|Centuries:||18th century - 19th century - 20th century|
|Decades:|| 1840s 1850s 1860s - 1870s - 1880s 1890s 1900s
|Years:||1876 1877 1878 - 1879 - 1880 1881 1882|
|1879 in topic:|
|Subjects: Archaeology - Architecture -|
|Art - Literature (Poetry) - Music - Science|
|Sports - Rail Transport|
|Countries: Australia - Canada - France - Germany - Ireland - Mexico - New Zealand - Norway - South Africa - UK - USA|
|Leaders: State leaders - Colonial governors|
|Category: Establishments - Disestablishments|
| Births - Marriages - Deaths
Year 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1879 Edit
January - March Edit
- January 1 - The Specie Resumption Act takes effect. The Greenback is valued the same as Gold for the first time since the Civil War.
- January - The current constitution of The State of California, US was ratified.
- January 2 - Fred Spofforth claims the first Hat-trick in test cricket.
- January 11 - Anglo-Zulu War begins.
- January 22 - Zulu troops massacre British troops at the Battle of Isandlwana. At Rorke's Drift, outnumbered British soldiers drive the attackers away after hours of fighting.
- February 12 - At New York City's Madison Square Garden the first artificial ice rink in North America opens.
- February 14 - At Antofagasta, Chile: Chilean troops disembark in this port, then Bolivian. This is the beginning of the War of the Pacific between Chile and the joint forces of Peru and Bolivia.
- February 15 - Women's rights: American President Rutherford B. Hayes signs a bill allowing female attorneys to argue cases before the Supreme Court of the United States.
- February 22 - In Utica, Frank Woolworth opens the first of many of 5 and 10-cent Woolworth stores.
- February 27 - The discovery of saccharin is announced.
- March 3 - The United States Geological Survey is created
- March 12 - Anglo-Zulu War: A British force over one-hundred strong is ambushed and destroyed by Zulu forces.
- March 13 - Marriage of The Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, third son of Queen Victoria, to Princess Louise Marguerite of Prussia.
- March 14 - Albert Einstein: German-born physicist who would go on to revolutionize modern Physics.
- March 28 - Anglo-Zulu War: British forces suffer a defeat at the Battle of Hlobane.
- March 29 - Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Kambula: British forces defeat 20,000 Zulus.
April - June Edit
- April 3
- The Anti Revolutionary Party is formed in the Netherlands by Abraham Kuyper. It is the first political party formed advocating Christian Democracy; in opposition to the secularism of Dutch society, which was following a course in the militant secularism of the French Revolution.
- Anglo-Zulu War: British forces successfully lift the two-month Siege of Eshowe.
- April 4 - Sofia becomes the official capital of the Third Bulgarian State.
- April 21 (San Jacinto Day) - Texas governor Oran M. Roberts authorized the establishment of Sam Houston Normal Institute (today known as Sam Houston State University).
- April 24 - Swedish explorer Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld arrives in Stockholm with the S/S Vega, concluding the world's first circumnavigation of Eurasia.
- May 26 - Russia and the United Kingdom sign the Treaty of Gandamak establishing an Afghan state.
- May 30 - New York City's Gilmores Garden is renamed Madison Square Garden by William Henry Vanderbilt and is opened to the public at 26th Street and Madison Avenue.
- June 14 - Sidney Faithorn Green, an Anglican priest in the Church of England, is tried and convicted for using Ritualist practices
July - September Edit
- July 4 - Anglo-Zulu War: The Anglo-Zulu War effectively ends at the Battle of Ulundi.
- July 19 - Doc Holliday kills for the first time after a man shoots-up Holliday's New Mexico saloon.
- August 21 - Virgin Mary, along with St. Joseph and St. John the Evangelist appeared in Knock to local people.
October - December Edit
- October 7 - Dual Alliance formed by Germany and Austria-Hungary
- October 21 - Using a filament of carbonized thread, Thomas Edison tests the first practical electric light bulb (it lasted 13½ hours before burning out).
- November - Occult Date of the Archangel Michael overcoming the Dragon"
- December 28 - The central part of the Tay Rail Bridge in Dundee collapses as a train passed over it, killing 75.
- December 30 - The Pirates of Penzance is first performed (Paignton, Devon, England).
- December 31 - Thomas Edison demonstrates incandescent lighting to the public for the first time (Menlo Park).
- Simmons College of Kentucky, a historically black school, is founded.
- Hall effect discovered by Dr. Edwin Hall.
- Somerville College, is founded.
- Stefan-Boltzmann law discovered by Jožef Stefan.
- Ferdinand Cheval begins to build his Palais Idéal in France.
- The Archaeological Institute of America (AIA) was formed.
- Fulham F.C. was founded
|Gregorian calendar|| 1879 |
|Ab urbe condita||2632|
|Armenian calendar|| 1328 |
|Bahá'í calendar||35 – 36|
|Coptic calendar||1595 – 1596|
|Ethiopian calendar||1871 – 1872|
|Hebrew calendar||5639 – 5640|
|- Vikram Samvat||1934 – 1935|
|- Shaka Samvat||1801 – 1802|
|- Kali Yuga||4980 – 4981|
|Iranian calendar||1257 – 1258|
|Islamic calendar||1296 – 1297|
|Japanese calendar|| Meiji
|- Imperial Year|| Kōki 2539|
|Thai solar calendar||2422|
January - JuneEdit
- January 1 - E. M. Forster, English writer (d. 1970)
- January 3 - Grace Coolidge, First Lady of the United States (d. 1957)
- January 10 - Bobby Walker, Hearts and Scotland Footballer, Record Cap Holder for 25 years(d. 1930)
- January 12 - Ray Harroun, American race car driver (d. 1968)
- January 13 - Melvin Jones, American founder of Lions Clubs International (d. 1961)
- January 28 - Francis Picabia, French painter and poet (d. 1953)
- February 22 - J. N. Brønsted, Danish chemist (d. 1947)
- February 26 - Frank Bridge, English composer (d. 1941)
- March 8 - Otto Hahn, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1968)
- March 14 - Albert Einstein, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1955)
- March 26 - Othmar Ammann, Swiss-born engineer (d. 1965)
- March 27 - Edward Steichen, Luxembourgeois-born painter/photographer (d. 1973)
- March 30 - Coen de Koning, Dutch speed skater (d. 1954)
- April 16 - Gala Galaction, Romanian writer (d. 1961)
- April 20 - Paul Poiret, French couturier (d. 1944)
- April 26 - Owen Willans Richardson, British physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1959)
- April 29 - Sir Thomas Beecham, English conductor (d. 1961)
- May 6 - Bedřich Hrozny´, Czech orientalist and linguist (d. 1952)
- May 17 - Simon Petlyura, Ukrainian independence fighter (d. 1926)
- May 19
- May 22 - Alla Nazimova, Ukrainian-born stage and film actress (d. 1945)
- May 23 - Dezső Lauber, Hungarian sportsman (d. 1966)
- May 25 - Max Aitken, Canadian-born statesman and newspaper publisher (d. 1964)
- June 3 - Raymond Pearl, American biologist (d. 1940)
- June 10 - Rafael Erich, Prime minister of Finland (d. 1946)
July - DecemberEdit
- July 1 - Léon Jouhaux, French labor leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1954)
- July 5 - Wanda Landowska, Polish harpsichordist (d. 1959)
- July 22 - Janusz Korczak (Henryk Goldszmit), Polish-Jewish children's author, pediatrician, and child pedagogist (possibly born in 1878) (d. 1942)
- August 8 - Emiliano Zapata, Mexican revolutionary (d. 1919)
- August 13 - John Ireland, English composer (d. 1962)
- August 15 - Ethel Barrymore, stage & film actress (d. 1959)
- August 21 - Claude Grahame White, British aviation pioneer, (d. 1959)
- August 31 - Emperor Taishō, 123rd Emperor of Japan (d. 1926)
- September 2 - An Jung-geun, assassin of the Japanese politician Ito Hirobumi (d. 1910)
- September 6 - Joseph Wirth, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1956)
- September 14 - Margaret Sanger, American birth control advocate (d. 1966)
- September 15 - Joseph Lyons, the Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1939)
- September 20 - Victor Sjöström, Swedish film actor and director (d. 1960)
- October 2 - Wallace Stevens, American poet (d. 1955)
- October 3 - Warner Oland, Swedish-born actor (d. 1938)
- October 5 - Francis Peyton Rous, American pathologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1970)
- October 9 - Max von Laue, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1960)
- October 21 - Joseph Canteloube, French composer and singer (d. 1957)
- October 29 - Franz von Papen, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1969)
- November 4 - Will Rogers, American humorist (d. 1935)
- November 7 - Leon Trotsky, Russian revolutionary (d. 1940)
- November 10
- December 12 - Laura Hope Crews, stage & film actress (aunt PittyPat), (d. 1942)
- November 26 - Charles W. Goddard, playwright and screenwriter (d. 1951)
- December 3 - Nagai Kafu, Japanese writer (d. 1959)
- December 10 - Jouett Shouse, American politician (d. 1968)
- December 18 - Paul Klee, Swiss artist (d. 1940)
- December 28 - Billy Mitchell, U.S. general and military aviation pioneer (d. 1936)
- date unknown
- See also 1879 births.
January - JuneEdit
- January 8 - Baldomero Espartero (b. 1793)
- February 11 - Honoré Daumier, French caricaturist and painter (b. 1808)
- February 23 - Albrecht Graf von Roon, Prime Minister of Prussia (b. 1803)
- February 25 - Charles Peace, British criminal (executed) (b. 1832)
- March 1 - Joachim Heer, Swiss politician (b. 1825)
- March 2 - John Eberhard Faber, pencil manufacturer (b. 1822)
- March 30 - Thomas Couture, French painter and teacher (b. 1815)
- April 30 - Sarah Josepha Hale, American author (b. 1788)
- June 1 - Napoleon Eugene, son of French Emperor Napoleon III (b. 1856)
July - DecemberEdit
- July 19 - Louis Favre, engineer
- August 11 - George Willison Adams, Ohio abolitionist (b.1799)
- August 30 - John Bell Hood, America Confederate general (b. 1831)
- September 30 - Francis Gillette, politician (b. 1807)
- November 5 - James Clerk Maxwell, Scottish physicist (b. 1831)
People of the year 1879 at Familypedia
265 people were born in 1879
91 children were born to the 127 women born in 1879
174 people died in 1879
14418 people lived in 1879
Events of the year 1879 at FamilypediaEdit
215 people were married in 1879.
There were 0 military battles in 1879.
- See also 1879 deaths.
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1879. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|