|Centuries:||18th century - 19th century - 20th century|
|Decades:|| 1830s 1840s 1850s - 1860s - 1870s 1880s 1890s
|Years:||1861 1862 1863 - 1864 - 1865 1866 1867|
|1864 in topic:|
|Subjects: Archaeology - Architecture -|
|Art - Literature (Poetry) - Music - Science|
|Sports - Rail Transport|
|Countries: Australia - Canada - France - Germany - Ireland - Mexico - New Zealand - Norway - South Africa - UK - USA|
|Leaders: State leaders - Colonial governors|
|Category: Establishments - Disestablishments|
| Births - Marriages - Deaths
Events of 1864Edit
January - MarchEdit
- January 16 - Denmark rejects a Prussian-Austrian ultimatum to repeal the Danish constitution.
- January 21 - Māori Wars: The Tauranga Campaign starts.
- February 1 - Danish-Prussian War (Second war of Schleswig): 57.000 Austrian and Prussian troops cross Eider River to Denmark.
- February 17 - American Civil War: The tiny Confederate submarine Hunley torpedoes the USS Housatonic, becoming the first to sink an enemy ship. The sub and her crew of eight are also lost and are not to found again until 1970 by shipwreck expert E. Lee Spence, but due to being unable to relocate her, the claim is often tragically ignored, she was then rediscovered in 1995 within yards of Spence's claim by a separate expedition team.
- February 25 - American Civil War: The first Northern prisoners arrive at the Confederate prison at Andersonville. The number of prisoners who arrived was 500 who had left Richmond Virginia 7 days before.
- March 1- Alejandro Mon Menéndez takes office as Prime Minister of Spain
- March 10 - American Civil War: The Red River Campaign begins as Union troops reach Alexandria.
- March 11 - A reservoir near Sheffield bursts; 250 dead
April - JuneEdit
- April 18 - Danish-Prussian War (Second War of Schleswig): Battle of Dybbøl. The Prussian army fielding 10,000 men defeats the Danish defending army of 9,200 at Dybbøl Mill after an artillery bombardment from April 7 to April 18.
- April 22 - The U.S. Congress passes the Coinage Act of 1864 which mandates that the inscription "In God We Trust" be placed on all coins minted as United States currency.
- May 5 - American Civil War: The Battle of the Wilderness begins in Spotsylvania County.
- May 7 - American Civil War: The Army of the Potomac, under General Ulysses S. Grant, breaks off from the Battle of the Wilderness and moves southwards.
- May 11 - American Civil War: Battle of Yellow Tavern - Confederate General JEB Stuart is mortally wounded at Yellow Tavern.
- May 12 - American Civil War: Battle of Spotsylvania Court House: The "Bloody Angle" - thousands of Union and Confederate soldiers die.
- May 13 - American Civil War: Battle of Resaca - the battle begins with Union General Sherman fighting toward Atlanta.
- May 15 - American Civil War: Battle of New Market, Virginia - Students from the Virginia Military Institute fight alongside the Confederate Army to force Union General Franz Sigel out of the Shenandoah Valley.
- May 18 - Civil War gold hoax - New York World and the New York Journal of Commerce publish a fake proclamation that president Abraham Lincoln has issued a draft of 400,000 more soldiers
- May 20 - American Civil War: Battle of Ware Bottom Church - In the Virginia Bermuda Hundred Campaign, 10,000 troops fight in this Confederate victory
- May 28 - Montana is organized as a United States territory out of parts of Washington Territory and Dakota Territory, and is signed into law by President Abraham Lincoln.
- June 5 - American Civil War: Battle of Piedmont - Union forces under General David Hunter defeat a Confederate army at Piedmont, taking nearly 1,000 prisoners.
- June 10 - American Civil War: Battle of Brice's Crossroads - Confederate troops under Nathan Bedford Forrest defeat a much larger Union force led by General Samuel D. Sturgis in Mississippi.
- June 12 - American Civil War: Battle of Cold Harbor: - General Ulysses S. Grant pulls his troops from their positions at Cold Harbor and moves south.
- June 15
- Arlington National Cemetery is established when 200 acres (0.8 km²) of the grounds of Robert E. Lee's home Arlington House are officially set-aside as a military cemetery by U.S. Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton.
- American Civil War: Battle of Petersburg begins - Union forces under General Grant and troops led by Confederate General Robert E. Lee battle for the last time.
- June 21 - Māori Wars: The Tauranga Campaign ends.
July - SeptemberEdit
- July 18 - President Lincoln issues a true proclamation of conscription of 500.000 men for the US Civil War
- July 20 - American Civil War: Battle of Peachtree Creek - Near Atlanta, Confederate forces led by General John Bell Hood unsuccessfully attack Union troops under General William T. Sherman.
- July 22 - American Civil War: Battle of Atlanta - Outside of Atlanta, Georgia, Confederate General Hood leads an unsuccessful attack on Union troops under General Sherman on Bald Hill.
- July 24 - American Civil War: Battle of Kernstown - Confederate General Jubal Early defeats Union troops led by General George Crook in an effort to keep the Yankees out of the Shenandoah Valley.
- July 28 - American Civil War: Battle of Ezra Church begins - Confederate troops led by General Hood make a third unsuccessful attempt to drive Union forces under General Sherman from Atlanta, Georgia.
- July 29 - American Civil War: Confederate spy Belle Boyd is arrested by Union troops and detained at the Old Capitol Prison in Washington.
- July 30 - American Civil War: Battle of the Crater - Union forces attempt to break Confederate lines by exploding a large bomb under their trenches.
- August 1 - Foundation of Elgin Watch Company in Elgin.
- August 5 - American Civil War: Battle of Mobile Bay begins - At Mobile Bay near Mobile, Admiral David Farragut leads a Union flotilla through Confederate defenses and seals one of the last major Southern ports.
- August 13 - The first fish and chips shop opens in London.
- August 18 - American Civil War: Battle of Globe Tavern - Forces under Union General Ulysses S. Grant try to cut a vital Confederate supply-line into Petersburg, by attacking the Weldon Railroad, forcing the Confederates to use wagons.
- August 22 - First Geneva Convention; International Red Cross is founded.
- August 31 - American Civil War: Union forces led by General William T. Sherman launch an assault on Atlanta.
- September 1
- September 2 - American Civil War: Union forces under General Sherman enter Atlanta a day after the Confederate defenders fled the city.
- September 7 - American Civil War: Atlanta, Georgia is evacuated on orders of Union General William Tecumseh Sherman.
October - DecemberEdit
- October 2 - American Civil War: Battle of Saltville - Union forces attack Saltville but are defeated by Confederate troops.
- October 5 – Cyclone kills 70,000 in Calcutta, India
- October 9 - American Civil War: Battle of Tom's Brook - Union cavalrymen in the Shenandoah Valley defeat Confederate forces at Tom's Brook.
- October 28 - American Civil War: Second Battle of Fair Oaks ends - Union forces under General Ulysses S. Grant withdraw from Fair Oaks, after failing to breach the Confederate defenses around Richmond.
- October 30
- Second war of Schleswig concluded. Denmark renounces all claim to Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg, which come under Prussian and Austrian administration.
- Helena is founded after four prospectors, the so-called "Four Georgians" discover gold at "Last Chance Gulch;" it was their last and agreed final attempt at weeks of trying to find gold in the northern Rockies.
- October 31 - Nevada is admitted as the 36th U.S. state.
- November 4 - American Civil War: Battle of Johnsonville - At Johnsonville, troops under the command of Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest bombard a Union supply base with artillery and destroy millions of dollars in materiel.
- November 7 - Capital of Idaho Territory is moved from Lewiston to Boise; North Idaho declares the move illegal and proposes secession.
- November 8 - U.S. presidential election: Abraham Lincoln is reelected in an overwhelming victory over George B. McClellan.
- November 15 - American Civil War: Sherman's March to the Sea begins - Union General Sherman burns Atlanta and starts to move south, causing extensive devastation to crops and mills and living off the land.
- November 20 - Judicial reform of Alexander II is launched in Imperial Russia.
- November 22 - American Civil War: Sherman's March to the Sea: Confederate General John Bell Hood invades Tennessee in an unsuccessful attempt to draw Union General Sherman from Georgia.
- November 25 - American Civil War: A group of Confederate operatives calling themselves the Confederate Army of Manhattan starts fires in more than 20 locations in an unsuccessful attempt to burn down New York City.
- November 29 - Indian Wars: Sand Creek Massacre - Colorado volunteers led by Colonel John Chivington massacre at least 400 Cheyenne and Arapahoe noncombatants at Sand Creek (where they had been given permission to camp).
- November 30 - American Civil War: Battle of Franklin - The Army of Tennessee led by General Hood mounts a dramatically unsuccessful frontal assault on Union positions around Franklin (Hood lost six generals and almost a third of his troops).
- December 4 - American Civil War: Sherman's March to the Sea - At Waynesboro, forces under Union General Judson Kilpatrick prevent troops led by Confederate General Joseph Wheeler from interfering with Union General Sherman's campaign of destroying a wide swath of the South on his march to Savannah, GA (Union forces did suffer more than three times the casualties as the Confederates, however).
- December 15-16 - American Civil War: Union forces decisively defeat the Confederate Army of Tennessee at the Battle of Nashville
- Imperial forces assault the Taiping capital of Nanking in the last great battle of the civil war.
- James Clerk Maxwell discovers microwaves
- Syllabus errorum: Pope Pius IX condemns theological liberalism as an error and claims for the supremacy of Roman Catholic Church authority over the civil society. He also condemns rationalism and socialism
- Haiti declares independence
- Brazil invades Uruguay in support of Venancio Flores. Paraguay attacks Brazil.
- John Wisden publishes first edition of Wisden Cricketer's Almanack. It goes on to become the major annual cricket publication.
- Asa Mercer travels from Seattle to the US East Coast and recruits 11 "Mercer Girls", potential wives for men on the West Coast
- France In 1864, Auguste Peureux decided to codify the age-old traditions of the master distillers of the Saône Vosges to preserve them. In Fougerolles, France the "Grandes Distilleries Peureux" was established.The famous traditions remains a highly guarded secret, handed down in the company from master distiller to master distiller.The premium vodka Peureux Perfect 1864 is named after this tradition and comes from this Distillery called Grandes Distilleries Peureux.
|Gregorian calendar|| 1864 |
|Ab urbe condita||2617|
|Armenian calendar|| 1313 |
|Bahá'í calendar||20 – 21|
|Coptic calendar||1580 – 1581|
|Ethiopian calendar||1856 – 1857|
|Hebrew calendar||5624 – 5625|
|- Vikram Samvat||1919 – 1920|
|- Shaka Samvat||1786 – 1787|
|- Kali Yuga||4965 – 4966|
|Iranian calendar||1242 – 1243|
|Islamic calendar||1280 – 1281|
|Japanese calendar|| Bunkyū
— changed to —Genji 1
|- Imperial Year|| Kōki 2524|
|Thai solar calendar||2407|
January - JuneEdit
- January 1 - Alfred Stieglitz, American photographer (d. 1946)
- January 1 - Qi Baishi, Chinese painter (d. 1957)
- January 8 - Prince Albert Victor (d. 1892)
- January 13 - Wilhelm Wien, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1928)
- January 24 - Marguerite Durand, French actress, journalist, and feminist leader (d. 1936)
- February 7 - Arthur Collins, American Singer who recorded many early songs.(d. 1933)
- March 4 - David W. Taylor, U.S. Navy architect (d. 1940)
- March 12 - William Halse Rivers Rivers, English doctor (d. 1922)
- March 13 - Alexej von Jawlensky, Russian expressionist painter (d. 1941)
- March 14 - Casey Jones, American railway engineer (d. 1900)
- March 15 - Johan Halvorsen, Norwegian composer (d. 1935)
- March 19 - Charles Marion Russell, American artist (d. 1926)
- April 21 - Max Weber, German sociologist (d. 1920)
- May 4 - Marie Booth, the third daughter of William and Catherine Booth (d. 1937)
- May 10 - Léon Gaumont, French film pioneer (d. 1946)
- May 15 - Vilhelm Hammershøi, Danish painter (d. 1916)
- June 3 - Ransom E. Olds, automotive pioneer (d. 1950)
- June 11 - Richard Strauss, German composer (d. 1949)
- June 13 - Dwight B. Waldo, American educator and historian (d. 1939)
- June 25 - Walther Nernst, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1941)
July - DecemberEdit
- July 11 - Petar Danov, Bulgarian spiritual teacher (d. 1944)
- July 13 - John Jacob Astor IV, American businessman and inventor (d. 1912)
- July 20 - Erik Axel Karlfeldt, Swedish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1931)
- August 9 - Roman Dmowski, Polish politician (d. 1939)
- September 14 - Robert Cecil, English politician and diplomat, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1958)
- October 10 - T. Frank Appleby, United States Congressman from New Jersey (d. 1924)
- October 25 - Alexander Gretchaninov, Russian composer (d. 1956)
- October 31 - Cosmo Lang, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1945)
- November 11 - Alfred Hermann Fried, Austrian writer and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1921)
- November 13 - Bishop James Cannon Jr, American religious and temperance movement leader (d. 1944)
- November 23 - Henry Bourne Joy, American business leader (d. 1936)
- November 24 - Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, French painter (d. 1901)
- November 26 - Edward Higgins, the 3rd General of The Salvation Army (d. 1947)
- December 6 - William S. Hart, American film actor (d. 1946)
- December 12 - Paul Elmer More, American critic and essayist (d. 1937)
- See also 1864 births.
January - JuneEdit
- January 13 - Stephen Foster, American composer (b. 1826)
- April 4 - Joseph Pitty Couthouy, American naval officer (b. 1808)
- May 2 - Giacomo Meyerbeer, German composer (b. 1791)
- May 9 - John Sedgwick, Union General, American Civil War (b. 1813)
- May 19 - Nathaniel Hawthorne, American author (b. 1804)
- June 1 - Hong Xiuquan, Chinese rebel (b. 1812)
- June 14 - Patrick Kelly, US Army officer (in battle)
- June 15 - William E. Jones, Confederate general (in battle) (b. 1824)
July - DecemberEdit
- September 3 - Emil Nobel, younger brother of Alfred Nobel (killed in an explosion)
- October 12 - Roger Taney, United States Supreme Court Justice (b. 1777)
- November 6 - Tuanku Imam Bonjol, Indonesian religious and military leader (b. 1772)
- November 30 - John Adams, (Confederate Army officer (in battle) (born 1825)
- December 1 - William L. Dayton - United States Minister to France (b.1807)
- December 8 - George Boole, English mathematician and philosopher (b. Nov. 2 1815)
- December 21 - Archduke Louis of Austria (born 1784)
People of the year 1864 at Familypedia
270 people were born in 1864
130 children were born to the 111 women born in 1864
174 people died in 1864
15249 people lived in 1864
Events of the year 1864 at FamilypediaEdit
242 people were married in 1864.
There were 0 military battles in 1864.
- See also 1864 deaths.
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