|Centuries:||18th century - 19th century - 20th century|
|Decades:|| 1830s 1840s 1850s - 1860s - 1870s 1880s 1890s
|Years:||1857 1858 1859 - 1860 - 1861 1862 1863|
|1860 in topic:|
|Subjects: Archaeology - Architecture -|
|Art - Literature (Poetry) - Music - Science|
|Sports - Rail Transport|
|Countries: Australia - Canada - France - Germany - Ireland - Mexico - New Zealand - Norway - South Africa - UK - USA|
|Leaders: State leaders - Colonial governors|
|Category: Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Births - Marriages - Deaths
Events of 1860
January - June
- April 3 - The Pony Express begins its first run from Saint Joseph to Sacramento.
- April 4 – New uprising in Palermo.
- May 1 - A Chondrite type meteorite fell to earth in Muskingum County, Ohio near the town of New Concord.
- May 6 - Giuseppe Garibaldi and his troops depart from Quarto on the Expedition of the Thousand.
- May 8 - In New Granada (modern-day Colombia) southern state of Cauca secedes from the central government in protest of the suggestion of increase of presidential powers. Magdalena and Bolivar join it.
- May 9 - The U.S. Constitutional Union Party holds its convention and nominates John Bell for President of the United States.
- May 15 - Battle of Catalafimi; troops under Giuseppe Garibaldi defeat the army of Naples in Sicily, during the Second Italian independence war.
- May 17 - German soccer club TSV 1860 München is founded
- May 18 - Abraham Lincoln is selected as the U.S. presidential candidate for the Republican party.
- May 27 - Garibaldi's forces take Palermo, the capital of Sicily.
- 12 June [O.S. 31 May] 1860 - The State Bank of the Russian Empire established.
- June 24 - First nursing school, based on the ideas of Florence Nightingale, is opened in St. Thomas Infirmary in England.
July - September
- July 2 - Vladivostok, Russia is founded.
- July 9 - Mírzá 'Alí-Muhammad was executed by a firing squad in Tabriz, Persia for claiming to be a prophet.
- July 11 - Mutsuhito (the future Emperor Meiji) becomes Crown Prince of Japan.
- July 19 - Ioan Dimitrovich Kasatkin becomes an Eastern Orthodox monk under the name Nikolai.
- July 20 - The forces of Giuseppe Garibaldi defeat royal Neapolitan forces at the Battle of Milazzo, near Messina. Nearly all of Sicily was now under Garibaldi's control.
- July 24 - Monk Nikolai Kasatkin appointed as deacon.
- July 25 - Deacon Nikolai Kasatkin appointed as priest.
- August 22 - Assisted by the British navy, the troops of Giuseppe Garibaldi cross from Sicily to the Italian mainland.
- September 7
- September 10 - Piedmontese forces invade the Papal States hoping to link up with Garibaldi in Naples.
- September 18 - Battle of Castelfidardo: The Piedmontese decisively defeat the Papal forces, allowing them to continue their march into Neapolitan territory.
October - December
- October - John Hanning Speke and James Augustus Grant leave Zanzibar to search for source of the Nile.
- October 1 - Battle of the Volturno, Garibaldi defeats the last organized army of the Kingdom of Two Sicilies.
- October 5 - Austria, Britain, France, Prussia and the Ottoman Empire form a commission to investigate causes of the massacres of Maronite Christians, committed by Druzes in Lebanon earlier in the year.
- October 10 - The original cornerstone of the University of the South was laid in Sewanee, Tennessee.
- October 18 - The first Convention of Peking formally ended the Second Opium War.
- October 18-21 - Beijing's Old Summer Palace is burned to the ground by orders of British general Lord Elgin in retaliation for mistreatment of several prisoners of war during the Second Opium War.
- October 19 - New Māori revolt begins in New Zealand
- October 26
- November 3 - The combined forces of Giuseppe Garibaldi and King Victor Emmanuel II besiege King Francis II of the Two Sicilies in Gaeta, his last remaining stronghold.
- November 6 - U.S. presidential election: Abraham Lincoln beats John C. Breckinridge, Stephen A. Douglas, and John Bell and is elected as the sixteenth President of the United States, the first Republican to hold that office.
- December 1 - Charles Dickens publishes the first installment of Great Expectations in his magazine All the Year Round.
- December 20 - South Carolina becomes the first state to secede from the Union.
- December 29 - The world's first ocean-going (all) iron-hulled and armoured battleship, the (British) HMS Warrior is launched.
- Massacres of the Christians of Damascus, by part of the Muslim population, under the supervision of the Ottoman Empire.
- Victor Emmanuel, King of Sardinia seizes the whole of the Papal States except Rome (see Vatican City) and unites Italy.
- Robert Wilhelm Bunsen discovers caesium and rubidium (see Discovery of the chemical elements).
- Buenos Aires leader Bartolomé Mitre subverts Argentine Confederation and begins to establish a new centralist government with the help of Uruguayan Colorado party leader Venancio Flores.
- Augustana College is founded in Chicago, United States by Swedish immigrants. The college would move to Paxton, Illinois, in 1862, and to its eventual home in Rock Island, Illinois, in 1875.
- Sedalia is incorporated.
- First International Chemistry Congress in Karlsruhe, Germanyhi
|Gregorian calendar||1860 |
|Ab urbe condita||2613|
|Armenian calendar||1309 |
|Bahá'í calendar||16 – 17|
|Coptic calendar||1576 – 1577|
|Ethiopian calendar||1852 – 1853|
|Hebrew calendar||5620 – 5621|
|- Vikram Samvat||1915 – 1916|
|- Shaka Samvat||1782 – 1783|
|- Kali Yuga||4961 – 4962|
|Iranian calendar||1238 – 1239|
|Islamic calendar||1276 – 1277|
— changed to —Man'en 1
|- Imperial Year||Kōki 2520|
|Thai solar calendar||2403|
January - June
- January 3 - Kato Takaaki, 24th Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1926)
- January 8 - Emma Booth, the fourth child of William and Catherine Booth (d. 1903)
- January 25 - Charles Curtis, Vice President of the United States (d. 1936)
- January 29
- February 11 - Rachilde, French author (d. 1953)
- February 25 - Sir William Ashley, economic historian (d. 1927)
- February 29 - Herman Hollerith, American businessman and inventor (d. 1929)
- March 2 - Susanna M. Salter, first woman mayor in the United States (d. 1961)
- March 5 - Sam Thompson, baseball player (d. 1922)
- March 13 - Hugo Wolf, Austrian composer (d. 1903)
- March 19 - William Jennings Bryan, American politician (d. 1925)
- March 22 - Alfred Ploetz, German physician, biologist, and eugenicist (d. 1940)
- March 27 - Frank Frost Abbott, American classical scholar (d. 1924)
- May 2 - Theodor Herzl, founder of modern political Zionism (d. 1904)
- May 9 - J. M. Barrie, Scottish author (d. 1937)
- May 20 - Eduard Buchner, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1917)
- May 21 - Willem Einthoven, Dutch inventor, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1927)
- May 25 - James McKeen Cattell, American psychologist (d. 1944)
- May 29 - Isaac Albéniz, Spanish composer (d. 1909)
- June 20 - Jack Worrall, Australian cricketer, footballer, and coach (d. 1937)
- June 22 - Tom O'Brien, American 19th century baseball player (d. 1921)
- June 23 - Albert Giraud, Belgian poet (d. 1929)
July - December
- July 3 - Charlotte Perkins Gilman, American feminist (d. 1935)
- July 7 - Gustav Mahler, Austrian composer (d. 1911)
- July 7 - [[Drago, Lori Grace, was born in New Jersey, thus making the world a better place (d. 1983)
- July 16 - Otto Jespersen, Danish linguist, creator of Novial languages (d.1943)
- July 19 - Lizzie Borden, American murder suspect (d. 1927)
- August 3 - W.K. Dickson, Scottish inventor (d. 1935)
- August 7 - Alan Leo, British astrologer (d. 1917)
- August 10 - Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande, Indian musician (d. 1936)
- August 16 - Jules Laforgue, French poet (d. 1887)
- August 13 - Annie Oakley, American west show performer (d. 1926)
- August 15 - Henrietta Vinton Davis, American elocutionist, dramatist, and impersonator (d. 1941)
- August 20 - Raymond Poincare, French President (d. 1934)
- September 5 - Andrew Volstead, American politician (d. 1947)
- September 6 - Jane Addams, American social worker, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1935)
- September 13 - John J. Pershing, American general (d. 1948)
- October 31 - Juliette Gordon Low , the founder of Girl Scouts
- November 1 - Boies Penrose, United States Senator from Pennsylvania (d. 1921)
- November 6 - Ignacy Jan Paderewski, Polish pianist and composer (d. 1941)
- November 16 - John Henry Kirby, Texas legislator and American businessman (d. 1940)
- November 23
- November 22 - Fusajiro Yamauchi, founder of Nintendo (d. 1940)
- December 4 - Charles de Broqueville, Belgian Prime Minister (d. 1940)
- December 7 - Joseph Cook, sixth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1947)
- December 15 - Niels Ryberg Finsen, Danish physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1904)
- December 31 - Joseph S. Cullinan, American oil industrialist, founder of Texaco (d. 1937)
- date unknown
- See also 1860 births.
January - June
- January 13 - William Mason, American politician (b. 1786)
- January 27
- January 29 - Stephanie de Beauharnais, Grand Duchess of Baden (b. 1789)
- March 6 - Justus Johann Friedrich Dotzauer, German cellist and composer (b. 1783)
- March 17 - Anna Jameson, German author
- March 25 - James Braid, Scottish surgeon (b. 1795)
- May 12 - Sir Charles Barry, English architect (b. 1795)
- May 16 - Anne Isabella Milbanke, wife of George Gordon Byron (b. 1792)
July - December
- July 1 - Charles Goodyear, American inventor (b. 1800)
- September 21 - Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher (b. 1788)
- October 31 - Thomas Cochrane, British admiral (b. 1775)
- November 1 - Alexandra Feodorovna, the Empress Consort of Russian Emperor Nicholas I (b. 1798)
- December 14 - George Hamilton-Gordon, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1784)
- date unknown - Dai Xi, Chinese painter (b. 1801)
People of the year 1860 at Familypedia
382 people were born in 1860
132 children were born to the 176 women born in 1860
205 people died in 1860
15458 people lived in 1860
Events of the year 1860 at Familypedia
245 people were married in 1860.
There were 0 military battles in 1860.
- See also 1860 deaths.
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