|Centuries:||18th century - 19th century - 20th century|
|Decades:|| 1820s 1830s 1840s - 1850s - 1860s 1870s 1880s
|Years:||1854 1855 1856 - 1857 - 1858 1859 1860|
|1857 in topic:|
|Subjects: Archaeology - Architecture -|
|Art - Literature (Poetry) - Music - Science|
|Sports - Rail Transport|
|Countries: Australia - Canada - France - Germany - Ireland - Mexico - New Zealand - Norway - South Africa - UK - USA|
|Leaders: State leaders - Colonial governors|
|Category: Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Births - Marriages - Deaths
Year 1857 (MDCCCLVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1857[edit | edit source]
January - June[edit | edit source]
- February 16 - The National Deaf Mute College (later renamed Gallaudet University) is established in Washington, becoming the first school for the advanced education of the deaf.
- March 3 - France and the United Kingdom formally declare war on China in the Second Opium War.
- March 4 - End of term for President of the United States Franklin Pierce. He is succeeded by James Buchanan.
- March 6 - The Supreme Court of the United States rules in the Dred Scott v. Sandford case, driving the country further towards the American Civil War.
- March 21 - Earthquake in Tokyo, Japan kills over 100,000.
- March 23 - Elisha Otis' first elevator is installed (at 488 Broadway, New York City).
- May 10 - Indian rebellion of 1857: The 3rd Light Cavalry of the British East India Company's army rebels against its British officers, thus beginning the rebellion.
- May 11 - Indian rebellion of 1857: Indian combatants capture Delhi from the East India Company.
- June 6 - Sophia of Nassau marries the future King Oscar II of Sweden-Norway.
July - December[edit | edit source]
- July 15 - Indian rebellion of 1857: The second massacre at Kanpur takes place.
- August - Calcutta University established.
- September 11 - Mountain Meadows Massacre in Utah.
- September 12 - The SS Central America sinks off the coast of North Carolina, killing 425 people.
- October 24 - Sheffield F.C., the world's first association football team, is founded in Sheffield, England.
- November 30 - End of term for President of Mexico Ignacio Comonfort. He is succeeded by Félix María Zuloaga.
- December 16 - An earthquake with an estimated magnitude of 6.9 kills 11,000 people in Naples, Italy.
- December 31 - Queen Victoria chooses Ottawa as the capital of Canada.
Undated[edit | edit source]
- Divorce without parliamentary approval becomes legal in Britain.
- Speculation in U.S. railway shares causes financial crisis in Europe.
- The Mormons abandon Las Vegas.
- Founding of Hollywood.
- Restoration of the Mexican republic (see Mexico/History).
- Discovery of La Tene culture artifacts in Switzerland by Hansli Kopp.
- University of Bombay established.
- The Mughal Empire is finally destroyed by the British Empire.
- The city walls of Vienna are demolished, allowing the construction of the Ringstraße.
- William Daniel, American politician proposes Local Option for prohibition.
- Biggest Estonian newspaper Postimees is established by Johann Voldemar Jannsen.
Ongoing events[edit | edit source]
Births[edit | edit source]
|Gregorian calendar||1857 |
|Ab urbe condita||2610|
|Armenian calendar||1306 |
|Bahá'í calendar||13 – 14|
|Coptic calendar||1573 – 1574|
|Ethiopian calendar||1849 – 1850|
|Hebrew calendar||5617 – 5618|
|- Vikram Samvat||1912 – 1913|
|- Shaka Samvat||1779 – 1780|
|- Kali Yuga||4958 – 4959|
|Iranian calendar||1235 – 1236|
|Islamic calendar||1273 – 1274|
|- Imperial Year||Kōki 2517|
|Thai solar calendar||2400|
January - June[edit | edit source]
- January 4 - Émile Courtet, French caricaturist and animator (d. 1938)
- January 26 - the 12th Dalai Lama (d. 1875)
- February 13 - Almanzo James Wilder, Husband of author Laura Ingalls Wilder (d. October 23, 1949)
- February 22 - Lord Robert Baden-Powell, English founder of the Scouting movement (d. 1941)
- February 22 - Heinrich Hertz, German physicist (d. 1894)
- March 7 - Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Austrian neuroscientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1940)
- March 8 - Ruggiero Leoncavallo, Italian composer (d. 1919)
- March 27 - Karl Pearson, statistician (d. 1936)
- March 30 - Leon Charles Thevenin, French telegraph engineer (d. 1926)
- April 5 - Alexander of Battenberg, first Prince of Bulgaria (d. 1893)
- May 7 - William A. MacCorkle, Governor of West Virginia (d. 1930)
- May 13 - Ronald Ross, English physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1932)
- May 15 - Williamina Fleming, Scottish astronomer (d. 1911)
- May 19 - John Jacob Abel, American pharmacologist (d. 1938)
- May 31 - Pope Pius XI (d. 1939)
- June 2
July - December[edit | edit source]
- July 22 - Shams-ul-haq Azeemabadi, Islamic Scholar(d. 1911)
- July 23 - Carl Meinhof, German linguist (d. 1944)
- July 24 - Henrik Pontoppidan, Danish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1943)
- July 28 - Ballington Booth, Salvation Army Officer and co-founder of Volunteers of America (d. 1940)
- July 30 - Thorstein Veblen, Norwegian economist (d. 1929)
- August 14 - Max Wagenknecht, German composer (d. 1922)
- September 5 - Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Russian scientist and inventor (d. 1935)
- September 8 - Georg Michaelis, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1936)
- September 13
- September 15 - William Howard Taft, 27th President of the United States (d. 1930)
- October 24 - Ned Williamson, American baseball player (d. 1894)
- November 5 - Ida Tarbell, American journalist (d. 1944)
- November 17 - George Marchant, English-born inventor, manufacturer, and philanthropist (d. 1941)
- November 26 - Ferdinand de Saussure, Swiss linguist (d. 1913)
- November 27 - Charles Scott Sherrington, English physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1952)
- November 28 - King Alfonso XII of Spain (d. 1885)
- December 3 - Joseph Conrad, Polish-British novelist (d. 1924)
- date unknown
- See also 1857 births.
Deaths[edit | edit source]
- February 10 - David Thompson, British-Canadian explorer (b. 1770)
- February 15 - Mikhail Glinka, Russian composer (b. 1804)
- February 16 - Elisha Kent Kane, American explorer of Arctic regions (b. 1820)
- March 11 - Manuel José Quintana, poet (b. 1772)
- March 26 - Thomas Peters, Dutch supercentenarian (b. 1745)
- May 2 - Alfred de Musset, French poet (b. 1810)
- May 11 - Eugène François Vidocq, French criminal and private detective (b. 1775)
- May 13 - Parley P. Pratt, early Mormon church leader, murdered (b. 1807)
- May 23 - Augustin Louis Cauchy, French mathematician (b. 1789)
- June 30 - Alcide d'Orbigny, naturalist (b. 1802)
- July 4 - Henry Montgomery Lawrence, soldier and statesman (b. 1806)
- July 15 - Carl Czerny, Austrian composer (b. 1791)
- July 19 - Stefano Franscini, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1796)
- July 29 - Charles Lucien Bonaparte, French naturalist and ornithologist (b. 1803)
- August 3 - Eugène Sue, French novelist (b. 1804)
- September 3 - John McLoughlin, Canadian trapper (b. 1784)
- November 12 - Maximilian Spinola, entomologist (b. 1780)
- November 26 - Joseph von Eichendorff, German poet (b. 1788)
- December 3 - Christian Daniel Rauch, German sculptor (b. 1777)
- December 15 - Sir George Cayley, English aviation pioneer (b. 1773)
People of the year 1857 at Familypedia
307 people were born in 1857
158 children were born to the 124 women born in 1857
149 people died in 1857
14992 people lived in 1857
Events of the year 1857 at Familypedia
320 people were married in 1857.
There were 0 military battles in 1857.
- See also 1857 deaths.
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1857. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|