The twelfth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau on June 1, 1900, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21.0 percent over the 62,979,766 persons enumerated during the 1890 Census.
The 1900 census collected the following information:
- relationship to head of family
- age, month and year born - the first US census to ask for that detail
- marital status and, if married, number of years married
- for women, number of children born and number now living
- place of birth of person, and their parents
- if foreign born, year of immigration and whether naturalized
- months not employed
- ability to speak English
- whether on a farm
- home owned or rented, and, if owned, whether mortgaged
Full documentation for the 1900 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
Microdata from the 1900 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.
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