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Years: 1953 1954 1955 - 1956 - 1957 1958 1959
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1956 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1956
MCMLVI

Ab urbe condita 2709
Armenian calendar 1405
ԹՎ ՌՆԵ
Bahá'í calendar 112 – 113
Buddhist calendar 2500
Coptic calendar 1672 – 1673
Ethiopian calendar 1948 – 1949
Hebrew calendar 5716 5717
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2011 – 2012
 - Shaka Samvat 1878 – 1879
 - Kali Yuga 5057 – 5058
Holocene calendar 11956
Iranian calendar 1334 – 1335
Islamic calendar 1375 – 1376
Japanese calendar Shōwa

31


(昭和 31年)

 - Imperial Year Kōki 2616
(皇紀2616年)
Julian calendar 2001
Korean calendar 4289
Thai solar calendar 2499
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Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar.

Events[]

January[]

February[]

  • February 11British spies Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean resurface in the Soviet Union after being missing for 5 years.
  • February 142620th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
  • February 16 – Only a little more than four months after the release of the 70mm version of Oklahoma!, the film version of Rodgers and Hammerstein's Carousel, starring Gordon MacRae and Shirley Jones, is released in Cinemascope 55. MacRae and Jones had previously starred in Oklahoma! Carousel, intended for showing in 55mm, ends up being shown only in 35mm.
  • February 22Elvis Presley enters the United States music charts for the first time, with Heartbreak Hotel.
  • February 23Norma Jean Mortenson legally changes her name to Marilyn Monroe.
  • February 24Doris Day records her most famous song: Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be). It is from Alfred Hitchcock's The Man Who Knew Too Much, in which Day co-stars with James Stewart.
  • February 25Nikita Khrushchev attacks the veneration of Joseph Stalin as a "cult of personality".

March[]

  • March 1 – The International Air Transport Association finalizes a draft of the Radiotelephony spelling alphabet for the International Civil Aviation Organization.
  • March 2Morocco declares its independence from France.
  • March 9
    • The British deport Archbishop Makarios from Cyprus to the Seychelles.
    • Soviet Armed Forces suppresses mass demonstrations in the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, reacting to Nikita Khrushchev's de-Stalinization policy.
  • March 11 – After having opened in London the previous year, Laurence Olivier's film, Richard III, adapted from Shakespeare's play, has its U.S. premiere in theatres and on NBC Television on the same day. On TV it is not shown in prime time, but as an afternoon matinée, in a slightly cut version. It is one of the first such experiments of its kind. Olivier is later nominated for an Oscar for his performance.

A 1956 Chevrolet

  • March 12
    • 96 U.S. Congressmen sign the Southern Manifesto, a protest against the 1954 Supreme Court ruling (Brown v. Board of Education) that desegregated public education.
    • The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 500 for the first time rising 2.40 points, or 0.48%, to 500.24.
  • March 13Elvis Presley releases his first Gold Album titled Elvis Presley.
  • March 15 – The Broadway musical My Fair Lady opens in New York City.
  • March 19 – At age 48, Dutch boxer Bep van Klaveren contests his last match in Rotterdam.
  • March 20Tunisia gains independence from France.
  • March 21 – The 28th Academy Awards ceremony is held.
  • March 23Pakistan becomes the first Islamic republic, and a national holiday is observed in the country including the former East Pakistan state.

April[]

  • April 2 – The first episode of As the World Turns is broadcast on the CBS television network
  • April 7Spain relinquishes its protectorate in Morocco.
  • April 9Habib Bourguiba is elected prime minister of Tunisia. Template:NoMention
  • April 14Videotape is first demonstrated at the 1956 NARTB (now NAB) convention in Chicago by Ampex. It is the demonstration of the first practical and commercially successful videotape format known as 2" Quadruplex.
  • April 17Elizabeth II inaugurates Chew Valley Lake.
  • April 18 – Maria Desylla-Kapodistria is elected mayor of Corfu and becomes the first female mayor in Greece.
  • April 19
    • British diver Lionel Crabb dives into Portsmouth harbour to investigate a visiting Soviet cruiser and vanishes.
    • Actress Grace Kelly marries Rainier III, Prince of Monaco.
  • April 21 – Former U.S. First Daughter Margaret Truman marries Clifton Daniel.
  • April 27Heavyweight boxing champion Rocky Marciano retires without losing a professional boxing match.

May[]

  • May 2 – The United Methodist Church in America decides at its General Conference to grant women full ordained clergy status. It also calls for an end to racial segregation in the denomination.
  • May 8
    • Austria and Israel form diplomatic relations. Template:NoMention
    • The constitutional union between Indonesia and the Netherlands is dissolved.
    • John Osborne's Look Back in Anger opens at the Royal Court Theatre, London, changing the scope of theatrical and other forms of drama in the UK.
  • May 9Manaslu, eighth highest mountain in the world, is first ascended.
  • May 18Lhotse (main), the fourth highest mountain, is first ascended.
  • May 23 – French minister Pierre Mendès France resigns due to his government's policy on Algeria.
  • May 24 – The first Eurovision Song Contest is broadcast from Lugano, Switzerland. The winning song is Refrain by Lys Assia (music by Géo Voumard, text by Émile Gardaz).
  • May 25India announces the institution of diplomatic relations with Spain (still under Franco's rule)

June[]

  • June 1Vyacheslav Molotov resigns as foreign minister of the Soviet Union; he later becomes ambassador in Mongolia.
  • June 3British Rail renames 'Third Class' passenger facilities as 'Second Class' (Second Class facilities had been abolished in 1875, leaving just First Class and Third Class).
  • June 5Elvis Presley introduces his new single, "Hound Dog", on The Milton Berle Show, scandalizing the audience with his suggestive hip movements.
  • June 6 – In Singapore, chief minister David Marshall resigns after the breakdown of talks about internal self-government in London.
  • June 8General Electric/Telechron introduces model 7H241 "The Snooz Alarm", first snooze alarm clock ever.[1]
  • June 101956 Summer Olympics: Equestrian events open in Stockholm, Sweden (all other events are held in November in Melbourne, Australia).
  • June 13International Criminal Police Organization (ICPO).
  • June 14 – The Flag of the United States Army is formally dedicated.[2]
  • June 15Eindhoven University of Technology is founded in Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
  • June 18 – The last foreign troops leave Egypt.
  • June 23Gamal Abdel Nasser becomes the 2nd president of Egypt.
  • June 28
    • MP Sydney Silverman's bill for the abolition of the death penalty in the UK passes the British House of Commons.
    • Labour riots in Poznań, Poland, are crushed with heavy loss of life. Soviet troops fire at a crowd that protests high prices, killing 53.
    • The film version of Rodgers and Hammerstein's The King and I, starring Deborah Kerr and Yul Brynner, is released only a few months after the film version of R&H's Carousel. It becomes the most financially successful film version of a Rodgers and Hammerstein musical up to that time, and the only one to win an acting Oscar (Yul Brynner wins Best Actor for his performance as the King of Siam). It is also one of two Rodgers and Hammerstein films to be nominated for Best Picture (which it does not win).
  • June 29
  • June 30 – A TWA Lockheed Constellation and United Airlines Douglas DC-7 collide in mid-air over the Grand Canyon in Arizona, killing all 128 people aboard both aircraft in the deadliest civil aviation disaster to date; the accident leads to sweeping changes in the regulation of cross-country flight and air traffic control over the United States.

July[]

  • July 2 – A lab experiment at Sylvania Electric Products results in an explosion.
  • July 8 – The mountain Gasherbrum II is first ascended.
  • July 10 – The British House of Lords defeats the abolition of the death penalty.
  • July 16 – With the closing of its "Big Tent" show in Pittsburgh, Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus announces all subsequent circuses will be "arena shows" due to changing economics.
  • July 24 – At New York City's Copacabana Club, Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis perform their last comedy show together (their act started on July 25, 1946).
  • July 25 – 72 kilometers (45 mi) south of Nantucket Island, the Italian ocean liner SS Andrea Doria sinks after colliding with the Swedish ship SS Stockholm in heavy fog, killing 51.
  • July 26Egyptian leader Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalizes the Suez Canal sparking international condemnation.
  • July 30 – A Joint Resolution of Congress is signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, authorizing "In God We Trust" as the U.S. national motto.
  • July 31Cricket: Jim Laker sets an extraordinary record at Old Trafford in the fourth Test between England and Australia, taking 19 wickets in a first class match (the previous best was 17).

August[]

  • August – The exhibition This Is Tomorrow opens at Whitechapel Art Gallery in London.
  • August 6 – After going bankrupt in 1955, the American broadcaster DuMont Television Network has its final broadcast, a boxing match from St. Nicholas Arena.
  • August 8 – 262 miners die in a fire in a coal mine in Marcinelle, Belgium.
  • August 17West Germany bans the Communist Party of Germany.

September[]

  • September 9Elvis Presley appears on The Ed Sullivan Show for the first time.
  • September 13 – The hard disk drive is invented by an IBM team led by Reynold B. Johnson.
  • September 16 – Television broadcasting commences in Australia.
  • September 21 – Nicaraguan dictator Anastasio Somoza García is assassinated.
  • September 25 – The submarine Transatlantic telephone cable opens.

October[]

  • October 8Baseball pitcher Don Larsen of the New York Yankees throws the only perfect game in World Series history in Game 5 of the 1956 World Series against the Brooklyn Dodgers. Yogi Berra caught the game. Dale Mitchell was the final out. The New York Yankees won the series. Larsen was named series MVP.
  • October 10
    • Finland joins UNESCO.
    • The Lockheed L-1649A Starliner makes its first flight.
  • October 14 – Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, Indian Untouchable leader, converts to Buddhism along with 385,000 followers (see Neo-Buddhism).
  • October 15
    • The RAF retires its last Lancaster bomber.
    • Fidel Castro and Che Guevara depart from Tuxpan, Veracruz, Mexico, enroute to Santiago de Cuba aboard the yacht Granma with 82 men.
  • October 17 – The Game of the Century: 13-year-old Bobby Fischer beats GM Donald Byrne in the NY Rosenwald chess tournament.
  • October 22Suez Crisis: Britain, France, and Israel secretly meet in and make plans to invade Egypt.
  • October 23 – The Hungarian revolution breaks out against the pro-Soviet government. Hungary attempts to leave the Warsaw Pact.
  • October 26Red Army troops invade Hungary.
  • October 29
    • The Huntley-Brinkley Report debuts on NBC-TV.
    • Suez Crisis: Israel invades the Sinai Peninsula and push Egyptian forces back toward the Suez Canal.
    • Tangier Protocol: The international city Tangier is reintegrated into Morocco.
  • October 31
    • Suez Crisis: The United Kingdom and France begin bombing Egypt to force the reopening of the Suez Canal.
    • A United States Navy team becomes the third group to reach the South Pole (arriving by air) and commences construction of the first permanent Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station.

November[]

  • November 1
    • The States Reorganisation Act of India reforms the boundaries and names of Indian states. Two new states Kerala and Karnataka were formed.
    • City Lights Books publishes Howl and Other Poems by Allen Ginsberg.
    • The film Oklahoma! (1955), previously released to select cities in Todd-AO, now receives a national release in Cinemascope, since not all theatres are yet equipped for Todd-AO. To accomplish this, the film had to be actually shot twice, rather than printing one version in two different film processes as is done today.
  • November 3 – MGM's film The Wizard of Oz makes its TV debut on the CBS network. This marks the first time a major Hollywood film running more than ninety minutes is televised uncut in one evening. Up to then, only B-movies and British films had been telecast, often edited or in two parts if they ran more than ninety minutes. The longest film telecast prior to this was Olivier's version of Richard III, which, unlike Oz, was somewhat edited and not telecast in prime time.
  • November 41956 Hungarian Revolution: More Soviet troops invade Hungary to crush a revolt that started on October 23. Thousands are killed, more are wounded, and nearly a quarter million leave the country.
  • November 6United States presidential election, 1956: Republican incumbent Dwight D. Eisenhower defeats Democrat challenger Adlai E. Stevenson in a rematch of their contest 4 years earlier.
  • November 7Suez Crisis: The United Nations General Assembly adopts a resolution calling for the United Kingdom, France, and Israel to withdraw their troops from Arab lands immediately.
  • November 13 – The United States Supreme Court declares Alabama and Montgomery, Alabama laws requiring segregated buses illegal, thus ending the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
  • November 14 – Fighting ends in Hungary. Template:NoMention
  • November 15Middle East Technical University is founded in Ankara, Turkey.
  • November 20 – In Yugoslavia, former prime minister Milovan Djilas is arrested after he criticizes Josip Broz Tito.
  • November 22 – The 1956 Summer Olympics begin in Melbourne, Australia.
  • November 23 – The Suez Crisis causes petrol rationing in Britain.[3]
  • November 28Roger Vadim's drama film And God Created Woman released in France as Et Dieu… créa la femme, propels Brigitte Bardot into the public spotlight as a "sex kitten".
  • November 30Floyd Patterson wins the world heavyweight boxing championship that was vacant after the retirement of Rocky Marciano.

December[]

  • December 2
    • Fidel Castro and his followers land in Cuba in the boat Granma.
    • A pipe bomb planted by George Metesky explodes at the Paramount Theater in Brooklyn, injuring 6 people.
  • December 4 - The Million Dollar Quartet (Elvis Presley, Jerry Lee Lewis, Carl Perkins, and Johnny Cash) get together at Sun Studios for the first and last time in history.
  • December 5Rose Heilbron becomes Britain's first female judge.
  • December 9Trans-Canada Air Lines Flight 810 crashes into a mountain in British Columbia. All 62 people on board are killed.
  • December 12Japan becomes a member of the United Nations.
  • December 18To Tell the Truth debuts on CBS-TV.
  • December 19John Bodkin Adams is arrested for the murder of 2 patients in Eastbourne, Great Britain.
  • December 23 – British and French troops leave the Suez Canal region.
  • December 31Bob Barker makes his TV debut as host of the game show Truth or Consequences.

Date unknown[]

  • Asian flu pandemic originates in China.
  • Minamata disease is discovered.
  • The Alpine Club of Canada, Toronto section, is founded.

Births[]

January–February[]

  • January 1
    • Mark R. Hughes, American entrepreneur (d. 2000)
    • Kōji Yakusho, Japanese actor
  • January 3Mel Gibson, American actor and director
  • January 5Chen Kenichi, Japan-born Chinese chef
  • January 7
    • David Caruso, American actor (NYPD Blue)
    • Johnny Owen, Welsh professional boxer
  • January 9
    • Kimberly Beck, American actress
    • Imelda Staunton, English actress
  • January 10Shawn Colvin, American singer
  • January 14Ben Heppner, Canadian tenor
  • January 16Martin Jol, Dutch football manager
  • January 17Paul Young, English musician
  • January 18Tom Bailey, English musician
  • January 19Adriana Acosta, Argentine militant and field hockey player
  • January 20Bill Maher, American actor, comedian, and political analyst
  • January 21Geena Davis, American actress
  • January 24Lounès Matoub, Algerian Berber Kabyle singer
  • January 25Bronwyn Pike, Australian politician
  • January 27Mimi Rogers, American actress
  • January 29
    • Jan Jakub Kolski, Polish film director
    • Irlene Mandrell, American musician, actress
  • January 31Johnny Rotten, British punk musician and TV personality
  • February 1Mike Kitchen, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • February 2Adnan Oktar, a.k.a. Harun Yahya, Turkish Author
  • February 3
    • Nathan Lane, American actor (The Birdcage)
    • Lee Ranaldo, American musician (Sonic Youth)
  • February 6Jon Walmsley, British actor (The Waltons)
  • February 10 - Enele Sopoaga, Tuvaluan politician and diplomat
  • February 11
    • Didier Lockwood, French jazz violinist
    • Catherine Hickland, American actress
  • February 13
    • Yiannis Kouros, Greek-Australian ultramarathoner
    • Paul Stojanovich, American television producer
  • February 14Tom Burlinson, Australian actor
  • February 15Desmond Haynes, West Indian cricketer
  • February 18Thomas Gradin, Swedish hockey player
  • February 19
    • Kathleen Beller, American actress
    • Roderick MacKinnon, American biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
  • February 24
    • Judith Butler, American philosopher
    • Paula Zahn, American television journalist (CBS News)
  • February 25Davie Cooper, Scottish footballer (d. 1995)
  • February 26Keisuke Kuwata, Japanese musician
  • February 29
    • Bob Speller, Canadian politician
    • Aileen Wuornos, American serial killer (d. 2002)
    • Mike Compton, American mandolinist

March–April[]

  • March 1Tim Daly, American actor
  • March 2Eduardo Rodríguez, former President of Bolivia
  • March 5
    • Teena Marie, American singer (d. 2010)
    • Marco Paolini, Italian stage actor, dramaturge and author
  • March 7Bryan Cranston, American actor
  • March 11Rob Paulsen, American voice actor
  • March 13Dana Delany, American actress
  • March 16Vladimír Godár, Slovak composer
  • March 18Ingemar Stenmark, Swedish alpine skier
  • March 19Yegor Gaidar, Russian economist and politician
  • March 20Catherine Ashton, British politician
  • March 21
    • Ingrid Kristiansen, Norwegian runner
    • José Manuel Barroso, Prime Minister of Portugal
    • Win Lyovarin, Thai author
  • March 24Steve Ballmer, American CEO of Microsoft
  • March 28
    • Susan Ershler, American mountaineer
    • Evelin Jahl, German athlete
  • March 30Shahla Sherkat, Iranian feminist journalist
  • April 3
    • Ray Combs, American game show host and comedian (d. 1996)
    • Boris Miljković, Serbian TV & theatre director and video artist
  • April 4
    • Kerry Chikarovski, Australian politician
    • David E. Kelley, American writer and television producer
  • April 5Diamond Dallas Page, former American professional wrestler
  • April 6
    • Sebastian Spreng, American-Argentinean visual artist
    • Dilip Vengsarkar, Indian cricketer
  • April 12
    • Andy García, Cuban-American actor
    • Yasuo Tanaka, Japanese politician, novelist
  • April 13Possum Bourne, New Zealand rally car driver (d. 2003)
  • April 14Barbara Bonney, American soprano
  • April 16
    • David McDowell Brown, American astronaut (Columbia Disaster) (d. 2003)
    • Lise-Marie Morerod, Swiss skier
  • April 18
    • John James, American actor (Dynasty)
    • Melody Thomas Scott, American actress
  • April 19Sue Barker, British tennis player and television presenter
  • April 21Phillip Longman, American demographer
  • April 26Koo Stark, British actress
  • April 28Jimmy Barnes, Australian musician
  • April 30Lars von Trier, Danish film director

May–June[]

  • May 1Alexander Ivanov, Russian-born American chess Grandmaster
  • May 4
    • David Guterson, American writer
    • Ulrike Meyfarth, German high jumper
  • May 6Vladimir Lisin, Russian business oligarch
  • May 7
    • Jan Peter Balkenende, Prime Minister of the Netherlands
    • Jean Lapierre, Canadian politician and television host
  • May 10Vladislav Nikolayevich Listyev, Russian journalist (d. 1995)
  • May 12Greg Phillinganes, American keyboardist
  • May 13
    • Sri Sri Ravi Shankar, Indian guru
    • Kenneth Eriksson, Swedish rally driver
    • Kirk Thornton, American voice actor
  • May 15Dan Patrick, American sports commentator
  • May 17
    • Sugar Ray Leonard, African American boxer
    • Bob Saget, American actor and television host
  • May 18Jim Moginie, Australian rock guitarist (Midnight Oil)
  • May 20Ingvar Ambjørnsen, Norwegian author
  • May 23
    • Buck Showalter, American baseball player and manager
    • Ursula Plassnik, Austrian politician
  • May 24Michael Jackson, Irish Anglican bishop
  • May 26Lisa Niemi, American actress and dancer, widow of Patrick Swayze
  • May 28
    • Jerry Douglas, American dobro player
    • Sayuri Yamauchi, Japanese voice actress (d.2012)
  • May 29La Toya Jackson, American singer
  • June 3George Burley, Scottish football manager
  • June 5Kenny G, American grammy-award winning saxophonist
  • June 6Björn Borg, Swedish tennis player
  • June 8 - Udo Bullmann, German politician
  • June 9Patricia Cornwell, American novelist
  • June 10Duke Georg Borwin of Mecklenburg, German head of the House of Mecklenburg
  • June 11Joe Montana, American football player
  • June 14King Diamond, Danish heavy metal musician
  • June 15Robin Curtis, American actress
  • June 20Cho Chikun, Korean professional Go player
  • June 23Randy Jackson, African American musician and talent judge
  • June 25
    • Boris Trajkovski, President of the Republic of Macedonia (d. 2004)
    • Anthony Bourdain, American chef, author and television personality
  • June 26Chris Isaak, American musician
  • June 27Heiner Dopp, German field hockey player
  • June 28Noel Mugavin, Australian rules football player
  • June 30Ronald Winans, African American musician (d. 2005)

July–August[]

  • July 1Alan Ruck, American actor
  • July 2Jerry Hall, American model and actress
  • July 3Rick Ducommun, Canadian actor and comedian
  • July 5Sheila Walsh, Scottish Christian artist and former talk-show hostess
  • July 9Tom Hanks, American actor and director
  • July 11Sela Ward, American actress
  • July 12
    • Mel Harris, American actress
    • Sandi Patty, American gospel singer
  • July 14Vladimir Kulich, Czech actor
  • July 15
    • Ian Curtis, English rock musician (Joy Division) (d. 1980)
    • Barry Melrose, Canadian hockey player, coach, and commentator
    • Toshihiko Seko, Japanese long-distance runner
    • Joe Satriani, famous guitar virtuoso, current guitarist for Chickenfoot
  • July 16Tony Kushner, American playwright
  • July 18Sheila Aldridge, American singer (The Aldridge Sisters)
  • July 19Yoshiaki Yatsu, Japanese professional wrestler
  • July 24
    • Charlie Crist, American politician
    • Pat Finn, American game show host and producer
  • July 26
    • Andy Goldsworthy, British sculptor and photographer
    • Dorothy Hamill, American figure skater and Olympic Gold medalist
  • July 30Delta Burke, American actress
  • July 31
    • Michael Biehn, American actor
    • Deval Patrick, African American Governor of Massachusetts
  • August 1Steve Green, American Christian musician
  • August 2Jim Neidhart, American professional wrestler
  • August 4Gerry Cooney, American former boxer
  • August 5Maureen McCormick, American actress (The Brady Bunch)
  • August 6Stepfanie Kramer, American actress (Hunter)
  • August 8
    • Chris Foreman, English rock guitarist (Madness)
    • David Grant, English singer and vocal coach
  • August 10
    • Fred Ottman, American professional wrestler
    • Charlie Peacock, American Christian producer, singer-songwriter
  • August 12Bruce Greenwood, Canadian actor
  • August 14Jackée Harry, American actress and television personality
  • August 17Dave Jones, English football manager
  • August 18
    • Kelly Willard, American Christian singer
    • Jon "Bermuda" Schwartz, American drummer
  • August 19Adam Arkin, American actor
  • August 20Joan Allen, American actress
  • August 21Kim Cattrall, English-born Canadian actress
  • August 22Paul Molitor, American baseball player
  • August 23Andreas Floer, German mathematician (d. 1991)
  • August 24John Culberson, American politician
  • August 26Mark Mangino, American football coach
  • August 29Mark Morris, American choreographer
  • August 31Masashi Tashiro, Japanese television performer

September–October[]

  • September 1Bernie Wagenblast, American editor and broadcaster
  • September 2Angelo Fusco, Provisional Irish Republican Army member
  • September 3Pat McGeown, Provisional Irish Republican Army member (d. 1996)
  • September 10Johnny Fingers, Irish musician (The Boomtown Rats)
  • September 11Phillip D. Bissett, American politician
  • September 12
    • Leslie Cheung, Hong Kong actor (d. 2003)
    • Ricky Rudd, American race car driver
    • Walter Woon, law professor and former Nominated Member of Parliament and Attorney-General of Singapore
  • September 14
    • Kostas Karamanlis, Greek politician
    • Ray Wilkins, English footballer and coach
  • September 15George Howard, American jazz saxophone musician (d. 1998)
  • September 16
    • David Copperfield, American illusionist
    • Sergei Beloglazov, Russian free-style wrestler
  • September 17Brian Andreas, American writer, sculptor, painter, and publisher
  • September 20
    • Gary Cole, American actor
    • Debbie Morgan, African-American actress
  • September 21Jack Givens, American basketball player
  • September 23 - Paolo Rossi, Italian soccer player
  • September 24Gregory Peter Panos, American futurist, writer, inventor, virtual reality expert, human simulation visionary
  • September 25Jamie Hyneman, American television co-host (MythBusters)
  • September 26Linda Hamilton, American actress (The Terminator)
  • September 29Sebastian Coe, British athlete, co-ordinator of the London 2012 Olympic Games
  • September 30Gordon Elliott, British-Australian television personality and talk show host
  • October 4Christoph Waltz, Austrian actor (Inglourious Basterds)
  • October 8Stephanie Zimbalist, American actress (Remington Steele)
  • October 10Amanda Burton, Irish actress
  • October 11Nicanor Duarte, President of Paraguay
  • October 16Rudra Mohammad Shahidullah, Bangladeshi poet (d. 1992)
  • October 17Mae Jemison, African American astronaut
  • October 18Martina Navratilova, Czech-American tennis player
  • October 19Carlo Urbani, Italian physician (d. 2003)
  • October 20Danny Boyle, English film director
  • October 21Carrie Fisher, American actress (Star Wars)
  • October 23Dwight Yoakam, American country singer/musician and actor
  • October 26Rita Wilson, American actress and producer
  • October 27Jaq D. Hawkins, British author, occultist and lecturer
  • October 28Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, President of Iran

November–December[]

  • November 8
    • Steven Miller, American record producer
    • Richard Curtis, English film director, producer and screenwriter
  • November 10Mohsen Badawi, Egyptian entrepreneur, political activist, and writer
  • November 14Avi Cohen, Israeli football player
  • November 17Kelly Ward, American actor
  • November 18
    • Noel Brotherston, Irish footballer (d. 1995)
    • Warren Moon, American football player and quarterback for the Edmonton Eskimos (Canada)
  • November 20Bo Derek, American actress and model
  • November 23
    • Shane Gould, Australian swimmer
    • Nikolay Sidorov, Soviet athlete
  • November 26Dale Jarrett, American race car driver
  • November 27William Fichtner, American actor
  • November 28Lucy Gutteridge, English actress
  • November 29
    • Leo Laporte, American author and television host
    • Eric Laakso, American football player
  • December 5
    • Krystian Zimerman, Polish pianist
    • Klaus Allofs, German football player
  • December 6Randy Rhoads, American guitarist
  • December 7Larry Bird, American basketball player
  • December 9 - Jean-Pierre Thiollet, French writer
  • December 11Lani Brockman, American playwright
  • December 12
    • Johan van der Velde, Dutch cyclist
    • Ana Alicia, Mexican actress (Falcon Crest)
  • December 13Majida El Roumi, Lebanese singer
  • December 14Béla Réthy, German sports journalist
  • December 16Duncan Faure, South African musician
  • December 18Ron White, American comedian
  • December 19Masami Akita, Japanese noise musician (also known as Merzbow)
  • December 23Michele Alboreto, Italian race car driver (d. 2001)
  • December 26David Sedaris, American essayist
  • December 28
    • Jimmy Nicholl, Canadian-born footballer
    • Nigel Kennedy, English violinist
  • December 29Fred MacAulay, Scottish comedian
  • December 30
    • Patricia Kalember, American actress
    • Sheryl Lee Ralph, African American actress
  • December 31Hussein Ahmed Salah, Djiboutian marathon player

Date unknown[]

  • Ronan Bennett, Irish writer
  • Shelagh Rogers, Canadian radio host
  • Miladin Šobić, Montenegrin singer
  • Susan Solomon, American atmospheric chemist

Deaths[]

January–March[]

  • January 3
    • Alexander Gretchaninov, Russian composer (b. 1864)
    • Joseph Wirth, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1876)
  • January 5Mistinguett, French singer (b. 1875)
  • January 9Marion Leonard, American actress (b. 1881)
  • January 12Norman Kerry, American actor (b. 1894)
  • January 13Lyonel Charles Feininger, German painter (b. 1871)
  • January 14Sheila Kaye-Smith, English writer (b. 1887)
  • January 18Konstantin Päts, President of Estonia (b. 1874)
  • January 21Sam Langford, Canadian boxer (b. 1883)
  • January 24 – Sir Alexander Korda, Hungarian-born film director (b. 1893)
  • January 27Erich Kleiber, German conductor (b. 1890)
  • January 29H. L. Mencken, American writer (b. 1880)
  • January 31A. A. Milne, English author (Winnie The Pooh) (b. 1882)
  • February 2
    • Bob Burns, American comedian (b. 1890)
    • Charles Grapewin, American actor (b. 1869)
  • February 8Connie Mack, American baseball executive and manager (b. 1862)
  • February 10Hugh Trenchard, 1st Viscount Trenchard, British marshal of the Royal Air Force (b. 1873)
  • February 18Gustave Charpentier, French composer (b. 1860)
  • February 20James Cousins, Irish writer (b. 1873)
  • February 26Elsie Janis, American singer and actress (b. 1889)
  • February 29Elpidio Quirino, President of the Philippines (b. 1890)
  • March 14David Browning, American Olympic diver (b. 1931)
  • March 17
    • Fred Allen, American comedian (b. 1894)
    • Irène Joliot-Curie, French physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (b. 1897)
  • March 18Louis Bromfield, American writer (b. 1896)
  • March 20
    • Fanny Durack, Australian swimmer (b. 1889)
    • Wilhelm Miklas, Austrian politician and 3rd President of Austria
  • March 25
    • Robert Newton, English film actor (b. 1905)
    • Lou Moore, American racing driver and team owner (b. 1904)
  • March 30Edmund Clerihew Bentley, English inventor (b. 1875)
  • March 31Ralph DePalma, Italian-born race car driver (b. 1884)

April–June[]

  • April 6Pio Valenzuela, Filipino physician and one of the leaders of the Katipunan (b. 1869)
  • April 15Kathleen Howard, Canadian born American opera singer & character actress (b. 1884)
  • April 19Ernst Robert Curtius, Alsatian philologist (b. 1886)
  • April 21
    • Samuel Gottesman, American pulp-paper merchant (b. 1885)
    • Charles MacArthur, American playwright and screenwriter (b. 1895)
  • April 24Henry Stephenson, British character actor (b. 1871)
  • April 26Edward Arnold, American actor (b. 1890)
  • April 29
    • Harold Bride, English-born junior radio officer on RMS Titanic (b. 1890)
    • Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb, German field marshal (b. 1876)
  • April 30Alben W. Barkley, Vice President of the United States (b. 1877)
  • May 3Peter Watson, English art collector and benefactor (b. 1908)
  • May 12Louis Calhern, American actor (b. 1895)
  • May 17Austin Osman Spare, English magician (b. 1886)
  • May 18Maurice Tate, English cricketer (b. 1895)
  • May 20
    • Max Beerbohm, English theater critic (b. 1872)
    • Zoltan Halmay, Hungarian Olympic swimmer (b. 1881)
  • May 23Gustav Suits, Estonian poet (b. 1883)
  • May 24Guy Kibbee, American actor (b. 1882)
  • May 26Al Simmons, American baseball player (b. 1902)
  • May 29Frank Beaurepaire, Australian Olympic swimmer (b. 1891)
  • May 31Diedrich Hermann Westermann, German linguist (b. 1875)
  • June 2
    • Jean Hersholt, Danish actor (b. 1886)
    • Richard S. Edwards, American admiral (b. 1885)
  • June 4Katherine MacDonald, American silent film actress (b. 1891)
  • June 6Margaret Wycherly, English stage & film actress (b. 1881)
  • June 11Ralph Morgan, American actor (b. 1883)
  • June 17Paul Rostock, German official, surgeon, and university professor (b. 1892)
  • June 22Walter de la Mare, English poet, short story writer, and novelist (b. 1873)
  • June 23Reinhold Glière, Russian composer (b. 1875)
  • June 26Clifford Brown, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1930)

July–September[]

  • July 7Gottfried Benn, German poet (b. 1886)
  • July 8Giovanni Papini, Italian essayist, poet, novelist (b. 1881)
  • July 10Joe Giard, American baseball player (b. 1898)
  • July 11 - John T. Raulston, Scopes Monkey Trial judge (b. 1868)
  • July 20James Alexander Calder, Canadian politician (b. 1868)
  • August 2Albert Woolson, last surviving Union veteran of the American Civil War (b. 1847)
  • August 11Jackson Pollock, American painter (b. 1912)
  • August 14
    • Bertolt Brecht, German playwright (Threepenny Opera) (b. 1898)
    • Konstantin von Neurath, Nazi German diplomat and foreign minister (b. 1873)
  • August 16
    • Béla Lugosi, Hungarian-born film actor (Dracula) (b. 1882)
    • Lynde D. McCormick, American admiral (b. 1895)
  • August 23Peaches Browning, American actress (b. 1910)
  • August 25Alfred Kinsey, American sex researcher (b. 1894)
  • September 6 - Lee Jung Seob, Korean oil painter (b. 1916)
  • September 11Billy Bishop, Canadian pilot (b. 1894)
  • September 20Flora Eldershaw, Australian novelist, critic, and historian (b. 1897)
  • September 22Frederick Soddy, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1877)
  • September 27
    • Milburn G. Apt, American test pilot (b. 1924)
    • Babe Zaharias, American athlete and golfer (b. 1911)
  • September 29Anastasio Somoza García, President of Nicaragua (b. 1896)

October–December[]

Date unknown[]

  • Lotte Herrlich, regarded as the most important female photographer of German naturism

Nobel Prizes[]

  • PhysicsWilliam Shockley, John Bardeen, Walter Houser Brattain
  • Chemistry – Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood, Nikolay Semenov
  • Physiology or MedicineAndré Frédéric Cournand, Werner Forssmann, Dickinson W. Richards
  • LiteratureJuan Ramón Jiménez
  • Peace – Not Awarded

References[]

Further reading[]

  • London Institute of World Affairs, The Year Book of World Affairs 1957 (London 1957) full text online, comprehensive reference book covering 1956 in diplomacy, international affairs and politics for major nations and regions


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1956. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

People of the year 1956 at Familypedia

62 people were born in 1956

 FatherMotherAge mother at birth
Susanne Marie Pieloor (1956-1957)Rudolf Ernest PieloorMarie Antoinette Abalain (1931)
Larry William Aldridge (1956)
Vera Arrivabene-Valenti-Gonzaga (1956-)Leonardo Arrivabene-Valenti-Gonzaga (1904-1971)Maria delle Grazie Brandolini d'Adda (1923-2018)
Mark A. Bales (1956-2015)Ted BalesBarbara Joan Goff (1935-2014)
Audrey Berkhout (1956-1999)Martin Berkhout (1930-1997)Audrey Bennewitz (1937-1995)
Susan Ann Blakeslee (1956)Jared Blakeslee (1928-1997)Margaret Dias (1930-1997)
Arthur William Bohmfalk III (1956-2011)Arthur William Bohmfalk (1937-1979)Joan Portwood (1932-2004)
Theresa Mary Brasier (1956)Hubert Brasier (1917-1981)Zaidee Mary Barnes (1928-1982)
James Bryant (1956-2008)Stephen Bryant (1922-2000)Rosemary Brassard (1927-2005)
Marvin Pierce Bush (1956)George Herbert Walker Bush (1924-2018)Barbara Pierce (1925-2018)
Fernando Cabrera (1956)
Roberto Calderoli (1956)
Emilio Carrega Bertolini (1956-)Giovanni Battista Carrega Bertolini (1926-2003)Giovanna Zileri dal Verme degli Obbizi (1929-)
Shane Patrick Carter (1956-)Desmond James Carter (1923-1994)
Teodor Chiric (1956-)Panait Chiric (c1928-1972)Veronica Vasiliu (1932-)
... further results

15 children were born to the 26 women born in 1956

184 people died in 1956

 FatherMotherAge at death
Walter Sydney Adams (1876-1956)Lucien Harper Adams (1829-1916)Nancy Dorrance Francis (1840-1894)
Chandrashekhar AgasheGovind Agashe IIBhima Bapat
Alexander Alafouzos (1899-1956)
James Anderson (1879-1956)
Albert Edward Anlezark (1881-1956)Thomas William Anlezark (1851-1893)Rachel Campbell (c1852-1943)
Catherine Apps (1875-1956)
Ava Alice Muriel Astor (1902-1956)John Jacob Astor (1864-1912)Ava Lowle Willing (1868-1958)
Louisa May Austin (1893-1956)Frank Urquhart Austin (c1854-1916)Catherine Levingston (1856-1942)63
Jacob Henricus Avis (1891-1956)Henricus Jacob Avis (1868-1943)Trijntje Zijp (1865-1925)
Wilhelm Bahr (1888-1956)
Albert Henry Bailey (1874-1956)George Bailey (1843-1908)Charlotte Taylor (1839-1883)
James Alexander Baird (1891-1956)William Baird (1849-1946)Janet Lennox Murdoch (1855-1898)
Louis Jacques Balsan (1869-1956)Auguste Jean-Jacques Martin Balsan (1836-1896)Marie Dupuytrem (1844-1902)
Neta-Lee Barsky (1911-1956)Gennady Barsky (1883-1939)Janet Bernthal (1882-1930)
Daisy Annie Bell (1885-1956)William George Bell (1836-1906)Mary Sarah Gill (1850-1924)
... further results

8710 people lived in 1956

 FatherMother
Lady Irina Bud de BudfalvaLord János Bud de BudfalvaBaroness Anna Tisza de Borosjenő et Szeged
Tsunekichi Yonogi (1905-2015)Shigeru Yonogi (1876-1940)Miyoko Yonogi (1882-1950)
Alfred Alonzo Aaron (1883-1969)Thomas Aaron (1850-1932)Sarah Dobbs (1858-1948)
Sadie Aaronson (1908-1970)Jack Aaronson (1880-1927)Laura Barenboim (1882-1932)
Rebecca Ababio (1926-1998)
Isabella Abadiano (1930-2003)
Amanda Abadie (1898-1957)Jean-Claude Abadie (1848-1930)Jeanette Armellino (1860-1934)
Susanne Marie Pieloor (1956-1957)Rudolf Ernest PieloorMarie Antoinette Abalain (1931)
Annabelle Abargil (1922-2000)
Jennifer Abaya (1918-1996)
Alysson Abberton (1935-2012)
Charles Greeley Abbot (1872-1973)Harris Abbot (1812-1884)Caroline Ann Greeley (1836-1911)
Janet Abbot (1910-1970)
Jordan Abbot (1876-1960)
Julia Abbot (1900-1979)Jordan Abbot (1876-1960)Helen O'Malley (1879-1959)
... further results

Events of the year 1956 at Familypedia

50 people were married in 1956.

 Joined with
Jeanette Arnold (1929-2000)Joseph Johnson (-)+Alvin Azell Ragland (1929-2011)
Fergus Michael Claude Bowes-Lyon, 17th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne (1928-1987)Mary Pamela McCorquodale (1932)
Hugh John Vaughan Campbell, 6th Earl Cawdor (1932-1993)Cathryn Hinde (c1932-)+Angelica Gräfin Lazansky von Bukowa ()
Agnes Muriel Chapman (1889-1977)Arthur Leslie Moffatt (1891-1946)+Albert John Lamb (1889-1956)
Elsie Grace Cross (1889-1969)Alfred John Smith (c1886-1951)+Donald Fraser (bef1956)
Elbert Clifton Daniel (1912-2000)Mary Margaret Truman (1924-2008)
Thomas Junior Darby (1933-1995)Margery Ann Olivera (1940-2002)
Ronald Ivor Ferguson (1931-2003)Susan Mary Wright (1937-1998)+Susan Rosemary Deptford (1946-)
Aladár Fáy (1926-1986)Éva Élles (1930)
Robert William Gorman (1932-2000)Thelma Arlene Weston (1935-1989)
Rainier III of Monaco (1923-2005)Grace Kelly (1929-1982)
Aldous Leonard Huxley (1894-1963)Maria Nys (1899-1955)+Laura Archera (1911-2007)
Bevie "Elaine" JenkinsRonald Paul "Ronnie" Morgan
Waylon Arnold Jennings (1937)Maxine Caroll Lawrence + Lynne Jones + Barbara Rood + Jessi Colter
Mary Carroll Kearney (1913-1991)George John Box (1908-1982)
... further results

There were 0 military battles in 1956.


0.0071182548794489 0.57692307692308 0.021125143513203
1956


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