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Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
Decades: 1870s  1880s  1890s  - 1900s -  1910s  1920s  1930s

Years: 1897 1898 1899 - 1900 - 1901 1902 1903
1900 in topic:
Humanities
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AustraliaCanadaFranceGermanyMexicoPhilippinesSouth AfricaUSUK
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Birth and death categories
BirthsDeaths
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EstablishmentsDisestablishments
Works category
Works
1900 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1900
MCM

Ab urbe condita 2653
Armenian calendar 1349
ԹՎ ՌՅԽԹ
Bahá'í calendar 56 – 57
Buddhist calendar 2444
Coptic calendar 1616 – 1617
Ethiopian calendar 1892 – 1893
Hebrew calendar 5660 5661
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1955 – 1956
 - Shaka Samvat 1822 – 1823
 - Kali Yuga 5001 – 5002
Holocene calendar 11900
Iranian calendar 1278 – 1279
Islamic calendar 1317 – 1318
Japanese calendar Meiji

33


(明治 33年)

 - Imperial Year Kōki 2560
(皇紀2560年)
Julian calendar 1945
Korean calendar 4233
Thai solar calendar 2443
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Year 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. As a result, the Julian calendar was 12 days behind the Gregorian until Wednesday, February 28 (O.S. February 16) and has been 13 days behind since Thursday, March 1 (O.S. February 17). It was the 1900th year of the Anno Domini or the Common Era designation, the 900th year of the 2nd millennium, and the last year of the 19th century but the first year of the 1900s.

Events[]

January[]

Second Boer War: Boers at Spion Kop, 1900

February[]

Plaque recording the location of the formation of the British Labour Party in 1900.

  • February 1Western Australia announced its refusal to join the Australian Federation unless it is given five more years of fiscal freedom.
  • February 3
    • Governor William Goebel of Kentucky dies of wounds after being shot by several assassins on January 30. Goebel, who had prevailed in a dispute over the winner of the election in November 1899, had been sworn in on his deathbed. The former Secretary of State of Kentucky Caleb Powers is later found guilty in the conspiracy to kill Goebel.
    • Strikers in Aachen, Vienna, and Brussels demand an eight-hour working day and higher wages.
  • February 5
    • The United Kingdom and the United States sign a treaty for the building of a Central American shipping canal across Central America in Nicaragua.
    • Second Boer War: The British House of Commons' vote of censure over the British government's handling of the war is defeated.
  • February 6 – The international arbitration court at The Hague is created when the Netherlands' Senate ratifies an 1899 peace conference decree.
  • February 8Second Boer War: British troops are defeated by the Boers at Ladysmith.
  • February 9Dwight F. Davis creates the Davis Cup tennis tournament.
  • February 14Second Boer WarBattle of Paardeberg: 20,000 British troops invade the Orange Free State.
  • February 15Second Boer War: The Siege of Kimberley is lifted.
  • February 17Second Boer War: Battle of Paardeberg: British troops defeat the Boers.
  • February 27
    • The British Labour Party is formed and Ramsay MacDonald is appointed as its first secretary.
    • Second Boer War: British military leaders accept the unconditional notice of surrender from Boer General Piet Cronje.
    • FC Bayern Munich football club is founded.

March[]

  • March 2 (beginning) – Groups of officials inspect towns around Australia in order to find a location for the new Federal capital.
  • March 5 – Two U.S. Navy cruisers are sent to Central America to protect American interests in a dispute between Nicaragua and Costa Rica.
  • March 6
    • "Baby-farmer" Ada Williams is hanged at Newgate Prison for murdering a 21-month old girl.
    • A coal mine explosion in West Virginia kills 50 miners.
  • March 7 – A fire at Buckingham Palace destroys part of its roof.
  • March 8Londoners celebrate as Queen Victoria makes a rare visit to the city.
  • March 9 – Women in Germany demand the right to participate in university entrance exams.
  • March 14 – The botanist Hugo de Vries rediscovers Mendel's Laws of Heredity.
  • March 15 – The Gold Standard Act is ratified, placing the United States currency on the gold standard.
  • March 16 – The British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans purchases the land on Crete on which the ruins of the palace of Knossos stand. He begins to unearth some of the palace three days later.
  • March 24 – The Mayor of New York, Van Wyck, breaks ground for a new underground "Rapid Transit Railroad" that will link Manhattan with Brooklyn.
  • March 27 – The arrival of a Russian naval fleet in Korea causes concern to the Imperial Japanese government.
  • March 28 – Over 1,000 tonnes of waste are removed from demolished buildings in Sydney, Australia, in areas affected by an outbreak of the bubonic plague.
  • March 31 – In France, the length of a legal workday for women and children is limited to 11 hours.

April[]

May[]

  • May 1 – An explosion of blasting powder in a coal mine in Scofield, Utah kills 200.
  • May 14 – The second Modern Olympic Games opens in Paris (as part of the Paris World Exhibition).
  • May 17
    • Second Boer War: The British Army relieves the Siege of Mafeking.
    • Boxer Rebellion: Boxers destroy three villages near Peking and kill sixty Chinese Christians.
  • May 18 – The United Kingdom proclaims a protectorate over Tonga.
  • May 21Russia invades Manchuria.
  • May 23 – Sergeant William Harvey Carney is awarded the Medal of Honor for heroism in 1863, as the first African American to have been awarded this medal.
  • May 24Second Boer War: The British annex the Orange Free State as the Orange River Colony.
  • May 28Boxer Rebellion: The Boxers attack Belgians in the Fengtai railway station.
  • May 29N'Djamena, the capital city of Chad, is founded as Fort-Lamy by French commander Émile Gentil.
  • May 31Boxer Rebellion: Peacekeepers from various European countries arrive in China where they join with Japanese forces.

June[]

  • June 1Carrie Nation begins her crusade to demolish saloons.
  • June 5Second Boer War: British soldiers take Pretoria.
  • June 14 – The Reichstag approves a second law that allows the expansion of the German navy.
  • June 20Boxer Rebellion: Boxers gather about 20,000 people near Peking and kill hundreds of European citizens, including the German ambassador.
  • June 30 – A wharf fire at the docks in Hoboken, New Jersey owned by the North German Lloyd Steamship line spreads to German passenger ships Saale, Main, and Bremen. The fire engulfs the adjacent piers and nearby ships, killing 326 people.

July 9: Australia, founded.

July[]

  • July 2 – The first zeppelin flight is carried out over Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.
  • July 5 – The Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act passes the British Parliament.
  • July 9Queen Victoria gives her royal assent to the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act.
  • July 12 – A German cruise liner, the SS Deutschland, breaks the record for the Blue Riband for the first time with an average speed of 22.4 knots (41.5 km/h).
  • July 19 – The first line of the Paris Métro is opened.
  • July 25 – The Robert Charles Riots break out in New Orleans, Louisiana.
  • July 29 – King Umberto I of Italy is assassinated by the Italian-born anarchist Gaetano Bresci.

August[]

September[]

  • September 8 – A powerful hurricane hits Galveston, Texas killing about 8,000 people.
  • September 13Philippine-American War: Filipino resistance fighters defeat a large American column in the Battle of Pulang Lupa.
  • September 17 – Philippine-American War: Filipinos under Juan Cailles defeat the Americans under Colonel Benjamin F. Cheatham at Mabitac.
  • September 25 – In the British general election, the recently formed Labour Party gains two seats. Winston Churchill is also elected to Parliament for the first time.

October[]

November[]

December[]

  • December 7Max Planck announces his discovery of the law of black body emission, marking the birth of quantum physics.

Date unknown[]

  • Milton S. Hershey introduces the milk chocolate Hershey bar in the United States.
  • In New Haven, Connecticut, U.S., Louis Lassen of Louis' Lunch makes the first modern-day hamburger sandwich.
  • First Michelin Guide published in France.
  • The Imperial Civil Service in India consists of fewer than 3,500 top officials for a population of 300 million.
  • Four out of every 1,000 residents of British India die of cholera each year.

World population[]

  • World population: 1,650,000,000
    • Africa: 133,000,000
    • Asia: 947,000,000
    • Europe: 408,000,000
    • Latin-America: 74,000,000
    • Northern America: 82,000,000
    • Oceania: 6,000,000

Births[]

January[]

  • January 1
    • Paola Borboni, Italian film actress, stroke (d. 1995)
    • Xavier Cugat, Cuban bandleader, heart failure (d. 1990)
    • Roger Maxwell, English actor (d. 1971)
    • Lillian Rich, English silent film actress (d. 1954)
    • Chiune Sugihara, Japanese diplomat (d. 1986)
  • January 2
    • William Haines, American actor (d. 1973)
    • Mansaku Itami, Japanese film director, tuberculosis (d. 1946)
  • January 3
    • Maurice Jaubert, French composer, wounded in combat (d. 1940)
    • Ernst Neubach, Austrian screenwriter, producer, and director (d. 1968)
  • January 4
    • James Bond, American ornithologist (d. 1989)
    • William Young, British veteran of World War I (d. 2007)
  • January 5
    • George Magrill, American film actor (d. 1952)
    • Yves Tanguy, French painter (d. 1955)
  • January 6John Sinclair, American actor (d. 1945)
  • January 8
    • Dorothy Adams, American character actress (d. 1988)
    • François de Menthon, French politician and professor of law (d. 1984)
  • January 9
    • Emmanuel d'Astier de La Vigerie, French journalist and politician (d. 1969)
    • Richard Halliburton, American adventurer and writer (d. 1939)
  • January 10Jean Gehret, Swedish actor and director (d. 1956)
  • January 11
    • Borden Chase, American writer (d. 1971)
    • Lloyd French, American director, heart disease (d. 1950)
  • January 16Edith Frank, German-Dutch mother of Anne Frank (d. 1945)
  • January 18Wan Laiming, Chinese animator, (d. 1997)
  • January 23William Ifor Jones, Welsh conductor and organist (d. 1988)
  • January 24Theodosius Dobzhansky, Ukrainian geneticist and evolutionary biologist (d. 1975)
  • January 26Karl Ristenpart, German conductor (d. 1967)
  • January 27Hyman Rickover, American admiral (d. 1986)
  • January 28Rajagopala Tondaiman, King of Pudukkottai (d. 1950)
  • January 30Martita Hunt, Argentine-born British actress (d. 1969)

February[]

  • February 2Józef Kowalski, Poland's oldest living man and last veteran of the Polish–Soviet War
  • February 4Jacques Prévert, French lyricist and author (d. 1977)
  • February 5Adlai Stevenson, American politician (d. 1965)
  • February 11Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher (d. 2002)
  • February 12Roger J. Traynor, American judge (d. 1983)
  • February 12Vasily Chuikov, Marshal of the Soviet Union during WWII. (d. 1982)
  • February 22Luis Buñuel, Spanish film director (d. 1983)
  • February 25Richard M. Hollingshead, Jr., American inventor of the drive-in theatre (d. 1975)
  • February 28Wolfram Hirth, German pilot and aircraft designer (d. 1959)

March[]

April[]

  • April 2Roberto Arlt, Argentine writer (d. 1942)
  • April 3
    • Albert Ingham, English mathematician (d. 1967)
    • Albert Walsh, Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland (d. 1958)
  • April 5Spencer Tracy, American actor (d. 1967)
  • April 8Marie Byles, Australian solicitor (d. 1979)
  • April 16Polly Adler, Russian author (d. 1962)
  • April 21Hans Fritzsche, German Nazi official (d. 1953)
  • April 24Elizabeth Goudge, English writer (d. 1984)
  • April 25Wolfgang Ernst Pauli, Austrian-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
  • April 26Charles Richter, American geophysicist and inventor (d. 1985)
  • April 27August Koern, Estonian statesman and diplomat (d. 1989)
  • April 28Maurice Thorez, French Communist Leader (d. 1964)
  • April 30Cecily Lefort, English World War II heroine (d. 1945)

May[]

  • May 1Ignazio Silone, Italian author (d. 1978)
  • May 2A.W. Lawrence, a British leading authority on classical sculpture and architecture (d. 1991)
  • May 6Zheng Ji, Chinese nutritionist and biochemist (d. 2010)
  • May 11Thomas H. Robbins, Jr., American admiral (d. 1972)
  • May 12Helene Weigel, Austrian actress (d. 1971)
  • May 23Hans Frank, German Nazi official (d. 1946)
  • May 27Uładzimir Zylka, Belarusian poet (d. 1933)
  • May 28Tommy Ladnier, American jazz trumpeter (d. 1939)

June[]

  • June 3h
    • Rolland Fisher, American temperance activist (d. 1982)
    • Leo Picard, German-born Israeli geologist (d. 1997)
  • June 4George Watkins, American baseball player (d. 1970)
  • June 5Dennis Gabor, Hungarian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1979)
  • June 7Glen Gray, American saxophonist (d. 1963)
  • June 11Leopoldo Marechal, Argentine writer (d. 1970)
  • June 15Paul Mares, American jazz trumpeter (d. 1949)
  • June 17Martin Bormann, German Nazi official (d. 1945)
  • June 25Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, Viceroy of India (d. 1979)
  • June 29Antoine de Saint-Exupery, French pilot and writer (d. 1944)

July[]

  • July 4Robert Desnos, French poet (d. 1945)
  • July 6Frederica Sagor Maas, American playwright, essayist, and author (d. 2012)
  • July 13George Lewis, American jazz clarinetist (d. 1968)
  • July 23John Babcock, last surviving World War I veteran of the Canadian military (d. 2010)
  • July 29Eyvind Johnson, Swedish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1976)

August[]

September[]

  • September 3Urho Kekkonen, President of Finland (d. 1986)
  • September 6W.A.C. Bennett, Canadian politician (d. 1979)
  • September 12Eric Thiman, English composer (d. 1975)
  • September 18Thomas Darden, American Rear admiral, 37th Governor of American Samoa (d. 1961)
  • September 22Paul H. Emmett, American chemical engineer (d. 1985)
  • September 23Louise Nevelson, Ukrainian-born American sculptor (d. 1988)
  • September 29
    • Miguel Alemán Valdés, President of Mexico (d. 1983)
    • Auguste van Pels, German-Dutch mother of Peter van Pels, housemate of Anne Frank (d. 1945)

October[]

  • October 1Tom Goddard, English cricketer (d. 1966)
  • October 6Stan Nichols, English cricketer (d. 1961)
  • October 7Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi official and SS head (d. 1945)
  • October 17Jean Arthur, American Actress (d. 1991)
  • October 30Ragnar Granit, Finnish neuroscientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1991)

November[]

  • November 4Lucreţiu Pătrăşcanu, Romanian communist activist and sociologist (d. 1954)
  • November 5
    • Martin Dies, Jr., American politician (d. 1972)
    • Natalie Schafer, American actress (d. 1991)
  • November 6Hugh Prosser, American actor (d. 1952)
  • November 8
    • Charlie Paddock, American athlete (d. 1943)
    • Margaret Mitchell, American writer (Gone With The Wind) (d. 1949)
  • November 11
    • Halina Konopacka, Polish athlete (d. 1989)
    • Frederick Lawton, 9th Director of the Office of Management and Budget (d. 1975)
  • November 13David Marshall Williams, American inventor (d. 1975)
  • November 14Aaron Copland, American composer (d. 1990)
  • November 16Nikolai Pogodin, Soviet playwright (d. 1962)
  • November 22Tom Macdonald, Welsh journalist and novelist (d. 1980)
  • November 25Rudolf Höß, German Nazi official (d. 1947)

December[]

Date unknown[]

  • René Pellos, French artist (d. 1998)
  • Virginia Frances Sterrett, American artist and illustrator (d. 1931)
  • Luigi Stipa, Italian aeronautical, hydraulic, and civil engineer and aircraft designer (d. 1992)
  • Harold Tamblyn-Watts, British cartoonist (d. 1999)

Deaths[]

January–June[]

  • January 20John Ruskin, English writer and social critic (b. 1819)
  • January 31John Sholto Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry, Scottish nobleman and boxer (b. 1844)
  • February 18Clinton L. Merriam, American politician (b. 1824)
  • March 6
    • Gottlieb Daimler, German inventor and automotive pioneer (b. 1834)
    • Carl Bechstein, German piano maker (b. 1826)
  • March 10Johan Peter Emilius Hartmann, Danish composer (b. 1805).
  • April 5
    • Joseph Louis François Bertrand, French mathematician (b. 1822)
    • Osman Nuri Paşa, Ottoman military leader (b. 1832)
  • April 12James Richard Cocke, American physician, homeopath, and a pioneer hypnotherapist (b. 1863).
  • April 17George Curry, Wild West robber (Wild Bunch) (shot) (b. 1864)
  • April 19James Dawson, Australian activist (b. 1806)
  • April 22Amédée-François Lamy, French soldier (b. 1858) (killed in battle)
  • April 24George Douglas Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll, British politician (b.1823)
  • April 30Casey Jones, American railway engineer (b. 1863)
  • May 1Mihály Munkácsy, Hungarian painter (b. 1844)
  • May 9Carl Brosbøll, Danish author (b. 1816)
  • May 18Jean Gaspard Felix Ravaisson-Mollien, French philosopher (b. 1813)
  • June 2
    • Samori Ture, West African empire-builder (b. 1830)
    • Clarence Cook, American critic and writer (b. 1828)
  • June 3Mary Kingsley, English explorer and writer (b. 1862)
  • June 5Stephen Crane, American author (b. 1871)
  • June 11Belle Boyd, American Confederate spy and actress (b. 1843)
  • June 19Princess Josephine of Baden (b. 1813)

July–December[]

References[]


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1900. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

People of the year 1900 at Familypedia

320 people were born in 1900

 FatherMotherAge mother at birth
Julia Abbot (1900-1979)Jordan Abbot (1876-1960)Helen O'Malley (1879-1959)
Henry Abel Smith (1900-1993)Francis Abel Smith (1861-1908)Madeline St. Maur Seymour (1862-1951)
Arthur Abicht (1900-1980)
Samantha Ahrendt (1900-1980)Jeffrey Ahrendt (1879-1951)Jeannette Ramsay (1871-1950)
Dinu Alexandrescu (c1900-c1970)
Eliza Mae Allred (1900-1967)Edsil Myron Allred (1860-1937)Alice Choules (1870-1955)
Marissa Amato (1900-1959)Alfredo Amato (1875-1930)Javiera Cruz (1878-1940)
Homer Edward Ambrose (1900-1977)Homer Deforrest Ambrose (1868-1953)Ida May Hayes (1872-1939)
Ernest C. Anderson (1900-1961)Oscar F. Anderson (1875-1932)Mina L. Williams (1876-1950)
Annie Andreou (1900-1970)
Joseph Angélil (1900-1967)
Albert Antinori (1900-1970)
Rafael Aquino (1900-1967)
Matthew Arcenaux (1900-1973)
Arthur Lawrence Robinson Archer (1900-1959)James Lawrence Archer (1887-1941)Catherine Maud Robinson (1880-1966)
... further results

118 children were born to the 141 women born in 1900

419 people died in 1900

 FatherMotherAge at death
Donatien Abadie (1820-1900)
Rafael Abasolo (1849-1900)
Arsalina Abbadie (1822-1900)Jean-Luc Abbadie (1795-1840)Audrey Bidard (1799-1860)
Mary Acker (1829-1900)
Margaret Ada Adam (1816-1900)William Thom MacDonald Adam (1793-1875)Isabel Glen Laird (1794-1844)
George Caspar Adams (1863-1900)John Quincy Adams (1833-1894)Fanny Crowninshield (1839-1911)
Emily Addenbrooke (1829-1900)Henry Addenbrooke (1787-1857)Mary Louisa Pidcock (1798-)
Anna Adgate (1823-1900)Theodore Adgate (1799-1837)Abigail Watts (1797-1854)
Josephine Adshead (1820-1900)
Gloria Agbossoumonde (1829-1900)
Caroline Catherine Ahrens (c1840-)
Kai Alana (1834-1900)
Amanda Alden (1820-1900)James Alden (1795-1870)Jane Heddle (1799-1867)
Timothy Wells Alden (1821-1900)Adonijah Alden (1791-1839)Vesta York (1798-1839)
Jesse G. Alford (1838-1900)William Alford (c1800-)Eveline Ginn
... further results

17844 people lived in 1900

 FatherMother
Andreas Honecker (1832-1912)Nomen nescioElisabeth Honecker (1821-1883)
Ludwik Wiktor Plater-Zyberk h. wł (1853-1938)Henryk Wacław Ksawery Plater-Zyberk (1811-1903)Adelaida von Keller (1817-1905)
Samantha Aaberg (1859-1930)
Geertje Aangeenbrug (1871-1947)Pieter Aangeenbrug (1834-1908)Grietje Breed (1845)
Pieter Aangeenbrug (1834-1908)Cornelis Aangeenbrug (1802-1861)Geertje Pietersdr van der Neut (1801-c1835)
Alfred Alonzo Aaron (1883-1969)Thomas Aaron (1850-1932)Sarah Dobbs (1858-1948)
Jack Aaronson (1880-1927)
Petrus Johannes Aarts (1867-1918)Johannis Aarts (1818-1900)Geertruida van Gog (1838-1897)
Ashley Aartsen (1843-1920)Edward Aartsen (1810-1890)Janet Bennewitz (1813-1900)
Amanda Abadie (1898-1957)Jean-Claude Abadie (1848-1930)Jeanette Armellino (1860-1934)
Donatien Abadie (1820-1900)
Jean-Claude Abadie (1848-1930)Donatien Abadie (1820-1900)Clara Mermoz (1819-1903)
Dominique Abasolo (1882-1947)Rafael Abasolo (1849-1900)Nancy Haugen (1855-1929)
Rafael Abasolo (1849-1900)
Arsalina Abbadie (1822-1900)Jean-Luc Abbadie (1795-1840)Audrey Bidard (1799-1860)
... further results

Events of the year 1900 at Familypedia

226 people were married in 1900.

 Joined with
Clara Louise Adams (1871-1950)Emery Stanford Hall (1869-1939)
John Charles Adams (1879-1923)Ellen Therese Crawford (c1879-1918)
Louis Addleson (1880-1963)Fanny Maroz (1869-1970)
William Amos (1869-1934)Eva Gertrude Cravigan (1873-1954)
Alexander Carlton Apps (1870-1954)Hannah May Johnston (1877-1947)
Arnold Bach (1870-1952)Hannah Heidegger (1872-1960)
Nina Ayesha Baring (1876-1955)Granville George Leveson-Gower, 3rd Earl Granville (1872-1939)
Alice Janette Barlow (1881-1937)True Bradford Hatch (1881-1963)
Sarah Barsky (1869-1957)Sy Bozeman (1874-1953)
Frances Millicent Bath (1875-1955)William John McGuffog (1875-1954)
Albert Henry Bauer (1866-1935)Betty Koster (1881-1960)
John Herbert Essel Bayliss (1868-1931)Emily Eva Hodge (1871-1945)
Helen Bean (1814-1852)William Smith Marr (1810-1898)
Blanche Edna Beasley (1879-1961)Frederick Davison (1874-1940)
Johanna Elisabeth Maria Beijenveld (1879-1965)Jacobus Frederik Theodorus Bergman (1879-1918)
... further results

There were 0 military battles in 1900.


0.017933198834342 0.83687943262411 0.023481282223717
1900


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