|Centuries:||18th century - 19th century - 20th century|
|Decades:|| 1850s 1860s 1870s - 1880s - 1890s 1900s 1910s
|Years:||1880 1881 1882 - 1883 - 1884 1885 1886|
|1883 in topic:|
|Subjects: Archaeology - Architecture -|
|Art - Literature (Poetry) - Music - Science|
|Sports - Rail Transport|
|Countries: Australia - Canada - France - Germany - Ireland - Mexico - New Zealand - Norway - South Africa - UK - USA|
|Leaders: State leaders - Colonial governors|
|Category: Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Births - Marriages - Deaths
Year 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1883[edit | edit source]
January - March[edit | edit source]
- January 10 - A fire at the Newhall Hotel in Milwaukee kills 73.
- January 16 - The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act, establishing the United States Civil service, is passed.
- January 19 - The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires begins service (Roselle) It was built by Thomas Edison.
- February 16 - Ladies Home Journal is published for the first time.
- February 23 - Alabama becomes the first U.S. state to enact an antitrust law.
- February 28 - The first vaudeville theater is opened, in Boston.
- March - The Star of the Sea College is founded in Elsternwick by the Irish Presentation Sisters.
- March 5 - Gloucester City A.F.C. is formed.
April - June[edit | edit source]
- May 24 - Brooklyn Bridge is opened to traffic after 13 years of construction.
- May 30 - In New York City, a rumor that the Brooklyn Bridge was going to collapse causes a stampede which crushes twelve people.
- June 16 - Victoria Hall Disaster: A rush for treats results in 183 children being asphyxiated in a concert hall in Sunderland, England.
- June 30 - First appearance of The Black Arrow by Robert Louis Stevenson as a serial in Young Folks; A Boys' and Girls' Paper of Instructive and Entertaining Literature. Stevenson would complete the novel at the end of summer in France.
July - September[edit | edit source]
- July 3 - SS Daphne disaster in Glasgow leaves 124 dead.
- July 4 - Worlds first rodeo held in Pecos.
- July 22 - Zulu king Cetshwayo barely escapes rebel attack with his life.
- August - King William's College is opened on the Isle of Man.
- August 12 - The last quagga dies at the Artis Magistra zoo in Amsterdam.
- August 26-28 - Krakatoa (Krakatau) volcano erupts 5:30 (local time): 163 villages are destroyed, 36,380 dead.
- September 15
- September 29 - A consortium of flour mill operators in Minneapolis form the Minneapolis, Sault Ste. Marie and Atlantic Railway as a means to get their product to the Great Lakes ports but avoid the high tariffs of Chicago.
October - December[edit | edit source]
- October 1 - Sydney Boys High School is founded in Sydney, Australia. It is the first boys public school in Australia.
- October 4
- October 15 - The Supreme Court of the United States declares part of the Civil Rights Act of 1875 to be unconstitutional since the Court allowed private individuals and corporations to discriminate based on race.
- October 20 - Peru and Chile signed the Treaty of Ancón, by which the Tarapacá province was ceded to the latter, bringing an end to Peru's involvement in the War of the Pacific.
- October 24 - Cardiff University, Wales, opens (under the name of University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire)
- October 30 - Two Clan na Gael dynamite bombs explode in the London underground, injuring several people. Next day Home Secretary Vernon Harcourt drafts 300 policemen to guard the underground and introduces the Explosives Bill. Public continues as before.
- November 1 - Amsterdam: The first international colonial and export exhibition closed having had over 1 million visitors.
- November 3 - American Old West: Self-described "Black Bart the Po-8" gets away with his last stagecoach robbery, but leaves an incriminating clue that eventually leads to his capture.
- November 18 - US and Canadian railroads institute five standard continental time zones, ending the confusion of thousands of local times.
- November 28 - Whitman College is chartered as a four-year college in Walla Walla.
Undated[edit | edit source]
- Wolf's Head Society, known as "The Third Society" until 1888, founded at Yale University
- Heinrich Hermann Robert Koch (German bacteriologist) discovers the cholera bacillus.
- Antoni Gaudí begins to build Sagrada Família cathedral.
- Houghton College is founded.
- Wagner College is founded.
- Baltimore Polytechnic Institute is founded.
- LIFE magazine is founded.
- The Black Arabs F.C is founded (now Bristol Rovers)
- Footscray Football Club is founded (now the Western Bulldogs).
- Duncan is founded.
- Raith Rovers Football Club is founded
- The Gretsch Company, manufacturers of drums, banjo's and guitars was opened in Brooklyn, N.Y.
Births[edit | edit source]
|Gregorian calendar||1883 |
|Ab urbe condita||2636|
|Armenian calendar||1332 |
|Bahá'í calendar||39 – 40|
|Coptic calendar||1599 – 1600|
|Ethiopian calendar||1875 – 1876|
|Hebrew calendar||5643 – 5644|
|- Vikram Samvat||1938 – 1939|
|- Shaka Samvat||1805 – 1806|
|- Kali Yuga||4984 – 4985|
|Iranian calendar||1261 – 1262|
|Islamic calendar||1300 – 1301|
|- Imperial Year||Kōki 2543|
|Thai solar calendar||2426|
January-July[edit | edit source]
- January 1
- January 3 - Clement Attlee, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1967)
- January 5 - Döme Sztójay, prime minister of Hungary (d. 1946)
- January 6 - Khalil Gibran, Lebanese poet, painter, and novelist (d. 1931)
- January 10 - Francis X. Bushman, American actor (d. 1966)
- January 10 - Aleksei Nikolaevich Tolstoi, Russian writer (d. 1945)
- January 20 - Bertram Ramsay, British admiral (d. 1945)
- January 21 - Olav Aukrust, Norwegian poet (d. 1929)
- February 9 - Fritz August Breuhaus de Groot, German architect, interior designer and designer (d. 1960)
- February 15 - Sax Rohmer, English author (d. 1959)
- February 16 - Elizabeth Craig, British Writer (d. 1980)
- February 18 - Nikos Kazantzakis, Greek poet (d. 1957)
- February 22 - Marguerite Clark, American silent film actress (d. 1940)
- February 23
- March 3 - Cyril Burt, educational psychologist (d. 1971)
- March 4 - Sam Langford, Canadian boxer (d. 1956)
- March 19
- April 1 - Lon Chaney, American actor (d. 1930)
- April 11 - Hozumi Shigeto, Japanese author (d. 1951)
- April 15 - Stanley Bruce, eighth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1967)
- April 30 - Jaroslav Hašek, Czech writer (d. 1923)
- May 1 - Tom Moore, Irish actor (d. 1955)
- May 10 - Eugen Levine, Communist leader of Munich Soviet Republic (d. 1919)
- May 16 - Celal Bayar, Turkish politician, statesman and the third President of Turkey(d. 1986)
- May 18 - Walter Gropius, German architect (d. 1969)
- May 20 - King Faisal I of Iraq (d. 1933)
- May 23 - Douglas Fairbanks, American actor (d. 1939)
- May 31 - Lauri Kristian Relander, President of Finland (d. 1942)
- June 5 - John Maynard Keynes, English economist (d. 1946)
- June 7 - Sylvanus G. Morley, American scholar and World War I spy (d. 1948)
- June 21 - Lluís Companys i Jover, President of Catalonia (d. 1940)
- June 24 - Victor Franz Hess, Austrian-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1964)
- June 28 - Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of France (d. 1945)
- June 29 - Lothrop Stoddard, American eugenicist and racist (d. 1950)
July - December[edit | edit source]
- July 3 - Franz Kafka, Austrian writer (d. 1924)
- July 4 - Rube Goldberg, American cartoonist (d. 1970)
- July 29
- August 19
- August 23
- August 30 - Theo van Doesburg, Dutch artist, painter, architect, and poet (d. 1931)
- September 15 - Esteban Terradas i Illa, Catalan mathematician, scientist, and engineer (d. 1950)
- October 8 - Otto Heinrich Warburg, German physician and physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1970)
- October 26 - Paul Pilgrim, American athlete (d. 1958)
- November 4 - Nikolaos Plastiras, Greek general and politician (d. 1953)
- November 8 - Arnold Bax, English composer (d. 1953)
- November 11 - Ernest Ansermet, Swiss conductor (d. 1969)
- November 18 - Carl Vinson, U.S. Congressman (d. 1981)
- November 25
- December 3 - Anton Webern, Austrian composer (d. 1945)
- December 13 - Belle da Costa Greene, librarian, bibliographer, archivist (d. 1950)
- December 14 - Morihei Ueshiba, Founder of the Martial Art Style Aikido (d. 1969)
- December 16 - Max Linder, French actor (d. 1925)
- December 22 - Edgard Varèse, French composer (d. 1965)
- December 25 - Maurice Utrillo, French artist and illustrator (d. 1955)
- probable - T. F. O'Rahilly, Irish academic (d. 1953)
- See also 1883 births.
Deaths[edit | edit source]
January - June[edit | edit source]
- January 10 - Samuel Mudd, American doctor to John Wilkes Booth (b. 1833)
- January 23 - Gustave Doré, French artist (b. 1832)
- January 24 - Friedrich von Flotow, German composer (b. 1812)
- February 13 - Richard Wagner, German composer (b. 1813)
- February 15 - Prince Kwacho Hiroatsu of Japan (b. 1875)
- February 17
- March 14 - Karl Marx, German philosopher (b. 1818)
- April 4 - Peter Cooper, American Industrialist, inventor and philanthropist (b. 1791)
- April 16 - Charles II (b. 1799)
- April 30 - Edouard Manet, French painter (b. 1832)
- May 15 - Keelikolani, princess of Hawaii (b. 1826)
- May 26
July - December[edit | edit source]
- July 15 - General Tom Thumb, circus midget (b. 1838)
- July 22 - Edward Ord, U.S. Army officer (b. 1818)
- August 24 - Henri, pretender to the French throne (b. 1820)
- September 3 - Ivan Turgenev, Russian writer (b. 1818)
- October 30 - Robert Volkmann, German composer (b. 1815)
- December 13 - Victor de Laprade, French poet and critic (b. 1812)
People of the year 1883 at Familypedia
228 people were born in 1883
97 children were born to the 103 women born in 1883
188 people died in 1883
17252 people lived in 1883
Events of the year 1883 at Familypedia
269 people were married in 1883.
There were 0 military battles in 1883.
- See also 1883 deaths.
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1883. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|