|Centuries:||18th century - 19th century - 20th century|
|Decades:|| 1830s 1840s 1850s - 1860s - 1870s 1880s 1890s
|Years:||1866 1867 1868 - 1869 - 1870 1871 1872|
|1869 in topic:|
|Subjects: Archaeology - Architecture -|
|Art - Literature (Poetry) - Music - Science|
|Sports - Rail Transport|
|Countries: Australia - Canada - France - Germany - Ireland - Mexico - New Zealand - Norway - South Africa - UK - USA|
|Leaders: State leaders - Colonial governors|
|Category: Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Births - Marriages - Deaths
Year 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1869[edit | edit source]
January - March[edit | edit source]
- January 1 - Sigma Nu, First Anti-Hazing Honor/Social Fraternity, is founded.
- January 20 - Elizabeth Cady Stanton is the first woman to testify before the United States Congress.
- February 20 - Ranavalona II, Merina Queen of Madagascar is baptized.
- March 1 - North German Confederation issues 10gr and 30gr value stamps, printed on goldbeater's skin
- March 4 - Ulysses S. Grant succeeds Andrew Johnson as President of the United States of America.
- March 6 - Mendeleev makes a formal presentation to the Russian Chemical Society.
April - June[edit | edit source]
- April 6 - The American Museum of Natural History is founded in New York.
- May - Naval Battle of Hakodate in Japan.
- May 6 - Purdue University founded in West Lafayette.
- May 10 - Transcontinental Railroad completed at Promontory, Utah.
- May 15 - Woman's suffrage: In New York, Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton form the National Woman's Suffrage Association.
- May 26 - Boston University is chartered by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
- May 29 - British parliament passes the Capital Punishment within Prisons Bill, thus ending public hanging.
- June 1 - The Cincinnati Red Stockings open the baseball season as the first all professional (paid, no amateurs) team.
- June 2 - Sherwood College founded in Nainital.
- June 15 - John Wesley Hyatt patents the first plastic, Celluloid, in Albany, New York.
- June 18 - First Estonian song festival takes place in Tartu.
July - September[edit | edit source]
- July 4 - University of Bucharest is founded.
- August 4-August 12 - Joshua A. Norton abolished both the Democratic and Republican parties.
- August 9 - August Bebel and Wilhelm Liebknecht founded the Social Democratic Workers' Party of Germany (SDAP).
- August 31 - Mary Ward is killed in a car accident, possibly the first person ever to suffer this fate.
- September 5 - The foundation stone is laid for Neuschwanstein Castle in Bavaria (southern Germany).
- September 11 - Work completed on the Wallace Monument.
- September 24- The Fisk-Gould Scandal also known as Black Friday erupted and a financial panic in the United States caused by two speculators' efforts to corner the gold market.
October - December[edit | edit source]
- October 16 - England's first residential college for women, Girton College, is founded.
- November 4 - The first issue of scientific journal Nature is published.
- November 6 - The first game of soccer between two American colleges is played . Rutgers University defeats Princeton University, 6 to 4 in a forerunner to American Football and College Football.
- November 17 - In Egypt, the Suez Canal, linking the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea, is inaugurated in an elaborate ceremony.
- November 23 - In Dumbarton, Scotland the clipper ship Cutty Sark is launched (it was one of the last clipper ships to be built, and the only one surviving to the present day).
- December 10 - First American chapter of Kappa Sigma founded at the University of Virginia.
- December 31 - Triple Alliance forces take Asunción
Undated[edit | edit source]
- Basutoland becomes British protectorate
- British parliament ends transportation to Australia as punishment
- Mahbub Ali Pasha begins a 42 year reign as Nizam of Hyderabad
- James Gordon Bennett of the New York Herald, asks Henry Morton Stanley to go and find Dr Livingstone, despite him not being lost or in difficulty.
- The Meiji Emperor of Japan accepts the surrender of the four most powerful clans (Chōshū, Tosa, Hizen and Satsuma) and reappoints the clan chiefs as Provincial Governors, on reduced revenues.
- Abdur Rahman Khan is exiled from Afghanistan.
- Southern Illinois University Carbondale founded.
- The Co-operative Central Board (later Co-operatives UK) founded in Manchester.
Births[edit | edit source]
|Gregorian calendar||1869 |
|Ab urbe condita||2622|
|Armenian calendar||1318 |
|Bahá'í calendar||25 – 26|
|Coptic calendar||1585 – 1586|
|Ethiopian calendar||1861 – 1862|
|Hebrew calendar||5629 – 5630|
|- Vikram Samvat||1924 – 1925|
|- Shaka Samvat||1791 – 1792|
|- Kali Yuga||4970 – 4971|
|Iranian calendar||1247 – 1248|
|Islamic calendar||1285 – 1286|
|- Imperial Year||Kōki 2529|
|Thai solar calendar||2412|
January - June[edit | edit source]
- January 4 - Tommy Corcoran, baseball player (d. 1960)
- January 10 - Grigori Rasputin, Russian mystic (d. 1916)
- January 15 - Stanisław Wyspiański, Polish dramatist, poet, painter, and architect (d. 1907)
- February 11 - Helene Kroller-Muller, Dutch museum founder and patron of the arts (d. 1939)
- February 14 - Charles Wilson, Scottish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1959)
- February 26 - Nadezhda Konstantinovna Krupskaya, a RussianMarxist revolutionary, Vladimir Lenin's wife. (d.1939)
- March 3
- March 12 - George William Forbes, New Zealand Prime Minister and first leader of the New Zealand National Party (d. 1947)
- March 14 - Algernon Blackwood, English writer (d. 1951)
- March 18 - Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1940)
- March 21 - Florenz Ziegfeld, theatrical producer (d. 1932)
- April 2 - Hughie Jennings, baseball player (d. 1928)
- April 4 - Mary Colter, American architect (d. 1958)
- April 8 - Harvey Cushing, American neurosurgeon (d. 1939)
- April 11 - Gustav Vigeland, Norwegian sculptor (d. 1943)
- April 27 - May Moss, Activist (d. July 18, 1948)
- May 5 - Hans Pfitzner, German composer (d. 1949)
- May 20 - John Stone Stone, American physicist and inventor (d. 1943)
- June 17 - Flora Finch, English-born comedienne (d. 1940)
- June 27 - Hans Spemann, German embryologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1941)
- August 10 - Lawrence Binyon, English poet and scholar (d. 1943)
- September 3 - Fritz Pregl, Austrian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1930)
- September 17 - Christian Lous Lange, Norwegian pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1938)
- September 23 - Mary Mallon, "Typhoid Mary" (d. 1938)
- October 2 - Mahatma Gandhi, Indian political leader, Father of the Nation (d. 1948)
- October 25 - John Heisman, American football coach (d. 1936)
- November 10 - Wayne Wheeler, American temperance movement leader (d. 1927)
- November 11 - Victor Emmanuel III of Italy, King (d. 1947)
- November 20 - Herbert Tudor Buckland, seminal British Arts and crafts architect (d.1951)
- November 22 - André Gide, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1951)
- November 25 - Herbert Greenfield, Premier of Alberta, Canada (d. 1949)
- November 30 - Gustaf Dalén, Swedish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1937)
- December 16 - Hristo Tatarchev, Bulgarian revolutionary, leader of the revolutionary movement in Macedonia and Eastern Thrace
- December 22 - Edwin Arlington Robinson, American poet (d. 1935)
- December 30 - Stephen Leacock, British-Canadian author and economist (d. 1944)
- December 31 - Henri Matisse, French painter (d. 1954)
- See also 1869 births.
Deaths[edit | edit source]
January - June[edit | edit source]
- January 1
- January 30 - William Carleton, Irish novelist (b. 1794)
- February 15 - Mirza Ghalib, Indian poet (b. 1796).
- March 8 - Hector Berlioz, French composer (b. 1803)
- March 20 - John Pascoe Grenfell, British admiral of the Brazilian Navy (b. 1800)
- March 24 - Antoine-Henri Jomini, French general (b. 1779)
- April 20 - Carl Loewe, German composer (b. 1796)
- June 16 - Charles Sturt, Australian explorer (b. 1795)
- June 20 - Hijikata Toshizou, Japanese military commander (b. 1835)
- August 31 - Mary Ward, first car accident victim
- September 12 - Peter Roget, British lexicographer (b. 1779)
- October 13 - Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve, French literary critic (b. 1804)
- October 23 - Edward Smith-Stanley, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1799)
- December 18 - Louis Moreau Gottschalk, American composer and pianist (b. 1829)
People of the year 1869 at Familypedia
305 people were born in 1869
106 children were born to the 131 women born in 1869
185 people died in 1869
16378 people lived in 1869
Events of the year 1869 at Familypedia
242 people were married in 1869.
There were 0 military battles in 1869.
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1869. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|