|Centuries:||17th century - 18th century - 19th century|
|Decades:|| 1740s 1750s 1760s - 1770s - 1780s 1790s 1800s
|Years:||1774 1775 1776 - 1777 - 1778 1779 1780|
|1777 by topic:|
|Arts and Sciences|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature (Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Gregorian calendar||1777 |
|Ab urbe condita||2530|
|Armenian calendar||1226 |
|Bahá'í calendar||-67 – -66|
|Coptic calendar||1493 – 1494|
|Ethiopian calendar||1769 – 1770|
|Hebrew calendar||5537 – 5538|
|- Vikram Samvat||1832 – 1833|
|- Shaka Samvat||1699 – 1700|
|- Kali Yuga||4878 – 4879|
|Iranian calendar||1155 – 1156|
|Islamic calendar||1190 – 1191|
|- Imperial Year||Kōki 2437|
|Thai solar calendar||2320|
Year 1777 (MDCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar.
Events[edit | edit source]
January–June[edit | edit source]
- January 2 – American Revolution – Second Battle of Trenton: George Washington's army fights the Second Battle of Trenton, New Jersey.
- January 3 – American Revolution – Battle of Princeton: American general George Washington defeats British general Charles Cornwallis.
- January 12 – Mission Santa Clara de Asís is founded in what is now Santa Clara, California.
- January 15 – Vermont declares its independence from New York, becoming the Vermont Republic, an independent country, a status it retains until it joins the United States as the 14th state in 1791.
- May 16 – Lachlan McIntosh and Button Gwinnett shoot each other during a duel near Savannah, Georgia. Gwinnett, a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence, dies 3 days later.
- June 13 – American Revolution: The Marquis de Lafayette lands near Charleston, South Carolina to help the Continental Congress train its army.
- June 14 – The Stars and Stripes is adopted by the Continental Congress as the Flag of the United States.
July–December[edit | edit source]
- August 16 – American Revolution – Battle of Bennington: British forces are defeated by American troops.
- September 3 – American Revolution – Cooch's Bridge: In a minor skirmish in New Castle County, Delaware, the Flag of the United States was flown in battle for the first time.
- September 11 – American Revolution – Battle of Brandywine: The British gain a major victory in Chester County, Pennsylvania.
- September 19 – American Revolution – First Battle of Saratoga: Battle of Freeman's Farm: Patriot forces withstand a British attack at Saratoga, New York
- September 26 – American Revolution – British troops occupy Philadelphia during the Revolutionary War.
- October 4 – American Revolution – Battle of Germantown: Troops under George Washington are repelled by British troops under Sir William Howe.
- October 7 – American Revolution – Second Battle of Saratoga: Battle of Bemis Heights: British General John Burgoyne is defeated by American troops.
- October 17 – American Revolution – Battle of Saratoga: British General John Burgoyne surrenders to the American troops.
- November 15 – American Revolution: After 16 months of debate, the Continental Congress approves the Articles of Confederation in the temporary American capital at York, Pennsylvania.
- November 17 – The Articles of Confederation are submitted to the states for ratification.
- November 29 – San Jose, California is founded. It is the first pueblo in Spanish Alta California.
- December 19 – American Revolution: George Washington's Continental Army goes into winter quarters at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania.
- December 20 – Morocco becomes the first nation to formally recognize the American colonies thereby beginning Morocco – United States relations.
- December 24 – Kiritimati is discovered by James Cook.
Date unknown[edit | edit source]
- The 2nd edition of Encyclopædia Britannica is published.
- The code duello is adopted at the Clonmell Summer Assizes as the form for pistol duels in Ireland. It is quickly denounced but nevertheless widely adopted throughout the English-speaking world.
- Kunsthochschule Kassel is founded
Births[edit | edit source]
January–March[edit | edit source]
- January – William Barton (Middlesex cricketer), English cricketer (d. 1825)
- January 2 – Christian Daniel Rauch, German sculptor (d. 1857)
- January 7 – Lorenzo Bartolini, Italian sculptor (d. 1850)
- January 13 – Elisa Bonaparte, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, sister of Napoleon Bonaparte (d. 1820)
- January 25 – Karoline Jagemann, German actor (d.1848)
- February 3 – John Cheyne (physician), British physician, surgeon and author (d. 1836)
- February 10 – Amable Berthelot, Quebec lawyer, author and political figure (d. 1847)
- February 12
- February 18 – Andreas Arntzen, Norwegian politician (d. 1837)
- February 20 – Zacheus Burnham, Canadian farmer, judge and public figure (d. 1857)
- March 3 – Adolphe Dureau de la Malle, French geographer, naturalist, historian and artist (d. 1857)
- March 10 – Robert Allison (Pennsylvania), U.S. Representative (d. 1840)
- March 13 – Charles Lot Church, Nova Scotia politician (d. 1864)
- March 17
- March 19 – José María Bustamante, Mexican composer (d. 1861)
April–June[edit | edit source]
- April 11 – William Addams, United States Congressman (d. 1858)
- April 12 – Henry Clay, American statesman (d. 1852)
- April 16 – John Alexander (Ohio), U.S. Representative (d. 1848)
- April 30 – Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician, astronomer, and physicist (d. 1855)
- May 4 – Richard Bourke, Australian governor (d. 1855)
- May 11 – Samuel Bridger, English cricketer
- May 18 – John George Children, British chemist, mineralogist and zoologist (d. 1852)
- June 12 – Robert Clark, American politician (d. 1837)
- June 14 – Heman Allen (of Milton), U.S. Representative (d. 1844)
- June 15 – David Daniel Davis, British physician (d. 1841)
- June 22
- June 23 – Frederick Bates, American politician (b. 1825)
July–September[edit | edit source]
- July – Thomas Clayton, American lawyer and politician (d. 1854)
- July 9 – Henry Hallam, English historian (d. 1859)
- July 26 – Robert Hamilton Bishop, Scottish-American educator and minister (d. 1855)
- July 27
- July 31 – Pedro Ignacio de Castro Barros, Argentine statesman and priest (d. 1849)
- August 11 – Giuseppe Bossi, Italian painter (d. 1815)
- August 14 – Hans Christian Ørsted, Danish physicist and chemist (d. 1851)
- August 23 – Princess Adélaïde of Orléans, French princess (d. 1847)
- August 29 – Nikita Bichurin, Russian monk (d. 1853)
- August 31 – Alexander Bashilov, Russian general (d. 1847)
- September 9 – James Carr (Massachusetts politician), U.S. Congressman (d. 1818)
- September 12 – Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville, French zoologist and anatomist (d. 1850)
- September 25 – Joseph Badeaux, Canadian politician (d. 1835)
October–December[edit | edit source]
- October 1 – Zaro Aga (claimed to have been born this year or 1774; d. 1934)
- October 16
- October 18
- November 7 – Richard Bassett (clergyman), Welsh cleric (d. 1852)
- November 14 – Nathaniel Claiborne, U.S. politician (d. 1859)
- November 24 – Samuel Butts, militia officer (d. 1814)
- December 1 – Thomas Bradford (British Army officer), British Army officer (d. 1853)
- December 4 – Madame Récamier, French writer (d. 1849)
- December 14 – Du Pré Alexander, 2nd Earl of Caledon, Irish peer, landlord and colonial administrator (d. 1839)
- December 15 – Agostino Aglio, Italian painter, decorator and engraver (d. 1857)
- December 21 – John Campbell, 7th Duke of Argyll, Scottish peer and Whig politician (d. 1847)
- December 23 – Emperor Alexander I of Russia (d. 1825)
- December 24 – Barbara Ann Spooner Wilberforce, Wife of English Abolitionist William Wilberforce (d. 1847)
Date unknown[edit | edit source]
- Suleiman al-Halabi, Syrian student and assassin (d. 1800)
- Carlos Anaya, Uruguayan politician (d. 1862)
- Charles James Apperley, English sportsman and sporting writer (d. 1843)
- Carlo Armellini, Italian politician, activist and jurist (d. 1863)
- Mevlana Halid-i Bagdadi, Ottoman mystic (d. 1826)
- Connell James Baldwin, Irish soldier and civil servant (d. 1861)
- Karl Friedrich Becker, German educator and historian (d. 1806)
- Vicente Benavides, Chilean soldier (d. 1822)
- John Bennett (Hampshire cricketer) (d. 1857)
- William Bellinger Bulloch, U.S. Senator (d. 1852)
- Sophia Campbell, Australian artist (d. 1833)
- Abiel Chandler, U.S. philanthropist (d. 1851)
- John Claiborne, U.S. politician (d. 1808)
- Charles Othon Frédéric Jean-Baptiste de Clarac, French artist, scholar and archaeologist (d. 1847)
- Thomas Cochran (judge), Canadian judge (d. 1804)
- William Conner, American trader and politician (d. 1855)
- Anselmo de la Cruz, Chilean political figure (d. 1833)
- Thomas Day (Connecticut), American judge (d. 1855)
- Benjamin d'Urban, British general and colonial administrator (d. 1849)
- Tu'i Malila, the longest living animal (a tortoise) on record (d. 1965)
Deaths[edit | edit source]
- January 10 – Spranger Barry, Irish actor (b. 1719)
- January 12 – Hugh Mercer, American Revolutionary War officer (mortally wounded in battle) (b. 1726)
- February 9 – Seth Pomeroy, American gunsmith and soldier (b. 1706)
- February 24 – King Joseph I of Portugal (b. 1714)
- March 1 – Georg Christoph Wagenseil, Austrian composer (b. 1715)
- May 11 – George Pigot, Baron Pigot, British governor of Madras (b. 1719)
- May 19 – Button Gwinnett, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1735)
- September 22 – John Bartram, American botanist (b. 1699)
- September 25 – Johann H. Lambert, mathematician, physicist and astronomer (b. 1728)
- October 4 – Francis Nash, Brigider general killed at the Battle of Germantown
- October 7 – Simon Fraser, British general during the American Revolutionary War (b. 1729)
- October 21 – Samuel Foote, English dramatist and actor (b. 1720)
- November 10 – Cornstalk, Shawnee chief
- November 13 – William Bowyer (printer), English printer (b. 1699)
- December – Dolly Pentreath, claimed to be the last speaker of the Cornish language
References[edit | edit source]
- ^ Bookin-Weiner, Jerome B. "The Origins of Moroccan American Relations" in THE ATLANTIC CONNECTION: 200 Years of Moroccan-American Relations 1786-1986, Bookin-Weiner, Jerome B. and El Mansour, Mohammed eds. Edino Press, 1990. Pg. 20
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1777. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|
People of the year 1777 at Familypedia
138 people were born in 1777
81 children were born to the 49 women born in 1777
101 people died in 1777
6623 people lived in 1777
Events of the year 1777 at Familypedia
86 people were married in 1777.
There were 0 military battles in 1777.