Millennium:  2nd millennium BC 

Centuries:  14th century BC · 13th century BC · 12th century BC 
Decades:  1290s BC 1280s BC 1270s BC 1260s BC 1250s BC 1240s BC 1230s BC 1220s BC 1210s BC 1200s BC 
Categories:  Births – Deaths Establishments – Disestablishments 
Overview[edit  edit source]
The 13th century BC was the period from 1300 to 1201 BC.
Events[edit  edit source]
 1300 BC — Cemetery H culture comes to an end.
 1292 BC — End of the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt, start of the Nineteenth Dynasty.
 1282 BC — Pandion II, legendary King of Athens, dies after a nominal reign of 25 years. He reportedly only reigned in Megara while Athens and the rest of Attica were under the control of an alliance of Nobles led by his uncle Metion (son of Erechtheus of Athens) and his sons (including in some accounts Daedalus). His four sons lead a successful military campaign to regain the throne. Aegeus becomes King of Athens, Nisos reigns in Megara, Lykos in Euboea and Pallas in southern Attica.
 1279 BC, (May 31) — Ramesses II becomes leader of Ancient Egypt.
 1278 BC — Seti I dies, 1 year after his son, Ramesses II is crowned.
 1274 BC — The Battle of Kadesh in Syria. Egyptians and Hittites sign the earliest known peace treaty at the end of the Battle of Kadesh.
 1269 BC — Ramses II, king of ancient Egypt, and Hattusilis III, king of the Hittites, sign the earliest known peace treaty.
 1251 BC, (September 7) — A solar eclipse on this date might mark the birth of legendary Heracles at Thebes.
 1250 BC — Wu Ding emperor of Shang Dynasty to 1192 BC.
 1230s BC — Aegeus, legendary King of Athens, receives a false message that his designated heir Theseus, his son by Aethra of Troezena, is dead. Theseus had been sent to his overlord Minos of Crete as an offering to the Minotaur. Medus, Aegeus' only other son (by Medea of Colchis), had been exiled in Asia and would become legendary ancestor to the Medes. Believing himself without heirs the King commits suicide after a reign of 48 years. He is succeeded by Theseus, who actually still lives. The Aegean Sea is reportedly named in his honor.
 1210 BC — Pharaoh Merneptah defeats a Libyan invasion.
 1213 BC — Theseus, legendary King of Athens, is deposed and succeeded by Menestheus, greatgrandson of Erechtheus and second cousin of Theseus' father Aegeus. Menestheus is reportedly assisted by Castor and Polydeuces of Sparta, who want to reclaim their sister Helen from her first husband Theseus. The latter seeks refuge in Skyros, whose King Lycomedes is an old friend and ally. Lycomedes, however, considers his visitor a threat to the throne and proceeds to assassinate him (though other accounts place these events a decade later, in the 1200s BC).
 1212 BC — Death of Egyptian Pharaoh Ramesses the Great.
 1204 BC — Theseus, legendary King of Athens, is deposed after a reign of 30 years and succeeded by Menestheus, greatgrandson of Erichthonius II of Athens and second cousin of Theseus' father Aegeus. Menestheus is reportedly assisted by Castor and Polydeuces of Sparta, who want to reclaim their sister Helen from her first husband Theseus. Theseus seeks refuge in Skyros, whose King Lycomedes is an old friend and ally. Lycomedes, however, considers his visitor a threat to the throne and proceeds assassinates him. (Other accounts place these events a decade earlier. See 1210s BC.)
 c. 1200 BC — The Cimmerians start settling the steppes of southern Russia? (Undocumented conjecture).
 1200 BC — Ancient Pueblo Peoples civilization in North America. (approximate date)
 1200 BC — Collapse of Hittite power in Anatolia with the destruction of their capital Hattusa.
Significant persons[edit  edit source]
 1251 BC — A lunar eclipse might mark the birth of Hercules
 c. 1225 BC — Birth of legendary Helen to King Tyndareus of Sparta and his wife Leda
 1224 BC — Death of Ramesses II of Egypt
 Merneptah, Pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt (1212 BC–1202 BC)
 Amenmesse, Pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt (1202 BC–1199 BC)
 Moses led Hebrew Exodus (may have been earlier)
 Pangeng of China
Decades and years[edit  edit source]
[[::DecadesDecades]] and [[::YearsYears]]
13th century BC
[[::15th century BC15th century BC]]
←[[::14th century BC14th century BC]]
← ↔ →[[::12th century BC12th century BC]]→[[::11th century BC11th century BC]]
[[::1309–1300 BC1309–1300 BC
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[[::1309 BC1309 BC
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[[::1308 BC1308 BC
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[[::1307 BC1307 BC
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[[::1306 BC1306 BC
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[[::1305 BC1305 BC
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[[::1304 BC1304 BC
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[[::1303 BC1303 BC
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[[::1302 BC1302 BC
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[[::1301 BC1301 BC
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[[::1300 BC1300 BC
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[[::1290s BC1290s BC
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[[::1299 BC1299 BC
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[[::1298 BC1298 BC
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[[::1297 BC1297 BC
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[[::1296 BC1296 BC
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[[::1295 BC1295 BC
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[[::1294 BC1294 BC
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[[::1293 BC1293 BC
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[[::1292 BC1292 BC
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[[::1291 BC1291 BC
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[[::1290 BC1290 BC
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[[::1280s BC1280s BC
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[[::1289 BC1289 BC
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[[::1288 BC1288 BC
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[[::1287 BC1287 BC
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[[::1286 BC1286 BC
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[[::1285 BC1285 BC
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[[::1284 BC1284 BC
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[[::1283 BC1283 BC
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[[::1282 BC1282 BC
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[[::1281 BC1281 BC
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[[::1280 BC1280 BC
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[[::1270s BC1270s BC
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[[::1279 BC1279 BC
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[[::1278 BC1278 BC
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[[::1277 BC1277 BC
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[[::1276 BC1276 BC
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[[::1275 BC1275 BC
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[[::1274 BC1274 BC
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[[::1273 BC1273 BC
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[[::1272 BC1272 BC
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[[::1271 BC1271 BC
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[[::1270 BC1270 BC
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[[::1260s BC1260s BC
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[[::1269 BC1269 BC
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[[::1268 BC1268 BC
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[[::1267 BC1267 BC
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[[::1266 BC1266 BC
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[[::1265 BC1265 BC
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[[::1264 BC1264 BC
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[[::1263 BC1263 BC
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[[::1262 BC1262 BC
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[[::1261 BC1261 BC
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[[::1260 BC1260 BC
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[[::1250s BC1250s BC
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[[::1259 BC1259 BC
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[[::1258 BC1258 BC
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[[::1257 BC1257 BC
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[[::1256 BC1256 BC
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[[::1255 BC1255 BC
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[[::1254 BC1254 BC
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[[::1253 BC1253 BC
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[[::1252 BC1252 BC
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[[::1251 BC1251 BC
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[[::1250 BC1250 BC
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[[::1240s BC1240s BC
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[[::1249 BC1249 BC
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[[::1248 BC1248 BC
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[[::1247 BC1247 BC
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[[::1246 BC1246 BC
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[[::1245 BC1245 BC
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[[::1244 BC1244 BC
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[[::1243 BC1243 BC
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[[::1242 BC1242 BC
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[[::1241 BC1241 BC
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[[::1240 BC1240 BC
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[[::1230s BC1230s BC
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[[::1239 BC1239 BC
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[[::1238 BC1238 BC
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[[::1237 BC1237 BC
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[[::1236 BC1236 BC
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[[::1235 BC1235 BC
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[[::1234 BC1234 BC
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[[::1233 BC1233 BC
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[[::1232 BC1232 BC
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[[::1231 BC1231 BC
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[[::1230 BC1230 BC
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[[::1220s BC1220s BC
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[[::1229 BC1229 BC
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[[::1228 BC1228 BC
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[[::1227 BC1227 BC
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[[::1226 BC1226 BC
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[[::1225 BC1225 BC
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[[::1224 BC1224 BC
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[[::1223 BC1223 BC
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[[::1222 BC1222 BC
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[[::1221 BC1221 BC
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[[::1220 BC1220 BC
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[[::1210s BC1210s BC
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[[::1219 BC1219 BC
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[[::1218 BC1218 BC
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[[::1217 BC1217 BC
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[[::1216 BC1216 BC
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[[::1215 BC1215 BC
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[[::1214 BC1214 BC
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[[::1213 BC1213 BC
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[[::1212 BC1212 BC
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[[::1211 BC1211 BC
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[[::1210 BC1210 BC
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[[::1209–1200 BC1209–1200 BC
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[[::1209 BC1209 BC
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[[::1208 BC1208 BC
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[[::1207 BC1207 BC
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[[::1206 BC1206 BC
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[[::1205 BC1205 BC
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[[::1204 BC1204 BC
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[[::1203 BC1203 BC
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[[::1202 BC1202 BC
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[[::1201 BC1201 BC
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[[::1200 BC1200 BC
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[[::1190s BC1190s BC
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[[::1199 BC1199 BC
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[[::1198 BC1198 BC
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[[::1197 BC1197 BC
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[[::1196 BC1196 BC
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[[::1195 BC1195 BC
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[[::1194 BC1194 BC
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[[::1193 BC1193 BC
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[[::1192 BC1192 BC
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[[::1191 BC1191 BC
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[[::1190 BC1190 BC
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[[::CenturiesCenturies]] and [[::MillenniaMillennia]]
Millennium  Century  

Before Christ / Before Common Era (BC/BCE)  
[[::4th millennium BC4th]]:  [[::40th century BC40th]]  [[::39th century BC39th]]  [[::38th century BC38th]]  [[::37th century BC37th]]  [[::36th century BC36th]]  [[::35th century BC35th]]  [[::34th century BC34th]]  [[::33rd century BC33rd]]  [[::32nd century BC32nd]]  [[::31st century BC31st]] 
[[::3rd millennium BC3rd]]:  [[::30th century BC30th]]  [[::29th century BC29th]]  [[::28th century BC28th]]  [[::27th century BC27th]]  [[::26th century BC26th]]  [[::25th century BC25th]]  [[::24th century BC24th]]  [[::23rd century BC23rd]]  [[::22nd century BC22nd]]  [[::21st century BC21st]] 
[[::2nd millennium BC2nd]]:  [[::20th century BC20th]]  [[::19th century BC19th]]  [[::18th century BC18th]]  [[::17th century BC17th]]  [[::16th century BC16th]]  [[::15th century BC15th]]  [[::14th century BC14th]]  [[::13th century BC13th]]  [[::12th century BC12th]]  [[::11th century BC11th]] 
[[::1st millennium BC1st]]:  [[::10th century BC10th]]  [[::9th century BC9th]]  [[::8th century BC8th]]  [[::7th century BC7th]]  [[::6th century BC6th]]  [[::5th century BC5th]]  [[::4th century BC4th]]  [[::3rd century BC3rd]]  [[::2nd century BC2nd]]  [[::1st century BC1st]] 
Anno Domini / Common Era (AD/CE)  
[[::1st millennium1st]]:  [[::1st century1st]]  [[::2nd century2nd]]  [[::3rd century3rd]]  [[::4th century4th]]  [[::5th century5th]]  [[::6th century6th]]  [[::7th century7th]]  [[::8th century8th]]  [[::9th century9th]]  [[::10th century10th]] 
[[::2nd millennium2nd]]:  [[::11th century11th]]  [[::12th century12th]]  [[::13th century13th]]  [[::14th century14th]]  [[::15th century15th]]  [[::16th century16th]]  [[::17th century17th]]  [[::18th century18th]]  [[::19th century19th]]  [[::20th century20th]] 
[[::3rd millennium3rd]]:  [[::21st century21st]]  [[::22nd century22nd]]  [[::23rd century23rd]]  [[::24th century24th]]  [[::25th century25th]]  [[::26th century26th]]  [[::27th century27th]]  [[::28th century28th]]  [[::29th century29th]]  [[::30th century30th]] 
[[::4th millennium4th]]:  [[::31st century31st]] 
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