Louis XIV of France and the start of the
Events[edit | edit source]
1700s[edit | edit source]
- 1700-21: Russia supplants Sweden as the dominant Baltic power after the Great Northern War.
- 1701-1714: War of the Spanish Succession was a conflict which involved most of Europe.
- 1702-1715: Camisard Rebellion in France.
- 1703: Saint Petersburg founded by Peter the Great. Russian capital until 1918.
- 1703-1711: The Rákóczi Uprising against the Habsburg Monarchy.
- 1707: Act of Union passed merging the Scottish and the English Parliaments, thus establishing The Kingdom of Great Britain.
- 1707: After Aurangzeb's death, the Mughal Empire enters a long decline.
- 1708-1709: Famine killed one-third of East Prussia's population.
1710s[edit | edit source]
- 1715: First Jacobite Rebellion breaks out
- 1715: Louis XIV died leaving France deep in debt.
- 1718: City of New Orleans founded by the French in North America
1720s[edit | edit source]
- 1720: The South Sea Bubble
- 1720-1721: The Great Plague of Marseille
- 1721: Robert Walpole became the first Prime Minister of Great Britain (de facto).
- 1721: Treaty of Nystad signed, ending the Great Northern War.
- 1722-23: Russo-Persian War
- 1722: Afghans conquered Iran, ending the Safavid dynasty.
- 1722: Kangxi Emperor of China died.
- 1723: Slavery abolished in Russia. Peter the Great converted the household slaves into house serfs.
- 1726: The enormous Chinese encyclopedia Gujin Tushu Jicheng of over 100 million written Chinese characters in over 800,000 pages is printed in 60 different copies using copper-based Chinese movable type printing.
1730s[edit | edit source]
- 1733-38: War of the Polish Succession
- 1735-39: Russo-Turkish War
- 1735-99: The Qianlong Emperor of China oversaw a huge expansion in territory.
- 1736: Nadir Shah assumed title of Shah of Persia and founded the Afsharid dynasty. Ruled until his death in 1747.
- 1736: Qing Dynasty Chinese court painters recreate Zhang Zeduan's classic panoramic painting, Along the River During Qingming Festival.
- 1738-1756: Famine across the Sahel, half the population of Timbuktu died.
- 1739: Nadir Shah defeated the Mughals and sacked Delhi.
1740s[edit | edit source]
- 1740: Frederick the Great comes to power in Prussia.
- 1740-1741: Famine in Ireland killed ten per cent of the population.
- 1740-48: War of the Austrian Succession
- 1741: Russians began settling the Aleutian Islands.
- 1745: Second Jacobite Rebellion began in Scotland.
- 1747: Ahmed Shah Durrani founded the Durrani Empire in modern day Afghanistan.
1750s[edit | edit source]
- 1750: Peak of the Little Ice Age
- 1755: The Lisbon earthquake
- 1756-63: Seven Years' War fought among European powers in various theaters around the world.
- 1757: Battle of Plassey signaled the beginning of British rule in India.
1760s[edit | edit source]
- 1760: George III became King of Britain.
- 1762-96: Reign of Catherine the Great of Russia.
- 1766-99: Anglo-Mysore Wars
- 1767: Burmese conquered the Ayutthaya kingdom.
- 1768: Gurkhas conquered Nepal.
- 1768-1774: Russo-Turkish War
- 1769: Spanish missionaries established the first of 21 missions in California.
- 1769-73: The Bengal famine of 1770 killed one third of the Bengal population.
1770s[edit | edit source]
- 1770-1771: Famine in Czech lands killed hundreds of thousands.
- 1771: The Plague Riot in Moscow.
- 1772-1795: The Partitions of Poland ended the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and erased Poland from the map for 123 years.
- 1772: Gustav III of Sweden stages a coup d'état and takes big political power, becoming almost an absolute monarch.
- 1773-1775: The Pugachev's Rebellion was the largest peasant revolt in Russia's history.
- 1775 John Harrison H4 and Larcum Kendall K1 Marine chronometers are used to measure longitude by James Cook on his Second voyage (1772-1775)
- 1775-1782: First Anglo-Maratha War
- 1775-1783: American Revolutionary War
- 1779-1879: Xhosa Wars between British and Boer settlers and the Xhosas in South African Republic
1780s[edit | edit source]
- 1781: Spanish settlers founded Los Angeles.
- 1781-1785: Serfdom abolished in the Austrian monarchy (first step; second step in 1848)
- 1783: Famine in Iceland caused by Laki eruption.
- 1783: Russian Empire annexed the Crimean Khanate.
- 1785-95: Northwest Indian War between the United States and Native Americans
- 1787: Freed slaves from London founded Freetown in present-day Sierra Leone.
- 1787-1792: Russo-Turkish War
- 1788: First European settlement established in Australia at Sydney.
- 1789: George Washington elected President of the United States. Served until 1797.
- 1789-99: The French Revolution
1790s[edit | edit source]
- 1791-1804: The Haitian Revolution
- 1792-1815: The Great French War started as the French Revolutionary Wars which lead into the Napoleonic Wars.
- 1792: New York Stock & Exchange Board founded.
- 1793: Upper Canada bans slavery.
- 1793-1796: Revolt in the Vendée against the French Republic at the time of the Revolution.
- 1794: Polish revolt
- 1795: Pinckney's Treaty between the United States and Spain granted the Mississippi Territory to the US.
- 1796: British ejected Dutch from Ceylon.
- 1796-1804: The White Lotus Rebellion against the Manchu Dynasty in China.
- 1797: Napoleon's invasion and partition of the Republic of Venice ended over 1,000 years of independence for the Serene Republic.
- 1798: The Irish Rebellion failed to overthrow British rule in Ireland.
- 1798-1800: Quasi-War between the United States and France.
- 1799: Napoleon staged a coup d'état and became dictator of France.
- 1799: Dutch East India Company is dissolved.
Significant people[edit | edit source]
- Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Italian mathematician
- Ahmad Shah Abdali, Afghan King
- Ueda Akinari, Japanese writer
- Tomaso Albinoni, Italian composer
- Jean le Rond d'Alembert, French mathematician, physicist and encyclopedist
- Queen Anne, British monarch
- Aurangzeb, Mughal Emperor
- Johann Sebastian Bach, German composer
- Laura Bassi, Italian scientist, the first European female college teacher
- George Berkeley, Irish empiricist philosopher
- Pierre Beaumarchais, French writer
- Jeremy Bentham, English philosopher and reformer
- Daniel Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician and physicist
- William Blake, English artist and poet
- François Boucher, French painter
- Edmund Burke, British statesman and philosopher
- Robert Burns, Scottish poet
- Giacomo Casanova, Venetian adventurer, writer and womanizer
- Catherine the Great, Russian Tsaritsa
- Cao Xueqin, Chinese writer
- Alexis Clairault, French mathematician
- James Cook, British navigator
- François Couperin, French composer
- Denis Diderot, French writer and philosopher
- Eugenio Espejo, Ecuadorian scientist
- Leonhard Euler, Swiss mathematician
- Jean-Honoré Fragonard, French painter
- Benjamin Franklin, American scientist and statesman
- Frederick the Great, Prussian monarch
- Thomas Gainsborough, English painter
- Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician, physicist and astronomer
- King George III, British monarch
- Christoph Willibald Gluck, German composer
- Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German writer
- Francesco Geminiani, Italian violinist, composer, and music theorist.
- George Frideric Handel, German-English composer
- Alexander Hamilton, American statesman
- Joseph Haydn, Austrian composer
- Eliza Haywood, English writer
- William Hogarth, English painter and engraver
- David Hume, Scottish philosopher
- Thomas Jefferson, American statesman
- Edward Jenner, English inventor of vaccination
- Jiang Tingxi, Chinese artist and scholar
- Samuel Johnson, British writer and literary critic
- Joseph II, Austrian Emperor
- Kangxi Emperor, China
- Immanuel Kant, German philosopher
- Pierre Choderlos de Laclos, French writer
- Joseph Louis Lagrange, Italian-French mathematician and physicist
- Pierre Simon Laplace, French physicist and mathematician
- John Law, Scottish economist
- Mikhail Lomonosov, Russian scientist
- Antoine Lavoisier, French chemist
- Adrien-Marie Legendre, French mathematician
- Alphonsus Liguori, Italian bishop, founder of Redemptorists, Saint
- Carolus Linnaeus (Carl von Linné), Swedish biologist
- Louis XV of France, French monarch
- Louis XVI of France, French monarch
- James Madison, American statesman
- Maria Theresa of Austria, Austrian Empress
- Marie Antoinette, Austrian-born Queen of France
- Michikinikwa, Miami tribe chief and war leader
- Honoré Mirabeau French writer and politician
- Charles de Secondat, French thinker
- Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austrian composer
- Nadir Shah, Persian King
- Thomas Paine, British intellectual
- Peter I of Russia (Peter the Great), Russian Tsar
- Pius VI, Roman Pope
- François-André Danican Philidor, French composer and chess master
- Marquis of Pombal, Portuguese Prime Minister
- Alexander Pope, British poet
- Qianlong Emperor, China
- Francis II Rákóczi, prince of Hungary and Transylvania, Revolutionary leader
- Jean-Philippe Rameau, French composer
- Bartolomeo Rastrelli, Italian-born Russian architect
- Sir Joshua Reynolds, British painter
- Maximilien Robespierre, French revolutionary leader
- Jean-Jacques Rousseau, French writer and philosopher
- Marquis de Sade, French writer and philosopher
- Domenico Scarlatti, Italian composer.
- Friedrich Schiller, German writer
- John Small, English cricketer
- Adam Smith, Scottish economist and philosopher
- Laurence Sterne, British writer
- Edward "Lumpy" Stevens, English cricketer
- Alexander Suvorov, Russian military leader
- Emanuel Swedenborg, Swedish scientist, thinker and mystic
- Jonathan Swift, Anglo-Irish satirist
- Toussaint L'Ouverture, Haitian revolutionary leader
- Túpac Amaru II, Peruvian revolutionary
- Kitagawa Utamaro, Japanese printmaker and painter
- Antonio Vivaldi, Italian composer
- Voltaire, French writer and philosopher
- Muhammad ibn Abd al Wahhab, Arab Islamic theologian and founder of Wahhabism
- Robert Walpole, British Prime Minister
- George Washington, American general and first President of USA
- James Watt, Scottish scientist and inventor
- Antoine Watteau, French painter
- John Wesley, British churchman, founder of Methodism
- Mary Wollstonecraft, British writer and feminist
- William Pitt, British Prime Minister
- Yuan Mei, Chinese poet, scholar and artist
- Nikolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf, German religious writer and bishop
- Antonio Stradivari, violin maker in Cremona, Italy
Inventions, discoveries, introductions[edit | edit source]
- 1709: The first piano was built by Bartolomeo Cristofori
- 1712: Steam Engine invented by Thomas Newcomen.
- 1717: The diving bell was successfully tested by Edmond Halley, sustainable to a depth of 55 ft.
- c. 1730: The octant navigational tool was developed by John Hadley in England, and Thomas Godfrey in America
- 1736: Europeans discovered rubber - the discovery was made by Charles-Marie de la Condamine while on expedition in South America. It was named in 1770 by Joseph Priestly
- c. 1740: Modern steel was developed by Benjamin Huntsman
- 1741: Vitus Bering discovered Alaska
- 1745: The Leyden jar invented by Ewald von Kleist was the first electrical capacitor
- 1751 - 1785: The French Encyclopédie
- 1755: The English Dictionary by Samuel Johnson
- 1755: The tallest wooden Bodhisattva statue in the world is erected at Puning Temple, Chengde, China.
- 1764: The Spinning Jenny created by James Hargreaves brought on the Industrial Revolution
- 1765: James Watt enhances Newcomen's steam engine, allowing new steel technologies
- 1761: The problem of Longitude was finally resolved by the fourth chronometer of John Harrison
- 1768–1779: James Cook mapped the boundaries of the Pacific Ocean and discovered many Pacific Islands
- 1771: The enormous Putuo Zongcheng Temple complex of Chengde, China is completed
- 1773–1782: The Qing Dynasty huge literary compilation Siku Quanshu
- 1776: The Wealth of Nations, foundation of the modern theory of economy, was published by Adam Smith
- 1779: Photosynthesis was first discovered by Jan Ingenhousz of the Netherlands
- 1798: Edward Jenner publishes a treatise about smallpox vaccination
- 1799: Rosetta stone discovered by Napoleon's troops
- Over the period 1700 to 1750 tea establishes itself as the British national drink.
References[edit | edit source]
Decades and years[edit | edit source]
|Centuries:||17th century · 18th century · 19th century|
|Decades:||1700s 1710s 1720s 1730s 1740s|
1750s 1760s 1770s 1780s 1790s
|Categories:||Births – Deaths |
Establishments – Disestablishments
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 18th century. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|
- ^ Anderson, M. S. (1979). Historians and the Eighteenth-Century Europe, 1715–1789. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0198225482.
- ^ Ribeiro, Aileen (2002). Dress in Eighteenth-Century Europe 1715-1789 (revised edition). Yale University Press. ISBN 0300091516.
- ^ Marshall, P. J. (Editor) (2001). The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume II: The Eighteenth Century (Oxford History of the British Empire). Oxford University Press, USA. ISBN 0199246777. , "Introduction" by P. J. Marshall, page 1
- ^ O'Gorman, Frank (1997). The Long Eighteenth Century: British Political and Social History 1688-1832 (The Arnold History of Britain Series). A Hodder Arnold Publication. ISBN 0340567511.
- ^ Welcome to Encyclopædia Britannica's Guide to History
- ^ a b Porter, Roy (Editor) (2003). The Cambridge History of Science, Volume 4: The Eighteenth Century (The Cambridge History of Science). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521572436. , "The Philosopher's Beard: Women and Gender in Science" by Londra Schiebinger, pages 184-210
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