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Plymouth1623

In 1623, the Mayflower pilgrims re-negotiated their contract with their investors in England. The new contract now allowed for individual ownership of land. On this census, everyone is allowed 1 acre per family member.

W.I.P. Edit

  • Compare to 1621 Fortune List
  • Compare to 1623 Anne List


Overview Edit

Caleb Johnson, a member of the General Society of Mayflower Descendants, provides the following notes on this record of land divisions:

In 1623, the Pilgrims divided up their land. The people mentioned in the Division of Land came on the Mayflower (1620), the Fortune (1621), and the Anne (1623). A couple may have arrived on the Swan (1622) or the Little James (1623), but these were small ships carrying mostly cargo. The Division of Land is recorded in Volume XII of the "Records of the Colony of New Plymouth", and reprinted in the "Mayflower Descendant", 1:227-230. Each family was given one acre per family member.

In general, this census is a pretty good list of adults that arrived in Plymouth Colony and were given a lot to begin building a house and farm. It includes many of the original 1620 Mayflower pilgrims who landed here, started building, but died during that first winter.

1620s Ships Edit

1623 Census Edit

# Family Acres Arrival Known Family Members Notes
1 Robert Cushman (1577-1625) 1 1621 Thomas Cushman (1608-1691) Robert returned to England in 1621, only his son remained.
2 William Brewster (1567-1644) 6 1620 William, wife Mary, and children: Love, Wrestling. and 2 servants? Missing: Jonathan Brewster (1593-1659) - see below for separate listing? See #64 below for daughter Patience and Fear.
3 William Bradford (1590-1657) 3 1620+ William, Dorothy, Son John (1623) Colony Governor - See #60 below for 2nd Wife Alice.
"these lye on the South side of the brooke to the baywards" "these containe .29 akers"
4 Richard Gardiner (1600-1621) 1 1620 Died in first winter ???
5 Frances Cooke 2 1620 Francis, and son John See #51 below for rest of family
6 George Soule (c1593-1678) 1 1620
7 Mr Isaak Allerton 7 1620+ Isaac, 3 Children: Bartholomew, Remember, Mary, Also counting wife and 2 children that died in 1620?
8 John Billington 3 1620 John Billington (1580-1630), wife Elinor, Son Francis missing son John Jr., Note John Sr was executed for murder in 1630.
9 Peter Browen 1 1620 Peter Browne (bef1600-1633)
10 Samuell ffuller 2 1620 Samuel Fuller (1580-1633), and deceased wife See #17 below for his nephew "Samuel Junior".
11 Joseph Rogers 2 1620 Thomas Rogers (1572-1621) (sic?) Unattended
"These ley on the South side of the brook to the woodward opposite to the former." "these contain .16 akers besis Hobamaks ground which lieth between." Hobomok, a friendly indian.
12 John Howland 4 1620 John and wife Elizabeth, includes 2 acres for his deceased in-laws?; John & Joan Tilley.
13 Steven Hobkins 6 1620 Stephen, wife Elizabeth, and children: Constance, Giles, Damaris and Oceanus
14 Edward Doty (bef1600-1655) 1 1620
15 Edward Leister (c1598-) 1 1620 Eventually left for Virginia
16 Gilbard Winslow (1600-1663) 1 1620
17 Samuel Fuller (1608-1683) 3 1620 3 acres For Self and his deceased parents See #10 above for his uncle, Dr. Fuller
"this .5. akers lyeth behind the forte to the litle ponde "
18 William White 5 1620 William, wife: Susanna, and 2 children: Resolved and Peregrine, and 1 servant ? (William Holbreck (c1603-1621), William died early in 1621 and his wife remarried to Edward Winslow (see next)
"these lye on the north side of the towne next adjoyning to their gardens which came in the Fortune. "
19 Edward Winslow 4 1620 Edward Winslow (1595-1655), and 1st wife: Elizabeth Barker (1597-1621). and two other household members: Ellen More (1612-1621) and Elias Story (c1604-1621) ??? 3rd Governor of Plymouth
20 Richard Warren (c1580-1628) ? 1620+ His wife and 5 daughters come in 1623 - See #72 below.
21 John Goodman (c1595-1621) ? 1620 Unattended
22 John Crackstone (c1575-1620) ? 1620 John Sr and son John Crackstone (c1602-1628) Surviving minor child
23 John Alden (c1599-1687) ? 1620
24 Marie Chilton ? 1620 Mary Chilton (c1605-1679)- a daughter that was left an orphan and later married John Winslow, brother of Edward Winslow.
25 Captin Myles Standish 2 1620 Myles Standish (c1584-1656) and his wife Rose Handley (c1585-1621) Miliita leader at Plymouth Colony
26 Francis Eaton 4 1620 Francis, Wife Dorothy (deceased), and one son Samuel Eaton (1619-1684). No idea why given a 4th acre?
27 Henerie Samson 1 1620 Henry Sampson (1604-1684) Minor Cousin of Edward Tilley (c1588-1621) who died
28 Humillitie Cooper 1 1620 Humility Cooper (1619-1638) Minor Cousin of Edward Tilley (c1588-1621) who died
"The fales of their ground which came in the Fortune according as their lots were cast 1623. This ship came Novr1621. these lye to the sea, eastward. "
29 William Hilton 1 1621 See family at #59 below
30 John Winslow (1597-1674) 1 1621
31 William Coner 1 1621
32 John Adams (1595-1633) 1 1621
33 William Tench & John Cannon 2 1621 Shared lot
"These lye beyond the fort to the wood west."
34 William Wright (1595-1633) & William Pitt 2 1621 Shared lot
35 Robert Hickes 1 1621
36 Thomas Prence (1600-1673) 1 1621 Future Governor of Plymouth
37 Stephen Dean 1 1621
38 Moses Simonson & Philipe de la Noye 2 1621 Shared lot
39 Edward Bompasse (1605-1693) 1 1621
40 Clemente Briggs 1 1621
41 James Steward 1 1621
42 William Palmer 2 1621 William was followed by his wife Anne in 1623. (#83 below)
43 Jonathan Brewster (1593-1659) 1 1621 Eldest Son of Mayflower Passenger William Brewster (1567-1644) (#2 above).
44 Benet Morgan 1 1621
45 Thomas Flavel & son 2 1621 Father and Son
46 Thomas Morton 1 1621 Brother of George Morton and father of Thomas Morton Junior who came in 1623 on the Little James and Anne respectively.
47 William Bassite 3 1621 William, his wife Elizabeth Why 3rd acre, Newly married couple with possibly a son?
"The fales of their ground which came over in the shipe called the Anne according as their were cast .1623."
48 James Rande 1 1623
"These to the sea eastward"
49 Francis Spragge 3 1623 Francis, Anne (wife?) and daughter Mercy Sprague (1617-1668)?.
"these following lye beyond the brooke to Strawberie-hill."
50 Edmond Flood 1 1623
51 Francis Cooke (1583-1663) 4 1623 His wife and 3 children Jane, Jacob and Baby Hester wife and children arrived on Anne. (see also #5 above for Francis)
52 Edward Burcher (1543-c1625) 2 1623 Elderly couple that arrived on Little James. Not found in 1627 census.
53 John Jenney (1596-1644) 5 1623 Family of five arrived on Little James. Builder of first grist mill in Plymouth.
54 goodwife Flavell 1 1623  ???
55 Manasseh & John Faunce (1600-1653) 2 1623
"these but against the swampe & reed-ponde "
56 George Morton (c1585-1624) & Experience Mitchell (1609-1689) 8 1623 George arrived with family on Little James but died in 1624. Helped publish "Mort's Relations"early history of Plymouth.
57 Christian Penn (1607-1684) 1 1623 md 1) Mayflower passenger Francis Eaton (1596-1633) in 1624 and md 2) Mayflower passenger Francis Billington (1607-1684) in 1634.
58 Thomas Morton Junior 1 1623
59 William Hiltons wife & 2 children 3 1623 See #29 above
"This goeth in wth a corner by ye ponde"
60 Alice Bradford 1 1623 Wife of Gov. Wm Bradford #3 above.
61 Robart Hickes 4 1623 his wife & children
62 Brigett Fuller 1 1623
63 Ellen Newton 1 1623
64 Brewster 3 1623 Pacience & Fear Brewster with Robart Long See #2 above for parents family.
65 William Heard 1 1623
66 Mrs Standish 1 1623 Md Captain Myles Standish (c1584-1656) shortly after arrival in 1623.
"These following lye on the other side of the towne towards the eele-river."
67 Marie Buckett 1 1623 she would marry Mayflower pilgrim George Soule (c1593-1678) on land "adioyning to Joseph Rogers"
68 Mr Ouldoom 10 1623 "& those joyned with him" (wife and extended family) John Oldham was a divisive force at Plymouth, moved away and later first casualty starting the Pequot War in 1636.
69 Cudbard Cudbartsone 6 1623 Godbert, his wife Sarah (a widow for Mayflower passenger Degory Priest (1579-1621)), and children: Mary Priest (1612-1689), Sarah Priest (1614-aft1646), Samuel Godbertson (1622-) The sixth lot is the portion for Degory Priest.
70 Anthony Anable 4 1623
71 Thomas Tilden 3 1623
72 Richard Warren Family 5 1623 Wife Elizabeth, and 4 daughters: Mary. Anna, Sarah, and Abigail. Wife and 4 daughters came in 1623 on the Anne. See #20 for Father, Mayflower passenger Richard Warren (c1580-1628)
73 Bangs 4 1623
74 Robert Rattlife ? 1623 "beyonde the swampie & stonie ground"
"These butt against Hobes Hole."
75 Nicholas Snow (1599-1676) ? 1623
76 Anthony Dixe ? ?
77 Mr. Perces ? ? & 2 Ser,
78 Ralfe Walen ? ?
"South side"
79 Stephen Tracy 3 ?
80 Thomas Clarke (1599-1697) 1 ?
81 Robert Bartlett (1603-1688) 1 ?
"North Side"
82 Edward Holman 1 ?
83 Frances Palmer 1 1623 Wife of William Palmer #42 above.
84 Josuah Prat & Phineas Prat 2 1623 Settlers from the Sparrow, leave Weymouth Colony to join Plymouth Group by 1623.

Research Notes Edit

Beware of adopted children, indentured servants, etc. (ie Richard More (1614-c1694)

Missing Records Edit

  • William Beale / Thomas Cushman - supposedly sharing 2 lots (1621 Fortune)
  • Widow Ford - Family received 5 lots (1621 Fortune)
  • Austin Nicholas - (1621 Fortune)
  • Hugh Statie - (1621 Fortune)


References Edit


External Links Edit

Mayflower 2016a