incumbent Richard Nixon defeats Democratic Senator George McGovern in a landslide (the election had the lowest voter turnout since 1948, with only 55 percent of the electorate voting).
  • November 11Vietnam WarVietnamization: The United States Army turns over the massive Long Binh military base to South Vietnam.
  • November 14 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 1,000 (1,003.16) for the first time.
  • November 16 – The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization adopts the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage[10]
  • November 19Seán Mac Stíofáin, a leader of the Provisional Irish Republican Army, is arrested in Dublin after giving an interview to RTÉ.
  • November 22Vietnam War: The United States loses its first B-52 Stratofortress of the war.
  • November 28 – The last executions in Paris, France. Roger Bontems and Claude Buffet – the Clairvaux Mutineers – were guillotined at La Sante Prison by chief executioner Andre Obrecht (already suffering from Parkinson's Disease). Bontems had been found innocent of murder by the court, but as Buffet's accomplice was condemned to death anyway. President Georges Pompidou, in private an abolitionist, upheld both death sentences in deference to French public opinion.
  • November 29
    • Atari kicks off the first generation of video games with the release of their seminal arcade version of Pong, the first game to achieve commercial success.
    • The "tea house" Mellow Yellow opens on the Amstel River in Amsterdam, pioneering the legal sale of cannabis in the Netherlands.[11]
  • November 30
    • Vietnam War: White House Press Secretary Ron Ziegler tells the press that there will be no more public announcements concerning United States troop withdrawals from Vietnam due to the fact that troop levels are now down to 27,000.
    • Cod War: British Foreign Secretary Sir Alec Douglas-Home says that Royal Navy ships will be stationed to protect British trawlers off Iceland.

December[]

  • December 2Edward Gough Whitlam becomes the first Labor Party Prime Minister of Australia for 23 years. He is sworn in on 5 December and his first action using executive power is to withdraw all Australian personnel from the Vietnam War.
  • December 7
    • Apollo 17 (Gene Cernan, Ronald Evans, Harrison Schmitt), the last manned Moon mission to date, is launched.
    • The Provisional Irish Republican Army kidnaps Jean McConville in Belfast.
    • Imelda Marcos is stabbed and seriously wounded by an assailant; her bodyguards shoot him.
  • December 8
    • United Airlines Boeing 737 from Washington National to Chicago Midway crashes short of the runway, killing 43 of 61 passengers and 2 people on the ground.
    • Over $10,000 cash is found in the purse of Watergate conspirator Howard Hunt's wife.
    • International Human Rights Day is proclaimed by the United Nations.
  • December 11Apollo 17 lands on the Moon.
    • The film Man of La Mancha, based on the hit musical, begins a roadshow run in New York City. Most critics savage it, partly because the cast is made up of mostly non-singing actors who nevertheless sing in the film. The only actor to have his singing voice dubbed is Peter O'Toole, who stars as Cervantes and Don Quixote. Gino Conforti is the only member of the original cast to repeat his role. The film is a box office flop, but more than twenty years later, its reputation starts to improve when it is released on video and public response is enthusiastic.
  • December 14Apollo program: Eugene Cernan is the last person to walk on the moon, after he and Harrison Schmitt complete the third and final Extra-vehicular activity (EVA) of Apollo 17. This is the last manned mission to the moon of the 20th Century.
  • December 15
    • The Commonwealth of Australia ordains equal pay for women.
    • The United Nations Environment Programme is established as a specialized agency of the United Nations.
  • December 16
    • The Constitution of Bangladesh comes into effect.
    • The Portuguese army kills 400 Africans in Tete, Mozambique.
  • December 19Apollo program: Apollo 17 returns to Earth, concluding the program of lunar exploration.
  • December 21
    • East Germany and West Germany recognize each other.
    • ZANLA troopers attack Altera Farm in north-east Rhodesia.
  • December 22
    • Two small earthquakes are felt at about 9:30 and 10:15 local time in Managua, Nicaragua.
    • Australia establishes diplomatic relations with China and West Germany.
    • A peace delegation that includes singer-activist Joan Baez and human rights attorney Telford Taylor visit Hanoi to deliver Christmas mail to American prisoners of war (they will be caught in the Christmas bombing of North Vietnam).
  • December 23
    • A 6.25 Richter scale earthquake in Nicaragua kills 5,000–12,000 people in the capital, Managua; President Somoza is later accused of pocketing millions of dollars worth of foreign aid intended for relief.
    • The Pittsburgh Steelers win their first ever post-season NFL game, defeating the Oakland Raiders 13–7, on a last second play that becomes known as The Immaculate Reception.
  • December 24 – Swedish Prime minister Olof Palme compares the American bombings of North Vietnam to Nazi massacres. The U.S. breaks diplomatic contact with Sweden.
  • December 25 – The Christmas bombing of North Vietnam causes widespread criticism of the U.S. and President Richard Nixon.
  • December 26 – Former United States President Harry S. Truman dies in Kansas City, Missouri.
  • December 28 – The bones of Martin Bormann are identified in Berlin.
  • December 29Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 crashes into the Everglades in Florida, killing 101 of 176 on board.
  • December 31
    • Roberto Clemente dies in a plane crash off the coast of Puerto Rico while en route to deliver aid to Nicaraguan earthquake victims.
    • An extra leap second (23:59:60) is added to end the year.
    • The US ban on the pesticide DDT takes effect.

Date unknown[]

  • The International Year of the Book is designated by UNESCO.
  • The last major epidemic of smallpox in Europe breaks out in Yugoslavia.
  • The United Kingdom begin to train Special Air Service for anti-terrorist duties.
  • The first women are admitted to Dartmouth College.
  • Colombian looters find Ciudad Perdida but keep it a secret until the government reveals it in 1975.
  • The Yellow River dries up for the first time in known history.
  • Worship of Norse gods is officially approved in Iceland.
  • The Climatic Research Unit is founded by climatologist Hubert Lamb at the University of East Anglia.
  • The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia bans the cultural organization Matica hrvatska, founded in 1842.

Births[]

January[]

Amanda Peet

  • January 1
    • Barron Miles, defensive back for the BC Lions in the CFL
    • Lilian Thuram, French football player
    • Yoon Chan, South Korean actor
    • Asghar Farhadi, Iranian film director
  • January 4Brad Zavisha, Canadian ice hockey player
  • January 10Thomas Alsgaard, Norwegian cross-country skier
  • January 11Amanda Peet, American actress
  • January 12Espen Knutsen, Norwegian hockey player
  • January 13
    • Nicole Eggert, American actress
    • Vitaly Scherbo, Belarusian gymnast
  • January 15
    • Il Mi Chung, South Korean golfer
    • Claudia Winkleman, British television presenter
    • Yang Yong-eun, South Korean golfer
  • January 16
    • Ruben Bagger, Danish footballer
    • Ang Christou, Australian rules footballer
    • Yuri Drozdov, Russian footballer
    • Ezra Hendrickson, Vincentian footballer
    • Salah Hissou, Moroccan long-distance runner
    • Joe Horn, American football player
    • Greg Page, Australian musician and actor
    • Alen Peternac, Croatian footballer
  • January 17Ken Hirai, Japanese singer and songwriter
  • January 18Mike Lieberthal, American baseball player
  • January 19Angham, Egyptian singer, record producer and actress
  • January 21Billel Dziri, Algerian footballer
  • January 22Romi Park, Japanese voice actress
  • January 23
    • Ewen Bremner, Scottish actor
    • Marcel Wouda, Dutch swimmer
  • January 27
    • Mark Owen, British pop singer (Take That)
    • Keith Wood, Irish rugby player
    • Wynne Evans, Welsh operatic tenor
  • January 29Matt Brandstein, American writer

February[]

Billie Joe Armstrong

  • February 2
    • Klára Dobrev, wife of Hungarian Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsány
    • Hendrick Ramaala, South African long-distance runner
    • Hisashi Tonomura, Japanese musician
  • February 4Giovanni Silva De Oliveira, Brazilian footballer
  • February 5
    • Mary, Crown Princess of Denmark
    • Koriki Chōshū, Japanese comedian
  • February 8Big Show, American professional wrestler
  • February 9Norbert Rózsa, Hungarian swimmer
  • February 11
    • Craig Jones, American musician
    • Steve McManaman, British footballer
    • Kelly Slater, American professional surfer
  • February 14
    • Drew Bledsoe, American football player
    • Rob Thomas, American singer-songwriter (Matchbox Twenty)
    • Big Daddy V, American professional wrestler
  • February 15Jaromír Jágr, Czech hockey player
  • February 16Jerome Bettis, American football player
  • February 17
    • Billie Joe Armstrong, American rock musician and lead singer/guitarist (Green Day)
    • Yuki Isoya, Japanese singer
    • Philippe Candeloro, French figure skater
  • February 19Malky Mackay, Scottish footballer
  • February 21Seo Taiji, Korean musician
  • February 22
    • Michael Chang, American tennis player
    • Claudia Pechstein, German speed-skater
  • February 24Richard Chelimo, Kenyan athlete (d. 2001)
  • February 25Jaak Mae, Estonian cross-country skier
  • February 29Antonio Sabato Jr., Italian actor

March[]

Shaquille O'Neal

Dane Cook

  • March 3Darren Anderton, English footballer
  • March 4
    • Pae Gil-Su, North Korean gymnast
    • Ivy Queen, Puerto Rican composer and singer
    • Jos Verstappen, Dutch race car driver
  • March 6Shaquille O'Neal, American basketball player
  • March 9
    • Ronald Cheng, Hong Kong singer and actor
    • Spencer Howson, Australian radio announcer
    • Travis Lane Stork, American emergency room physician and television personality
  • March 10
    • Takashi Fujii (Matthew Minami), Japanese television performer
    • Matt Kenseth, American race car driver
    • Michael Lucas, Russian gay pornographic actor and director
  • March 17
    • Mia Hamm, American soccer player
    • Paige Hemmis, American television personality
  • March 18Dane Cook, American comedian
  • March 21
    • Chris Candido, American professional wrestler (d. 2005)
    • Derartu Tulu, Ethiopian long-distance runner
  • March 22
    • Shawn Bradley, American basketball player
    • Elvis Stojko, Canadian figure skater
    • Cory Lidle, American baseball player (d. 2006)
  • March 23
    • Joe Calzaghe, Welsh boxer
    • Judith Godrèche, French actress
  • March 27
    • Jimmy Floyd Hasselbaink, Dutch footballer
    • Charlie Haas, American professional wrestler
    • Ignacio Garrido, Spanish golfer
  • March 28Eby J. Jose, Indian journalist and human rights activist
  • March 29Junichi Suwabe Japanese voice actor
  • March 30Karel Poborsky, Czech Republic football player

April[]

Jennifer Garner

Carmen Electra

  • April 3Jennie Garth, American actress
  • April 4Tag Adams, American gay pornographic film actor
  • April 5Junko Takeuchi, Japanese voice actress
  • April 6Jason Hervey, American actor
  • April 8
    • Sung Kang, Korean actor
    • Ariel Hernandez, Cuban boxer
  • April 9Bernard Ackah, Ivorian mixed martial artist and comedian
  • April 10Vincent Zhao, Chinese actor and martial artist
  • April 11Jason Varitek, American baseball player
  • April 12Şebnem Ferah, Turkish singer and song-writer
  • April 13Mariusz Czerkawski, Polish ice hockey player
  • April 15Arturo Gatti, Canadian boxer (d. 2009)
  • April 16Conchita Martínez, Spanish tennis player
  • April 17
    • Tony Boselli, American football player
    • Jennifer Garner, American actress
    • Muttiah Muralitharan, Sri Lankan cricketer
    • Terran Sandwith, Canadian ice hockey player
  • April 19Rivaldo, Brazilian footballer
  • April 20
    • Carmen Electra, American actress and singer
    • Le Huynh Đuc, Vietnamese footballer
  • April 23Choky Ice, Hungarian porn actor
  • April 24
    • Chipper Jones, American baseball player
    • Chad I Ginsburg, American musician and record producer (CKY)
  • April 26Avi Nimni, Israeli footballer
  • April 29Fredrik Kempe, Swedish songwriter and opera and pop singer

May[]

Dwayne Johnson

  • May 1Julie Benz, American actress
  • May 2
    • Dwayne Johnson, American professional wrestler and actor
    • Paul Adcock, English footballer
  • May 4Mike Dirnt, American rock musician and bassist (Green Day)
  • May 5James Cracknell, British Olympic winning rower
  • May 6
    • Martin Brodeur, Canadian hockey goaltender
    • Naoko Takahashi, Japanese long-distance runner
    • Janne Blomqvist, Finnish swimmer
  • May 8Darren Hayes, Australian musician
  • May 10
    • Radosław Majdan, Polish goalkeeper
    • Katja Seizinger, German alpine skier
  • May 16Derek Mears, American actor/stuntman
  • May 17
    • Tyson Cane, American gay pornographic actor
    • Roman Genn, Russian artist
  • May 19
    • Jenny Berggren, Swedish rock singer (Ace of Base)
    • Claudia Karvan, Australian actress
  • May 20
    • Busta Rhymes, American musician and actor
    • Andreas Lundstedt, Swedish singer and actor (Alcazar)
  • May 21The Notorious B.I.G., American musician (d. 1997)
  • May 23Rubens Barrichello, Brazilian race car driver
  • May 25Jules Jordan, American pornographic movie director, actor, and producer
  • May 28Michael Boogerd, Dutch cyclist
  • May 29Stanislas Renoult, French singer
  • May 30
    • Sōichirō Hoshi, Japanese voice actor
    • Manny Ramírez, Dominican baseball player
  • May 31
    • Dave Roberts, American baseball player
    • Frode Estil, Norwegian cross-country skier

June[]

Wayne Brady

Karl Urban

  • June 2Wayne Brady, American comedian
  • June 4
    • Derian Hatcher, American ice hockey player
    • Debra Stephenson, English actress
  • June 5
    • Pavel Kotla, Polish conductor
    • Mike Bucci, American professional wrestler
  • June 6Cristina Scabbia, Italian singer
  • June 7Karl Urban, New Zealand actor
  • June 8Chapman To, Hong Kong actor
  • June 10Steven Fischer, American film producer and director
  • June 14Matthias Ettrich, German computer scientist
  • June 15Andy Pettitte, American baseball player
  • June 16John Cho, Korean-American actor and musician
  • June 17Iztok Čop, Slovenian rower
  • June 18Roger "Infernus" Tiegs, Norwegian black metal musician, original member of Gorgoroth
  • June 19Jean Dujardin, French actor and comedian
  • June 21Irene van Dyk, South African–born netball player
  • June 22Miguel Del Toro, Mexican baseball player
  • June 23Zinedine Zidane, French footballer
  • June 24
    • Robbie McEwen, Australian professional road bicycle racer
    • Denis Žvegelj, Slovenian rower
  • June 25Carlos Delgado, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • June 28John Heidenreich, American professional wrestler
  • June 29
    • Samantha Smith, American peace activist (d. 1985)
    • Nawal Al Zoghbi, Lebanese singer

July[]

Sofía Vergara

Wil Wheaton

  • July 3Asha Gill, British-born television host
  • July 4
    • Craig Spearman, New Zealand cricketer
    • Alexei Shirov, Spanish chess Grandmaster
  • July 6Mark Gasser, British concert pianist
  • July 7
    • Lisa Leslie, American basketball player
    • Stoney Case, American football player
  • July 8Sourav Ganguly, Indian cricketer
  • July 10Sofía Vergara, Columbian-American actress and former TV personality/model
  • July 12Travis Best, American basketball player
  • July 13Sean Waltman, American professional wrestler
  • July 19Daedalus Howell, American writer and filmmaker
  • July 21Catherine Ndereba, Kenyan long-distance runner
  • July 22Keyshawn Johnson, American football player
  • July 23Marlon Wayans, American actor, comedian and producer
  • July 26Nathan Buckley, Australian rules footballer
  • July 27
    • Maya Rudolph, American actress, comedian
    • Takako Fuji, Japanese actress
    • Takashi Shimizu, Japanese director
  • July 28Elizabeth Berkley, American actress
  • July 29Wil Wheaton, American actor
  • July 31Tami Stronach, Iranian-born dancer and former actress

August[]

Ben Affleck

Cameron Diaz

  • August 1
    • Devon Hughes, American professional wrestler
    • Tanya Reid, Canadian actress
    • Marc Costanzo, Canadian musician
  • August 2
    • Kelly Richardson, Canadian contemporary artist
    • Chris Bender, American musician (d. 1991)
  • August 3Patrik Isaksson, Swedish singer and songwriter
  • August 6Geri Halliwell, British pop singer (Spice Girls)
  • August 7
    • Sarah Cawood, British television presenter
    • Brad Patton, Swedish gay pornographic actor
  • August 9A-Mei, Taiwanese singer
  • August 10Angie Harmon, American actress
  • August 11Jonathon Prandi, American model and actor
  • August 12Demir Demirkan, Turkish rock musician and songwriter
  • August 13Kevin Plank, American entrepreneur (Under Armour)
  • August 14Ed O'Bannon, American basketball player
  • August 15
    • Ben Affleck, American actor
    • Mikey Graham, Irish singer (Boyzone)
  • August 16
    • Emily Robison, American country music performer (Dixie Chicks)
    • Frankie Boyle, Scottish comedian
  • August 17Ken Ryker, American pornographic actor
  • August 18Leo Ku, Hong Kong actor and singer
  • August 19Sammi Cheng, Hong Kong singer and actress
  • August 20Chaney Kley, American actor (d. 2007)
  • August 22Jonathan Coachman, American World Wrestling Entertainment announcer
  • August 25Marvin Harrison, American football player
  • August 27Mike Smith, Canadian actor
  • August 29Bae Yong Joon, South Korean actor
  • August 30
    • Cameron Diaz, American actress
    • Pavel Nedvěd, Czech footballer
  • August 31Chris Tucker, American actor

September[]

Gwyneth Paltrow

  • September 2Sergei Zholtok, Latvian hockey player (d. 2004)
  • September 4Françoise Yip, Chinese-Canadian actress
  • September 6Anika Noni Rose, American actress
  • September 7Sean Daley, American Hip-Hop Musician (Atmosphere)
  • September 8
    • Os du Randt, South African rugby player
    • Lisa Kennedy Montgomery, American disc jockey and political satirist
    • Tomokazu Seki, Japanese voice actor
  • September 9Natasha Kaplinsky, English newsreader
  • September 10
    • Ghada Shouaa, Syrian athlete
    • Rio Tahara, Japanese snowboarder
    • Sara Groves, American Christian musician
  • September 12Budi Putra, Indonesian journalist, writer and blogger
  • September 13Kelly Chen, Hong Kong actress and singer
  • September 15Jimmy Carr, British comedian
  • September 16Sprent Dabwido, Nauruan politician
  • September 17Bobby Lee, American comedian
  • September 19
    • Jim Druckenmiller, National Football League quarterback
    • Ashot Nadanian, Armenian chess player, theoretician and coach
  • September 21
    • Liam Gallagher, British singer (Oasis)
    • Jon Kitna, American football player
  • September 22
    • Matthew Rush, American gay pornographic actor
    • Bob Sapp, American boxer and kickboxer
  • September 23Karl Pilkington, English radio producer
  • September 24Karyn Bosnak, American author
  • September 26Shawn Stockman, American singer and musician (Boyz II Men)
  • September 27
    • Sylvia Crawley, American basketball player
    • Gwyneth Paltrow, American actress
  • September 28Dita Von Teese, American burlesque artist
  • September 29Robert Webb, comedian and actor
  • September 30
    • Ari Behn, Norwegian author
    • Shaan, Indian singer

October[]

File:Eminem performing in 2011.jpg

Eminem

Gabrielle Union

  • October 1Jean Paulo Fernandes, Brazilian footballer
  • October 2Konstantinos Papadakis, Greek pianist
  • October 3Kim Joo-hyuk, South Korean actor
  • October 4Van Darkholme, Vietnamese-American gay pornographic actor, director, and photographer
  • October 5
    • Grant Hill, American basketball player
    • Aaron Guiel, Canadian baseball player
  • October 6
    • Ko So-young, South Korean actress
    • Anders Iwers, Swedish musician
  • October 8Kim Myung-min, South Korean actor
  • October 9Etan Patz, missing American schoolboy
  • October 10Jun Lana, Filipino playwright and screenwriter
  • October 11Claudia Black, Australian actress
  • October 12Mechele Linehan, American murderer
  • October 17
    • Eminem, American rapper and actor
    • Wyclef Jean, Haitian rapper
    • Tarkan, Turkish singer
    • Sharon Leal, American actress and director
  • October 21
    • Masakazu Morita, Japanese voice actor
    • Evhen Tsybulenko, Ukrainian professor of international law
  • October 22D'Lo Brown, American professional wrestler
  • October 24
    • Scott Peterson, American convicted murderer
    • Kim Ji-soo, South Korean actress
    • Pat Williams, American football player
  • October 27
    • Lee Clark, English footballer
    • Elissa, Lebanese singer
    • Brad Radke, American baseball player
    • Marika Krook, Finnish singer (Edea)
    • Maria de Lurdes Mutola, Mozambican athlete
  • October 28
    • Terrell Davis, American football player
    • Brad Paisley, American singer-songwriter and musician
  • October 29
    • Tracee Ellis Ross, American actress
    • Takafumi Horie, Japanese entrepreneur
    • Gabrielle Union, American actress
  • October 31Matt Dawson, English rugby player and TV personality

November[]

Rebecca Romijn

Josh Duhamel

  • November 1
    • Toni Collette, Australian actress
    • Jenny McCarthy, American actress and model
  • November 2
    • Vladimir Vorobiev, Russian ice hockey player
    • Samantha Womack, British actress
  • November 4Luís Figo, Portuguese footballer
  • November 6
    • Thandie Newton, British actress
    • Rebecca Romijn, American actress and model
  • November 7Danny Grewcock, British rugby player
  • November 8Gretchen Mol, American actress
  • November 9
    • Naomi Shindou, Japanese voice actor
    • Eric Dane, American actor
    • Doug Russell, American sports media personality
  • November 10Shawn Green, American baseball player
  • November 11Ben Richards, British actor (The Bill)
  • November 13Takuya Kimura, Japanese actor
  • November 14
    • Matt Bloom, American wrestler
    • Josh Duhamel, American actor, model
  • November 23Alf-Inge Haaland, Norwegian footballer
  • November 28Jesper Strömblad, Swedish musician
  • November 29Andreas Goldberger, Austrian ski jumper
  • November 30Christopher Fitzgerald, American stage actor

December[]

Alyssa Milano

Jude Law

  • December 5Cole Youngblood, American pornographic actor
  • December 6Mónica Santa María, Peruvian model and TV host (d. 1994)
  • December 7
    • Hermann Maier, Austrian skier
    • Tammy Lynn Sytch, American wrestling manager and personality
  • December 9Tré Cool, American rock musician and drummer (Green Day)
  • December 10Brian Molko, American musician (Placebo)
  • December 11Daniel Alfredsson, Swedish NHL hockey player
  • December 12Wilson Kipketer, Danish athlete
  • December 13Chris Grant, Australian footballer
  • December 15Rodney Harrison, American football player
  • December 16Angela Bloomfield, New Zealand actress
  • December 17Laurie Holden, American-Canadian actress and human rights activist
  • December 19
    • Alyssa Milano, American actress
    • Warren Sapp, American football player
  • December 22Vanessa Paradis, French singer and actress
  • December 23Morgan, Italian singer, composer, multi-instrumentalist and X Factor (Italy) judge
  • December 24Klaus Schnellenkamp, German-Chilean author
  • December 25
    • Josh Freese, American musician and drummer
    • Qu Yunxia, Chinese middle-distance runner
  • December 26Shane Meadows, English director
  • December 27Colin Charvis, Welsh rugby player
  • December 28Patrick Rafter, Australian tennis player
  • December 29Jude Law, British actor
  • December 30Kerry Collins, American football player
  • December 31Joey McIntyre, American actor and singer (New Kids on the Block)

Date unknown[]

  • Jakob Martin Strid, Danish cartoonist

Deaths[]

January[]

Mahalia Jackson

February[]

March[]

  • March 13Tony Ray-Jones, British photographer (b. 1941)
  • March 20Marilyn Maxwell, American actress (b. 1921)
  • March 21David McCallum, Sr., British violinist and father of actor David McCallum (b. 1897)
  • March 24Cristobal Balenciaga, Spanish couturier (b. 1895)
  • March 27
    • Sharkey Bonano, American jazz musician (b. 1904)
    • M. C. Escher, Dutch artist (b. 1898)
  • March 29J. Arthur Rank, British industrialist and film producer (b. 1888)

April[]

  • April 2Gil Hodges, American baseball player (b. 1924)
  • April 3Ferde Grofé, American composer (b. 1882)
  • April 4
    • Stefan Wolpe, German-born composer (b. 1902)
    • Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., African-American politician (b. 1908)
  • April 5
    • Brian Donlevy, American actor (b. 1901)
    • Isabel Jewell, American actress (b. 1907)
  • April 7
    • Betty Blythe, American actress (b. 1893)
    • Abeid Karume, President of Zanzibar (b. 1905)
    • August Zaleski, former President of Poland (b. 1883)
  • April 8Andrea Feldman, American actress (b. 1948)
  • April 9James F. Byrnes, United States Secretary of State and Justice of the Supreme Court (b. 1879)
  • April 11George H. Plympton, American screenwriter (b. 1889)
  • April 13Dorothy Dalton, American actress (b. 1893)
  • April 16Yasunari Kawabata, Japanese writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
  • April 25George Sanders, British actor (b. 1906)
  • April 26Fernando Amorsolo, Filipino painter (b. 1892)
  • April 27Kwame Nkrumah, Ghanaian politician (b. 1909)
  • April 30Gia Scala, English actress (b. 1934)

May[]

J. Edgar Hoover

  • May 2J. Edgar Hoover, American Federal Bureau of Investigation director (b. 1895)
  • May 3Bruce Cabot, American actor (b. 1904)
  • May 4Edward Calvin Kendall, American chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1886)
  • May 5
    • Frank Tashlin, American film director (b. 1913)
    • Martiros Saryan, Armenian painter (b. 1880)
  • May 6Deniz Gezmiş, Turkish revolutionary (b. 1947)
  • May 13Dan Blocker, American actor (Bonanza) (b. 1928)
  • May 18Sidney Franklin, American film director (b. 1893)
  • May 22
    • Cecil Day-Lewis, British poet (b. 1904)
    • Margaret Rutherford, English actress (b. 1892)
  • May 23Richard Day, Canadian art director (b. 1896)
  • May 24
    • Asta Nielsen, Danish silent film actress (b. 1881)
    • Ismail Yasin, Egyptian comedian and actor (b. 1915)

      King Edward VIII

  • May 28 – The Duke of Windsor (the former King Edward VIII; b. 1894)
  • May 29Prithviraj Kapoor, Indian actor and director (b. 1901)
  • May 31Walter Freeman, American physician (b. 1895)

June[]

  • June 12
    • Edmund Wilson, American writer and critic (b. 1895)
    • Saul Alinsky, American writer & Community organiser (b. 1909)
  • June 13
    • Clyde McPhatter, American singer (b. 1932)
    • Georg von Békésy, Hungarian biophysicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1899)
    • Stephanie von Hohenlohe, Austrian-born German World War II spy (b. 1891)
  • June 22Vladimir Durković, Serbian footballer (b. 1937)
  • June 25Jan Matulka, American painter, (b. 1890)

July[]

August[]

  • August 7
    • Joi Lansing, American actress (b. 1929)
    • Tom Neal, American actor (b. 1914)
  • August 11Max Theiler, South African virologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1899)
  • August 14Oscar Levant, American pianist and actor (b. 1906)
  • August 16Pierre Brasseur, French actor (b. 1905)
  • August 19James Patterson, American actor (b. 1932)
  • August 20Harold Rainsford Stark, American admiral (b. 1880)
  • August 26Francis Chichester, British sailor and aviator (b. 1901)
  • August 28Prince William of Gloucester (b. 1941)

September[]

  • September 5 (Munich massacre):
    • Yossef Romano, Israeli weightlifter (b. 1940)
    • Moshe Weinberg, Israeli wrestling coach (b. 1939)
  • September 6 (Munich massacre):
    • Luttif Afif and four other Palestinian terrorists
    • David Mark Berger, Israeli weightlifter (b. 1944)
    • Ze'ev Friedman, Israeli weightlifter (b. 1944)
    • Yossef Gutfreund, Israeli wrestling referee (b. 1932)
    • Eliezer Halfin, Israeli wrestler (b. 1948)
    • Amitzur Shapira, Israeli athletics coach (b. 1932)
    • Kehat Shorr, Israeli shooting coach (b. 1919)
    • Mark Slavin, Israeli wrestler (b. 1954)
    • Andre Spitzer, Israeli fencing coach (b. 1945)
    • Yakov Springer, Israeli weightlifting judge (b. c. 1921)
  • September 8Warren Kealoha, American Olympic swimmer (b. 1904)
  • September 11Max Fleischer, American animator (b. 1883)
  • September 12William Boyd, American actor (b. 1895)
  • September 14Lane Chandler, American actor (b. 1899)
  • September 15Geoffrey Fisher, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1887)
  • September 17Akim Tamiroff, Russian actor (b. 1899)
  • September 19Robert Casadesus, French pianist (b. 1899)
  • September 21Henry de Montherlant, French writer (b. 1896)
  • September 26
    • Charles Correll, American radio actor (b. 1890)
    • Robert E. Dolan, American composer (b. 1906)

October[]

November[]

December[]

Harry Truman

Nobel Prizes[]

  • PhysicsJohn Bardeen, Leon Neil Cooper, John Robert Schrieffer
  • ChemistryChristian B. Anfinsen, Stanford Moore, William H. Stein
  • Physiology or MedicineGerald M. Edelman, Rodney R. Porter
  • LiteratureHeinrich Böll
  • Peace – not awarded
  • EconomicsJohn Hicks, Kenneth Arrow

References[]

  1. ^ Stephenson, F. R.; Morrison, L. V. (1984). "Long-Term Changes in the Rotation of the Earth: 700 B. C. to A. D. 1980". Philosophical Transactions, Series A 313 (1524): 47–70. Retrieved on 15 May 2012. 
  2. ^ "UK unemployment tops one million". On This Day (BBC). January 20, 1972. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/january/20/newsid_2506000/2506897.stm. Retrieved 14 January 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "CAIN: Chronology of the Conflict – 1972". Cain.ulst.ac.uk. http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/othelem/chron/ch72.htm. Retrieved 2012-05-17. 
  4. ^ "Claudy bomb: conspiracy allowed IRA priest to go free". BBC News Northern Ireland. 2010-08-24. Archived from the original on 25 August 2010. http://web.archive.org/web/20100825014212/http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-11061296. Retrieved 2010-08-25. 
  5. ^ Observation of Meteoroid Impacts by Space-Based Sensors astrosociety.org, 1998, 'Apollo asteroid about ten meters in diameter'
  6. ^ "Full Text – Proclamation 1081". Lawphil.net. http://www.lawphil.net/executive/proc/proc_1081_1972.html. Retrieved 2012-05-17. 
  7. ^ "Crash at Farrell's". Archived from the original on 20 March 2008. http://www.check-six.com/Crash_Sites/Sabrejet_crash_site.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-16. 
  8. ^ Economist Intelligence Unit (Great Britain), Middle East annual review, (1975), p.229
  9. ^ Jackson, David A.; Symons, Robert H.; and Berg, Paul. (1972). Biochemical Method for Inserting New Genetic Information into DNA of Simian Virus 40: Circular SV40 DNA Molecules Containing Lambda Phage Genes and the Galactose Operon of Escherichia coli. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) 69(10), 2904–2909.
  10. ^ http://whc.unesco.org/pg.cfm?cid=182
  11. ^ "*Ø* Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | November 29 | International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People Die Grünen Petra Kelly". Wilsonsalmanac.com. http://www.wilsonsalmanac.com/book/nov29.html. Retrieved 2012-05-17. 


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1972. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

People of the year 1972 at Familypedia

29 people were born in 1972

 FatherMotherAge mother at birth
Ben Affleck (1972)Timothy Byers AffleckChristopher Anne Boldt
Billie Joe Armstrong (1972)Andrew Marciano Armstrong (1928-1982)Ollie Jackson (1932)
Andrei Balș (1972)Ion Balș (1942)Ilinca Juvara (1942)
Denise Bort (1972)Abraham Bort (1939-2016)Ellen Bozeman (1943-2013)
Tricia CannadyPaul CannadyRebecca Howard
Laura Century (1972)Frederick Century (1922-2000)Sarah Weil (1947-2004)
Pawel Chrobok (1972-)Bronisław Chrobok (1934-)Maria Luisa of Bulgaria (1933-)
Guy Davis (1972)Donna Jo Stephens (1945-2002)
Piroska Fáy (1972)Aladár Fáy (1926-1986)Éva Élles (1930)
MM Jahidul Hasan (1972)Sekender Ali ( Death )Lutfornahar ( Death )
Dwayne Douglas Johnson (1972)Wayde Douglas Bowles (1944-2020)Feagaimaleata Fitisemanu Maivia (1948)
Warwick Henry Alan Lake (1972-Peter John Warwick LakeCarole Anne Sheldon
Naica Linne (1972)
Lanica Shannon Lynch (1972)Matthias Anthony Lynch (1944)Cynthia Ann Olson (1948)
Leslie Mann (1972)Richard Owen Mann (1943-1999)Janet Ann Hamilton (1941-2007)
... further results

18 children were born to the 12 women born in 1972

183 people died in 1972

 FatherMotherAge at death
Xavier Adler (1893-1972)
Robert Amory (1885-1972)Robert Amory (1842-1910)Katherine Leighton Crehore (1862-1920)
Avril Arsenault (1890-1972)Edmond Arnsenault (1869-1929)Marie-Odile Bidard (1868-1940)
Hedley Francis S Askew (1895-1972)William Askew (c1844-1925)Hannah French Phillips (1854-1944)
Lydia Atzél de Borosjenő (1901-1972)Elemér Atzél de Borosjenő (1876-1919)Mária Wass de Czege (1880-1916)
Dorothy Olive Baker (1905-1972)William Edward Baker (1861-1947)(Mary) Eliza Box (1868-1952)67
Gerarda Johanna Bakker (1885-1972)Johannes Cornelis Bakker (1851-1930)Johanna Magdalena Foppen (1850-1907)87
Hans Bang (1897-1972)Johannes Nielsen Bang (c1858-1943)Louisa Christofel Maria Italia Neilsen (1864-1931)75
Jesús María Bayot (1886-1972)Amado Bayot (1856-1932)Josefa Fuentes (1858-1939)
Jeffrey Joseph Ben Asher (1889-1972)
Virginia Dare Bennett (1918-1972)Porter BennettEthel Daisy Posey (1884-1974)
Bella Berger (1900-1972)Joseph Berger (1867-1947)Louise Wohlberg (1875-1940)
Dudley Norman Beuzeville (1908-1972)Frederick Parrossien Beuzeville (1879-1945)Frances May Beazley (1884-1970)64
Henry Warren Birks (1903-1972)Henry James Birks (1849-1932)Ethel Violet Foulkes (1876-1947)
Daisy Victoria Blackman (1891-1972)Charles Edward Blackman (1853-1939)Margaret Thomas (c1857-1944)
... further results

5540 people lived in 1972

 FatherMother
Lady Irina Bud de BudfalvaLord János Bud de BudfalvaBaroness Anna Tisza de Borosjenő et Szeged
Tsunekichi Yonogi (1905-2015)Shigeru Yonogi (1876-1940)Miyoko Yonogi (1882-1950)
Rebecca Ababio (1926-1998)
Isabella Abadiano (1930-2003)
Annabelle Abargil (1922-2000)
Jennifer Abaya (1918-1996)
Alysson Abberton (1935-2012)
Charles Greeley Abbot (1872-1973)Harris Abbot (1812-1884)Caroline Ann Greeley (1836-1911)
Julia Abbot (1900-1979)Jordan Abbot (1876-1960)Helen O'Malley (1879-1959)
Anthony Abbott (1911-1993)
Ethel Louise Abel (1891-1973)Elijah Stark Abel (1868-1925)Amorette Eliza Avery (1868-1939)
Alexander Abel-Smith (1904-1980)Francis Abel Smith (1861-1908)Madeline St. Maur Seymour (1862-1951)
Henry Abel Smith (1900-1993)Francis Abel Smith (1861-1908)Madeline St. Maur Seymour (1862-1951)
Robert Fuller Abell (1919-2010)Clifford Abell (1875-1965)Jennie Ferne Loshbough (1886-1957)
Elva Alice Abercrombie (1921-1985)Roy Christopher Abercrombie (1888-1959)Alice Elizabeth Harker (c1888-)
... further results

Events of the year 1972 at Familypedia

33 people were married in 1972.

 Joined with
David Burrell Blundell (living)Patricia Rose Wyborn (-1970)+Marie June Smith (living)
Alida Broersen (1950-)Hans Tol (1949-)
András Bánffy de Losoncz (1945)Enikő Girsik (1949) + Györgyi Kalavszky (1948)
Darcy Vincent Carter (1925-1999)May Walters (1922-2007)
Chanler Armstrong Chapman (1901-1982)Olivia James (1900-1988)+Helen Riesenfeld (1907-1970)+Ida R. Holzberg (c1899-)
James Ervin Clanton (1947)Geraldine Lynn Clanton (1951-)
Jose Degeling (1952-)Chris Tol (1950-)
Angus Douglas-Hamilton, 15th Duke of Hamilton (1938-2010)Sarah Jane Scott (1945-1994)+ Jillian Robertson (bef1988-)+ Kay Carmichael (bef1998-)
Charles Filliettaz (1909-c1990)Zsófia Horthy (1928-2004)
Enikő Girsik (1949)András Bánffy de Losoncz (1945) + Robert Horváth (c1945)
Jerrald King Goldsmith (1929-2004)Sharon Goldsmith (1930-2017)+Carol Heather Goldsmith (1952-2017)
Birgitte Eva Henriksen (1946)Richard, Duke of Gloucester (1944)
Zsófia Horthy (1928-2004)Henry Freytag (1913) + Charles Filliettaz (1909-c1990)
Kathleen Iris JenkinsLee Stephen Alexius
Kemal Amen Kasem (1932-2014)Linda Myers + Jean Thompson (1955)
... further results

There were 0 military battles in 1972.


0.0052346570397112 1.5 0.033032490974729
1972


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