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1914 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1914
MCMXIV

Ab urbe condita 2667
Armenian calendar 1363
ԹՎ ՌՅԿԳ
Bahá'í calendar 70 – 71
Buddhist calendar 2458
Coptic calendar 1630 – 1631
Ethiopian calendar 1906 – 1907
Hebrew calendar 5674 5675
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1969 – 1970
 - Shaka Samvat 1836 – 1837
 - Kali Yuga 5015 – 5016
Holocene calendar 11914
Iranian calendar 1292 – 1293
Islamic calendar 1332 – 1333
Japanese calendar Taishō

3


(大正 3年)

 - Imperial Year Kōki 2574
(皇紀2574年)
Julian calendar 1959
Korean calendar 4247
Thai solar calendar 2457
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Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) in the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday in the Julian calendar. It was the year that saw the beginning of what became known as World War I.

Events[]

January[]

  • January – Ambrose Gwinnett Bierce, American editorialist, journalist, short-story writer and satirist, disappears while traveling with Pancho Villa, documenting the Mexican Civil War, and is never seen again.
  • January 5 – The Ford Motor Company announces an eight-hour workday and a minimum wage of $5 for a day's labor.
  • January 9 – The Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc. is founded at Howard University in Washington, D.C.
  • January 10Mexican Revolution: Pancho Villa's troops take Ojinaga in the Mexican state of Chihuahua.

February[]

  • February 2Charles Chaplin makes his film début in the comedy short Making a Living.
  • February 10 – Release of the film Hearts Adrift; the name of Mary Pickford, the star, is displayed above the title on movie marquees.
  • February 11Clarence Mackay, president of the Postal Telegraph Cable Company, and his wife Katherine are granted a divorce in Paris, France.
  • February 13Copyright: In New York City the ASCAP (for American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers) is established to protect the copyrighted musical compositions of its members.
  • February 26 – The Britannic, sister to the Titanic, is launched at Harland & Wolff Shipyards in Belfast.

March[]

  • March 1 – The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union.
  • March 7Prince William of Wied arrives in Albania to begin his reign.
  • March 10Suffragette Mary Richardson damages Velázquez' painting Rokeby Venus in London's National Gallery with a meat chopper.
  • March 16Henriette Caillaux, wife of French minister Joseph Caillaux, murders Gaston Calmette, editor of Le Figaro, fearing publication of letters showing she and Caillaux were romantically involved during his first marriage. (She is later acquitted).
  • March 25 – The Greek multisport club Aris Thessaloniki is founded.
  • March 27Belgian surgeon Albert Hustin makes the first successful non-direct blood transfusion, using anticoagulants.
  • March 29Katherine Routledge and her husband arrive in Easter Island to make the first true study of it (they depart August 1915)

April[]

  • April 6 – The American Radio Relay League (ARRL) is begun in Hartford, CT by Hiram Maxim and Clarence Tuska.
  • April 9 – The Tampico Affair results in the occupation of the Mexican port city of Veracruz for over 6 months.
  • April 11
    • Alpha Rho Chi, a professional architecture fraternity, is founded in the Hotel Sherman in Chicago.
    • Canadian Margaret C. MacDonald is appointed Matron-in-Chief of the Canadian Nursing service band and becomes the first woman in the British Empire to reach the rank of major.
  • April 14 – The city of Irving, Texas is incorporated.
  • April 14April 18 – First International Criminal Police Congress held in Monaco.
  • April 20Colorado coalfield Massacre or Ludlow Massacre: The Colorado National Guard attacks a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners in Ludlow, Colorado, killing 24 people.
  • April 21 – 3,000 U.S. Marines land in Vera Cruz, Mexico.

May[]

  • May 9J.T. Hearne becomes the first bowler to take 3,000 first-class wickets.
  • May 14Woodrow Wilson signs a Mother's Day proclamation.
  • May 24PFC Levski Sofia is founded at 1st men's school in Sofia (today 22nd gymnasium)
  • May 25 – The United Kingdom's House of Commons passes Irish Home Rule.
  • May 29 – The ocean liner RMS Empress of Ireland sinks in the Gulf of St. Lawrence; 1,012 lives are lost.
  • May 30 – The ocean liner RMS Aquitania makes her maiden voyage.

June[]

  • June 1Woodrow Wilson's envoy Edward Mandell House meets with Kaiser Wilhelm II.
  • June 18Mexican Revolution: The Constitutionals take San Luis Potosí; Venustiano Carranza demands Victoriano Huerta's surrender.
  • June 23 – After it had been closed so that it could be deepened, the Kiel Canal is reopened by the Kaiser; the British Fleet under Sir G. Warrender visits; the Kaiser inspects the dreadnought HMS King George V.
  • June 24 – In Manchester, NH, a downtown fire causes $400,000 damage and injures 19 firemen.
  • June 28Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip assassinates Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, Duchess Sophie, in Sarajevo.
  • June 29
    • Austria-Hungary: The Secretary of the Legation at Belgrade sends a dispatch to Vienna suggesting Serbian complicity in the crime of Sarajevo. Anti-Serb riots erupt in Sarajevo and throughout Bosnia generally.
    • Chionya Gusyeva attempts and fails to assassinate Grigori Rasputin at his home town in Siberia.
  • June 30 – Among those addressing the Parliament of the United Kingdom on the murdered Archduke are Lords Crewe and Lansdowne in the House of Lords and Messrs Asquith and Law in the Commons.

July[]

File:Central temple.JPG

The central temple of the Iglesia ni Cristo.

  • July 2 – The German Kaiser announces that he will not attend the Archduke's funeral.
  • July 4 – The Archduke's funeral takes place at Artstetten (50 miles west of Vienna), Austria-Hungary.
  • July 5 – A council is held at Potsdam.
  • July 6 – The German Kaiser leaves Kiel for a cruise in northern German waters.
  • July 7Austria-Hungary convenes a Council of Ministers, including Ministers for Foreign Affairs and War, the Chief of the General Staff and Naval Commander-in-Chief; the Council lasts from 11.30 a.m. to 6.15 p.m.
  • July 9
    • The House of Lords completes the recasting of the Amendment Bill.
    • The Emperor of Austria-Hungary receives the report of Austro-Hungarian investigation into the Sarajevo crime. The Times publishes an account of the Austro-Hungarian press campaign against the Serbians (who are described as "pestilent rats").
  • July 10 – Mr. Hartwig, Russian Minister to Serbia, dies suddenly at the Austrian Legation in Belgrade.
  • July 11Baseball legend Babe Ruth makes his major league debut with the Red Sox.
  • July 12 – Demonstrations in Ulster suggest civil war.
  • July 12 – U.S. Supreme Court justice Horace H. Lurton succumbs to a heart attack at age 70.
  • July 13 – Reports surface of a projected Serbian attack upon the Austro-Hungarian Legation at Belgrade.
  • July 14 – The Government of Ireland Amending Bill is passed by the House of Lords.
  • July 15
    • Mexican Revolution: Victoriano Huerta resigns the presidency of Mexico and leaves for Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz.
    • Count István Tisza makes a statement in the Hungarian chamber regarding relations with Serbia: "They must be cleared up."
  • July 18
    • The Signal Corps of the United States Army is formed, giving definite status to its air service for the first time.
    • The British Fleet at Spithead is reviewed by the King.
  • July 19
  • July 23 – Austria-Hungary presents Serbia with an unconditional ultimatum.
  • July 27 – Brother Felix Ysagun Manalo registered the Iglesia ni Cristo (Church of Christ) with the government of the Philippine islands.
  • July 28
  • July 29Russia orders full mobilization.
  • July 29 – In Massachusetts, the new Cape Cod Canal opens; it will shorten the trip between New York and Boston by 66 miles, but it also turns Cape Cod into an island.

August[]

  • August 1 – The First World War begins.
    • Marcus Garvey founds the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) in Jamaica.
    • Germany declares war on Russia, following Russia's military mobilization in support of Serbia; Germany also begins mobilization.
    • France orders general mobilization.
    • New York Stock Exchange closed due to war in Europe, where nearly all stock exchanges were already closed.
  • August 2
    • German troops occupy Luxembourg in accordance with its Schlieffen Plan.
    • A secret treaty between Turkey and Germany secures Turkish neutrality.
    • At 7:00 pm (local time) Germany issues a 12-hour ultimatum to Belgium to allow German passage into France.
  • August 3
    • Germany declares war on Russia's ally, France.
    • At 7:00 am (local time) Belgium declines to accept Germany's ultimatum of August 2.
  • August 4 – German troops invade neutral Belgium at 8:02 am (local time). Britain declares war on Germany for this violation of Belgian neutrality. This move effectively means a declaration of war by the whole British Commonwealth and Empire against Germany. The United States declares neutrality.
  • August 5
    • The German minelayer Königin Luise lays a minefield about 40 miles (64 km) off the Thames Estuary (Lowestoft). She is intercepted and sunk by the British light-cruiser HMS Amphion.
    • Montenegro declares war on Austria-Hungary.
    • German zeppelins drop bombs on Liège, killing 9 civilians.
  • August 516Battle of Liège: The German Army overruns and defeats the Belgians.
  • August 6Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia.
  • August 8
    • German colonial forces execute Martin-Paul Samba for high treason.
    • Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition leaves British waters.
  • August 12Battle of Haelen: Belgian troops repulse the Germans.
  • August 15
    • The Panama Canal is inaugurated with the passage of the steamship USS Ancon.
    • Mexican Revolution: Venustiano Carranza's troops under general Alvaro Obregon enter Mexico City.
    • Edward Elgar's Sospiri, a moving adagio for strings and harp, is first performed in London.
  • August 16August 19Battle of Cer: Serbian troops defeat the Austro-Hungarian armies, in the first Entente victory in World War I.
  • August 17September 2 – World War I: The Battle of Tannenberg begins between German and Russian forces.
  • August 20 – World War I: German forces occupy Brussels.
  • August 23Japan declares war on Germany.
  • August 26 – Founding date of the Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras.
  • August 26August 27Battle of Le Cateau: British, French and Belgian forces make a successful tactical retreat from the German advance.
  • August 26August 30 – The Russian Second Army is surrounded and defeated in the Battle of Tannenberg.
  • August 28Battle of Heligoland: British cruisers under Admiral Beatty sink 3 German cruisers.
  • August 29August 30 – The Battle of St. Quentin: French forces hold back the German advance.
  • August 31Australia enters the First World War.

September[]

Pope Benedict XV, the new Pope

  • September 1
    • St. Petersburg, Russia changes its name to Petrograd.
    • The last known passenger pigeon "Martha" dies in the Cincinnati Zoo.
  • September 2Moronvilliers is occupied by the Germans.
  • September 3
    • Pope Benedict XV (Giacomo della Chiesa) succeeds Pope Pius X as the 258th pope.
    • William, Prince of Albania leaves the country after just 6 months due to opposition to his rule.
  • September 5
    • London Agreement: No member of the Triple Entente (Britain, France, or Russia) may seek a separate peace with the Central Powers.
    • World War I – First Battle of the Marne: Northeast of Paris, the French 6th Army under General Maunoury attacks German forces nearing Paris. Over 2 million fight (500,000 killed/wounded) in the Allied victory.
  • September 6 – A French and British counterattack at the Marne ends the German advance on Paris.
  • September 8 – World War I: Private Thomas Highgate becomes the first British soldier to be excuted for desertion during the Great War.
  • September 13South African troops open hostilities in German South-West Africa (today Namibia) with an assault on the Ramansdrift police station.
  • September 13September 28 – The First Battle of the Aisne ends indecisively.
  • September 17Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time.
  • September 26 – The U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is established by the Federal Trade Commission Act.
  • September 30 – The Flying Squadron is established to promote the temperance movement.

October[]

  • October 3 – World War I: 33,000 Canadian troops depart for Europe, the largest force to ever cross the Atlantic Ocean at the time.
  • October 7Joseph Patrick Kennedy Sr. marries Rose Fitzgerald in Boston.
  • October 9 – World War I – Siege of Antwerp: Antwerp, Belgium falls to German troops.
  • October 27 – World War I: The British super-dreadnought battleship HMS Audacious (23,400 tons), is sunk off Tory Island, north-west of Ireland, by a minefield laid by the armed German merchant-cruiser Berlin.
  • October 28 – World War I – Battle of Penang, Malaya: The German cruiser Emden sinks a Russian cruiser and French destroyer before escaping.
  • October 29World War I: Ottoman warships shell Russian Black Sea ports; Russia, France, and Britain declare war on November 1–November 5.

November[]

  • November 1 – World War I – Battle of Coronel: A Royal Navy squadron commanded by Rear-Admiral Sir Christopher Cradock is met and defeated by superior German forces led by Vice-Admiral Graf Maximilian von Spee, in the first British naval defeat of the war, resulting in the loss of HMS Good Hope and HMS Monmouth.
  • November 4Britain and France declare war on Turkey.
  • November 5 – The United Kingdom annexes Cyprus, and together with France declares war on the Ottoman Empire.
  • November 7 – The Japanese seize Jiaozhou Bay in China, the base of the German East Asia Squadron.
  • November 9 – World War I – Battle of Cocos: The German cruiser Emden is sunk by the Australian cruiser Sydney.
  • November 1124 – World War I – The Battle of Basra results in British Empire forces taking Basra from the Ottoman Empire.
  • November 16
    • A year after being created by passage of the Federal Reserve Act of 1913, the Federal Reserve Bank of the United States officially opens for business.
    • World War I – The Battle of Kolubara begins: Serbian forces engaged by Austro-Hungarian forces.
  • November 21 – In New Haven CT, the new Yale Bowl officially opens; Harvard defeats Yale 36-0 in the first football game held there.
  • November 23 – U.S. troops withdraw from Veracruz. Venustiano Carranza's troops take over and Carranza makes the town his headquarters.
  • November 24Benito Mussolini is expelled from the Italian Socialist Party.
  • November 28 – World War I: Following a war-induced closure in July, the New York Stock Exchange re-opens for bond trading.

December[]

  • December 5 – The Toronto Argonauts win their first Grey Cup at Varsity Stadium.
  • December 8Battle of the Falkland Islands, between Doveton Sturdee and Maximilian von Spee squadrons.
  • December 12 – The New York Stock Exchange re-opened, having been closed since 1 Aug 1914 except for bond trading.
  • December 15 – A gas explosion at the Mitsubishi Hojyo coal mine, Kyūshū, Japan, kills 687 (the worst coal mine disaster in Japanese history).
  • December 17 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson signs the Harrison Narcotics Tax Act (initially introduced by Francis Burton Harrison).
  • December 18Egypt becomes a British protectorate.[1]
  • December 19 – The Battle of Kolubara ends, resulting in a decisive Serbian victory over Austria-Hungary.
  • December 24 – World War I:
    • British and German soldiers interrupt World War I to celebrate Christmas, beginning the Christmas truce.
    • German air raid on Dover, England.

Date unknown[]

  • Oxymorphone, a powerful narcotic analgesic closely related to morphine is first developed in Germany.
  • Blaise Diagne of Senegal becomes the first black African representative in the French parliament.
  • The first everyday items made of stainless steel come into public circulation.
  • Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi returns to India from South Africa to spearhead the Indian independence movement.
  • The capital of the Guangxi Province of China is moved from Guilin to Nanning.
  • The Port of Orange, Texas, is dredged for the fabrication of vessels for the United States Navy.
  • The United States Power Squadrons is formed.
  • Phi Sigma, a local undergraduate classical club, is founded by a group of students in the Greek Department at the University of Chicago.
  • Henry Ford sells 248,000 cars.
  • China declares its neutrality in World War I.
  • Fashion and perfumes company Puig was founded

Births[]

January[]

  • January 1Noor Inayat Khan, World War II heroine (d. 1944)
  • January 2Violet Vivian Finlay Stuart Mann (aka Vivian Stuart, Alex Stuart, Barbara Allen, Fiona Finlay, V.A. Stuart, William Stuart Long, Robyn Stuart), British writer (d. 1986)
  • January 4
    • Herman Franks, American baseball player (d. 2009)
    • Jean-Pierre Vernant, French historian and anthropologist (d. 2007)
  • January 5George Reeves, American actor (Superman) (d. 1959)
  • January 12Albrecht von Goertz, German car designer (d. 2006)
  • January 13Ted Willis, British television dramatist and author (d. 1992)
  • January 14Harold Russell, Canadian actor (d. 2002)
  • January 15Hugh Trevor-Roper, Baron Dacre of Glanton, English historian (d. 2003)
  • January 17
    • William Stafford, American poet and pacifist (d. 1993)
    • Anacleto Angelini, Italian-born businessman (d. 2007)
  • January 18Arno Schmidt, German author (d. 1979)
  • January 26 – Princess Hadice Hayriye Ayshe Dürrühsehvar (d. 2006)
  • January 30
    • John Ireland, Canadian-born actor (d. 1992)
    • David Wayne, American actor (d. 1995)
  • January 31
    • Jersey Joe Walcott, American boxer (d. 1994)
    • Daya Mata, President of Self-Realization Fellowship (d. 2010)

February[]

  • February 1George Nissen, American gymnast and inventor of the trampoline (d. 2010)
  • February 4Alfred Andersch, German writer (d. 1980)
  • February 5
    • William S. Burroughs, American author (d. 1997)
    • Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, British scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1998)
  • February 6Thurl Ravenscroft, American voice actor (d. 2005)
  • February 9
    • Ernest Tubb, American singer (d. 1984)
    • Bill Justice, American Disney animator (d. 2011)
  • February 11Matt Dennis, American singer and songwriter (d. 2002)
  • February 12Tex Beneke, American bandleader (d. 2000)
  • February 15Kevin McCarthy, American actor (d. 2010)
  • February 16Jimmy Wakely, American country-western singer and actor (d. 1982)
  • February 19Jacques Dufilho, French comedian and actor (d. 2005)
  • February 20Peter Rogers, British film producer (d. 2009)
  • February 22Renato Dulbecco, Italian-born virologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2012)
  • February 23Theofiel Middelkamp, Dutch cyclist (d. 2005)
  • February 24Zachary Scott, American actor (d. 1965)

March[]

  • March 1
    • Harry Caray, baseball broadcaster (d. 1998)
    • Ralph Ellison, American writer (d. 1994)
  • March 2
    • Mayo Kaan, bodybuilder (d. 2002)
    • Martin Ritt, American director (d. 1990)
  • March 3Asger Jorn, Danish painter (d. 1973)
  • March 4
    • Ward Kimball, American cartoonist (d. 2002)
    • Robert R. Wilson, American physicist, sculptor and architect (d. 2000)
  • March 6Kiril Kondrashin, Russian conductor (d. 1981)
  • March 8Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich, Russian physicist (d. 1987)
  • March 13Edward "Butch" O'Hare, American pilot (d. 1943)
  • March 14
    • Bill Owen, English actor (Last of the Summer Wine's 'Compo') (d. 1999)
    • Abdias do Nascimento, Brazilian actor, artist and politician (d. 2011)
  • March 17Sammy Baugh, American football player (d. 2008)
  • March 19Jay Berwanger, American football player (d. 2002)
  • March 25Norman Borlaug, American agricultural scientist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 2009)
  • March 26William Westmoreland, American Vietnam War general (d. 2005)
  • March 27Budd Schulberg, American screenwriter (d. 2009)
  • March 28Edmund Muskie, American politician (d. 1996)
  • March 30Sonny Boy Williamson I, American musician (d. 1948)
  • March 31Octavio Paz, Mexican diplomat and writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998)

April[]

  • April 2
    • Alec Guinness, English actor (d. 2000)
    • Hans Wegner, Danish furniture designer (d. 2007)
  • April 3Sam Manekshaw, Field Marshal of Indian Army (d. 2008)
  • April 4
    • Marguerite Duras, French author and director (d. 1996)
    • Frances Langford, American singer and actress (d. 2005)
  • April 8
    • María Félix, Mexican actress (d. 2002)
    • Claire Martin, Canadian author
  • April 9Nouhak Phoumsavanh, President of Laos (d. 2008)
  • April 11Robert Stanfield, Premier of Nova Scotia (d. 2003)
  • April 12
    • Armen Alchian, American author and economist
    • Adriaan Blaauw, Dutch astronomer (d. 2010)
  • April 13Orhan Veli, Turkish poet (d. 1950)
  • April 21James Henry Quello, American Federal Communications Commissioner (d. 2010)
  • April 22
    • Jan de Hartog, Dutch writer (d. 2002)
    • Baldev Raj Chopra, Indian film director (d. 2008)
  • April 26
    • Bernard Malamud, American author (d. 1986)
    • Lilian Rolfe, French-born World War II heroine (d. 1941)
  • April 28Michel Mohrt, French author and historian (d. 2011)
  • April 30Dorival Caymmi, Brazilian songwriter (d. 2008)

May[]

  • May 3Martín de Riquer, Spanish writer and Romantic scholar
  • May 8Romain Gary, Russian-born writer and diplomat (d. 1980)
  • May 9Hank Snow, Canadian country musician (d. 1999)
  • May 12
    • Bertus Aafjes, Dutch poet (d. 1993)
    • Howard K. Smith, American journalist (d. 2002)
  • May 13
    • Joe Louis, American boxer (d. 1981)
    • Phil Drabble, British author and television personality (d. 2007)
  • May 14
    • Hideko Maehata, Japanese swimmer (d. 1995)
    • Corneliu Coposu, Romanian politician (d. 1995)
  • May 16Edward T. Hall, American anthropologist (d. 2009)
  • May 18
    • Boris Christoff, Bulgarian opera singer (d. 1993)
    • Alla Bayanova, Russian singer (d. 2011)
  • May 19
    • Go Seigen, Japanese Go player
    • Max Perutz, Austrian-born molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (d. 2002)
    • Alex Shibicky, Canadian hockey player (d. 2005)
  • May 20Avraham Shapira, head of the Rabbinical court of Jerusalem and the Supreme Rabbinic Court; rosh yeshiva of Mercaz HaRav (d. 2007)
  • May 22
    • Vance Packard, American social critic and author (d. 1996)
    • Sun Ra, American musician (d. 1993)
    • Edward Arthur Thompson, British historian (d. 1994)
  • May 24
    • Arthur A. Link, American politician (d. 2010)
    • George Tabori, Hungarian writer and director (d. 2007)
  • May 26Frankie Manning, American choreographer and dancer (d. 2009)
  • May 28W. G. G. Duncan Smith, British World War II pilot (d. 1996)
  • Late May, exact date unknown – Tenzing Norgay, Nepalese/Tibetan mountaineer (d. 1986)
  • May 31Akira Ifukube, Japanese classical music/film composer (d. 2006)

June[]

  • June 11Trammell Crow, American developer (d. 2009)
  • June 15
    • Yuri Andropov, Soviet leader (d. 1984)
    • Saul Steinberg, Romanian-born cartoonist (d. 1999)
  • June 18E. G. Marshall, American actor (d. 1998)
  • June 19Alan Cranston, U.S. Senator (d. 2000)
  • June 21William Vickrey, Canadian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1996)
  • June 24Frances Oldham Kelsey, American Food and Drug Administration reviewer
  • June 26Doc Williams, American musician (d. 2011)
  • June 29Rafael Kubelík, Czech-born conductor (d. 1996)

July[]

  • July 2
    • Frederick Fennell, American conductor (d. 2004)
    • Ethelreda Leopold, American film actress (d. 1998)
  • July 5Gerda Gilboe, Danish actress (d. 2009)
  • July 6Vincent J. McMahon, professional wrestling promoter (d. 1988)
  • July 8
    • Jyoti Basu, Indian politician (d. 2010)
    • Sarah P. Harkness, American architect
  • July 10
    • Charles Donnelly, Irish poet (d. 1937)
    • Joe Shuster, Canadian-born comic book author (d. 1992)
  • July 11Aníbal Troilo, Argentine tango musician (d. 1975)
  • July 14George Putnam, American reporter and talk show host (d. 2008)
  • July 15
    • Hammond Innes, English author (d. 1998)
    • Akhtar Hameed Khan, pioneer of microcredit in developing countries (d. 1999)
    • Gavin Maxwell, Scottish naturalist and author (d. 1969)
  • July 19
    • John Kenneth Macalister, Canadian World War II hero (d. 1944)
    • Marius Russo, American baseball player (d. 2005)
  • July 20
    • Charilaos Florakis, Greek Communist leader (d. 2005)
    • Masa Niemi, Finnish actor (d. 1960)
    • Ersilio Tonini, Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church
  • July 23Virgil Finlay, American artist (d. 1971)
  • July 24Ed Mirvish, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (d. 2007)
  • July 25Lionel Van Deerlin, American politician (d. 2008)
  • July 29Irwin Corey, American actor and comic
  • July 30Lord Killanin, Irish president of the International Olympic Committee (d. 1999)

August[]

  • August 2Beatrice Straight, American actress (d. 2001)
  • August 5Parley Baer, American actor (d. 2002)
  • August 9
    • Tove Jansson, Finnish author (d. 2001)
    • Ferenc Fricsay, Hungarian conductor (d. 1963)
    • Gordon Cullen, British Architect (d. 1994)
  • August 10
    • Jeff Corey, American actor and drama teacher (d. 2002)
    • Ken Annakin, British film director (d. 2009)
  • August 11Hugh Martin, American composer (d. 2011)
  • August 15Paul Rand, American graphic designer (d. 1996)
  • August 17
    • Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Jr., American lawyer and politician (d. 1988)
    • Gabrielle Weidner, Belgian World War II heroine (d. 1945)
  • August 26Julio Cortázar, Argentine writer (d. 1984)
  • August 27Heidi Kabel, German actress (d. 2010)
  • August 30Julie Bishop, American actress (d. 2001)

September[]

  • September 5
    • Sor Isolina Ferré, Puerto Rican Catholic nun (d. 2000)
    • Nicanor Parra, Chilean poet
  • September 7James Van Allen, American physicist (d. 2006)
  • September 10Robert Wise, American film producer (d. 2005)
  • September 11Pavle, Patriarch of Serbia, leader of the Serbian Orthodox Church (d. 2009)
  • September 12
    • Desmond Llewelyn, Welsh actor (d. 1999)
    • Janusz Zurakowski, Polish-born pilot (d. 2004)
  • September 13Ralph Rapson, American architect (d. 2008)
  • September 14
    • Robert McCloskey, American children's author/illustrator (d. 2003)
    • Clayton Moore, American actor (The Lone Ranger) (d. 1999)
  • September 15
    • Creighton Williams Abrams, U.S. Vietnam War general (d. 1974)
    • Adolfo Bioy Casares, Argentinian writer (d. 1999)
    • Jens Otto Krag, Danish politician, Prime Minister of Denmark (d. 1978)
  • September 16Allen Funt, American television show host (Candid Camera) (d. 1999)
  • September 17Thomas J. Bata, Czech-born businessman (d. 2008)
  • September 18Jack Cardiff, British cinematographer, director, and photographer (d. 2009)
  • September 20
    • Kenneth More, English actor (d. 1982)
    • Ken Hechler, American politician
  • September 21Bob Lido, American singer and musician (d. 2000)
  • September 23
    • Omar Ali Saifuddin III, Sultan of Brunei (d. 1986)
    • Bethsabée de Rothschild, English philanthropist and patron of dance (d. 1999)
  • September 26Jack LaLanne, American fitness, exercise and nutritional expert (d. 2011)

October[]

  • October 1Daniel J. Boorstin, American historian, writer, and Librarian of Congress (d. 2004)
  • October 2Jack Parsons, American rocket engineer (d. 1952)
  • October 4Jim Cairns, Australian politician (d. 2003)
  • October 6Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian explorer (d. 2002)
  • October 8Henry C. Pearson, American abstract and modernist painter (d. 2006)
  • October 10Tommy Fine, baseball player (d. 2005)
  • October 14
    • Raymond Davis Jr., American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2006)
    • Dick Durrance, American skier (d. 2004)
  • October 16Mohammed Zahir Shah, King of Afghanistan (d. 2007)
  • October 17Jerry Siegel, American comic book author (d. 1996)
  • October 21Martin Gardner, American writer (d. 2010)
  • October 25
    • John Berryman, American poet (d. 1972)
    • Maudie Prickett, American actress (d. 1976)
  • October 26Jackie Coogan, American actor (d. 1984)
  • October 27Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet and author (d. 1953)
  • October 28
    • Jonas Salk, American medical scientist (d. 1995)
    • Richard Laurence Millington Synge, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1994)
    • Glenn Robert Davis, U.S. Congressman (d. 1988)
  • October 30Anna Wing, English actress (EastEnders)

November[]

December[]

Deaths[]

January–June[]

July–December[]

Date unknown[]

  • John Robert Sitlington Sterrett, American classical scholar and archeologist (b. 1851)

Nobel Prizes[]

  • PhysicsMax von Laue
  • Chemistry- Theodore William Richards
  • MedicineRobert Bárány
  • Literature – not awarded
  • Peace – not awarded

References[]

  1. ^ (1923-04-28) "Egypt: a constitution". Retrieved on 2012-08-24. 


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1914. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.


People of the year 1914 at Familypedia

138 people were born in 1914

 FatherMotherAge mother at birth
Giorgio Almirante (1914-1988)Mario Almirante (1890-1964)
Mary Virginia Anderson (1914-1970)Henry Alexander Anderson (1884-1953)Marcia Lucille Packard (1889-1940)
Loran Wallace Armagost (1914-2002)Walter James Armagost (1891-1980)Mary Fern Buckingham (1895-1961)
Karl Donald Augustine (1914-)John Frederick Augustine (1886-1970)Cora Arledge (1886-1963)
Earl Avery (1914-1967)Archie Smith Avery (1880-1938)Ernestine Gross (1883-1938)
Gaspar Griswold Bacon (1914-1943)Gaspar Griswold Bacon (1886-1947)Priscilla Murray Toland (1888-1965)
Martha Ruth Ballif (1914-1961)Serge Frederick Ballif (1888-1958)Martha May Belle Rolapp (1892-1983)
Joachim Baumstark (1914-1979)Arnold Baumstark (1885-1959)Gunilla Bergsten (1889-1950)
Freda Louise Bennett (1914-1975)William Henry Bennett (1873-1940)Amy Charles Wearne (1872-1914)
Krzysztof Bisping von Gallen (1914-1990)Jan Nepomucen Bisping von Gallen (1880-1947)Maria Józefa Zamoyska h. Jelita (1887-1961)
Stewart Prestly Blake (1914-2021)Ralph Earle (1605-1678)Joan Savage (1609-1699)
Reginald Paul Blunt (1914-1976)Harold Edmund Blunt (1884-1975)Ellen A Baxter
Harriet Gladys Bragg (1914-1987)Clarence Edward Bragg (1888-1960)Lillian Sarah Fassett (1891-1982)
Samual John BrazelWilliam Brazel (1880-1971)Mary Margaret Farrell (1880-1972)
Alice Mary Ethel Brown (1914-2007)George Brown (1875-1953)Minnie Ethel Christie (1877-1918)
... further results

45 children were born to the 61 women born in 1914

258 people died in 1914

 FatherMotherAge at death
Ivers Whitney Adams (1838-1914)Walter Adams (1807-1876)Sarah Whitney (1815-1901)
Sarah Malinda Alexander (1841-1914)Horace Martin Alexander (1812-1881)Nancy Reeder Walker (1817-1847)
Mary Adaline Allred (1844-1914)William Moore Allred (1819-1901)Orissa Angela Bates (1823-1878)
Heber Andrus (1868-1914)Milo Andrus (1814-1893)Jane Lancaster Munday (1832-1900)
James Andrus (1835-1914)Milo Andrus (1814-1893)Abigail Jane Daley (1815-1894)
Mary Jane Andrus (1832-1914)Milo Andrus (1814-1893)Abigail Jane Daley (1815-1894)
Samuel Ardern (1836-1914)John Ardern (c1812-1844)Mary Smith (1812-)
George Avery (1841-1914)George Avery (1810-1878)Elizabeth Kingsnorth (1820-1895)73
Isaac Gallup Avery (1841-1914)Elias Babcock Avery (1805-1864)Thankful Smith Geer (1814-1885)
Andrew Avison (1871-1914)Andrew Avison (1834-1882)Ann Clapham (1835-1913)
George Manney Ayer (1840-1914)John Varnum Ayer (1812-c1877)Elida Vanderburgh Manney (1802-c1877)
Ann Maria Bacon (1848-1914)John Bacon (c1817-1866)Ann Maria Powers (c1812-1914)
John Hinton Baglin (1827-1914)Francis Baglin (1798-1876)Sarah Robins (1799-1848)
William Bake (1828-1914)Peter Bake (1804-1868)Tabitha Phems (1805-)
Emily Baker (1838-1914)John Thomas Baker (1813-1890)Jane Louisa Ware (1817-1890)
... further results

16521 people lived in 1914

 FatherMother
Lady Irina Bud de BudfalvaLord János Bud de BudfalvaBaroness Anna Tisza de Borosjenő et Szeged
Tsunekichi Yonogi (1905-2015)Shigeru Yonogi (1876-1940)Miyoko Yonogi (1882-1950)
Ludwik Wiktor Plater-Zyberk h. wł (1853-1938)Henryk Wacław Ksawery Plater-Zyberk (1811-1903)Adelaida von Keller (1817-1905)
Samantha Aaberg (1859-1930)
Geertje Aangeenbrug (1871-1947)Pieter Aangeenbrug (1834-1908)Grietje Breed (1845)
Alfred Alonzo Aaron (1883-1969)Thomas Aaron (1850-1932)Sarah Dobbs (1858-1948)
Jack Aaronson (1880-1927)
Sadie Aaronson (1908-1970)Jack Aaronson (1880-1927)Laura Barenboim (1882-1932)
Petrus Johannes Aarts (1867-1918)Johannis Aarts (1818-1900)Geertruida van Gog (1838-1897)
Ashley Aartsen (1843-1920)Edward Aartsen (1810-1890)Janet Bennewitz (1813-1900)
Amanda Abadie (1898-1957)Jean-Claude Abadie (1848-1930)Jeanette Armellino (1860-1934)
Jean-Claude Abadie (1848-1930)Donatien Abadie (1820-1900)Clara Mermoz (1819-1903)
Dominique Abasolo (1882-1947)Rafael Abasolo (1849-1900)Nancy Haugen (1855-1929)
Charles Greeley Abbot (1872-1973)Harris Abbot (1812-1884)Caroline Ann Greeley (1836-1911)
Janet Abbot (1910-1970)
... further results

Events of the year 1914 at Familypedia

186 people were married in 1914.

 Joined with
Roy Christopher Abercrombie (1888-1959)Alice Elizabeth Harker (c1888-)
Anthony Adorf (1896-1949)Marie Villiger (1892-1938)
George Ahrens (1886-1970)Alice Steep (c1894-1967)
Dorothy Andrea Allred (1898-1935)Paul Frost Tenney (1897-1921)
Albert Franklin Anderson (1889-1979)Cora Sherwood (1890-1975)
Frank Leonard Andrews (1881-1936)Mary Ann Argent (1877-1944)
Caroline Angel (1891-1985)Edward Benjamin Cogswell (1889-1962)
Lionel Stanley Angel (1890-1949)Jessie Doris Ferrington (1894-1973)
Charles Edward Arbon (1891-1971)Mabel Sloper (1895-1936)
Mary Ann Argent (1877-1944)Frank Leonard Andrews (1881-1936)
Ruth Ann Arnold (1894-1930)Isaac Thomas Markle (1891-1972)
William Vincent Astor (1891-1959)Helen Dinsmore Huntington (1893-1976)+Mary Benedict Cushing (1906-1978)+Roberta Brooke Russell (1902-2007)
Ella Grace Avery (1892-c1968)George Lester Joyce (1889-1962)
Martha Beatrice Bacon (1890-1967)George Whitney (1885-1963)
Madison Bain (1891-1919)Henry Ranft (1860-1940)
... further results

There were 1 military battles in 1914.

 Event date
Battle of Le Cateau26 August 1914
0.0083530052660251 0.73770491803279 0.015616488106047
1914


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