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1943 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1943
MCMXLIII

Ab urbe condita 2696
Armenian calendar 1392
ԹՎ ՌՅՂԲ
Bahá'í calendar 99 – 100
Buddhist calendar 2487
Coptic calendar 1659 – 1660
Ethiopian calendar 1935 – 1936
Hebrew calendar 5703 5704
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1998 – 1999
 - Shaka Samvat 1865 – 1866
 - Kali Yuga 5044 – 5045
Holocene calendar 11943
Iranian calendar 1321 – 1322
Islamic calendar 1361 – 1363
Japanese calendar Shōwa

18


(昭和 18年)

 - Imperial Year Kōki 2603
(皇紀2603年)
Julian calendar 1988
Korean calendar 4276
Thai solar calendar 2486
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Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar.

Events[]

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

January[]

  • January 4Culbert Olson, 29th Governor of California, is succeeded by Earl Warren.
  • January 11
  • January 12Dutch journalist and writer Jan Campert dies in the Neuengamme concentration camp.
  • January 13 36 people are executed and 200 arrested in anti-Nazi protests in Sofia.
  • January 15
  • January 16Iraq declares war on the Axis
  • January 18
    • WWII: Soviet officials announce they have broken the Wehrmacht's siege of Leningrad.
    • The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising begins.
  • January 23
    • WWII: British forces capture Tripoli from the Italians.
    • Duke Ellington plays at New York City's Carnegie Hall for the first time.
    • Critic and commentator Alexander Woollcott suffers an eventually fatal heart attack during a regular broadcast of the CBS Radio roundtable program "People's Platform".
  • January 27 – WWII: 50 bombers mount the first all American air raid against Germany (Wilhelmshaven is the target).
  • January 29
    • German police arrest alleged necrophiliac Bruno Ludke.
    • Marine Corps Women's Reserve (MCWR) created.

February[]

File:Sovietic T34 battle of kursk.jpg

Soviet T34 tanks during the Battle of Kursk.

  • February 2 – WWII: In Russia, the Battle of Stalingrad comes to an end with the surrender of the German 6th Army.
  • February 3 – WWII: The Four Chaplains of the U.S. Army are drowned, when their ship (USAT Dorchester) is struck by a German torpedo.
  • February 7 – WWII: In the United States, it is announced that shoe rationing will go into effect in 2 days.
  • February 8 – WWII – Battle of Guadalcanal: United States forces defeat Japanese troops.
  • February 10March 3Mohandas Gandhi keeps a hunger strike to protest his imprisonment.
  • February 11 – General Eisenhower is selected to command the Allied armies in Europe.
  • February 14 – WWII:
    • Rostov-na-Donu, Russia is liberated.
    • Battle of the Kasserine Pass: German General Erwin Rommel and his Afrika Korps launch an offensive against Allied defenses in Tunisia; it is the United States' first major battle defeat of the war.
  • February 16 – WWII: The Soviet Union reconquers Kharkov, but is later driven out in the Third Battle of Kharkov
  • February 18
    • In a speech at the Berlin Sportpalast, German Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels declare a "Total War" against the Allies.
    • The Nazis arrest the members of the White Rose movement.
  • February 20
    • American movie studio executives agree to allow the Office of War Information to censor movies.
    • The Mexican volcano Parícutin is born in a farmer's cornfield.
  • February 22 – Members of White Rose are executed in Nazi Germany.
  • February 23 – A fire at St. Joseph's Orphanage, County Cavan, Ireland, kills 36 people (35 of whom are children).
  • February 27 – The Smith Mine #3 in Bearcreek, Montana, United States explodes, killing 74 men.
  • February 28Operation Gunnerside: 6 Norwegians led by Joachim Ronneberg successfully attack the heavy water plant Vemork.

March[]

A low level attack on a Japanese ship during the Battle of the Bismarck Sea.

Jewish prisoners being deported from the Kraków Ghetto.

  • March 1Heinz Guderian becomes the Inspector-General of the Armoured Troops for the German Army.
  • March 2 – WWII: Battle of the Bismarck SeaUnited States and Australian forces sink Japanese convoy ships.
  • March 3 – 173 people are killed in a crush while trying to enter an air-raid shelter at Bethnal Green tube station in London.
  • March 4 – The 15th Academy Awards ceremony is held in Los Angeles.
  • March 8 – WWII: American forces are attacked by Japanese troops on Hill 700 in Bougainville, in a battle that will last 5 days.
  • March 9Şükrü Saracoğlu forms the new government of Turkey. (14th government; Şükrü Saracoğlu had served twice as a prime minister)
  • March 10Banco Bradesco was founded by Amador Aguiar in Marília, São Paulo, Brazil.
  • March 13
    • WWII: On Bougainville, Japanese troops end their assault on American forces at Hill 700.
    • Holocaust: German forces liquidate the Jewish ghetto in Kraków.
  • March 14 – WWII: British submarine HMS Thunderbolt sunk off Sicily by an Italian corvette, the second time this vessel has been lost with all hands.[1][2]
  • March 15 – The Italian submarine Leonardo da Vinci sinks the Candandian pacific liner RMS Empress of Canada (1922) off Sierre Leone.
  • March 16March 19 – WWII: 22 ships from Convoys HX 229/SC 122 and one U-boat are sunk in the largest North Atlantic U-boat "wolfpack" attack of the war.
  • March 17Éamon de Valera makes the speech "The Ireland That We Dreamed Of", commonly called the "comely maidens" speech.
  • March 22 – WWII: The entire population of Khatyn in Belarus is burnt alive by the German occupation forces.
  • March 23 – The drugs Vicodin and Lortab are first produced in Germany.
  • March 26 – WWII – Battle of the Komandorski Islands: In the Aleutian Islands, the battle begins when United States Navy forces intercept Japanese troops attempting to reinforce a garrison at Kiska.
  • March 27 – WWII – Escort carrier Dasher was destroyed by an accidental explosion in the Firth of Clyde, killing 379 of the crew of 528.
  • March 28 – In Italy a ship full of weapons and ammunition explodes in the port of Naples, killing 600.
  • March 31Rodgers and Hammerstein's Oklahoma! opens on Broadway, heralds a new era in "integrated" stage musicals, becomes an instantaneous stage classic, and goes on to be Broadway's longest-running musical up to that time (1948).

April[]

  • April 3 – Shipwrecked steward Poon Lim is rescued by Brazilian fishermen after being adrift for 130 days.
  • April 13 – WWII: Radio Berlin announces the discovery by Wehrmacht of mass graves of Poles killed by Soviets in the Katyn massacre.
  • April 16Albert Hofmann self administers the drug LSD for the first time in history, and records the details of his experience.
  • April 21 – Worst Bombing of Aberdeen in WW2.
  • April 22Albert Hofmann writes his first report about the hallucinogenic properties of LSD (which he first synthesized in 1938).
  • April 25Easter occurs on the latest possible date (last time 1886; next time 2038) in the Western Christian Church.
  • April 27 – The U.S. Federal Writers' Project is shuttered.

May[]

This photograph, from the Stroop Report, shows captured fighters in the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.

The Möhne Dam breached following Operation Chastise, carried out by the "Dambusters" of the RAF.

  • May 6 – WWII: Six U-boats are sunk after sinking 12 ships from Convoy ONS 5 in the last major North Atlantic U-boat "wolfpack" attack of the war.
  • May 9May 12Japanese troops carry out the Changjiao massacre in Changjiao, Hunan, China.
  • May 11 – WWII: American troops invade Attu in the Aleutian Islands, in an attempt to expel occupying Japanese forces.
  • May 12 – The Trident Conference begins in Washington, D.C., with Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill taking part.
  • May 13 – WWII: German Afrika Korps and Italian troops in North Africa surrender to Allied forces.
  • May 14
    • The Australian Hospital Ship Centaur is sunk off the coast of Queensland, by a Japanese submarine.
    • 358th BS, 303rd BG B-17F Hell's Angels is the first AAF bomber to complete 25 missions.
  • May 15 – The Comintern is dissolved in Moscow.
  • May 16
    • WWII: Operation Chastise by RAF 617 Sqdn are carried out on German dams.
    • Holocaust: The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising ends.
    • Greek physician Marco Nahon arrives at Auschwitz-Birkenau.
  • May 17 – WWII:
    • The surviving RAF Dam Busters return.
    • The United States Army contracts with the University of Pennsylvania's Moore School to develop the computer ENIAC.
    • The Memphis Belle's crew becomes the first aircrew in the 8th Air Force to complete its 25-mission tour of duty. The aircraft and crew were the first to return to the U.S. intact for a War Bond drive.
  • May 19Winston Churchill addresses a joint session of the U.S. Congress.
  • May 29Norman Rockwell's illustration of Rosie the Riveter first appears on the cover of the Saturday Evening Post.
  • May 30Holocaust: Dr. Josef Mengele begins his service as a medical officer in the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp.
  • May 31 – The Zoot Suit Riots erupt between military personnel and Mexican American youths in East Los Angeles.

June[]

  • June 1British Overseas Airways Corporation Flight 777, a DC-3 with registration G-AGBB, (formerly KLM PH-ALI, Ibis), on a scheduled passenger flight, is shot down over the Bay of Biscay by German Junkers Ju 88s, all 17 persons aboard perish, including the actor Leslie Howard. There is speculation that the downing was an attempt to kill British Prime Minister Winston Churchill as the Germans may have had wrong information he was aboard.
  • June 4 – A military coup d'état in Argentina ousts Ramón Castillo.
  • June 8 – WWII: Japanese battleship Mutsu was destroyed by an accidental magazine explosion in Hashirajima anchorage, killing 1,121.
  • June 22 – The U.S. Army 45th Infantry Division lands in North Africa, prior to training at Arzew, French Morocco.
  • June 30CCC abolished.

July[]

The U.S. Liberty ship SS Robert Rowan explodes during the Allied invasion of Sicily, July 11, 1943.

The bombing of Hamburg during 1943.

  • July 1Women's Army Corps (WAC) converted to full status.
  • July 5 – WWII:
    • Battle of Kursk – The largest tank battle in history begins.
    • An allied invasion fleet sails to Sicily.
    • Conclusion of the National Bands Agreement in Greece.
  • July 6 – WWII: Americans and Japanese fight the Battle of Kula Gulf off Kolombangara.
  • July 10 – WWII – Allied invasion of Sicily: The allied invasion of Axis-controlled Europe begins with landings on the island of Sicily off mainland Italy, by the Seventh United States Army and the British Eighth Army including the 1st Canadian Infantry Division.
  • July 11United States Army forces assault the village of Piano Lupo, just outside of Gela, Sicily.
  • July 12 – WWII – Battle of Prokhorovka: The Wehrmacht and the Red Army fight to a draw.
  • July 13 – WWII: The invasion of Sicily begins with British landings at Augusta on the island's eastern side and American landings to the south.
  • July 19 – WWII: Rome is bombed by the Allies for the first time in the war.
  • July 24 – WWII: Operation Gomorrha begins: British and Canadian aeroplanes bomb Hamburg by night; the American planes bomb the city by day. By the end of the operation in November, 9,000 tons of explosives will have killed more than 30,000 people and destroyed 280,000 buildings.
  • July 25 – In Italy the Gran Consiglio del Fascismo withdraws its support of Mussolini; Mussolini is arrested and the power is given to Maresciallo d'Italia Gen. Pietro Badoglio.
  • July 28 – WWII: Operation Gomorrha – The British bomb Hamburg, causing a firestorm that kills 42,000 German civilians.

August[]

B-24d's fly over Ploieşti during Operation Tidal Wave.

Mackenzie King, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill at the 1943 Quebec Conference.

  • August 1Operation Tidal Wave: 177 B-24 Liberator bombers from the U.S. Army Air Force bomb oil refineries at Ploieşti, Romania.
  • August 2 – WWII: John F. Kennedy's PT-109 is rammed by a destroyer.
  • August 4 – WWII: The USS Intrepid (CV-11) is launched.
  • August 5
    • WWII: John F. Kennedy and crew are found by Solomon Islanders coastwatchers Biuku Gasa and Eroni Kumana with their dugout canoe.
    • Women's Air Force Service Pilots (WASP) formed consolidating the WAFS and WFTD.
  • August 6 – WWII – Battle of Vella Gulf: Americans defeat a Japanese convoy off Kolombangara, as the U.S. Army drives the Japanese out of Munda airfield on New Georgia.
  • August 13 – WWII: Rome is declared an open city.
  • August 14 – The Quadrant Conference begins in Quebec City; Canadian Prime Minister MacKenzie King meets with Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt.
  • August 17 – WWII: The US 7th Army under General George S. Patton meets the British 8th Army under Field Marshal Bernard L. Montgomery in Messina, Sicily, completing the Allied conquest of Sicily.
  • August 23 – The Battle of Kursk ends with a serious strategic defeat for the German forces.
  • August 24 – WWII: – Heinrich Himmler is named Reichminister of the Interior in Germany .
  • August 26 – WWII: Lord Louis Mountbatten is named Supreme Allied Commander for Southeast Asia.
  • August 28 – WWII: King Boris III of Bulgaria dies under peculiar circumstances; his 6-year-old son, Simeon II, ascends to the throne.
  • August 29 – WWII: Germany dissolves the Danish government after it refuses to deal with a wave of strikes and disturbances to the satisfaction of the German authorities (see Occupation of Denmark).

September[]

  • September 3 – WWII: Mainland Italy is invaded by Allied forces under Bernard L. Montgomery, for the first time in the war.
  • September 5 – WWII: The 503rd Parachute Regiment under American General Douglas MacArthur lands and occupies Nadzab, just east of the port city of Lae in northeastern Papua New Guinea.
  • September 7 – A fire at the Gulf Hotel in Houston, Texas, kills 55 people.
  • September 8 – WWII:
    • United States General Dwight D. Eisenhower publicly announces the surrender of Italy to the Allies.
    • Frascati bombing raid September 8, 1943: The USAAF bombs the German General Headquarters for the Mediterranean zone.
    • Czech resistance fighter Julius Fučík is executed by the Nazis.
  • September 8 – The first classes commence at Grace University.
  • September 9Bertolt Brecht's play Life of Galileo (German: Leben des Galilei) receives its first theatrical production at the Zurich Schauspielhaus.
  • September 12 – WWII: German paratroopers rescue Mussolini from imprisonment, in "Operation Oak".
  • September 16 – WWII: The Salerno Mutiny occurs within the British X Corps.
  • September 17 – WWII: The Villefranche-de-Rouergue uprising takes place.
  • September 23 – WWII: The Republic of Salò is founded.
  • September 27 – WWII: The 4-day Naples Uprising begins.

October[]

  • October 1 – WWII: American forces enter liberated Naples.
  • October 6 – WWII: Americans and Japanese fight the naval Battle of Vella Lavella.
  • October 7 – WWII: The Naples post office explosion kills 100.
  • October 10 – The Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky is instituted in the USSR.
  • October 13 – WWII: The new government of Italy sides with the Allies and declares war on Germany.
  • October 14 – WWII: José P. Laurel takes the oath of office as President of the Philippines (Second Philippine Republic).
  • October 17 – WWII: The last commerce raider hilfskreuzer Michel, was sunk off Japan by United States submarine Tarpon.[3]
  • October 18Chiang Kai-shek takes the oath of office as President of China.
  • October 21Lucie Aubrac and others in her French Resistance cell liberate Raymond Aubrac from Gestapo imprisonment.
  • October 22 – WWII: The RAF delivers a highly destructive airstrike on the German industrial and population center of Kassel.
  • October 24 – WWII: HMS Eclipse (H08) is sunk by a mine.
  • October 28 – The alleged date of The Philadelphia Experiment, in which the U.S. destroyer escort USS Eldridge was to be rendered invisible to human observers for a brief period.
  • October 30 – The Merrie Melodies animated short Falling Hare, one of the only shorts with Bugs getting out-smarted, is released in the United States.

November[]

Chiang Kai-shek, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Winston Churchill at the Cairo Conference, 25 November 1943.

The first Lebanese flag hand drawn and signed by the deputies of the Lebanese parliament, 11 November 1943. The French Mandate ended and Lebanon gained independence in November 1943.

Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Winston Churchill on the verandah of the Soviet Embassy in Tehran during the Tehran Conference.

  • November 1 – WWII – Operation Goodtime: United States Marines land on Bougainville in the Solomon Islands.
  • November 2 – WWII: In the early morning hours, American and Japanese ships fight the inconclusive Battle of Empress Augusta Bay off Bougainville.
  • November 2 – WWII: British troops in Italy reach the Garigliano River.
  • November 9Agreement for foundation of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration signed by 44 countries in the White House, Washington, D.C.
  • November 14Leonard Bernstein, substituting at the last minute for ailing principal conductor Bruno Walter, directs the New York Philharmonic in its regular Sunday afternoon broadcast concert over CBS Radio. The event receives front page coverage in the New York Times the following day.
  • November 15Porajmos: German SS leader Heinrich Himmler orders that Gypsies and "part-Gypsies" be put "on the same level as Jews and placed in concentration camps."
  • November 16
    • WWII: After flying from Britain, 160 American bombers strike a hydro-electric power facility and heavy water factory in German-controlled Vemork, Norway.
    • WWII: A Japanese submarine sinks the surfaced U.S. submarine USS Corvina near Truk.
  • November 18 – WWII: The Royal Air Force opens its bombing campaign against Berlin, with 440 planes causing only light damage and killing 131. The RAF loses 9 aircraft and 53 aviators.
  • November 20 – WWII: Battle of Tarawa: United States Marines land on Tarawa and Makin atolls in the Gilbert Islands and take heavy fire from Japanese shore guns.
  • November 22
  • November 23 – The Deutsche Opernhaus on Bismarckstraße in the Berlin neighborhood of Charlottenburg is destroyed. It is rebuilt in 1961 and called the Deutsche Oper Berlin.
  • November 25 – WWII: Americans and Japanese fight the naval Battle of Cape St. George between Buka and New Ireland.
  • November 28 – WWII – Tehran Conference: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin meet in Tehran to discuss war strategy (on November 30 they establish an agreement concerning a planned June 1944 invasion of Europe codenamed Operation Overlord).
  • November 29 – The second session of AVNOJ, the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia, is held in Jajce, Bosnia and Herzegovina, to determine the post-war ordering of the country.

December[]

  • December 2 – A Luftwaffe bombing raid on the harbour of Bari, Italy, sinks an American ship with a mustard gas stockpile, causin numerous fatalities (though the exact death toll is unresolved, as the bombing raid itself causes hundreds of deaths too).
  • 3 December – In reprisal for an act of sabotage, the SS and Gestapo execute 100 tam wokers.
  • December 3Edward R. Murrow delivers his classic "Orchestrated Hell" broadcast over CBS Radio, describing a Royal Air Force nighttime bombing raid on Berlin.
  • December 4
    • World War II: In Yugoslavia, resistance leader Marshal Josip Broz Tito proclaims a provisional democratic Yugoslav government in-exile.
    • The Great Depression officially ends in the United States: With unemployment figures falling fast due to WWII-related employment, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt closes the Works Progress Administration
  • December 4 – WWII: Bolivia declares war on Romania and Hungary.
  • December 7Chiara Lubich starts the Focolare Movement in Trent, northern Italy, during WWII.
  • December 20 – A military coup is staged in Bolivia.
  • December 24 – World War II: U.S. General Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes the Supreme Allied Commander in Europe.
  • December 30Subhash Chandra Bose sets up a pro-Japanese Indian government at Port Blair, India.

Date unknown[]

  • Bengal Famine.
  • The Colossus computer is invented by the British to break German encryption (see History of computing hardware).
  • The Mondragón Cooperative Corporation begins in Basque Country in Spain.
  • Arana Hall, Otago is founded in New Zealand.
  • Jacques-Yves Cousteau co-invents, with Emile Gagnan, the first commercially successful open circuit type of scuba diving equipment, the Aqua-lung.[4]
  • Publication of Martin Noth's groundbreaking Uberlieferungsgeschischtliche Studien: Die sammelnden und bearbeitenden Geschichtswerke im Alten Testament [Schriften der Konigsberger Gelehrten Gesellschaft: Geisteswissenschaftliche Klasse; 18,2 (trans: "Writings of the Konigsberger Scholarly Society:Spiritual Scientific Class No. 18.2")]: (Halle ["Halle an der Saale"]: M. Niemeyer, 1943)
  • The Belzec extermination camp is closed and dismantled by the Nazis

Births[]

January[]

  • January 1Don Novello, American actor
  • January 2Barış Manço, Turkish singer and television personality (d. 1999)
  • January 4Doris Kearns Goodwin, American writer
  • January 6Terry Venables, English football manager
  • January 7Sadako Sasaki, Japanese atomic bomb sickness victim (d. 1955)
  • January 9Freddie Starr, English comedian and singer
  • January 10Jim Croce, American singer-songwriter (d. 1973)
  • January 11Jim Hightower, American radio host and author
  • January 13Richard Moll, American television actor
  • January 14
    • Ralph M. Steinman, Canadian immunologist and cell biologist; Nobel laureate (d. 2011)
    • Holland Taylor, American stage, film and television actress
  • January 15Margaret Beckett, British politician
  • January 18Kay Granger, American politician
  • January 19
    • Janis Joplin, American rock singer (d. 1970)
    • Princess Margriet of the Netherlands
  • January 20Mel Hague, English singer and author
  • January 24Sharon Tate, American actress and model murdered by the "Manson Family" (d. 1969)
  • January 25Tobe Hooper, American film director
  • January 26César Gutiérrez, Venezuelan Major League Baseball player (d. 2005)
  • January 28John Beck, American actor
  • January 29
    • Tony Blackburn, British radio disc jockey
    • Rudy Regalado, Venezuelan musician (d. 2010)

February[]

  • February 2Erkan Genis, Turkish artist
  • February 3Blythe Danner, American actress
  • February 4Alberto João Jardim, Portuguese politician
  • February 5
    • Nolan Bushnell, American video game pioneer
    • Michael Mann, American film director, writer, and producer
    • Craig Morton, American football player
  • February 6Fabian, American singer
  • February 7Gareth Hunt, English actor (d. 2007)
  • February 8Creed Bratton, American actor and musician
  • February 9
    • Joe Pesci, American actor
    • Joseph E. Stiglitz, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • February 14Maceo Parker, American musician (James Brown, P-Funk)
  • February 18Graeme Garden, Scottish writer, comedian, and actor
  • February 19
    • Tim Hunt, British biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
    • Homer Hickam, American author and retired NASA engineer
  • February 20
    • Mike Leigh, British film director
    • Antonio Inoki, Japanese professional wrestler
    • Jacqueline Pearce, English actress
  • February 21David Geffen, American record executive and film producer
  • February 23Fred Biletnikoff, American football player and coach
  • February 24Hristo Prodanov, Bulgarian mountaineer
  • February 25George Harrison, British musician (The Beatles) (d. 2001)
  • February 26Bill Duke, American actor and director
  • February 27
    • Moshe Cotel, American composer and pianist (d. 2008)
    • Morten Lauridsen, American composer

March[]

  • March – John Leeson, British actor (voice of K-9)
  • March 1
    • Richard H. Price, American physicist
    • Gil Amelio, American entrepreneur
  • March 2
    • Peter Straub, American author
    • Zygfryd Blaut, Polish footballer (d. 2005)
    • Tony Meehan, British drummer (The Shadows) (d. 2005)
  • March 3Trond Mohn, Norwegian billionaire
  • March 4
    • Lucio Dalla, Italian singer and songwriter
    • Zoltan Jeney, Hungarian composer
  • March 8Lynn Redgrave, English actress (d. 2010)
  • March 9
    • Bobby Fischer, American chess player (d. 2008)
    • Charles Gibson, American television journalist
  • March 12Ratko Mladic, former Bosnian Serb military leader
  • March 13André Téchiné, French film director
  • March 15
    • Sly Stone, American singer
    • David Cronenberg, Canadian film director
  • March 16
    • Helen Armstrong, American violinist (d. 2006)
    • Kim Mu-saeng, South Korean actor (d. 2005)
  • March 18Kevin Dobson, American actor
  • March 19
    • Mario J. Molina, Mexican chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Mario Monti, Italian member of the European Commission
  • March 20
    • Gerard Malanga, American poet and photographer
    • Naima Neidre, Estonian graphic artist
  • March 21
    • Vivian Stanshall, English comedian, writer, artist, broadcaster, and musician (d. 1995)
    • István Gyulai, Hungarian sports official (d. 2006)
  • March 22
    • Bruno Ganz, Swiss actor
    • Keith Relf, British rock musician (The Yardbirds) (d. 1976)
  • March 25Paul Michael Glaser, American actor (Starsky And Hutch)
  • March 26Bob Woodward, American journalist
  • March 29
    • Eric Idle, English actor, writer, and composer
    • John Major, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
    • Vangelis, Greek musician and composer
  • March 31Christopher Walken, American actor

April[]

  • April 2Caterina Bueno, Italian singer
  • April 5Max Gail, American actor
  • April 8Miller Farr, American football player
  • April 10
    • Andrzej Badeński, Polish athlete
    • Margaret Pemberton, née Hudson, English writer
  • April 11Harley Race, American professional wrestler
  • April 20John Eliot Gardiner, English conductor
  • April 22Louise Glück, American poet and 12th US Poet Laureate
  • April 23
    • Hervé Villechaize, French-born actor (d. 1993)
    • Dominik Duka, Czech Roman Catholic bishop and theologian
    • Frans Koppelaar, Dutch painter
    • Fighting Harada, Japanese boxer
  • April 25James G. Mitchell, Canadian computer scientist
  • April 28John O. Creighton, American astronaut
  • April 30Frederick Chiluba, former President of Zambia (d. 2011)

May[]

  • May 1Vassal Gadoengin, Nauruan politician (d. 2004)
  • May 5Michael Palin, British comedian
  • May 6Grange Calveley, British writer and artist
  • May 10Richard (Dick) Darman, American federal government official and businessman
  • May 13Kurt Trampedach, Danish artist
  • May 14
    • Jack Bruce, British musician and songwriter
    • Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson, President of Iceland
  • May 17Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin, King of Malaysia
  • May 22Betty Williams, Northern Irish political activist, co-recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • May 25Jessi Colter, American singer and composer
  • May 26Erica Terpstra, Dutch swimmer, politician and president of the Dutch Olympic Committee
  • May 27Bruce Weitz, American actor
  • May 30James Chaney, American civil rights worker (d. 1964)
  • May 31
    • Joe Namath, American football player
    • Sharon Gless, American actress

June[]

  • June 1Lorrie Wilmot, South African cricketer (d. 2004)
  • June 1Kuki Gallmann, Kenyan writer and poet
  • June 2Ilayaraaja, Indian composer
  • June 3John Burgess, Australian game show host and actor
  • June 4Joyce Meyer, Christian author and speaker
  • June 6Richard Smalley, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2005)
  • June 7
    • Chan Hung Lit, Hong Kong actor (d. 2009)
    • Nikki Giovanni, American poet
  • June 8Colin Baker, British actor
  • June 13Malcolm McDowell, British actor
  • June 14Jim Sensenbrenner, American politician
  • June 15
    • Johnny Hallyday, French singer and actor
    • Poul Nyrup Rasmussen, Prime Minister of Denmark
  • June 16Joan Van Ark, American actress
  • June 17
    • Newt Gingrich, American politician
    • Barry Manilow, American pop musician
  • June 21Marika Green French-Swedish actress
  • June 23James Levine, American conductor
  • June 26
    • John Beasley, American actor
    • Klaus von Klitzing, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • June 27Rico Petrocelli, baseball player
  • June 28Jens Birkemose, Danish painter
  • June 29
    • Maureen O'Brien, British actress
    • Soon-Tek Oh, Japanese actor
  • June 30Ahmed Sofa, Bangladeshi writer (d. 2001)

July[]

  • July 1Jeff Wayne, American musician
  • July 3
    • Judith Durham, Australian singer
    • Kurtwood Smith, American actor
  • July 4
    • Konrad "Conny" Bauer, German trombonist
    • Geraldo Rivera, American reporter and talk show host
  • July 5Curt Blefary, American baseball player (d. 2001)
  • July 7Joel Siegel, American film critic (d. 2007)
  • July 8Guido Marzulli, Italian painter
  • July 9Soledad Miranda, Spanish actress (d. 1970)
  • July 10Arthur Ashe, American tennis player (d. 1993)
  • July 12
    • Christine McVie, British rock keyboardist and singer (Fleetwood Mac)
    • Walter Murch, American film editor and sound designer
  • July 15Jocelyn Bell Burnell, British astrophysicist
  • July 16Reinaldo Arenas, Cuban writer (d. 1990)
  • July 19
    • David Griffin, British actor
    • Han Sai Por, Singaporean sculptor
  • July 20
    • Wendy Richard, British actress (d. 2009)
    • Christopher Murney, American actor and vocal artist
  • July 21
    • Bob Shrum, political consultant
    • Edward Herrmann, American actor
  • July 23
    • Bob Hilton, American game show announcer and host
    • Dr. Randall Forsberg, American nuclear freeze advocate (d. 2007)
  • July 25Erika Steinbach, German politician
  • July 26Mick Jagger, English rock singer (The Rolling Stones)
  • July 28Richard Wright, British musician (Pink Floyd) (d. 2008)

August[]

  • August 2Max Wright, American actor
  • August 3Clarence Wijewardena, Sri Lankan musician (d. 1996)
  • August 4Bjørn Wirkola, Norwegian ski jumper
  • August 5Nelson Briles, American baseball player (d. 2005)
  • August 6Jim Hardin, former Baltimore Orioles, New York Yankees and Atlanta Braves pitcher (d. 1991)
  • August 7Dino Valente, American musician (d. 1994)
  • August 11
    • Abigail Folger, American heiress and murder victim (d. 1969)
    • Pervez Musharraf, Pakistani general and leader
  • August 14Jimmy Johnson, American football coach and television analyst
  • August 17
  • August 18Gianni Rivera, Italian footballer
  • August 20Sylvester McCoy, British actor
  • August 23Bobby Diamond, American actor
  • August 27Tuesday Weld, American actress
  • August 28
    • Lou Piniella, American baseball player and manager
    • Surayud Chulanont, Thailand's 24th Prime Minister
  • August 30
    • Tal Brody, American-born Israeli basketball player
    • Altovise Davis, American entertainer (d. 2009)
    • Jean-Claude Killy, French skier
  • August 31Leonid Ivashov, Russian general

September[]

  • September 1Don Stroud, American actor and surfer
  • September 3Valerie Perrine, American actress and model
  • September 5Dulce Saguisag, Filipino politician and former DSWD Secretary. (d. 2007)
  • September 6
    • Richard J. Roberts, English biochemist and molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
    • Roger Waters, English musician (Pink Floyd)
  • September 9Art LaFleur, American actor
  • September 10
    • Daniel Truhitte, American actor
    • Neale Donald Walsch, American author of the popular books Conversations with God
  • September 11
    • Gilbert Proesch, Italian-born artist (Gilbert and George)
    • Raymond Villeneuve, Canadian terrorist
  • September 13Mildred D. Taylor, American writer
  • September 14Irwin Goodman, Finnish singer (d. 1991)
  • September 19Joe Morgan, American Hall of Fame baseball player
  • September 22Toni Basil, American musician and video artist
  • September 28J. T. Walsh, American actor (d. 1998)
  • September 29Lech Wałęsa, President of Poland, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • September 30
    • Johann Deisenhofer, German biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Ian Ogilvy, English actor

October[]

  • October 1Jean Jacques Annaud, French film director
  • October 2Franklin Rosemont, American poet
  • October 6Michael Durrell, American actor
  • October 8Chevy Chase, American comedian and actor
  • October 14
    • Lois Hamilton, American model, actress and artist (d. 1999)
    • Mohammad Khatami, former President of Iran
  • October 16Paul Rose, Canadian terrorist
  • October 18Birthe Rønn Hornbech, Danish politician
  • October 20Noreen Corcoran, American former child actress and director
  • October 27Carmen Argenziano, American actor
  • October 31Paul Frampton, English physicist

November[]

  • November 1Jacques Attali, French economist
  • November 4Chuck Scarborough, American news anchor
  • November 5
    • Friedman Paul Erhardt, German-American pioneering television chef (d. 2007)
    • Sam Shepard, American playwright and actor
  • November 7
    • Joni Mitchell, Canadian musician
    • Michael Spence, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Stephen Greenblatt, American literary critic
  • November 11Doug Frost, Australian swimming coach
  • November 12Wallace Shawn, American actor
  • November 13
    • Jay Sigel, American golfer
    • Roberto Boninsegna, Italian footballer
  • November 14Peter Norton, American software engineer and businessman
  • November 17Lauren Hutton, American actress and model
  • November 19Aurelio Monteagudo, Cuban Major League Baseball player (d. 1990)
  • November 20Mie Hama, Japanese actress
  • November 21Larry Mahan, American rodeo cowboy
  • November 22
    • Peter Adair, American filmmaker
    • Yvan Cournoyer, Canadian ice hockey player
    • Billie Jean King, American tennis player
  • November 23Denis Sassou-Nguesso, President of the Republic of the Congo
  • November 24Dave Bing, American mayor and longtime NBA player
  • November 26Marilynne Robinson, American writer
  • November 28Randy Newman, American musician

December[]

Ben Kingsley

Keith Richards

  • December 2Wayne Allard, U.S Senator from Colorado
  • December 5Eva Joly, Norwegian-born French magistrate
  • December 8
    • José Carbajal, Uruguayan singer, composer and guitarist (d. 2010)
    • James Douglas "Jim" Morrison, American rock musician (The Doors) (d. 1971)
    • Bodo Tümmler, German Olympic middle-distance runner
  • December 11John Kerry, American politician
  • December 12
    • Tridib Mitra, Indian Bengali Poet of the Hungry generation Movement
    • Grover Washington, Jr., American saxophonist (d. 1999)
    • Gianni Russo, American actor
  • December 13Ferguson Jenkins, Canadian baseball player
  • December 15Lucien den Arend, Dutch sculptor
  • December 17Ron Geesin, British musician and songwriter (Pink Floyd)
  • December 18Keith Richards, English rock guitarist and songwriter (The Rolling Stones)
  • December 19Ross M. Lence, American political scientist (d. 2006)
  • December 23
    • Harry Shearer, American actor, comedian and screenwriter
    • Elizabeth Hartman, American actress (d. 1987)
  • December 24
    • Tarja Halonen, President of Finland
    • James A. Johnson (businessman), American business leader and philanthropist
  • December 28
    • Keith Floyd, British chef (d. 2009)
    • Richard Whiteley, English television presenter (d. 2005)
  • December 31
    • John Denver, American musician (d. 1997)
    • Ben Kingsley, British actor

Date unknown[]

  • Kim Tai Chung, Korean martial artist and former actor and Bruce Lee double
  • Tang Da Wu, Singaporean artist
  • James Goldstein, LA businessman and NBA basketball aficionado

Deaths[]

January[]

  • January 5George Washington Carver, African-American botanist (b. 1864)
  • January 7Nikola Tesla, Croatian-born American scientist (b. 1856)
  • January 8Richard Hillary, Battle of Britain Spitfire pilot, author of The Last Enemy (b. 1919)
  • January 15Eric Knight, American author of Lassie
  • January 21Robert Henry English, American admiral (b. 1888)
  • January 23Alexander Woollcott, American critic (b. 1887)

February[]

  • February 4Frank Calder, the first NHL President (b. 1877)
  • February 5W.S. Van Dyke, American director (b. 1889)
  • February 11Bess Houdini, American wife of Harry Houdini
  • February 22
    • Christoph Probst, German White Rose resistance member (executed) (b. 1919)
    • Hans Scholl, German White Rose resistance member (executed) (b. 1918)
    • Sophie Scholl, German White Rose resistance member (executed) (b. 1921)
  • February 26Theodor Eicke, German Nazi official (b. 1892)

March[]

  • March 10Tully Marshall, American actor (b. 1864)
  • March 19Frank Nitti, Italian-American gangster (suicide) (b. 1888)
  • March 28Sergei Rachmaninoff, Russian composer (b. 1873)

April[]

  • April 3Conrad Veidt, German actor (b. 1893)
  • April 7Alexandre Millerand, French president (b. 1859)
  • April 8
    • Harry Baur, French actor (b. 1880)
    • Richard Sears, American tennis champion (b. 1861)
  • April 18Isoroku Yamamoto, Japanese admiral (b. 1884)
  • April 24Kenneth Whiting, United States Navy officer and submarine and naval aviation pioneer (b. 1881)

May[]

June[]

July[]

August[]

September[]

October[]

November[]

December[]

Nobel Prizes[]

  • PhysicsOtto Stern
  • ChemistryGeorge de Hevesy
  • Physiology or MedicineCarl Peter Henrik Dam, Edward Adelbert Doisy
  • Literature – not awarded
  • Peace – not awarded

References[]

  1. ^ "HMS Thunderbolt (N 25)". uboat.net. http://uboat.net/allies/warships/ship/3485.html. Retrieved 2010-10-21. 
  2. ^ Warren, C.E.T.; Benson, James (1958). "The Admiralty regrets ...": the story of His Majesty's submarine Thetis and Thunderbolt. London: Harrap. 
  3. ^ Muggenthaler, August Karl (1977). German Raiders of WWII. Prentice-Hall. p. 276. ISBN 0-13-354027-8. 
  4. ^ "Year by Year 1943" – History Channel International

External links[]


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1943. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

People of the year 1943 at Familypedia

59 people were born in 1943

 FatherMotherAge mother at birth
James Michael Beard (1943-1969)James Arthur Beard (1905-1961)Reva Ann Andrus (1912-2006)
Ellen Bozeman (1943-2013)Leonard Bozeman (1920-1989)Jennifer Flum (1923-1999)
Caroline Bright (1943)Vincent Bright (1917-1989)Helen O'Halloran (1920-1998)
Călina Brătăşanu (1943-1977)
Krisztina Bánffy de Losoncz (1943)József Bánffy de Losoncz (1906-1983)Mária Wesselényi de Hadad (1912-1984)
Éva Mária Bánffy de Losoncz (1943-2009)László Bánffy de Losoncz (1896-1974)Ilona Zeyk de Zeykfalva (1909-c1985)
Ernesto Hugo Cabrera (1943-2000)Felipe Ernesto Cabrera (1904-2004)María Martha Valles (1910-1995)
Joyce Carel (1943-2000)Samuel Carel (1914-1967)Angel Adelman (1917-1970)
Jean Chrissoveloni (1943-)Niculae Chrissoveloni (1909-1972)Georgeta Lakeman-Economu (c1915-c1990)
Carla Ann Corder (1943-2015)Robert Lee Corder (1920-1980)Margaret Louise Baker (nef1943-)
Elena Emandi (1943-)Gheorghe Emandi (1908-1983)Edith Lalu (1910-2010)
Giovanni Giuseppe Goria (1943-1994)
Hwan He Woong (1943)Hwan Kyu Jong (1911-1973)Dae Ki Seon
Margaret Iguodala (1943-1999)Harry Iguodala (1904-1978)Myla Nduka (1910-1991)
Michael Philip Jagger (1943-)Basil Fanshawe Jagger (1913-2006)Eva Ensley Scutts (1913-2000)
... further results

16 children were born to the 23 women born in 1943

243 people died in 1943

 FatherMotherAge at death
Sarah Corneilla Waugh (1869-1943)Lot Abraham (1838-1920)Sarah Cornelia Abraham (1841-1888)
William Wallace Adair (1862-1943)George Washington Adair (1818-1897)Miriam Jane Billingsley (1829-1912)
Arthur Adams (1877-1943)John Quincy Adams (1833-1894)Fanny Crowninshield (1839-1911)
Maude Evelyn Adams (1877-1943)Robert Smart Adams (1851-1932)Elizabeth MacKenzie (1850-1935)
Charles Robert Whorwood Adeane (1863-1943)Henry John Adeane (1833-1870)Elizabeth Philippa Yorke (1834-1916)
William Aldridge (1858-1943)Edward Aldridge (1826-1909)Elizabeth Blackman (1837-1929)
Henrietta Elizabeth Allen (1868-1943)John Thomas Allen (bef1861-aft1867)Margaret Caroline McKellar (1838-1919)75
George Underwood Alley (1912-1943)George Underwood Alley (1868-1959)Mary Ann Temple (1887-1922)
Andrew Charles Anderson (1860-1943)Neils Anderson (1835-1913)Ingeborg Paulsen (1823-1908)
Samuel Whitaker Andrew (1852-1943)Frederick Chadwick Andrew (1820-1878)Elizabeth Whittaker (1822-1894)
Gordon Edward Ashdown (c1888-1943)Edward Edwin Ashdown (c1836-1904)Louisa Elizabeth Dunk (1862-1931)
Richard Charles Ashworth (1866-1943)James Edward Ashworth (1831-1910)Ellen E. Ramsbottom (1843-1910)
Henricus Jacob Avis (1868-1943)Dirk Dingnum Avis (1833-1897)Engeltje Zijp (1840-1877)
William Axam (1870-1943)William Axam (1840-1903)Margaret Robinson (-1919)73
Gaspar Griswold Bacon (1914-1943)Gaspar Griswold Bacon (1886-1947)Priscilla Murray Toland (1888-1965)
... further results

11484 people lived in 1943

 FatherMother
Lady Irina Bud de BudfalvaLord János Bud de BudfalvaBaroness Anna Tisza de Borosjenő et Szeged
Tsunekichi Yonogi (1905-2015)Shigeru Yonogi (1876-1940)Miyoko Yonogi (1882-1950)
Geertje Aangeenbrug (1871-1947)Pieter Aangeenbrug (1834-1908)Grietje Breed (1845)
Alfred Alonzo Aaron (1883-1969)Thomas Aaron (1850-1932)Sarah Dobbs (1858-1948)
Sadie Aaronson (1908-1970)Jack Aaronson (1880-1927)Laura Barenboim (1882-1932)
Rebecca Ababio (1926-1998)
Isabella Abadiano (1930-2003)
Amanda Abadie (1898-1957)Jean-Claude Abadie (1848-1930)Jeanette Armellino (1860-1934)
Annabelle Abargil (1922-2000)
Dominique Abasolo (1882-1947)Rafael Abasolo (1849-1900)Nancy Haugen (1855-1929)
Jennifer Abaya (1918-1996)
Alysson Abberton (1935-2012)
Charles Greeley Abbot (1872-1973)Harris Abbot (1812-1884)Caroline Ann Greeley (1836-1911)
Janet Abbot (1910-1970)
Jordan Abbot (1876-1960)
... further results

Events of the year 1943 at Familypedia

79 people were married in 1943.

 Joined with
Robert Fuller Abell (1919-2010)Frances Mae Whitey
Helena Olivia Adeane (1902-1985)William Pleydell-Bouverie, 7th Earl of Radnor (1895-1968)+Montacute William Worrall Selby-Lowndes (1896-1972)
John Sinclair-Wemyss Arbuthnot (1912-1992)(Margaret) Jean Duff (1919)
Martha Ruth Ballif (1914-1961)Charles Reed Smoot (1915-1996)
Arthur Maxwell Bayne (1919-1993)Doris June Lockridge (1924-2012)
Gladys May Beeby (1915-1980)Edwin Roy Brazel (1917-1960)
Cyril Frank Blunt (1910-1966)Dora Partridge
William Jefferson Blythe (1918-1946)Virginia Adele Gash (1918-1994)+Minnie Faye Gash (1923)+Wanetta Ellen Alexander (1922)+Virginia Dell Cassidy (1923-1994)
John William Boyle, 14th Earl of Cork (1916-2003)Mary Leslie Gordon-Finlayson (bef1943-)
Murray Gardner Bracken (1901-1981)Phyllis Truman (1911-2006)
Edwin Roy Brazel (1917-1960)Gladys May Beeby (1915-1980)
Samuel John Rennie Bucknill (1902-1943)Maureen Nina Smith (c1900-)+Olivia Campbell (1905-1987)
William Putnam Bundy (1917-2000)Mary Eleanor Acheson (1924-)
Orris Edward Burns Jr. (1922-2007)Doris Angie Nickerson (1925-1993)
Éva Bánffy de Losoncz (1915-2009)Sándor Győrffy de Csíkszentimre et Csatószeg (1912-c1990) + László Máriássy de Márkus- et Batizfalva (1922-2009) + Archibald Dene Thomas (1923)
... further results

There were 0 military battles in 1943.


0.0051375827237896 0.69565217391304 0.02115987460815
1943


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