|Centuries:||18th century - 19th century - 20th century|
|Decades:|| 1810s 1820s 1830s - 1840s - 1850s 1860s 1870s
|Years:||1844 1845 1846 - 1847 - 1848 1849 1850|
|1847 in topic:|
|Subjects: Archaeology - Architecture -|
|Art - Literature (Poetry) - Music - Science|
|Sports - Rail Transport|
|Countries: Australia - Canada - France - Germany - Ireland - Mexico - New Zealand - Norway - South Africa - UK - USA|
|Leaders: State leaders - Colonial governors|
|Category: Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Births - Marriages - Deaths
Year 1847 (MDCCCXLVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1847[edit | edit source]
January - June[edit | edit source]
- January 4 - Samuel Colt sells his first revolver pistol to the United States government.
- January 13 - The Treaty of Cahuenga ended the fighting of the Mexican-American War in California.
- January 16 - John C. Fremont is appointed Governor of the new California Territory.
- January 30 - Yerba Buena, California is renamed San Francisco.
- February 5 - A rescue effort, called the First Relief, leaves Johnson's Ranch to save the ill-fated Donner Party. These California bound emigrants became snowbound in the Sierra Nevada in the winter of 1846–1847, and some had resorted to cannibalism to survive.
- February 22 - Mexican-American War: The Battle of Buena Vista - 5,000 American troops under General Zachary Taylor use their superiority in artillery to drive off 15,000 Mexican troops under Antonio López de Santa Anna defeating the Mexicans the next day.
- March 1 - The state of Michigan formally abolishes the death penalty.
- March 1 - Faustin Soulouque declares himself Emperor of Haiti.
- March 9 - Mexican-American War: United States forces under General Winfield Scott invade Mexico near Veracruz.
- March 14 - Verdi's Macbeth premieres at Teatro della Pergola in Florence.
- March 29 - Mexican-American War: United States forces led by General Winfield Scott take Veracruz after a siege.
- April 15 - The Lawrence School is established.
- May 7 - In Philadelphia, the American Medical Association (AMA) is founded.
- June 1 - First congress of the Communist League, in London.
- June 27 - The first train journey in Denmark takes place, the train drove from Copenhagen to Roskilde
July - December[edit | edit source]
- July 1 - The United States issues its first postage stamps.
- July 24 - After 17 months of travel, Brigham Young leads 148 Mormon pioneers into Salt Lake Valley, resulting in the establishment of Salt Lake City.
- July 26 - Liberia gains independence.
- July 29 - Cumberland School of Law founded at Cumberland University in Lebanon, Tennessee. At the end of 1847 only 15 law schools exist in the United States.
- August 12 - US troops of general Winfield Scott begin to advance along the aqueduct around Chalco and Xochimilco lakes in Mexico
- August 20 - US troops defeat Mexican troops in Valencia, Mexico
- September 30 - The Vegetarian Society was formed in the United Kingdom. It remains the oldest in the world.
- October 12 - German inventor and industrialist Werner von Siemens founds Siemens AG & Halske.
- October 31 - Theta Delta Chi founded at Union College.
Undated[edit | edit source]
- Ottoman Empire cedes Abadan Island to the Persian Empire.
- Abd al-Kader is captured and imprisoned by the French.
- Founding of the Architectural Association School of Architecture
- Emily Brontë publishes Wuthering Heights under the pen name of Ellis Bell.
- Charlotte Brontë publishes Jane Eyre: An Autobiography under the pen name of Currer Bell
- The North Carolina General Assembly incorporates the railroad town of Goldsborough, and the Wayne county seat is moved to the new town.
Ongoing events[edit | edit source]
- Mexican-American War (1846-1848)
- Great Irish Famine (1845-1849). This was the worst year of the famine, and is referred to as Black 47.
Births[edit | edit source]
|Gregorian calendar||1847 |
|Ab urbe condita||2600|
|Armenian calendar||1296 |
|Bahá'í calendar||3 – 4|
|Coptic calendar||1563 – 1564|
|Ethiopian calendar||1839 – 1840|
|Hebrew calendar||5607 – 5608|
|- Vikram Samvat||1902 – 1903|
|- Shaka Samvat||1769 – 1770|
|- Kali Yuga||4948 – 4949|
|Iranian calendar||1225 – 1226|
|Islamic calendar||1263 – 1264|
|- Imperial Year||Kōki 2507|
|Thai solar calendar||2390|
January - June[edit | edit source]
- January 28 - Dorus Rijkers, Dutch naval hero (d. 1928)
- February 8 - Hugh Price Hughes, Methodist Social Reformer, First Superintendent of the West London Mission (d. 1902)
- February 11 - Thomas Alva Edison, American inventor (d. 1931)
- February 15 - Robert Fuchs, Austrian composer (d. 1927)
- February 16 - Philipp Scharwenka, Polish-German composer (d. 1917)
- March 3
- March 4 - Karl Bayer, Austrian chemist (d. 1904)
- March 14 - Castro Alves, Brazilian poet (d. 1871)
- March 27 - Otto Wallach, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1931)
- April 10 - Joseph Pulitzer, Hungarian-born journalist and newspaper publisher (d. 1911)
- May 7 - Archibald Primrose, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1929)
- June 8 - Ida Saxton McKinley, U.S. First Lady (d. 1907)
- June 11 - Millicent Fawcett, British suffragist and feminist (d. 1929)
July - December[edit | edit source]
- July 9 - Wong Fei Hung, Chinese healer and revolutionary (d. 1924)
- July 25 - Paul Langerhans, German pathologist and biologist (d. 1888)
- August 14 - Robert Comtesse, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1922)
- September 5 - Jesse James, American outlaw (d. 1882)
- October 1 - Annie Besant, English women's rights activist, writer and orator.(d. 1933)
- October 2 - Paul von Hindenburg, President of Germany (d. 1934)
- October 14 - Chiquinha Gonzaga, Brazilian composer (d. 1935)
- November 26 - Dagmar of Denmark, empress of Tsar Alexander III of Russia (d. 1928)
- December 7 - George Grossmith, English actor and comic writer (d. 1912)
- December 18 - Augusta Holmès, French composer (d. 1903)
- November 30 - Afonso Pena, Brazilian president (d. 1909)
- December 17 - Michel-Joseph Maunoury, French General during World War I (d. 1923)
- December 28 - Giuseppe Maria Giulietti, Italian explorer (d. 1881)
- date unknown - Hale Johnson, American temperance movement leader (d. 1902)
Deaths[edit | edit source]
- January - Abbasgulu Bakikhanov, Azerbaijani writer (b. 1794)
- January 19 - Charles Bent, first Governor of New Mexico Territory (assassinated)
- March 9 - Mary Anning, British paleontologist (b. 1799)
- April 30 - Archduke Charles of Austria, Austrian general (b. 1771)
- May 14 - Fanny Mendelssohn, German composer and pianist (b. 1805)
- May 29 - Emmanuel, French marshal (b. 1766)
- July 3 - Matěj Kopecký, puppeteer (b. 1775)
- September 4 - František Vladislav Hek, Czech patriot (b. 1769)
- September 13 - Nicolas Oudinot, French marshal (b. 1767)
- October 3 - Charles Hatchett, English chemist (b. 1765)
- October 22 - Negus Sahle Selassie of Shewa
- November 4 - Felix Mendelssohn, German composer (b. 1809)
- December 14 - Manuel José Arce, Central American politician (b. 1787)
People of the year 1847 at Familypedia
266 people were born in 1847
112 children were born to the 109 women born in 1847
177 people died in 1847
13919 people lived in 1847
Events of the year 1847 at Familypedia
198 people were married in 1847.
There were 0 military battles in 1847.
- See also 1847 deaths.
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1847. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|