|Centuries:||18th century - 19th century - 20th century|
|Decades:|| 1850s 1860s 1870s - 1880s - 1890s 1900s 1910s
|Years:||1878 1879 1880 - 1881 - 1882 1883 1884|
|1881 in topic:|
|Subjects: Archaeology - Architecture -|
|Art - Literature (Poetry) - Music - Science|
|Sports - Rail Transport|
|Countries: Australia - Canada - France - Germany - Ireland - Mexico - New Zealand - Norway - South Africa - UK - USA|
|Leaders: State leaders - Colonial governors|
|Category: Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Births - Marriages - Deaths
Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1881[edit | edit source]
January - March[edit | edit source]
- January 16-January 24 - Siege of Geok Tepe - Russian troops under general Skobeleff defeat Turkomans.
- January 24 - William Edward Forster, the chief secretary for Ireland, introduces his Coercion Bill: it goes through a long debate before it is accepted February 2.
- January 25 - Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company.
- February 2 - Parkfield Earthquake occurs.
- February 5 - Phoenix is incorporated.
- February 13 - First issue of the feminist newspaper La Citoyenne is published by Hubertine Auclert.
- February 19 - Kansas became the first U.S. state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages.
- March 12 - Andrew Watson makes his Scotland debut as the world's first black international football player and captain.
- March 13 - Alexander II of Russia is killed near his palace when a bomb is thrown at him. He is succeeded by his son, Alexander III.
April - June[edit | edit source]
- April 14 - Four Dead in Five Seconds Gunfight erupted in El Paso.
- April 21 - The University of Connecticut is founded as the Storrs Agricultural School.
- April 25 - Caulfield Grammar School is founded in Melbourne, Australia.
- April 28 - Billy the Kid escapes from New Mexico jail.
- May 12 - In North Africa, Tunisia becomes a French protectorate.
- May 21 - The American Red Cross is established by Clara Barton.
- May 21 - The United States Tennis Association is established by a small group of tennis club members.
- June 12 - The USS Jeannette is crushed in an Arctic Ocean ice pack.
July - September[edit | edit source]
- July 1 - General Order 70, the culmination of the Cardwell-Childers reforms of the British Army's organization, came into effect.
- July 2 - James Abram Garfield, President of the United States is shot by lawyer Charles Julius Guiteau. He survives the assassination attempt but he suffers from infection of his wound.
- July 4 - In Alabama, the Tuskegee Institute opens.
- July 20 - Indian Wars: Sioux chief Sitting Bull leads the last of his fugitive people in surrender to United States troops at Fort Buford in Montana.
- August 3 - Pretoria Convention peace treaty signed, officially ending the war between the Boers and Britain.
- August 27 - A hurricane hits Florida and Carolinas: about 700 die.
- September 5 - The Thumb Fire in the U.S. state of Michigan destroys over a million acres (4,000 km²) and kills 282 people.
- September 12 - Francis Howell High School (Howell Institute) opens making it the oldest public high school west of the Mississippi River.
- September 19 - US President James A. Garfield dies. Vice President Chester Arthur becomes the 21st President of the United States.
October - December[edit | edit source]
- October 3 - Apostle in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, scientist and mathematician Orson Pratt dies in Utah.
- October 26 - Gunfight at the O.K. Corral in Tombstone, Cochise County, Arizona, USA.
- October 29 - The Judge (US magazine) is first published.
- November 11 - The Clarkson Memorial in Wisbech was completed and unveiled to the public.
- November 19 - A meteorite struck earth near the village of Großliebenthal, a few kilometers southwest of Odessa, Ukraine.
- December 3 - Henry Fillmore, famous concert march composer, was born.
- December 5 - The 47th US Congress (1881-83) convenes.
- December 8 - At least 620 die in fire at the Ring Theatre, Vienna.
Undated[edit | edit source]
- New York City's oldest independent school for girls, the Convent of the Sacred Heart New York (91st Street), is founded.
- Edward Rudolf founded the 'Church of England Central Society for Providing Homes for Waifs and Strays' (now The Children's Society).
- The Pali Text Society is founded.
- University College Dublin is established in Ireland.
- The United States National Lawn Tennis Association (USNLTA) is founded, and the first U.S. Tennis Championships are played.
- Founding of the League of the Three Emperors.
- London Euiolb.kws begins publication.
- Some Vatican archives opened to scholars for the first time.
- Abilene is founded.
- Newcastle United F.C. is founded as Stanley F.C., with a further name change to Newcastle East End F.C. a few months later.
- Leyton Orient F.C. is founded.
- Minto is founded.
- Rafaela, Argentina is formed.
- Culford School a public school in Suffolk, United Kingdom is founded.
Births[edit | edit source]
|Gregorian calendar||1881 |
|Ab urbe condita||2634|
|Armenian calendar||1330 |
|Bahá'í calendar||37 – 38|
|Coptic calendar||1597 – 1598|
|Ethiopian calendar||1873 – 1874|
|Hebrew calendar||5641 – 5642|
|- Vikram Samvat||1936 – 1937|
|- Shaka Samvat||1803 – 1804|
|- Kali Yuga||4982 – 4983|
|Iranian calendar||1259 – 1260|
|Islamic calendar||1298 – 1299|
|- Imperial Year||Kōki 2541|
|Thai solar calendar||2424|
January - June[edit | edit source]
- January 1 - Vajiravudh, King of Thailand (d. 1925)
- January 9
- January 17 - Antoni Lomnicki, Polish mathematician (d. 1941)
- January 31 - Irving Langmuir, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1957)
- February 12 - Anna Pavlova, Russian ballerina (d. 1931)
- March 4
- March 9 - Ernest Bevin, British labour leader, politician, and statesman (d. 1951)
- March 17 - Walter Rudolf Hess, Swiss physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)
- March 23
- March 25
- May 14 - G. Murray Hulbert, American politician (d. 1950)
- May 19 - Official birthday of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, founder and the first President of Turkey (d. 1938)
- May 20 - Władysław Sikorski, Polish general and politician (d. 1943)
- June 17 - Tommy Burns, Canadian-born boxer (d. 1955)
July - December[edit | edit source]
- July 2 - Royal H. Weller, American politician (d. 1929)
- July 4 - Ulysses S. Grant III, American soldier and planner (d. 1968)
- July 27 - Hans Fischer, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1945)
- July 30 - Smedley Butler, U.S. general (d. 1940)
- August 6 - Sir Alexander Fleming, Scottish researcher, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1955)
- August 19 - Georges Enescu, Romanian composer (d. 1955)
- August 20 - Edgar Guest, English poet (d. 1959)
- September 5 - Otto Bauer, Austrian Social Democratic politician (d. 1938)
- September 8 - Harry Hillman, American athlete (d. 1945)
- September 16 - Clive Bell, English art critic (d. 1964)
- September 17 - Alfred Francis Blakeney Carpenter, English soldier (d. 1955)
- September 26 - Hiram Wesley Evans, Ku Klux Klan Imperial Wizard (d. 1966)
- October 1 - William Boeing, American engineer and airplane manufacturer (d. 1956)
- October 11 - Hans Kelsen, Austrian legal theorist (d. 1973)
- October 15
- October 22 - Clinton Davisson, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
- October 25 - Pablo Picasso, Spanish painter (d. 1973)Begun to paint on 1900. All works before that year belongs to his father, José Ruiz Blasco. Case in Central Trial Court.
- November 14 - Nicholas Schenck, Russian-born film studio executive (d. 1969)
- November 24 - Al Christie, Canadian-born director and producer (d. 1951)
- November 25 - Pope John XXIII (d. 1963)
- November 28 - Stefan Zweig, Austrian writer (d. 1942)
- December 24 - Juan Ramón Jiménez, Spanish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
- See also 1881 births.
Deaths[edit | edit source]
January - June[edit | edit source]
- January 3 - Anna McNeill Whistler, Whistler's mother (b. 1804)
- January 21 - Wilhelm Matthias Naeff, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1802)
- February 5 - Thomas Carlyle, Scottish writer and historian (b. 1795)
- February 9 - Fyodor Dostoevsky, Russian novelist (b. 1821)
- February 14 - Fernando Wood, New York City Mayor (b. 1812)
- March 13 - Czar Alexander II of Russia (b. 1818)
- March 28 - Modest Mussorgsky, Russian composer (b. 1839)
- April 19 - Benjamin Disraeli, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1804)
- May 24 - Samuel Palmer, English artist (b. 1805)
- May 25 - Giuseppe Maria Giulietti, Italian explorer (b. 1847)
- June 6 - Henri Vieuxtemps, Belgian composer (b. 1820)
July - December[edit | edit source]
- July 14 - Billy the Kid, American gunslinger (b. 1859)
- July 17 - Jim Bridger, American explorer and trapper (b. 1804)
- September 7 - Sidney Lanier, American writer (b. 1842)
- September 8 - Prince Frederik of the Netherlands, Dutch noble and general (b. 1797)
- September 19 - James A. Garfield, 20th President of the United States (assassinated) (b. 1831)
- September 22 - Solomon L. Spink, U.S. Congressman from Illinois (b. 1831)
- October 3 - Orson Pratt, American religious leader (b. 1811)
- October 31 - George DeLong, American naval officer and explorer (starvation) (b. 1844)
People of the year 1881 at Familypedia
255 people were born in 1881
115 children were born to the 119 women born in 1881
230 people died in 1881
17257 people lived in 1881
Events of the year 1881 at Familypedia
249 people were married in 1881.
There were 0 military battles in 1881.
- See also 1881 deaths.
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1881. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|