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Years: 1931 1932 1933 - 1934 - 1935 1936 1937
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1934 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1934
MCMXXXIV

Ab urbe condita 2687
Armenian calendar 1383
ԹՎ ՌՅՁԳ
Bahá'í calendar 90 – 91
Buddhist calendar 2478
Coptic calendar 1650 – 1651
Ethiopian calendar 1926 – 1927
Hebrew calendar 5694 5695
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1989 – 1990
 - Shaka Samvat 1856 – 1857
 - Kali Yuga 5035 – 5036
Holocene calendar 11934
Iranian calendar 1312 – 1313
Islamic calendar 1352 – 1353
Japanese calendar Shōwa

9


(昭和 9年)

 - Imperial Year Kōki 2594
(皇紀2594年)
Julian calendar 1979
Korean calendar 4267
Thai solar calendar 2477
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Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar.

Events[]

January[]

January 1: Alcatraz becomes a prison.

  • January 1
    • Alcatraz becomes a prison.
    • International Telecommunication Union.
    • Nazi Germany passes the "Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily Diseased Offspring".
  • January 7 – The first Flash Gordon comic strip is published.
  • January 10Marinus van der Lubbe is executed in Germany.
  • January 13 – The Candidate of Science degree is established in the USSR.
  • January 20 – The Japanese company Fuji Photo Film is established.
  • January 24
  • January 26
    • The Apollo Theater opens in Harlem, New York City.
    • The 10 year German-Polish No-Aggression Pact is signed by Germany and the Second Polish Republic.
    • The Republic of Austria abolishes the jury trial by decree.[1]

February[]

  • February 6French political crisis: The French far right leagues rally in front of the Palais Bourbon, in an attempted coup against the Third Republic.
  • February 9
    • Greece, Romania, Turkey and Yugoslavia have formed the Balkan Pact.
    • Gaston Doumergue forms a new government in France.
  • February 12 – The Export-Import Bank is incorporated.
  • February 12February 16Austrian Civil War
  • February 16Commission of Government sworn in as form of direct rule for the Dominion of Newfoundland.
  • February 21Augusto César Sandino is assassinated in Managua by the National Guard.
  • February 22Frank Capra's It Happened One Night, starring Clark Gable and Claudette Colbert, is released. It becomes a smash hit and the first of Capra's great screen classics. It becomes the first film to win all 5 of the major Academy AwardsBest Actor, Best Actress, Best Screenplay, Best Director, and Best Picture. Gable and Colbert receive their only Oscars for this film.
  • February 23Léopold III becomes King of Belgium.

March[]

  • March 1Manchuria becomes Manchukuo, following an invasion by the Japanese.
  • March 3
    • John Dillinger escapes from jail in Crown Point, Indiana, using a wooden pistol.
    • Erich Franke invents the wire bearing (today wire race bearing) and files a patent application.
  • March 8Prince Sigvard of Sweden loses his titles because of his marriage.
  • March 12Konstantin Päts and general Johan Laidoner stage a coup in Estonia, and ban all political parties.
  • March 13John Dillinger, Baby Face Nelson and their gang rob the First National Bank in Mason City, Iowa.
  • March 20
    • All the police forces in Germany come under the command of Heinrich Himmler.
    • The Great Hakodate fire kills at least 2,166 people in southern Hokkaido, Japan.
  • March 24 – The Philippine Commonwealth becomes established allowing for more self-government from the United States.

April[]

  • April 1Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker kill 2 young highway patrolmen near Grapevine, Texas.
  • April 6Rudyard Kipling and William Butler Yeats are awarded the Gothenburg Prize for Poetry.
  • April 12
    • U.S. publication of the novel Tender Is the Night by F. Scott Fitzgerald
    • The worlds largest ever recorded surface wind speed of 231 miles per hour was recorded on the summit of Mt. Washington NH.
  • April 19Surgeon R.K. Wilson allegedly photographs the Loch Ness Monster.
  • April 22John Dillinger and two others shoot their way out of an FBI ambush in northern Wisconsin.
  • April 28FA Cup: Manchester City beat Portsmouth 2 – 1 at Wembley Stadium
  • April 30 – The first S-train line in Copenhagen is opened. The Line started in Klampenborg and ended in Frederiksberg.

May[]

May 11: dust storm in Great Plains

  • May 1 – The May Constitution of 1934 heralds the beginning of the Austrofascist Federal State of Austria
  • May 5 – The first Three Stooges short, Woman Haters, is released.
  • May 7 – The Pearl of Lao Tzu, 24 x 14 cm, is found in a giant clam off Palawan, Philippines.
  • May 11Dust Bowl: A strong 2-day dust storm removes massive amounts of Great Plains topsoil in one of the worst dust storms of the Dust Bowl.
  • May 15
    • The United States Department of Justice offers a $25,000 reward for John Dillinger.
    • Kārlis Ulmanis establishes an authoritarian government in Latvia.
  • May 19Kimon Georgiev stages a coup d'etat in Bulgaria.
  • May 23 – A team of police officers, led by former Texas Ranger Frank Hamer, ambush bank robbers Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow near Gibsland, Louisiana, killing them both.
  • May 24
    • Tomáš Masaryk is re-elected president of Czechoslovakia.
    • The 5-day "Battle of Toledo" starts during the Auto-Lite strike in Toledo, Ohio.
  • May 28 – Near Callander, Ontario, the Dionne quintuplets are born to Oliva and Elzire Dionne, becoming the first quintuplets to survive infancy.
  • May 29May 31 – The Confessional Synod of the German Evangelical Church meets in Barmen, Germany to write the Barmen Declaration.

June[]

  • June 6New Deal: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Securities Exchange Act into law, establishing the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
  • June 9 – The animated short The Wise Little Hen, directed by Bert Gillett for the Silly Symphonies series, and featuring the debut of Donald Duck, is released.
  • June 10Italy beats Czechoslovakia 2–1 after extra time to win the 1934 World Cup.
  • June 12 – Political parties are banned in Bulgaria.
  • June 14Max Baer defeats champion Primo Carnera for the world heavyweight boxing title.
  • June 18 – The Indian Reorganization Act is enacted.
  • June 27
    • The Emir of Yemen and ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia conclude a peace treaty.
    • The Canberra Times documents the attack of an unknown spider species upon the Chilean town of Antofagasta.[2]
  • June 28 – Division of Grazing created within the Department of the Interior.
  • June 30
    • The Nazi SA camp Oranienburg becomes a national camp, taken over by the SS.
    • Night of the Long Knives: Nazis purge the SA.

July[]

  • July 1
    • Bureau of Air Commerce under Department of Commerce.
    • The world famous Brookfield Zoo opens in Brookfield, Illinois.
    • The Hays Office censorship code for motion pictures goes into full effect in the United States.
  • July 10 – German Social Democrat and author Erich Mühsam is killed in Oranienburg concentration camp.
  • July 17 – The North Dakota Supreme Court declares Lieutenant Governor Ole H. Olson the legitimate governor and tells William Langer to resign. Langer proceeds to declare North Dakota independent. He revokes the declaration after the Supreme Court justices meet him.
  • July 22 – Outside Chicago's Biograph Theatre, "Public Enemy No. 1" John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents.
  • July 25 – Austrian Nazis assassinate chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss during a failed coup attempt.

August[]

  • August 2Adolf Hitler becomes Führer of Germany, becoming head of state as well as Chancellor.
  • August 8 – The Wehrmacht swears a personal oath of loyalty to Adolf Hitler.
  • August 13 – The comic strip Li'l Abner is first published in US newspapers.
  • August 19
    • The first All-American Soap Box Derby is held in Dayton, Ohio.
    • In a referendum, 90% of the German population approves of Hitler's assumption of presidential powers as Führer and Reichskanzler.
  • August 25 – Anti-union vigilantes seize the town of McGuffey, Ohio, during the Hardin County onion pickers strike.

September[]

Nuremberg Rally of 1934

  • September 510 – 8th Nuremberg Rally
  • September 8 – Off the New Jersey coast, a fire aboard the passenger liner Morro Castle kills 134 people.
  • September 19
    • The Soviet Union joins the League of Nations.
    • Bruno Richard Hauptmann is arrested in connection with the Lindbergh kidnapping case.
  • September 21 – A typhoon in Honshū, Japan kills 3,036 people, and destroys the temple, schools, and other buildings in Osaka.
  • September 22 – A gas explosion at Gresford Colliery in Wrexham, north-east Wales kills 266 miners and rescuers, one of Britain's worst coal mining disasters.
  • September 28
    • Afghanistan joins the League of Nations.
    • A trial for the custody of young Gloria Vanderbilt begins; it lasts seven weeks and ends with a compromise.
  • September 29Stanley Matthews makes his England debut, beginning a record 23-year international career.

October[]

  • October 2 – A tornado in Osaka and Kyoto kills 1,660, injures 5,400, and destroys the rice harvest.
  • October 5 – Miners rebel in Asturias, Spain (see Asturian miners' strike of 1934).
  • October 6Catalonian separatists rebel in Spain.
  • October 9 – King Alexander of Yugoslavia and French foreign minister Louis Barthou are assassinated during the king's state visit in Marseilles.
  • October 16 – The Long March of the Chinese Communists begins.
  • October 22Charles Arthur "Pretty Boy" Floyd is shot and killed by FBI agents near East Liverpool, Ohio.

November[]

  • November 13 – The Italian government decrees that teachers must wear a military or party uniform in a class.
  • November 21
    • The MCC makes an ultimately controversial decision to alter the lbw rule so a batsman can be lbw to a ball pitching outside off stump. The change is later blamed for many problems developing during the 1950s, primarily negative bowling outside leg stump to a field of short-leg fieldsmen.
    • Cole Porter's musical Anything Goes, starring Ethel Merman, premieres in New York City.
  • November 23 – An Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission in the Ogaden discovers an Italian garrison at Walwal, which lays well within Ethiopian territory. This encounter leads to the Abyssinia Crisis.
  • November 26Universal Pictures releases the first film version of Fannie Hurst's novel, Imitation of Life, starring Claudette Colbert and Louise Beavers. It gives Beavers, usually featured in small roles as a maid, her best screen role, and features the largest supporting role played by a black person in a Hollywood film up till then. Its storyline partially revolves around a young mulatto girl rejecting her mother and trying to "pass for white". It is the first Hollywood film to seriously deal with this subject.
  • November 27
    • A running gun battle between FBI agents and bank robber Baby Face Nelson results in the death of one FBI agent and the mortal wounding of special agent Samuel P. Cowley, who was still able to mortally wound Nelson.
    • Bolivian President Daniel Salamanca deposed.

December[]

  • December 1
    • In the Soviet Union, Politburo member Sergei Kirov is shot and killed at the Communist Party headquarters in Leningrad by Leonid Nikolaev (it is widely thought that Soviet leader Joseph Stalin ordered this murder).
    • In Mexico, Lázaro Cárdenas is inaugurated as President of that country.
  • December 5Abyssinia Crisis: Ethiopian and Italian troops exchange gunfire. Reported casualties for the Ethiopians are 150, and for the Italians 50.
  • December 18 – A low-key fascist conference is held in Moreaux.
  • December 24 – Actor Lionel Barrymore begins what will become an annual tradition of the Golden Age of Radio – playing the role of Ebenezer Scrooge in dramatizations of Charles Dickens's A Christmas Carol. Barrymore continues playing Scrooge on radio until shortly before his death in 1954. He will also make a 78-RPM record album of the classic story, which will later be released on LP.
  • December 26 – An American Airlines aircraft crashes in the Adirondack Mountains.
  • December 27Persia becomes Iran.
  • December 29Japan renounces the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930.

Date unknown[]

  • International Union of National Tourist Propaganda Organizations (IUNTPO).
  • The "British Committee for Relations with Other Countries", which will become the British Council, is set up to foster cultural relations.[3]
  • The sonoluminescence effect is discovered.
  • The GPU becomes the NKVD.
  • Abidjan becomes the capital of the French colony of Côte d'Ivoire.
  • The U.S. Marines leave Haiti.
  • US Congress makes the Philippines a self-governing commonwealth and schedules independence for 1944. Sugar imports are reduced and immigration is limited to 50 Filipino people per year.
  • The house Fallingwater in southwestern Pennsylvania is designed by Frank Lloyd Wright.
  • The Quintette du Hot Club de France is established and produced two of the most famous Jazz instrumental icons Stéphane Grappelli and Django Reinhardt.
  • This year is the hottest year in the United States on record.[4]

Births[]

January–February[]

  • January 7Charles Jenkins, American sprinter
  • January 9Bart Starr, American football player
  • January 11Jean Chrétien, Prime Minister of Canada
  • January 12Mick Sullivan, English rugby league footballer
  • January 13Rip Taylor, American comedian
  • January 16Marilyn Horne, American mezzo-soprano
  • January 18Raymond Briggs, British writer and illustrator
  • January 20
    • Tom Baker, British actor (Doctor Who)
    • Dave Hull, American former radio personality
  • January 22
    • Nolan Strong, Detroit doo-wop singer with The Diablos
    • Graham Kerr, British television personality
    • Bill Bixby, American actor and director (My Favorite Maritan, The Courtship of Eddie's Father and The Incredible Hulk) (d. 1993)
  • January 23Lou Antonio, American actor and director
  • January 24Stanisław Grochowiak, Polish poet and dramatist (d. 1976)
  • January 30Tammy Grimes, American actress
  • February 5Hank Aaron, African-American baseball player
  • February 7Earl King, American musician (d. 2003)
  • February 10Fleur Adcock, New Zealand poet
  • February 11
    • Tina Louise, American actress (Gilligan's Island)
    • Mary Quant, British fashion designer
    • John Surtees, British race car driver
  • February 12
    • Anne Krueger, American economist
    • Bill Russell, African-American basketball player
  • February 13George Segal, American actor (The Hot Rock)
  • February 14
    • Michel Corboz, Swiss conductor
    • Florence Henderson, American actress (The Brady Bunch)
  • February 15Niklaus Wirth, Swiss computer scientist
  • February 16Harold "Hal" & Herbert "Herbie" Kalin, American singers (The Kalin Twins) (d. 2005 and 2006, respectively)
  • February 17
    • Alan Bates, British actor (d. 2003)
    • Barry Humphries, Australian actor and comedian
  • February 18Ronald F. Marryott, American admiral (d. 2005)
  • February 20Bobby Unser, American race car driver
  • February 21Rue McClanahan, American actress (d. 2010)
  • February 22
    • Sparky Anderson, American baseball manager (d. 2010)
    • Van Williams, American actor (The Green Hornet)
  • February 23Augusto Algueró, Spanish composer (d. 2011)
  • February 24
  • February 27
    • Vincent Fourcade, French-born interior designer and socialite (d. 1992)
    • Ralph Nader, American consumer activist and presidential candidate

March–April[]

  • March 1
    • Jean-Michel Folon, Belgian sculptor (d. 2005)
    • Joan Hackett, American actress (d. 1983)
  • March 4
    • Mario Davidovsky, Argentinian composer
    • John Duffey, American bluegrass musician (d. 1996)
    • Anne Haney, American actress (d. 2001)
    • Barbara McNair, African-American singer and actress (d. 2007)
    • Janez Strnad, Slovenian physicist
  • March 5
    • Daniel Kahneman, Israeli economist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Nicholas Smith, English actor
  • March 7
    • Franklin Clarke, American football player
    • Willard Scott, American television weather reporter (Today Show)
  • March 9
    • Joyce Van Patten, American actress
    • Yuri Gagarin, Russian cosmonaut, first man in space (d. 1968)
    • Del Close, American actor, improviser, writer, and teacher (d. 1999)
  • March 11Sam Donaldson, American reporter (ABC News)
  • March 13Barry Hughart, American author
  • March 14
    • Paul Rader, General of The Salvation Army
    • Eugene Cernan, American astronaut
  • March 16
    • Richard Layard, Baron Layard, British economist
    • Ray Hnatyshyn, Governor-General of Canada (d. 2002)
  • March 20Willie Brown, Mayor of San Francisco, California
  • March 22
    • Orrin Hatch, U.S. Senator from Utah
    • Larry Martyn, British comedy actor (Are You Being Served?) (d. 1994)
  • March 23Mark Rydell, American actor and director
  • March 25Gloria Steinem, American feminist
  • March 26Alan Arkin, American actor
  • March 31
    • Orion Samuelson, American television personality
    • Richard Chamberlain, American actor (Dr. Kildare)
    • Shirley Jones, American singer and actress (The Partridge Family)
    • Carlo Rubbia, Italian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • April 1
    • Rod Kanehl, American baseball player (d. 2004)
    • Vladimir Posner, Russian journalist
    • Don Hastings, American actor
  • April 2
    • Paul Joseph Cohen, American mathematician
    • Brian Glover, British actor and wrestler (d. 1997)
  • April 3Jane Goodall, British zoologist
  • April 5Roman Herzog, former President of Germany
  • April 6Enrique Álvarez Félix, Mexican actor (d. 1996)
  • April 9Bill Birch, New Zealand politician
  • April 11Mark Strand, Canadian-born American poet
  • April 14Loretta Lynn, American country singer
  • April 18James Drury, American actor (The Virginian)
  • April 24
  • April 25
    • Peter McParland, Irish footballer
    • Denny Miller, American actor (Wagon Train)
  • April 29
    • Otis Rush, American musician
    • Akira Takarada, Japanese actor
    • Pedro Verona Rodrigues Pires, President of Cape Verde

May–June[]

  • May 3Henry Cooper, British boxer
  • May 6Richard Shelby, U. S. senator from Alabama
  • May 9Alan Bennett, British actor and writer
  • May 13Leon Wagner, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • May 15George Roper, British comedian (d. 2003)
  • May 18Dwayne Hickman, American actor (The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis)
  • May 19Jim Lehrer, American television journalist for PBS (MacNeil-Lehrer NewsHour)
  • May 21Bengt I. Samuelsson, Swedish biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • May 22Peter Nero, American pianist
  • May 23Robert Moog, American inventor of the synthesizer (d. 2005)
  • May 24Barry Rose, British choir director and organist
  • May 27Harlan Ellison, American writer
  • May 28Dionne quintuplets, Canadian quintuplets
  • May 30Aleksei Leonov, Russian cosmonaut
  • June 1
    • Pat Boone, American actor and singer
    • Ken Rex McElroy, American murder victim (d. 1981)
  • June 3Rolland D. McCune, American theologian
  • June 4
    • Dame Daphne Sheldrick, Kenyan conservationist and author
    • Dame Monica Dacon, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines schoolteacher, educator and politician
  • June 5Bill Moyers, American journalist
  • June 6 – King Albert II of Belgium
  • June 16
    • Dame Eileen Atkins, British actress
    • William Forsyth Sharpe, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • June 20Samuel Zoll, Massachusetts jurist (d. 2011)
  • June 25Beatriz Sheridan, Mexican actress and director (d. 2006)
  • June 26Jeremy Wolfenden, British journalist (d. 1965)
  • June 28Carl Levin, United States Senator
  • June 30Harry Blackstone Jr., American magician (d. 1997)

July–August[]

  • July 1
    • Jean Marsh,actress
    • Jamie Farr, American actor (best known as Klinger on M*A*S*H)
    • Sydney Pollack, American film director (d. 2008)
  • July 10Jerry Nelson, American puppeteer (d. 2012)
  • July 11Giorgio Armani, Italian fashion designer
  • July 12Van Cliburn, American pianist
  • July 13
    • Wole Soyinka, Nigerian writer, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Aleksei Yeliseyev, Russian cosmonaut
  • July 14John Tyndall, British politician (d. 2005)
  • July 15Harrison Birtwistle, British composer
  • July 21Jonathan Miller, British theatre director
  • July 25 – Luang Por Sumedho, Theravada Buddhist representative in the West
  • July 28Bud Luckey, an American voice actor and Pixar animator
  • July 30Bud Selig, American Major League Baseball commissioner
  • August 2Valery Bykovsky, Russian cosmonaut
  • August 3Jonas Savimbi, Angolan political and rebel leader (d. 2002)
  • August 4Dallas Green, American baseball manager and executive
  • August 5
    • Wendell Berry, American novelist, essayist, poet
    • Gay Byrne, Irish broadcaster
  • August 6Billy Boston, Welsh rugby league footballer
  • August 15Nino Ferrer, French singer (d. 1998)
  • August 16
    • Diana Wynne Jones, British writer (d. 2011)
    • Donnie Dunagan, American actor
  • August 18
    • Vincent Bugliosi, American prosecutor and author (Helter Skelter)
    • Roberto Clemente, Puerto Rican Major League Baseball player (d. 1972)
  • August 19Renée Richards, American transsexual physician and tennis player
  • August 20
    • Armi Kuusela, Miss Universe 1952
    • Tom Mangold, British journalist and author
  • August 22Norman Schwarzkopf, U.S. Army general
  • August 23
    • Sonny Jurgensen, American football player
    • Barbara Eden, American actress (I Dream of Jeannie)
  • August 25
    • Eddie Ilarde, Filipino broadcaster and politician
    • Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, former President of Iran
  • August 26Tom Heinsohn, American baseketball player, coach, and broadcaster
  • August 30
    • Anatoli Solonitsyn, Russian actor (d. 1982)
    • Helen Craig, English children's author, illustrator (Angelina Ballerina)

September–October[]

  • September 2
    • Dominic Chianese, American actor
    • Grady Nutt, American humorist (d. 1982)
  • September 4
    • Clive Granger, Welsh-born economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2009)
    • Eduard Khil, Russian baritone singer ("Trololo") (d. 2012)
  • September 7Little Milton, American musician
  • September 8Peter Maxwell Davies, English composer
  • September 10Charles Kuralt, American journalist (On The Road) (d. 1997)
  • September 15Fred Nile, Australian Christian politician
  • September 16
    • Ronnie Drew, Irish Dubliner Band Singer (d. 2008)
    • Elgin Baylor, American basketball player and executive
  • September 17
    • Binoy Majumdar, Indian Hungryalist Poet.
    • Maureen Connolly, American tennis player (d. 1969)
  • September 19Brian Epstein, English manager of the Beatles (d. 1967)
  • September 20
    • Sophia Loren, Italian actress
    • Takayuki Kubota, martial artist and founder of the Gosoku-ryu style of karate
  • September 21Leonard Cohen, Canadian poet, novelist and singer/songwriter
  • September 22Lute Olson, American basketball coach
  • September 23Ahmad Shah Khan, Crown Prince of Afghanistan
  • September 24
    • Tommy Anderson, Scottish footballer
    • Robert Lang, English actor of stage and television (d. 2004)
  • September 27
    • Beverly Armstrong, American female professional baseball player
    • Wilford Brimley, American actor
  • September 28Brigitte Bardot, French actress, sex symbol of the 1950s and 60's, and animal rights activist
  • September 30
    • Alan A'Court, English footballer (d. 2009)
    • Anna Kashfi, Welsh actress
  • October 1
    • Chuck Hiller, baseball player (d. 2004)
    • Shakeb Jalali Urdu poet (d. 1966)
  • October 2Earl Wilson, baseball player (d. 2005)
  • October 3Harold Henning, South African golfer (d. 2004)
  • October 4Sam Huff, American football player
  • October 9Jill Ker Conway, Australian-born author
  • October 13Nana Mouskouri, Greek singer
  • October 17Rico Rodriguez, Jamaican trombonist
  • October 18Chuck Swindoll, American evangelist
  • October 20
    • Michael Dunn, a.k.a. Gary Neil Miller, dwarf American actor and singer (The Wild Wild West) (d. 1973)
    • Charles S. Liebman American-Israeli political scientist and author (d. 2003)
  • October 30
    • Frans Brüggen, Dutch flutist, recorder player, and conductor
    • Hamilton Camp, English-American actor (d. 2005)

November–December[]

  • November 1Umberto Agnelli, Swiss-born automobile executive (d. 2004)
  • November 6Barton Myers, American/Canadian architect
  • November 7Jackie Joseph, American actress
  • November 9Carl Sagan, American astronomer and television host (Cosmos) (d. 1996)
  • November 10Joanna Moore, American actress (d. 1997)
  • November 12Charles Manson, American cult leader and criminal
  • November 13John Gowans, General of The Salvation Army
  • November 15Irén Pavlics, Slovene authoress in Hungary
  • November 17Jim Inhofe, United States Senator
  • November 21Laurence Luckinbill, American actor
  • November 24Alfred Schnittke, Volga German composer (d. 1998)
  • November 27
    • Ammo Baba, Assyrian soccer player
    • Gilbert Strang, American mathematician
  • November 30Lansana Conte, President of Guinea (d. 2008)
  • December 2Andre Rodgers, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • December 3Viktor Gorbatko, Russian cosmonaut
  • December 4
    • Wink Martindale, American game show host and disc jockey (Tic Tac Dough)
    • Victor French, American actor and director (d. 1989)
  • December 5Joan Didion, American writer
  • December 6Nick Bockwinkel, American professional wrestler
  • December 9
    • Judi Dench, British actress
    • Junior Wells, American harmonica player (d. 1998)
  • December 10Howard Martin Temin, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1994)
  • December 18Boris Volynov, Russian cosmonaut
  • December 19
    • Aki Aleong, Trinidad and Tobago actor
    • Al Kaline, American baseball player
    • Rudi Carrell, Dutch singer and entertainer (d. 2006)
    • Pratibha Patil, President of India
  • December 24Stjepan Mesic, former President of Croatia
  • December 27Larisa Latynina, Russian gymnast
  • December 28
    • Maggie Smith, British actress
    • Yujiro Ishihara, Japanese actor (d. 1987)
  • December 29Ed Flanders, American actor (St. Elsewhere) (d. 1995)
  • December 30
    • Joseph P. Hoar, U.S. Marine commander
    • John Norris Bahcall, American astrophysicist (d. 2005)
    • Del Shannon, American singer (Runaway) (d. 1990)

Date unknown[]

  • Paul Avery, American journalist (d. 2000)

Deaths[]

January–March[]

April–June[]

  • April 11Gerald du Maurier, British actor (b. 1873)
  • April 15Karl Dane, Danish actor (b. 1886)
  • May 17Cass Gilbert, American architect (b. 1859)
  • May 21Lew Cody, American actor (b. 1884)
  • May 23
    • Clyde Barrow, American outlaw (shot) (b. 1910)
    • Bonnie Parker, American outlaw (shot) (b. 1910)
  • May 25Gustav Holst, English composer (The Planets) (b. 1874)
  • May 30Togo Heihachiro, Japanese admiral (b. 1848)
  • June 8Dorothy Dell, American actress (b. 1915)
  • June 10Frederick Delius, English composer (b. 1862)
  • June 11Lev Vygotsky, Russian developmental psychologist (b. 1896)
  • June 20Andrew Jackson Zilker, American philanthropist (b. 1858)
  • June 30 – Murdered during the Night of the Long Knives:
    • Karl Ernst, Nazi SA leader in Berlin (b. 1904)
    • Edmund Heines, Deputy SA leader (b. 1897)
    • Gregor Strasser, German politician, early Nazi leader (b. 1892)
    • Kurt von Schleicher, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1882)

July–September[]

  • July 2Ernst Röhm, Nazi SA Leader (b. 1887)
  • July 4
    • Marie Curie, Polish-born scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry and physics (b. 1867)
    • Hayyim Nahman Bialik The Israel's national poet (b. 1873)
  • July 8Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer (b. 1848)
  • July 13Kate Sheppard, New Zealand Women's suffrage for voting (b. 1848)
  • July 15Louis F. Gottschalk, American composer (b. 1864)
  • July 22John Dillinger, American criminal (b. 1903)
  • July 25
    • François Coty, French perfume manufacturer (b. 1874)
    • Englebert Dolfuss, Chancellor of Austria (assassinated) (b. 1892)
    • Nestor Makhno, Ukrainian anarchist (b. 1889)
  • July 26Winsor McCay, American comic creator and animator (b. 1871)
  • July 27Hubert Lyautey, Marshal of France (b. 1854)
  • July 28
    • Marie Dressler, Canadian actress (b. 1868)
    • Louis Tancred, South African cricketer (b. 1876)
    • Edith Yorke, English actress (b. 1867)
  • August 2Paul von Hindenburg, German general and politician (b. 1847)
  • August 9Alfred Steux, Belgian road racing cyclist (b. 1892)
  • August 10George W. Hill, American director (b. 1895)
  • August 13Mary Hunter Austin, American writer of fiction and non-fiction (b. 1868)
  • August 14Raymond Hood, American architect (b. 1881)
  • August 17Charlotte Gilman, noted American poet and playwright (b. 1860)
  • September 2
    • Russ Columbo, American singer and actor (b. 1908)
    • Alcide Nunez, American musician (b. 1884)
  • September 9Roger Fry, British artist (b. 1866)

October–December[]

  • October 5Jean Vigo, French film director (b. 1905)
  • October 9Alexander I of Yugoslavia, King of Yugoslavia (b. 1888)
  • October 12Willy Clarkson, English costume designer and wigmaker (b. 1861)
  • October 15Raymond Poincaré, French President (b. 1860)
  • October 17Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish histologist and neuroscientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1852)
  • October 22Pretty Boy Floyd, American bank robber (b. 1904)
  • October 29Lou Tellegen, Dutch actor (b. 1881)
  • November 2Edmond James de Rothschild, French philanthropist (b. 1845)
  • November 10Ion Farris, American politician, former Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives (b. 1878)
  • November 16Alice Liddell, English schoolgirl, inspiration for Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (b. 1852)
  • November 22Harry Steppe, American vaudeville performer (b. 1888)
  • November 27Baby Face Nelson, American gangster (b. 1908)
  • November 30Hélène Boucher, French aviatrix (b. 1908)
  • December 1Sergei Kirov, Soviet politician (b. 1886)
  • December 6Duke Charles Michael of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1863)
  • December 22Wallace Thurman, American writer (b. 1902)
  • December 28Lowell Sherman, American actor and director (b. 1885)

Nobel Prizes[]

  • Physics – Not awarded this year
  • ChemistryHarold Clayton Urey
  • Physiology or MedicineGeorge Hoyt Whipple, George Richards Minot, William Parry Murphy
  • LiteratureLuigi Pirandello
  • PeaceArthur Henderson

References[]


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1934. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

People of the year 1934 at Familypedia

77 people were born in 1934

 FatherMotherAge mother at birth
Gladys Anderberg (1934-1999)
Kevin Applegate (1934-2007)Harold Applegate (1913-1958)Alicia Gundersen (1912-1978)
David Bergman (1934-1996)
Catherine Neville Harley Blackman (1934-2013)Percival Harley Blackman (1890-1954)Mabel Emma Moxham (1892-1989)
Stephen Bluth (1934-2000)Robert Bluth (1900-1969)Alice Selkrich (1901-1974)
Grant Lynn Bowler (1934-2013)Grant Martin Bowler (1912-2002)Verna Leavitt (1913-2005)
George Buck (1934-1999)Elliott Buck (1910-1990)Danielle Carter (1901-1980)
Bette Irene Burgess (1934-)Clyde Walter Burgess (1890-1943)Leta Kathleen Lusby (1895-1990)
Betty Lynn Byrd (1934-)Clayton William Byrd (1911-1988)Velma Mizell (1913-1992)
János Bánffy de Losoncz (1934-c2000)László Bánffy de Losoncz (1896-1974)Ilona Zeyk de Zeykfalva (1909-c1985)
John Edd Carlon (1934-2017)Walter Edgar Carlon (1897-1949)Mildred Blanche Ray (1902-2001)
Sally Ann Case (1934)George Iler Case (1899-1957)Myrtle Melvina Jones (1898-1981)
Nicholas Joseph Clooney (1934-)Andrew Joseph Clooney (1902-1974)Marie Frances Guilfoyle (1909-1973)
Benedetto Craxi (1934-2000)Vittorio Craxi (1906-1992)Mary Ferrari (bef1934)
Thomas Gerald Culley (1934-2019)Thomas James Culley (1908-1977)Rose McGoldrick (1909-1988)
... further results

39 children were born to the 42 women born in 1934

248 people died in 1934

 FatherMotherAge at death
Blanche Ray Alden (1870-1934)Philo Washington Alden (1840-1920)Eliza Dutton (1839-1881)
John Bartlett Alden (1860-1934)Edwin Painter Alden (1827-1904)Martha Ann Andrews (1833-1904)
John Alderton (1847-1934)John Alderton (1806-1893)Mary Coffee (1816-1902)
Sarah Ellen Allen (1844-1934)Richard George Allen (1811-1891)Esther Elizabeth Hayes (1814-1854)
Margaret Bridget Allred (1866-1934)James Tillmon Sanford Allred (1825-1905)Elizabeth Bridget Manwaring (1821-1866)
George Ambrose (1843-1934)91
William Amos (1869-1934)William George Amos (1843-1900)Elizabeth Bryant (1843-1877)
Jeanette Armellino (1860-1934)
George Lee Arthur (1870-1934)
Thomas Moore Arthur (1859-1934)Thomas Moore Arthur (-)Agnes Milligan (-)
Elizabeth Charlotte Ashcroft (1848-1934)Henry Ashcroft (1827-1896)Rebecca Frances Taber (1830-1902)
Mary Ellen Ashcroft (1859-1934)John Ashcroft (1814-1882)Ann Jenkins (1818-1870)
Albert P. Ashworth (1872-1934)James Edward Ashworth (1831-1910)Ellen E. Ramsbottom (1843-1910)
Amelia Avery (1868-1934)James Avery (c1814-1875)Catherine Heaslip (c1825-1904)66
William Avery (1862-1934)George Avery (1841-1914)Elizabeth Ann Latter (1845-1922)72
... further results

13546 people lived in 1934

 FatherMother
Lady Irina Bud de BudfalvaLord János Bud de BudfalvaBaroness Anna Tisza de Borosjenő et Szeged
Tsunekichi Yonogi (1905-2015)Shigeru Yonogi (1876-1940)Miyoko Yonogi (1882-1950)
Ludwik Wiktor Plater-Zyberk h. wł (1853-1938)Henryk Wacław Ksawery Plater-Zyberk (1811-1903)Adelaida von Keller (1817-1905)
Geertje Aangeenbrug (1871-1947)Pieter Aangeenbrug (1834-1908)Grietje Breed (1845)
Alfred Alonzo Aaron (1883-1969)Thomas Aaron (1850-1932)Sarah Dobbs (1858-1948)
Hubert Charles Titus Aaron (1919-1941)Alfred Alonzo Aaron (1883-1969)Jemima Davis (1884-1966)
Sadie Aaronson (1908-1970)Jack Aaronson (1880-1927)Laura Barenboim (1882-1932)
Rebecca Ababio (1926-1998)
Isabella Abadiano (1930-2003)
Amanda Abadie (1898-1957)Jean-Claude Abadie (1848-1930)Jeanette Armellino (1860-1934)
Annabelle Abargil (1922-2000)
Dominique Abasolo (1882-1947)Rafael Abasolo (1849-1900)Nancy Haugen (1855-1929)
Jennifer Abaya (1918-1996)
Charles Greeley Abbot (1872-1973)Harris Abbot (1812-1884)Caroline Ann Greeley (1836-1911)
Janet Abbot (1910-1970)
... further results

Events of the year 1934 at Familypedia

101 people were married in 1934.

 Joined with
Charles Francis Adams (1910-1999)Margaret Stockton (1915-1972)
Annie Andrus (1902-1973)Roy Falkenberg Tygesen (1902-1981)
Abu Atieno-Rafigdoost (1910-1984)Kamili Diop (1900-1978)
James Edward Purcell Baldwin (1905-1990)Mary Josephine Carlon (1911-2001)
Anthony Gardner Bazley (1911-1937)Anne Hotham (1913)
Hebron Arthur Charles Bennett (1857-1935)Mary Perks (1864-aft1883)+Mary Jane England (c1874-1947)
Denis Gomer Berry (1911-1983)Rosemary Leonora Ruth de Rothschild (1913-2013)+Pamela Wellesley (1912-1987)
Philip Daniel Blunt (1906-1992)Ella Constance Ward (1908-1990)
Edmée Boerescu (c1900-c1987)Unknown Haldner + Mircea Filotti (1892-1971)
Adele Ruve Bowden (1913-1975)John Edric Proudfoot (c1910-1994)
Harriet Gladys Bragg (1914-1987)William Beveridge Kendall (1909-1997)
Ernest Robert Brogden (1910-2002)Violet Alice Scarborough (c1909-2003)
Wilhelmina Brown (1902-1945)Sydney Buchanan (1900-)
Olivia Campbell (1905-1987)Arthur Edmund Leveson (1908-1981)+Samuel John Rennie Bucknill (1902-1943)+Roger Nathaniel Frankland (1909-1989)
Ole Kirk Christiansen (1891-1958)Kirstine Sörensen+Sofie Jörgensen
... further results

There were 0 military battles in 1934.


0.005684334858999 0.92857142857143 0.018307987597815
1934


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