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1945 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1945
MCMXLV

Ab urbe condita 2698
Armenian calendar 1394
ԹՎ ՌՅՂԴ
Bahá'í calendar 101 – 102
Buddhist calendar 2489
Coptic calendar 1661 – 1662
Ethiopian calendar 1937 – 1938
Hebrew calendar 5705 5706
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2000 – 2001
 - Shaka Samvat 1867 – 1868
 - Kali Yuga 5046 – 5047
Holocene calendar 11945
Iranian calendar 1323 – 1324
Islamic calendar 1364 – 1365
Japanese calendar Shōwa

20


(昭和 20年)

 - Imperial Year Kōki 2605
(皇紀2605年)
Julian calendar 1990
Korean calendar 4278
Thai solar calendar 2488
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Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar.

Events[]

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

January[]

January 27: The Soviet Union liberates Auschwitz.

  • January – American troops cross the Siegfried Line into Germany.
  • January 1Germany begins Operation Bodenplatte, an attempt by the Luftwaffe to cripple Allied air forces in the Low Countries
  • January 5Australia recognizes the Polish Committee of National Liberation as the government of Poland.
  • January 7British General Bernard Montgomery holds a press conference at Zonhoven describing his supporting role at the Battle of the Bulge.
  • January 12 – WWII: The Soviet Union begins the Vistula-Oder Offensive in Eastern Europe against the Germans.
  • January 13 – WWII: A day after beginning the Vistula-Oder Offensive, the Soviets launch the East Prussian Offensive to eliminate German forces in East Prussia.
  • January 17
  • January 20
  • January 23Hungary drops out of WWII, agreeing to an armistice with the Allies.
  • January 26 – WWII: Infantry action at Holtzwihr, France, for which Audie Murphy is awarded the Medal of Honor.[1]
  • January 27The Holocaust: The Red Army liberates the Auschwitz and Birkenau death camps.
  • January 28 – WWII: Supplies begin to reach China over the newly reopened Burma Road.
  • January 30
    • The Wilhelm Gustloff, with over 10,000 mainly civilian Germans from Gotenhafen (Gdynia) in the Gdansk Bay, is sunk by three torpedoes from the Soviet submarine S-13 in the Baltic Sea; up to 9,400 are thought to have died – the greatest loss of life in a single ship sinking in war action in history.
    • Raid at Cabanatuan: 121 American soldiers and 800 Filipino guerrillas free 813 American POWs from the Japanese-held camp at Cabanatuan City, Philippines.
  • January 31Eddie Slovik is executed by firing squad for desertion, the first American soldier since the American Civil War, and last to date to be executed for this offense.

February[]

The "Big Three" at the Yalta Conference, Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin, February 2, 1945.

During the Battle of Iwo Jima, U.S. Marines land on the island, February 19, 1945.

  • February 3 – WWII:
    • Battle of Manila: United States forces enter the outskirts of Manila to capture it from the Japanese Imperial Army, starting the battle.
    • The Soviet Union agrees to enter the Pacific War against Japan once hostilities against Germany are concluded.
  • February 4February 11 – WWII: President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin hold the Yalta Conference.
  • February 6 – French writer Robert Brasillach is executed for collaboration with the Germans.
  • February 7 – WWII: General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila.
  • February 9
    • Walter Ulbricht becomes leader of the German Communists in Moscow.
    • WWII: "Black Friday": A force of Allied Bristol Beaufighter aircraft suffers heavy casualties in an unsuccessful attack on German destroyer Z33 and escorting vessels sheltering in Førde Fjord, Norway.
  • February 10 – WWII: The SS General von Steuben is sunk by the Soviet submarine S-13.
  • February 13 – WWII:
  • February 14Chile, Ecuador, Paraguay and Peru join the United Nations.
  • February 16 – WWII:
    • American and Filipino ground forces land on Corregidor Island in the Philippines.
    • Combined American and Filipino forces recapture the Bataan Peninsula.
  • February 19February 20 – 980 Japanese soldiers die as a result of a killing spree by long saltwater crocodiles in Ramree, Burma.[2]
  • February 19 – WWII – Battle of Iwo Jima: About 30,000 United States Marines land on Iwo Jima.
  • February 21 – The last V-2-rocket is launched from Peenemünde.
  • February 22Uruguay declares war on Germany and Japan.
  • February 23 – WWII:
    • Battle of Iwo Jima: A group of United States Marines reach the top of Mount Suribachi on the island and are photographed raising the American flag. The photo, Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima (taken by Joe Rosenthal), later wins a Pulitzer Prize.
    • The 11th Airborne Division, with Filipino guerrillas, freed the captives of the Los Baños internment camp.
    • The capital of the Philippines, Manila, is liberated by combined American and Filipino ground troops.
    • American and Filipino troops enter Intramuros, Manila.
    • The German garrison in Poznań capitulates to Red Army and Polish troops.
    • Turkey joins the war on the allies side.
  • February 24 – The Egyptian Premier Ahmad Mahir Pasha is killed in Parliament after reading a decree.
  • February 28 – In Bucharest, a violent demonstration takes place, during which the bolşevic group opens fire on the army and protesters. In response, Andrei Y. Vishinsky, USSR vice commissioner of foreign affairs and president of the Allied Control Commission for Romania, travels to Bucharest to compel Nicolae Rădescu to resign as premier.

March[]

File:Anne Frank portrait.jpg

March: Anne Frank dies in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp of typhus

  • March – Anne Frank, dies in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, Lower Saxony, Germany, of typhus.
  • March 1Franklin D. Roosevelt gives what will be his last address to a joint session of Congress, reporting on the Yalta Conference.
  • March 2 – Former U.S. Vice-President Henry A. Wallace starts his term of office as U.S. Secretary of Commerce, serving under President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
  • March 2 – The Bachem Ba 349 Natter is launched from Stetten am kalten Markt. The Natter is the first manned rocket, developed as anti-aircraft weapon. The launch fails and the pilot dies.[3]
  • March 3 – WWII:
    • Finland declares war on the Axis powers.
    • United States and Filipino troops take Manila, Philippines.
    • A possible experimental atomic test blast occurs at the Nazis' Ohrdruf military testing area.
    • The RAF accidentally bombs the Bezuidenhout neighbourhood in The Hague, Netherlands, killing 511 people.
  • March 4 – In the United Kingdom, The Princess Elizabeth, later to become Queen Elizabeth II, joins the British Army's Women's Auxiliary Territorial Service as a truck driver/mechanic.
  • March 4 – Football club FC Red Star (in Serbian: FK Crvena Zvezda) formed in Belgrade, Yougoslavia.
  • March 6
    • A Communist-led government is formed in Romania under Petru Groza following Soviet intervention.
    • Resistance fighters ambush and attempt to execute SS general Hanns Albin Rauter, the arch-persecutor of the Dutch.
  • March 7 – WWII: American troops seize the bridge over the Rhine River at Remagen, Germany and begin to cross.
  • March 8
    • Josip Broz Tito forms a government in Yugoslavia.
    • The Nazi authorities kill 117 Dutch men in reprisal for the attempted murder Hanns Albin Rauter.
  • March 9 – The film Les Enfants du Paradis premieres in Paris.
  • March 9March 10 – WWII: American B-29 bombers attack Tokyo, Japan with incendiary bombs; the city is fire-bombed, killing 100,000 citizens.
  • March 12Swinemünde is destroyed by the USAAF killing an estimated 8,000 to 23,000 civilians, mostly refugees saved by Operation Hannibal
  • March 15 – The 17th Academy Awards ceremony is held, broadcast via radio for the first time. Best Picture goes to Going My Way.
  • March 16 – WWII: The Battle of Iwo Jima unofficially ends, with pockets of guerrilla resistance persisting until the official conclusion of the battle.
  • March 17 – WWII: Kobe, Japan is fire-bombed by 331 B-29 bombers, killing over 8,000 people.
  • March 18 – WWII: 1,250 American bombers attack Berlin.
  • March 19 – WWII:
    • Adolf Hitler orders that all industries, military installations, machine shops, transportation facilities and communications facilities in Germany be destroyed.
    • Off the coast of Japan, bombers hit the aircraft carrier USS Franklin, killing about 800 of her crewmen and crippling the ship.
  • March 21 – WWII: British troops liberate Mandalay, Burma.
  • March 22 – The Arab League is formed with the adoption of a charter in Cairo, Egypt.
  • March 24
    • WWII – Operation Varsity: Two airborne divisions capture bridges across the Rhine River to aid the Allied advance.
    • Sylvester the cat, a cartoon character, debuts in Life with Feathers
  • March 26 – WWII: The Battle of Iwo Jima officially ends, with the destruction of the remaining areas of Japansese resistance.
  • March 29 – The "Clash of Titans": George Mikan and Bob Kurland duel at Madison Square Garden. OSU defeats DePaul 52–44.
  • March 30 – WWII:
    • The Red Army pushes most of the Axis forces out of Hungary and into Austria.
    • Alger Hiss congratulated in Moscow for his part in bringing positions of Western powers and the USSR closer to each other at the Yalta Conference.

April[]

The Japanese battleship Yamato explodes after persistent attacks from U.S. aircraft during the Battle of Okinawa, 7 April 1945.

Adolf Hitler, along with his wife Eva Braun, committed suicide on 30 April 1945.

  • April 1 – WWII – Battle of Okinawa: The U.S. 10th Army lands on Okinawa.
  • April 4 – WWII: American troops liberate their first Nazi concentration camp, Ohrdruf death camp in Germany.
    • The Red Army enters Bratislava and pushes to the outskirts of Vienna, taking it on April 13 after several days of intense fighting.
  • April 6 – WWII: Sarajevo is liberated from the Nazi Germany and Nazi Croatia (German puppet state) by the Yugoslav Partisans.
  • April 7 – WWII:
    • The only flight of the German ramming unit known as the Sonderkommando Elbe takes place, resulting in the loss of some 24 B-17s and B-24s of the United States Eighth Air Force.
    • The Japanese battleship Yamato is sunk 200 miles (320 km) north of Okinawa while enroute on a suicide mission.
    • Kantarō Suzuki becomes Prime Minister of Japan.
  • April 9
    • WWII: The Battle of Königsberg, in East Prussia, ends.
    • Abwehr conspirators Wilhelm Canaris, Hans Oster and Hans Dohanyi are hanged at Flossenberg concentration camp, along with pastor Dietrich Bonhoeffer.
  • April 10 – WWII:
    • The Allied Forces liberate the Nazi concentration camp, Buchenwald.
    • Visoko is liberated by the 7th, 9th and 17th Krajina Brigades from the Tenth Division of Yugoslav Partisan forces.
  • April 12United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies suddenly at Warm Springs, Georgia; Vice President Harry S. Truman becomes the 33rd President.
  • April 14 – WWII: The Canadian First Army assumes military control of the Netherlands where German forces are trapped in the Atlantic wall fortifications along the coastline.[4]
  • April 15 – The Bergen-Belsen concentration camp is liberated.
  • April 15 – WWII: The Canadian First Army reaches the coast in northern Holland and captures Arnhem.
  • April 16 – WWII: The Goya is sunk by the Soviet submarine L-3.
  • April 16 – WWII: The Canadians take Harlingen, and occupies Leeuwarden and Groningen
  • April 16 – WWII: Battle of Berlin begins.
  • April 17Brazilian forces liberate the town of Montese, Italy, from German forces.
  • April 18 – American war correspondent Ernie Pyle is killed by Japanese machine gun fire on the island of Ie Shima off Okinawa.
  • April 19Rodgers and Hammerstein's Carousel, a musical play based on Ferenc Molnár's Liliom, opens on Broadway and becomes their second long-running stage classic.
  • April 22
    • Heinrich Himmler, through Count Bernadotte, puts forth an offer of German surrender to the Western Allies, but not the Soviet Union.
    • Adolf Hitler concedes defeat in his underground Berlin bunker after learning Felix Steiner could not mobilize enough men to launch a counterattack on the Soviets who had just broken through Germany.
  • April 24 – Retreating German troops destroy all the bridges over the Adige in Verona, including the historical Ponte di Castelvecchio and Ponte Pietra.
  • April – The British/Canadian front enters Breman.
  • April 25
  • April 2526 – WWII: Last major strategic bombing raid by RAF Bomber Command, the destruction of the oil refinery at Tønsberg in southern Norway by 107 Avro Lancasters.
  • April 26 – WWII: Battle of Bautzen: The last "successful" German panzer-offensive in Bautzen ends with the city recaptured.
  • April 26 – WWII: The Nazis surrender to the British/Canadian front who now control the Swiss border from Basle to Lake Constance.
  • April 27
    • U.S. Ordnance troops find the coffins of Frederick Wilhelm I, Frederick the Great, Paul von Hindenburg, and his wife.
    • The Western Allies flatly reject any offer of surrender by Germany other than unconditional on all fronts.
  • April 28Benito Mussolini and his mistress, Clara Petacci, are executed by Italian partisans as they attempt to flee the country. Their bodies are then hung by their heels in the public square of Milan.
  • April 28 – The Canadian First Army captures Emden and Wilhelmshaven.
  • April 29
    • Operation Manna: British Lancaster bombers drop food into the Netherlands to prevent the starvation of the civilian population.
    • Brazilian forces liberate the commune of Fornovo di Taro, Italy, from German forces.
    • Adolf Hitler marries his longtime mistress Eva Braun in a closed civil ceremony in the Berlin Führerbunker.
  • April 30 – Adolf Hitler and his wife of one day, Eva Braun, commit suicide as the Red Army approaches the Führerbunker in Berlin. Karl Dönitz succeeds Hitler as President of Germany; Joseph Goebbels succeeds Hitler as Chancellor of Germany.

May[]

  • May – For all practical purposes the ICPC ceases to exist (recreated on June 3, 1946).
  • May 1 – WWII:
    • Hamburg Radio announces that Hitler has died in battle, "fighting up to his last breath against Bolshevism."
    • Joseph Goebbels and his wife Magda commit suicide after killing their six children. Karl Dönitz appoints Count Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk as the new Chancellor of Germany.
    • Troops of the Yugoslav 4th Army, together with the Slovene 9th Corpus NOV, enter Trieste.
    • Mass suicide in Demmin.
  • May 2 – WWII:
    • The Soviet Union announces the fall of Berlin. Soviet soldiers hoist the Red flag over the Reich Chancellery.

      Prague liberated by Red Army in May 1945.

    • Troops of the New Zealand Army 2nd Division enter Trieste a day after the Yugoslavs; the German Army in Trieste surrenders to the New Zealand Army.
    • Lübeck is liberated by the British Army.
  • May 3 – WWII:
    • The prison ships Cap Arcona, Thielbek and Deutschland are sunk by the RAF in Lübeck Bay.
    • Rocket scientist Wernher von Braun and 120 members of his team surrender to U.S. forces (later going on to help to start the U.S. space program).
    • German Protestant theologian Gerhard Kittel is arrested by the French forces in Tübingen, Germany.
  • May 4 – WWII:
    • The concentration camp Neuengamme near Hamburg is liberated by the British Army.
    • The North German army surrenders to Marshal Bernard Montgomery.
    • Holland is liberated by British and Canadian troops.[5] German forces officially surrender one day later.
    • Denmark is liberated.[6] German forces officially surrender one day later.
  • May 5 – WWII:
    • Prague rises up against the Nazis.
    • Ezra Pound, the poet and author, is arrested by American soldiers in Italy for treason.
    • The US 11th Armored Division liberates the prisoners of Mauthausen concentration camp, including Simon Wiesenthal.

      American soldiers fighting in the Pacific theater listen to radio reports of Victory in Europe Day on May 8, 1945.

    • Canadian soldiers liberate the city of Amsterdam from Nazi occupation.
    • Admiral Karl Dönitz orders all U-boats to cease offensive operations and return to their bases.
    • A Japanese balloon bomb kills five children and a woman, Elsie Mitchell, near Bly, Oregon, when it explodes as they drag it from the woods. They are the only people killed by an enemy attack on the American mainland during WWII.
  • May 6 – WWII: Axis Sally delivers her last propaganda broadcast to Allied troops (the first was on December 11, 1941).
  • May 7 – WWII: General Alfred Jodl signs unconditional surrender terms at Reims, France, ending Germany's participation in the war. The document takes effect the next day.
  • May 8 – WWII:
    • V-E Day (Victory in Europe, as Nazi Germany surrenders) commemorates the end of WWII in Europe, with the final surrender being to the Soviets in Berlin, attended by representatives of the Western Powers.
    • Canadian troops move into Amsterdam, after German troops surrender.
    • Surrender of the Dodecanese is signed in Symi.
    • The British 8th Army, together with Slovene partisan troops and a motorized detachment of the Yugoslav 4th Army, arrives in Carinthia and Klagenfurt.
  • May 829Sétif massacre: In Algeria, thousands die as French troops and released Italian POWs kill an estimated 6,000 to 40,000 Algerian citizens.
  • May 9 – WWII:
    • The Soviet Union marks V-E Day.
    • Hermann Göring is captured by the United States Army.
      a black and white image of two Marines in their combat uniforms. One Marine is providing cover fire with his M1 Thompson submachinegun as the other with a Browning Automatic Rifle, prepares to break cover to move to a different position. There are bare sticks and rocks on the ground.

      Marines of 1st Marine Division fighting on Okinawa, May 1945.

    • The Norwegian resistance movement in Oslo, Norway, arrests the traitor Vidkun Quisling.
    • The Red Army enters Prague.
    • General Alexander Löhr, Commander of German Army Group E near Topolšica, Slovenia, signs the capitulation of German occupation troops.
    • The German occupation of the Channel Islands ends with the liberation by British troops.
    • Alderney, an annex of the concentration camp Neuengamme, is liberated.
  • May 12
    • Argentinian labour leader José Peter declares the Federación Obrera de la Industria de la Carne dissolved.
    • Rev. W. V. Awdry's children's book The Three Railway Engines, first of The Railway Series, is published in England.
  • May 1415 – WWII – Battle of Poljana: The last battle of the War in Europe is fought at Poljana near Slovenj Gradec, Slovenia.
  • May 23President of Germany Karl Dönitz and Chancellor of Germany Count Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk are arrested by British forces at Flensburg. They are respectively the last German Head of state and Head of government until 1949.
  • May 23Heinrich Himmler, former head of the Nazi SS, commits suicide in British custody.
  • May 28William Joyce ("Lord Haw-Haw") is captured. He is later charged with high treason in London for his English-language wartime broadcasts on German radio, convicted, and then hanged in January 1946.
  • May 29
    • German communists, led by Walter Ulbricht, arrive in Berlin.
    • Dutch painter Han van Meegeren is arrested for collaboration with the Nazis, but the paintings he had sold to Hermann Göring (Koch) are later found to be his fakes.
  • May 30 – The Iranian government demands that all Soviet and British troops leave the country.

June[]

Dwight Eisenhower and Georgy Zhukov, June 5, 1945.

July[]

July 16: Trinity Test at night in New Mexico.

  • July 1 – WWII: Germany is divided between the Allied occupation forces.
  • July 5 – Australian Prime Minister John Curtin dies of a heart attack at age 60.
  • July 5 – WWII: The Philippines are declared liberated.
  • July 8 – WWII: Harry S. Truman is informed that Japan will talk peace if it can retain the reign of the Emperor.[7]
  • July 9 – A forest fire breaks out in the Tillamook Burn (the third in that area since 1933).
  • July 15 – The Scott Morrison Award of Minor Hockey Excellence was first given out to recipient Gordie Howe
  • July 14 – Italy declares war on Japan.
  • July 16 – The Trinity Test, the first of an atomic bomb, using about six kilograms of plutonium, succeeds in unleashing an explosion equivalent to that of 19 kilotons of TNT.
  • July 16 – WWII: A train collision near Munich, Germany kills 102 war prisoners.
  • July 17August 2 – WWII – Potsdam Conference: At Potsdam, the three main Allied leaders hold their final summit of the war.
  • July 21 – WWII: President Harry S. Truman approves the order for atomic bombs to be used against Japan.[7]
  • July 23 – WWII: French marshal Philippe Pétain, who headed the Vichy government during WWII, goes on trial for treason.
  • July 26Winston Churchill resigns as the United Kingdom's Prime Minister after his Conservative Party is soundly defeated by the Labour Party in the 1945 general election. Clement Attlee becomes the new Prime Minister. It is the first time that Labour has governed Britain with a commons majority.[8]
  • July 26 – The Potsdam Declaration demands Japan's unconditional surrender; Article 12 permitting Japan to retain the reign of the Emperor has been deleted by President Truman.[7]
  • July 28 – An U.S. Army Air Forces B-25 bomber crashes into the Empire State Building, killing 14 people, including all on board.
  • July 28 – WWII: Japan ambiguously rejects the Potsdam Declaration.[7]
  • July 29 – The BBC Light Programme radio station is launched, aimed at mainstream light entertainment and music.
  • July 30 – WWII: The heavy cruiser USS Indianapolis is hit and sunk by torpedoes from the Japanese submarine I-58 in the Philippine Sea. Some 900 survivors jump into the sea and are adrift for up to four days. Nearly 600 die before help arrives. Captain Charles B. McVay III of the cruiser is later court-martialed and convicted.

August[]

August 9: The mushroom cloud from the nuclear bomb dropped on Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air.

September 2: Japan signs the Instrument of Surrender aboard the USS Missouri.

  • August 6 – WWII: Atomic bombing of Hiroshima: A United States B-29 Superfortress, the Enola Gay, drops an atomic bomb, codenamed "Little Boy", on Hiroshima, Japan, at 8:15 a.m. (local time).
  • August 7 – President Harry Truman announces the successful bombing of Hiroshima with the atomic bomb, while returning from the Potsdam Conference aboard the U.S. Navy heavy cruiser USS Augusta (CA-31) in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean.
  • August 8
    • The United Nations Charter is ratified by the United States Senate, and this nation becomes the third one to join the new international organization.
    • The Soviet Union declares war on Japan.
  • August 9 – WWII:
    • A United States B-29 Bomber, Bockscar, drops an atomic bomb, codenamed "Fat Man", on Nagasaki, Japan, at 11:02 a.m. (local time).
    • The Soviet Union begins its army offensive against Japan in the northern part of the Japanese-held Chinese region of Manchuria.[9]
  • August 10 – WWII: Japan offers to surrender to the Allies, "provided this does not prejudice the sovereignty of the Emperor".
  • August 11 – WWII: The Allies reply to the Japanese surrender offer by saying that Emperor Hirohito will be subject to the authority of the Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces.
  • August 1125 – Soviet troops complete occupation of Sakhalin.
  • August 13 – The Zionist World Congress approaches the British government to discuss the founding of the country of Israel.
  • August 14 – WWII: Emperor Hirohito accepts the terms of the Potsdam Declaration.
  • August 15
    • Provisional International Civil Aviation Organization founded as a specialized agency of the United Nations.
    • WWII: Emperor Hirohito announces Japan's surrender on the radio. The United States calls this day V-J Day (Victory in Japan). This ends the period of Japanese expansionism and begins the period of Occupied Japan.
    • WWII: Korea gains independence following Japan's surrender.
  • August 17
    • President José P. Laurel issues an Executive Proclamation putting an end to the Second Philippine Republic, thus putting an end to his term as President of the Philippines.
    • Indonesian nationalists Soekarno and Mohammad Hatta declare the independence of the Republic of Indonesia, with Soekarno as president. Dutch colonial authorities do not approve.
    • The novel Animal Farm by George Orwell is first published by Fredric Warburg in London.
  • August 19Chinese Civil War: Mao Zedong and Chiang Kai-shek meet in Chongqing to discuss an end to hostilities between the Communists and the Nationalists.
  • August 31 – WWII: Allied troops arrest German field marshal Walther von Brauchitsch.

September[]

  • September 2
    • Japanese general Tomoyuki Yamashita surrenders to Filipino and American forces at Kiangan, Ifugao.
    • WWII ends: The final official surrender of Japan is accepted by the Supreme Allied Commander, General Douglas MacArthur, and Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz for the United States, and delegates from Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, The Netherlands, China, and others from a Japanese delegation led by Mamoru Shigemitsu, on board the American battleship USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay.
  • September 4 – WWII: Japanese forces surrender on Wake Island after hearing word of their country's surrender.
  • September 5
    • Iva Toguri D'Aquino, a Japanese-American suspected of being wartime radio propagandist "Tokyo Rose", is arrested in Yokohama.
    • The Russian code clerk Igor Gouzenko comes forward with numerous documents implicating the Soviet Union in numerous spy rings in North America: both in the United States and in Canada.
  • September 8
    • American troops occupy southern Korea, while the Soviet Union occupies the north, with the dividing line being the 38th parallel of latitude. This arrangement proves to be the indirect beginning of a divided Korea.
    • Hideki Tōjō, Japanese prime minister during most of WWII, attempts suicide to avoid facing a war crimes tribunal.
  • September 9 – The first case of a computer bug is found: a moth lodged in a relay of a Harvard Mark II computer at the Naval Weapons Center in Dahlgren, Virginia.
  • September 11
    • Radio Republik Indonesia starts broadcasting.
    • The Batu Lintang camp in Sarawak, Borneo is liberated by Australian forces.
  • September 12 – The Japanese Army formally surrenders to the British in Singapore.
  • September 18Typhoon Makurazaki in Japan kills 3,746 people.
  • September 20Mohandas Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru demand that all British troops depart India.

October[]

October 24: The United Nations is formed. This was its flag. The modern version is slightly retouched.

October 18: Nuremberg trials begin, after Buchenwald closed.

  • October – Arthur C. Clarke puts forward the idea of a communications satellite in a Wireless World magazine article.
  • October 1October 15Operation Backfire: Three A4 rockets are launched near Cuxhaven in order to show Allied forces the rocket with liquid fuel.
  • October 2George Albert Smith becomes president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
  • October 3October 10 – The Detroit Tigers win the World Series against the Chicago Cubs - the Cubs have not returned to the World Series since.
  • October 4 – The Partizan Belgrade sports society is founded in Belgrade, Serbia.
  • October 5 – A strike by the Set Decorator's Union in Hollywood results in a riot.
  • October 15 – WWII: Pierre Laval, the former premier of Vichy France, is shot to death by a firing squad for treason against France.
  • October 16FAO established as a specialized agency of the United Nations.
  • October 17 – A massive number of people, headed for CGT, gather in the Plaza de Mayo in Argentina to demand Juan Perón's release. This is known to the Peronists as the Día de la lealtad (Loyalty Day). It is considered the founding day of Peronism.
  • October 18Isaías Medina Angarita, president of Venezuela, is overthrown by a military coup.
  • October 21Women's suffrage: Women are allowed to vote in France for the first time.
  • October 23Jackie Robinson signs a contract with the Montreal Royals.
  • October 24
    • ICJ ("World Court") established by the United Nations Charter.
    • The United Nations is founded.
    • The Norwegian Nazi leader Vidkun Quisling is shot to death by a firing squad for treason against Norway.
  • October 27Indonesian separatists riot and fight Dutch and British security forces.
  • October 29
    • Getúlio Vargas resigns as the president of Brazil.
    • At Gimbels Department Store in New York City, the first ballpoint pens go on sale at $12.50 each.
  • October 30 – The undivided country of India joins the United Nations. Pakistan is formed and joins later.

November[]

  • November 1
    • International Labour Organization (ILO) In 1945, the organisation's new constitution came into effective.
    • John H. Johnson publishes the first issue of the magazine Ebony.
    • Telechron introduces the model 8H59 "Musalarm", the first clock radio.
  • November 5 Colombia joins the United Nations.
  • November 9Soo bahk do Moo Duk Kwan is founded.
  • November 13Charles De Gaulle is elected head of a French provisional government
  • November 15Harry S. Truman, Clement Attlee, and Mackenzie King call for a U.N. Atomic Energy Commission.[7]
  • November 16
    • Cold War: The United States controversially imports 88 German scientists to help in the production of rocket technology.
    • The motion picture The Lost Weekend, starring Ray Milland, is released. The most realistic film portrayal of alcoholism up to that time, it wins several Oscars in the following year.
  • November 16
    • Yeshiva College is founded.
  • November 20 – The Nuremberg Trials begin: Trials against 24 Nazi war criminals of WWII start at the Nuremberg Palace of Justice.
  • November 28 – An earthquake in Balochistan (Pakistan) causes a tsunami and kills 4,000.
  • November 29
    • The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is declared (this day is celebrated as Republic Day until the 1990s). Marshal Tito is named president.
    • Assembly of the world's first general purpose electronic computer, the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC), is completed. It covers 1,800 square feet (170 m2) of floor space. The first set of calculations is run on the computer.

December[]

  • December 2
    • General Eurico Gaspar Dutra is elected president of Brazil.
    • French banks (Banque de France, BNCI, CNEP, Crédit Lyonnais, and Société Générale) nationalized.
  • December 3Communist demonstrations in Athens presage the Greek Civil War.
  • December 4 – By a vote of 65–7, the United States Senate approves the entry of the United States into the United Nations.
  • December 5 – A flight of US Navy Avenger torpedo bombers known as Flight 19 disappears on a training exercise.
  • December 21 – General George S. Patton dies from injuries sustained in a car accident on December 9.
  • December 27
    • Twenty-eight nations sign an agreement creating the World Bank.
    • Terror strikes are carried out against British military bases in Palestine.

Date unknown[]

  • A team at Oak Ridge National Laboratory led by Charles Coryell discovers chemical element 61, the only one still missing between 1 and 96 on the periodic table, which they will name promethium.[10]
  • Raymond Libby develops the oral penicillin antibiotic.
  • American Cyanamid discovers folic acid, a vitamin abundant in green leafy vegetables, liver, kidney, and yeast.[11]
  • The first geothermal milk pasteurization is done in Klamath Falls, Oregon.
  • Some time in August, Korea splits into two nations with the North being communist and the South being capitalist.

Births[]

January[]

  • January 3
    • Stephen Stills, American rock singer and songwriter
    • Abbas Khattak, Commander of the Pakistan Air Force
  • January 4Richard R. Schrock, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • January 10
    • Jennifer Moss, British actress (d. 2006)
    • Rod Stewart, British rock singer
  • January 14Einar Hákonarson, Icelandic painter
  • January 15
    • Vince Foster, deputy White House counsel during the first term of President Bill Clinton (d. 1993)
    • Princess Michael of Kent, member of the British Royal Family
  • January 20Robert Olen Butler, American writer
  • January 25Leigh Taylor-Young, American actress
  • January 26Jacqueline du Pré, English cellist (d. 1987)
  • January 27Harold Cardinal, Cree political leader, writer, and lawyer (d. 2005)
  • January 29
    • Jim Nicholson, Northern Irish politician
    • Tom Selleck, American actor
  • January 30Michael Dorris, American author (d. 1997)
  • January 31Joseph Kosuth, American artist

February[]

March[]

  • March 1Dirk Benedict, American actor
  • March 4
    • Dieter Meier, Swiss singer and children's writer
    • Tommy Svensson, Swedish football manager and player
    • Gary Williams, American basketball coach
  • March 7
    • John Heard, American actor
    • Arthur Lee, American musician
  • March 8
    • Jim Chapman, American politician
    • Micky Dolenz, American actor, director and rock musician (The Monkees)
    • Jay Ingram, Canadian television host, author and journalist
    • Anselm Kiefer, German painter
  • March 9Dennis Rader, American serial killer
  • March 13Anatoly Fomenko, Russian mathematician
  • March 15A. K. Faezul Huq, Bangladeshi lawyer and politician (d. 2007)
  • March 17Katri Helena, Finnish singer
  • March 19Cem Karaca, Turkish musician (d. 2004)
  • March 20
    • Jay Ingram, Canadian television host, author and journalist
    • Pat Riley, American basketball coach
  • March 26Mikhail Voronin, Russian gymnast (d. 2004)
  • March 29
    • Walt Frazier, American basketball player
    • Willem Ruis, Dutch game show host (d. 1986)
  • March 30Eric Clapton, English rock guitarist
  • March 31Gabe Kaplan, American actor, comedian, and professional poker player

April[]

  • April 2Linda Hunt, American actress
  • April 4Daniel Cohn-Bendit, French activist
  • April 7Werner Schroeter, German film director
  • April 9Peter Gammons, American baseball sportswriter
  • April 12Lee Jong-wook, Korean Director-General of the World Health Organization (d. 2006)
  • April 13
    • Tony Dow, American actor, producer, and director (Leave It to Beaver)
    • Lowell George, American rock musician (Little Feat)
    • Bob Kalsu, American football player (d. 1970)
  • April 14Ritchie Blackmore, English rock guitarist (Deep Purple)
  • April 21Diana Darvey, British actress, singer and dancer (d. 2000)
  • April 25Björn Ulvaeus, Swedish rock songwriter (ABBA)
  • April 27August Wilson, American playwright (d. 2005)
  • April 29
    • Hugh Hopper, British musician (d. 2009)
    • Tammi Terrell, American soul singer (d. 1970)

May[]

  • May 1Rita Coolidge, American pop singer
  • May 2Sarah Weddington, American attorney
  • May 4Narasimhan Ram, Indian journalist
  • May 5Kurt Loder, American film critic, author, and television personality
  • May 6
    • Jimmie Dale Gilmore, American musician
    • Bob Seger, American rock singer
  • May 8Keith Jarrett, American musician
  • May 14Yochanan Vollach, Israeli footballer and president of Maccabi Haifa, CEO
  • May 15Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza, heir to the Portuguese crown
  • May 16Nicky Chinn, English rock songwriter (The Sweet, Suzi Quatro)
  • May 17Tony Roche, Australian tennis player
  • May 19Pete Townshend, English rock guitarist and lyricist (The Who)
  • May 21
    • Richard Hatch, American actor
    • Ernst Messerschmid, German physicist and astronaut
  • May 22Victoria Wyndham, American actress (Another World)
  • May 23
    • Lauren Chapin, American child actress and evangelist
    • Doris Mae Oulton, Canadian community developer
  • May 24Priscilla Presley, American actress and businesswoman
  • May 28John Fogerty, American rock singer (Creedence Clearwater Revival)
  • May 29Gary Brooker, English pianist and singer (Procol Harum)
  • May 30Gladys Horton, American singer (The Marvelettes) (d. 2011)
  • May 31
    • Rainer Werner Fassbinder, German film director (d. 1982)
    • Laurent Gbagbo, President of Cote d'Ivoire

June[]

  • June 1Frederica von Stade, American mezzo-soprano
  • June 2Jon Peters, American film producer
  • June 3Hale Irwin, American professional golfer
  • June 4
    • Anthony Braxton, American composer and musical instrumentalist
    • Gordon Waller, Scottish singer, songwriter and guitarist (Peter and Gordon) (d. 2009)
  • June 5John Carlos, American athlete
  • June 6David Dukes, American actor (d. 2000)
  • June 7Wolfgang Schussel, Chancellor of Austria
  • June 8Steven Fromholz, American singer-songwriter
  • June 9Nike Wagner, German woman of the theater
  • June 11Adrienne Barbeau, American actress, television personality and author
  • June 12Pat Jennings, Northern Irish footballer player
  • June 13Rodney P. Rempt, American admiral
  • June 14Jörg Immendorff, German painter
  • June 15Françoise Chandernagor, French writer
  • June 16Claire Alexander, Canadian ice hockey player
  • June 17
    • P. D. T. Acharya, Secretary General Lok Sabha
    • Frank Ashmore, American actor
    • Art Bell, American radio talk show host
    • Ken Livingstone, British politician
    • Eddy Merckx, Belgian cyclist
  • June 19
    • Aung San Suu Kyi, Myanmar poet, politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
    • Radovan Karadžić, Serbian politician
  • June 20Anne Murray, Canadian singer
  • June 24George Pataki, Governor of New York
  • June 25Carly Simon, American singer-songwriter
  • June 26Dwight York, American musician, fashion consultant, cult leader, and child molester
  • June 28David Knights, British bassist (Procol Harum)
  • June 29Chandrika Kumaratunga, President of Sri Lanka

July[]

  • July 1Debbie Harry, American rock singer (Blondie)
  • July 5Lu Sheng-yen, leader of the True Buddha School
  • July 6Burt Ward, American actor
  • July 7Michael Ancram, British politician
  • July 8Micheline Calmy-Rey, Swiss Federal Councilor
  • July 9Dean Koontz, American writer
  • July 10Ron Glass, American actor
  • July 11Richard Wesley, American playwright and screenwriter
  • July 15Jürgen Möllemann, German politician (d. 2003)
  • July 16Victor Sloan, Irish artist
  • July 17Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia
  • July 20
    • Kim Carnes, American singer-songwriter
    • Larry Craig, U.S. senator from Idaho
  • July 21John Lowe, English darts player
  • July 24Azim Premji, Indian businessman
  • July 26 – Dame Helen Mirren, British actress
  • July 28Jim Davis, American cartoonist
  • July 30Roger Dobkowitz, American game show producer

August[]

  • August 1Douglas D. Osheroff, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • August 2Joanna Cassidy, American actress
  • August 4Alan Mulally, American businessman, current CEO of the Ford Motor Company
  • August 5
    • Loni Anderson, American actress
    • Ja'net Dubois, American actress and singer
  • August 6Ron Jones, British director (d. 1993)
  • August 7Alan Page, American football player
  • August 9Posy Simmonds, English cartoonist
  • August 14
    • Steve Martin, American actor and comedian
    • Eliana Pittman, Brazilian singer and actress
    • Wim Wenders, German film director and producer
  • August 19Ian Gillan, English rock singer (Deep Purple)
  • August 22Ron Dante, American rock singer, songwriter, and record producer (The Archies)
  • August 24Vincent K. McMahon, American professional wrestling promoter, chairman and CEO of WWE
  • August 25Daniel Hulet, Belgian cartoonist (d. 2011)
  • August 26Tom Ridge, American politician
  • August 31
    • Van Morrison, Irish rock musician
    • Itzhak Perlman, Israeli-American violinist and conductor

September[]

  • September 1Mustafa Balel, Turkish writer
  • September 4Danny Gatton, American guitarist (d. 1994)
  • September 5Al Stewart, Scottish singer-songwriter
  • September 7Jacques Lemaire, Canadian ice hockey coach
  • September 8
    • Ron "Pigpen" McKernan, American musician (Grateful Dead) (d. 1973)
    • Rogatien Vachon, Canadian ice hockey player
    • Kelly Groucutt, British Bassist (Electric Light Orchestra) (d. 2009)
  • September 9Doug Ingle, American songwriter and singer for Iron Butterfly
  • September 10José Feliciano, Puerto Rican singer
  • September 11Franz Beckenbauer, German footballer and coach
  • September 14Martin Tyler, British sports broadcaster
  • September 15Jessye Norman, American soprano
  • September 16Pat Stevens, American voice actress (d. 2010)
  • September 17Phil Jackson, American basketball coach
  • September 19Randolph Mantooth, American actor and motivational speaker
  • September 20Candy Spelling, American author and socialize
  • September 21
    • Shaw Clifton, General of the Salvation Army
    • Kay Ryan, American poet
  • September 23Paul Petersen, child actor and advocate of other child actors
  • September 25Dee Dee Warwick, American singer (d. 2008)
  • September 26Bryan Ferry, English singer-songwriter and musician (Roxy Music)
  • September 27
    • Max Boyce, Welsh comedian and singer
    • Jack Goldstein, Canadian artist (d. 2003)
  • September 29Nadezhda Chizhova, Russian athlete
  • September 30Ehud Olmert, 12th Prime Minister of Israel

October[]

  • October 1Donny Hathaway, American soul singer-songwriter (d. 1979)
  • October 2Don McLean, American rock singer-songwriter
  • October 3
    • Kay Baxter, American bodybuilder (d. 1988)
    • Viktor Saneyev, Soviet athlete
  • October 4Clifton Davis, American actor
  • October 5Brian Connolly, Scottish musician
  • October 6Ivan Graziani, Italian singer-songwriter (d. 1997)
  • October 12
    • Aurore Clément, French actress
    • Dusty Rhodes, American professional wrestler
  • October 13Susan Stafford, American television presenter
  • October 15Jim Palmer, American baseball player
  • October 18
    • Huell Howser, host of California's Gold.
    • Yıldo, Turkish showman, footballer
  • October 19John Lithgow, American actor
  • October 20George Wyner, American actor
  • October 22Yvan Ponton, Canadian actor and sportscaster
  • October 24Eugenie Scott, Executive Director of the National Center for Science Education
  • October 25
    • David Schramm, American astrophysicist (d. 1997)
    • Peter Ledger, Australian artist (d. 1994)
  • October 27
    • Luís Inácio Lula da Silva, President of Brazil
    • Carrie Snodgress, American actress (d. 2004)
  • October 29Melba Moore, American singer and actress
  • October 29Daniel Albright, American literary critic and musicologist
  • October 30Henry Winkler, American actor, producer and director
  • October 31Brian Doyle-Murray, American actor

November[]

  • November 3Gerd Müller, German footballer
  • November 5Jacques Lanctôt, Canadian terrorist
  • November 7Waljinah, Javanese singer
  • November 12
    • Michael Bishop, American author
    • Tracy Kidder, American journalist and author
    • Neil Young, Canadian singer-songwriter and musician
  • November 15Anni-Frid Lyngstad, Norwegian rock singer (ABBA)
  • November 18
    • Wilma Mankiller, Chief of the Cherokee Nation (d. 2010)
    • Mahinda Rajapaksa, President of Sri Lanka
  • November 21Goldie Hawn, American actress
  • November 23Jerry Harris, American sculptor
  • November 26
    • Daniel Davis, American actor
    • John McVie, English rock musician (Fleetwood Mac)
  • November 27Barbara Anderson, American actress
  • November 30Mary Millington, British porn star (d. 1979)

December[]

  • December 1Bette Midler, American actress, comedienne and singer
  • December 2Charles "Tex" Watson, American prisoner
  • December 7Clive Russell, English actor
  • December 9Michael Nouri, American actor
  • December 13Kathy Garver, American actress, author and online radio hostess
  • December 16Patti Deutsch, American voice actress
  • December 17
    • Ernie Hudson, American actor
    • Chris Matthews, American news anchor
  • December 19Elaine Joyce, American actress and game show panelist
  • December 20
    • Peter Criss, American rock drummer (KISS)
    • Sivakant Tiwari, senior legal officer of the Singapore Legal Service (d. 2010)
  • December 22Diane Sawyer, American news journalist
  • December 24
    • Lemmy Kilmister, English rock singer and bassist (Motörhead)
    • Nicholas Meyer, American screenwriter, producer, director and novelist
  • December 25Gary Sandy, American actor (WKRP in Cincinnati)
  • December 26John Walsh, American media personality
  • December 28Birendra of Nepal (d. 2001)
  • December 30Davy Jones, English actor and singer (The Monkees) (d. 2012)
  • December 31
    • Barbara Carrera, Nicaraguan-born American actress
    • Vernon Wells (actor), Australian film and television actor

Deaths[]

January[]

  • January 2Bertram Ramsay, British admiral (b. 1883)
  • January 3Edgar Cayce, American psychic (b. 1877)
  • January 6Josefa Llanes Escoda, Filipino advocate of women's suffrage and founder of the Girl Scouts of the Philippines (b. 1898)
  • January 9
    • Jüri Uluots, Estonian statesman (b. 1890)
    • Dennis O'Neill, young victim of the Care Systems (b. 1932)
  • January 22Else Lasker-Schüler, German poet (b. 1869)
  • January 31Eddie Slovik, American soldier (executed) (b. 1920)

February[]

  • February 1Prince Kiril of Bulgaria (b. 1895)
  • February 2
    • Adolf Brand, German writer (b. 1874)
    • Joe Hunt, American tennis champion (b. 1919)
    • Bogdan Filov, 28th Prime Minister of Bulgaria (executed) (b. 1883)
  • February 3Roland Freisler, Nazi German judge (b. 1893)
  • February 5
    • Denise Bloch, French WWII heroine (executed) (b. 1915)
    • Lilian Rolfe, French WWII heroine (executed) (b. 1914)
    • Violette Szabo, French WWII heroine (executed) (b. 1921)
  • February 10Anacleto Diaz, Filipino jurist (murdered during the Battle of Manila) (b. 1878)
  • February 11Al Dubin, Swiss songwriter (b. 1891)
  • February 12Antonio Villa-Real, Filipino jurist (murdered during the Battle of Manila) (b. 1878)
  • February 17Gabrielle Weidner, Belgian WWII heroine (b. 1914)
  • February 21Eric Liddell, Scottish runner (b. 1902)
  • February 25Mário de Andrade, Brazilian writer and photographer (b. 1893)

March[]

  • March – Margot Frank (b. 1926) and her younger sister Anne Frank, German-born Jewish diarist (typhus) (b. 1929)
  • March 2Emily Carr, Canadian artist (b. 1871)
  • March 3Aleksandra Samusenko, Soviet WWII tank commander (b. 1922)
  • March 4
    • Lucille La Verne, American actress (b. 1872)
    • Mark Sandrich, American director (b. 1900)
  • March 16Börries von Münchhausen, German poet (b. 1874)
  • March 18William Grover-Williams, French race car driver and war hero (b. 1903)
  • March 19Friedrich Fromm, German Nazi official (b. 1888)
  • March 20Lord Alfred Douglas, English poet (b. 1870)
  • March 22
    • Eliyahu Bet-Zuri, Israeli assassin (executed) (b. 1922)
    • Eliyahu Hakim, Israeli assassin (executed) (b. 1925)
  • March 23Elisabeth de Rothschild, French WWII heroine (executed) (b. 1902)
  • March 26David Lloyd George, Welsh Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1863)
  • March 29Ferenc Csik, Hungarian swimmer (b. 1913)
  • March 30Élise Rivet, French nun and war heroine (b. 1890)
  • March 31
    • Hans Fischer, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1881)
    • Harriet Boyd-Hawes, American archaeologist (b. 1871)
    • Torgny Segerstedt, Swedish newspaper editor and publicist (b. 1876)

April[]

  • April – Auguste van Pels, German-Jewish housemate of Anne Frank (b. 1900)
  • April 5Huldreich Georg Früh, Swiss composer (b. 1903)
  • April 7Elizabeth Bibesco, writer (b. 1897) (pneumonia)
  • April 9
    • Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologian (hanged) (b. 1906)
    • Wilhelm Canaris, head of the German Abwehr (hanged) (b. 1887)
  • April 10
    • Gloria Dickson, American actress (b. 1917)
    • H.N. Werkman, Dutch artist and printer (executed) (b. 1882)
    • Walther Wever, German fighter ace (b. 1923)
  • April 12Franklin D. Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States (b. 1882)
  • April 18
    • Ernie Pyle, American journalist (sniper fire) (b. 1900)
    • William, Prince of Albania (b. 1876)
  • April 21Walter Model, German field marshal (b. 1891)
  • April 22Käthe Kollwitz, German artist (b. 1867)
  • April 24Ernst-Robert Grawitz, German Reichsphysician (S.S. and Police) in the Third Reich (b. 1899)
  • April 27Halit Ziya Uşaklıgil, Turkish author (b. 1867)
  • April 28
    • Benito Mussolini, Italian Fascist dictator (executed) (b. 1883)
    • Hermann Fegelein, German Nazi general (b. 1906)
  • April 29Malcolm McGregor, American actor (b. 1892)
  • April 30
    • Adolf Hitler, German Nazi dictator (suicide) (b. 1889)
    • Eva Braun, German wife of Adolf Hitler (suicide) (b. 1912)
    • William Darby, American creator of the U.S. Army Rangers (b. 1911)
    • Luisa Ferida, Italian actress (b. 1914) (executed)

May[]

  • May 1
    • Joseph Goebbels, German Nazi propagandist (suicide) (b. 1897)
    • Magda Goebbels, wife of Joseph Goebbels (suicide) (b. 1901)
  • May 2Martin Bormann, German Nazi leader (b. 1900)
  • May 4Fedor von Bock, German field marshal (b. 1880)
  • May 5Peter van Pels, German-Jewish love interest of diarist Anne Frank (b. 1926)
  • May 8
    • Ernst-Günther Baade, German general (b. 1897) (gangrene)
    • Wilhelm Rediess, SS and Police Leader of Nazi-occupied Norway (suicide) (b. 1900)
    • Josef Terboven, Reichskommissar of Nazi-occupied Norway (suicide) (b. 1898)
    • Bernhard Rust, Education Minister of Nazi Germany (suicide) (b. 1883)
  • May 11Kiyoshi Ogawa, Kamikaze pilot (b. 1922)
  • May 14Heber J. Grant, 7th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1856)
  • May 15Charles Williams, British author (b. 1886)
  • May 17Bobby Hutchins, Our Gang films child actor (b. 1925)
  • May 18William Joseph Simmons, American founder of the second KKK (b. 1880)
  • May 19Philipp Bouhler, German Nazi leader (b. 1899)
  • May 23Heinrich Himmler, German head of the SS (suicide) (b. 1900)
  • May 24Robert Ritter von Greim, German field marshal (suicide) (b. 1892)
  • May 31Odilo Globocnik, Austrian Nazi leader (suicide) (b. 1904)

June[]

  • June 8Robert Desnos, French poet and resistance fighter (b. 1900)
  • June 15Nikola Avramov, Bulgarian painter (b. 1897)
  • June 16
    • Henry Bellamann, American writer (b. 1882)
    • Nikolai Berzarin, Soviet Red Army general (b. 1904)
    • Aris Velouchiotis, Greek WW II Resistance leader (b. 1905)
  • June 18Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr., American general (b. 1886)

July[]

  • July 5John Curtin, 14th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1885)
  • July 12Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen, German field marshal (b. 1895)
  • July 13Alla Nazimova, Russian actress (b. 1879)
  • July 16Addison Randall, American actor (b. 1906)
  • July 17Ernst Busch, German field marshal (b. 1885)
  • July 20Paul Valéry, French poet (b. 1871)
  • July 28Margot Asquith, Countess of Oxford and Asquith (b. 1864)
  • July 31Artemio Ricarte, Filipino general (b. 1866)

August[]

September[]

October[]

November[]

  • November 7Gus Edwards, American songwriter (b. 1879)
  • November 8August von Mackensen, German field marshal (b. 1849)
  • November 11Jerome Kern, American composer (b. 1885)
  • November 16Sigurður Eggerz, Prime Minister of Iceland during World War I (b. 1875)
  • November 20Francis William Aston, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1877)
  • November 21
    • Ellen Glasgow, American novelist (b. 1873)
    • Robert Benchley, American humorist, theater critic, and actor (b. 1889)
    • Alexander Patch, United States Army lieutenant general, World War II army commander (b. 1889)
  • November 23Charles Armijo Woodruff, 11th Governor of American Samoa (b. 1884)
  • November 25Doris Keane, American stage actress (b. 1881)
  • November 28Dwight F. Davis, American tennis player (b. 1879)
  • December 4Thomas Hunt Morgan, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1866)

December[]

Nobel Prizes[]

  • PhysicsWolfgang Pauli
  • ChemistryArtturi Ilmari Virtanen
  • Physiology or Medicine – Sir Alexander Fleming, Ernst Boris Chain, Sir Howard Walter Florey
  • LiteratureGabriela Mistral
  • PeaceCordell Hull

References[]

  1. ^ "ANC-AMurphy". Arlingtoncemetery.org. http://www.arlingtoncemetery.org/historical_information/audie_murphy.html. Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  2. ^ Guinness Book of World Records. 2008. p. 137. 
  3. ^ "Year by Year 1945" – History International
  4. ^ http://www.worldwar-2.net/timelines/war-in-europe/western-europe/western-europe-index-1945.htm
  5. ^ "Liberatione". Lib.usc.edu. 1945-05-04. http://www-lib.usc.edu/~anthonya/war/lib.htm. Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  6. ^ "Befrielsen 1945 - Tidslinje". Befrielsen1945.dk. 2012-01-02. http://www.befrielsen1945.dk/tidslinje/index.html. Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f [1]
  8. ^ "1945: Labour landslide buries Churchill". BBC News. April 5, 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/vote_2005/basics/4393271.stm. 
  9. ^ John Pike. "The Soviet Army Offensive: Manchuria, 1945". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/report/1986/RMF.htm. Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  10. ^ (2003) "Discovery of Promethium". Oak Ridge National Laboratory Review 36 (1). Retrieved on 2011-06-16. 
  11. ^ Hoffbrand, AV; Weir, DG (2001). "The history of folic acid." Br J Haematol 113 (3): 579–589. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2141.2001.02822.x.


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1945. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

People of the year 1945 at Familypedia

76 people were born in 1945

 FatherMotherAge mother at birth
Diahnne Abbott (1945)Anthony Abbott (1911-1993)Kathleen Malherbe (1919-1991)
Amy Lyn Acker (1945-1999)
Margaret Anne Ackerman (1945)Ronald Cecil Ackerman (1919-1971)Doreen Pearl Carter (1918-1986)
Alicia Axton (1945-2009)Samuel Axton (1917-2000)Audrey Sauerland (1923-2004)
Kiyoko Azuma (1945-2008)
Paul Bacsich (1945-)Paul Bacsich (1945-)Anna Bacsich
Brittany Vanessa Baker (1945-2008)Quincy Baker (1925-1989)Bethany Tiger (1926-1987)
János Bencsik (1945)
Vincent Benedict (1945-1999)Carl Benedict (1918-1968)Samantha Englefield (1920-1979)
Taylor Bennett (1945-2009)Andrew Bennett (1917-1989)Jennifer Aumann (1920-2000)
Alexandra Berkeley (1945-2000)
Frederick Anthony Bonet (1945-1999)Seth Bonet (1922-1978)Kimberly Alafouzos (1921-1996)
Joseph Henri Réal Bouvier (1945-2008)Paul Émile Bouvier (1924-2006)Lucie Pitre (1927-1989)
András Bánffy de Losoncz (1945)József Bánffy de Losoncz (1906-1983)Mária Wesselényi de Hadad (1912-1984)
Druzsina Bánffy de Losoncz (1945)Endre Bánffy de Losoncz (1909-1990)Ludovika von Stolberg-Stolberg (1915-c2010)
... further results

28 children were born to the 38 women born in 1945

240 people died in 1945

 FatherMotherAge at death
Arnold Achleitner (1858-1945)
Thomas Andrew Alger (1879-1947)John Wilce Alger (1857-1931)Martha Young (1861-1944)
Malinda Jane Allred (1861-1945)James Tillmon Sanford Allred (1825-1905)Margaret Manwaring (1821-1888)
Alfred Apps (1873-1945)Moses Baker Apps (1833-1875)Harriet Eggins (1838-1875)72
Frederick Rudolph Augustine (1904-1945)John Frederick Augustine (1886-1970)Cora Arledge (1886-1963)41
Henry Bacon (1857-1945)John Bacon (c1817-1866)Ann Maria Powers (c1812-1914)
Samuel Bagnall (1867-1945)Joshua Nimrod Bagnall (1842-1913)Louisa Parker (1845-1928)
Leonardus Gerardus Bakker (1858-1945)Leendert Bakker (1825-1866)Gerarda van Steen (1822-1893)87
Percy Randolph Balgowan (1882-1945)James Balgowan (1845-1902)Louisa McGuiness (1849-1935)
Adrian William Bath (1876-1945)Christopher Bath (1828-1900)Caroline Ann English (1839-1925)69
Frederick Bennett (1865-1945)Charles Bennett (c1822-1893)Elizabeth Kate Worthington (1829-1926)
Frederick Parrossien Beuzeville (1879-1945)Herbert Marshall Beuzeville (1850-1921)Sophia Jane Scott (1853-1929)66
John Birtwistle (1925-1945)John Birtwistle (1894-1954)Bessie Taylor (1895-1955)
Joseph Blanch (1866-1945)Thomas Edwin Blanch (1832-1891)Hannah Milgate (1839-1911)
Frank Thomas Blunt (1874-1945)Alfred Blunt (1847-1920)Mary Jane Bromage (1853-1924)
... further results

11041 people lived in 1945

 FatherMother
Lady Irina Bud de BudfalvaLord János Bud de BudfalvaBaroness Anna Tisza de Borosjenő et Szeged
Tsunekichi Yonogi (1905-2015)Shigeru Yonogi (1876-1940)Miyoko Yonogi (1882-1950)
Geertje Aangeenbrug (1871-1947)Pieter Aangeenbrug (1834-1908)Grietje Breed (1845)
Alfred Alonzo Aaron (1883-1969)Thomas Aaron (1850-1932)Sarah Dobbs (1858-1948)
Sadie Aaronson (1908-1970)Jack Aaronson (1880-1927)Laura Barenboim (1882-1932)
Rebecca Ababio (1926-1998)
Isabella Abadiano (1930-2003)
Amanda Abadie (1898-1957)Jean-Claude Abadie (1848-1930)Jeanette Armellino (1860-1934)
Annabelle Abargil (1922-2000)
Dominique Abasolo (1882-1947)Rafael Abasolo (1849-1900)Nancy Haugen (1855-1929)
Jennifer Abaya (1918-1996)
Alysson Abberton (1935-2012)
Charles Greeley Abbot (1872-1973)Harris Abbot (1812-1884)Caroline Ann Greeley (1836-1911)
Janet Abbot (1910-1970)
Jordan Abbot (1876-1960)
... further results

Events of the year 1945 at Familypedia

87 people were married in 1945.

 Joined with
Albert Alabaster (1920-2000)Jennifer Beli (1924-1997)
Alexander Ewan Armstrong (1916-1985)Marjorie Alma Goodhew (1914-2015)+Margaret Rose Cleary (bef1963-)
Helen Bay (1921-2015)Frances Marion Gibbons (1921-2016)
Jennifer Beli (1924-1997)Albert Alabaster (1920-2000)
Peter George Bell (1920-1980)Living Penfold (-)
Norma Teresa Birch (1926-2009)Robert Wallace Henderson (1922-2005)
Harold Frank Blunt (1904-1983)Ellen Bonsor
Humphrey DeForest Bogart (1899-1957)Helen Meinken (1901-1966)+Mary Philips (1901-1975)+Mayo June Methot (1904-1951)+Betty Joan Perske (1924-2014)
Emanoil Bogdan (1922-1881)Dumitra Sănătescu (c1925) + Anca Scârneci (c1927)
Maximilian Borsita von Martinitz (1612-1677)Anna Kateřina Bukůvková z Bukůvky (c1625-1688)
Rosemary Lusia Bowes-Lyon (1915-1989)Edward Wilfred George Joicey-Cecil (1912-1985)
Tiberto Brandolini d'Adda (1919-c2000)Elena Cristina de Bellegarde de Saint-Lary (1921-2015)
Denis John Wolko Browne (1892-1967)Helen de Guerry Simpson (1897-1940)+Moyra Blanche Madeleine Ponsonby (1918-2016)
Maria Dolores Beatrice Evelyn Brödermann (1919-2007)Charles Marcus Mander (1921-2006)
George Herbert Walker Bush (1924-2018)Barbara Pierce (1925-2018)
... further results

There were 0 military battles in 1945.


0.0068834344715153 0.73684210526316 0.021737161488996
1945


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