Millennium:  2nd millennium BC 

Centuries:  13th century BC · 12th century BC · 11th century BC 
Decades:  1190s BC 1180s BC 1170s BC 1160s BC 1150s BC 1140s BC 1130s BC 1120s BC 1110s BC 1100s BC 
Categories:  Births – Deaths Establishments – Disestablishments 
Contents
Overview[edit  edit source]
The 12th century BC is the period from 1200 to 1101 BC.
Events[edit  edit source]
 1197 BC — The beginning of first period (1197 BC — 982 BC) by Sau Yung's concept of the I Ching and history.
 1194 BC — The beginning of the legendary Trojan War.
 1192 BC — Wu Ding emperor of Shang Dynasty died.
 1191 BC — Menestheus, legendary King of Athens, dies during the Trojan War after a reign of 23 years and is succeeded by his nephew Demophon, a son of Theseus. Other accounts place his death a decade later and shortly after the Trojan War (see 1180s BC).
 1186 BC — End of the Nineteenth dynasty of Egypt, start of the Twentieth Dynasty.
 1184 BC, April 24 — Traditional date for the fall of Troy, Asia Minor to the Mycenaeans and their allies. This marks the end of the Trojan War of Greek mythology.
 1181 BC — Menestheus, legendary King of Athens and veteran of the Trojan War, dies after a reign of 23 years and is succeeded by his nephew Demophon, a son of Theseus. Other accounts place his death a decade earlier and during the Trojan War (see 1190s BC).
 1180 BC — The last Kassite king, Anllilnadinakhe, is defeated by the Elamites
 April 16, 1178 BC — A solar eclipse may mark the return of Odysseus, legendary King of Ithaca, to his kingdom after the Trojan War. He discovers a number of suitors competing to marry his wife Penelope, whom they believe to be a widow, in order to succeed him on the throne. He organizes their slaying and reestablishes himself on the throne.
 1160 BC — Death of Pharaoh Ramesses V, from smallpox.
 1159 BC — Global "tree ring event" (period of arrested tree growth) lasting for 18 years.
 1154 BC — Death of King Menelaus of Sparta (estimated date).
 1154 BC — Suicide of exiled Queen Helen of Sparta at Rhodes. (estimated date).
 c. 1150 BC — End of Egyptian rule in Palestine. Rameses VI last Pharaoh acknowledged.
 1147 BC — Demophon, legendary King of Athens and veteran of the Trojan War, dies after a reign of 33 years and is succeeded by his son Oxyntes.
 1137 BC — Ramses VII begins his reign as the sixth ruler of the Twentieth dynasty of Egypt.
 1135 BC — Oxyntes, legendary King of Athens, dies after a reign of 12 years and is succeeded by his elder son Apheidas.
 1134 BC — Apheidas, legendary King of Athens, is assassinated and succeeded by his younger brother Thymoetes after a reign of 1 year.
 1126 BC — Thymoetes, legendary King of Athens, dies childless after a reign of 8 years. He is succeeded by his designated heir Melanthus of Pylos, a fifthgeneration descendant of Neleus who had reportedly assisted him in battle against the Boeotians.
 1122 BC — Legendary founding date of the city of Pyongyang.
 c. 1120 BC — destruction of Troy VIIb_{1}
 1115 BC — Zhou cheng wang becomes king of the Zhou Dynasty of China.
 1115 BC — TiglathPileser I becomes king of Assyria.
 1100 BC — TiglathPileser I of Assyria conquers the Hittites.
 c. 1100 BC — The Dorians supposedly invade Greece.
 c. 1100 BC — Beginning of the protoVillanovan culture in northern Italy.
 c. 1100 BC — Mycenaean civilization ends. Start of Greek Archaic Period.
 c. 1100 BC — The New Kingdom in Egypt comes to an end.
 Elamite invaders loot art treasures from Mesopotamia and carry them in Susa.
Significant persons[edit  edit source]
 Amenemses, Pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt (1202 BC–1199 BC)
 1180 BC — Birth of Ramesses III of Egypt
 1153 BC — Death of pharaoh Ramesses III of Egypt
 1146 BC — Nebuchadnezzar I becomes king of Babylon
 1116 BC — Death of King Wu of Zhou, King of the Zhou Dynasty (1122 BC–256 BC) of China
Inventions, discoveries, introductions[edit  edit source]
 1100s BC — Alphabet developed by Phoenicians.
Decades and years[edit  edit source]
[[::DecadesDecades]] and [[::YearsYears]]
12th century BC
[[::14th century BC14th century BC]]
←[[::13th century BC13th century BC]]
← ↔ →[[::11th century BC11th century BC]]→[[::10th century BC10th century BC]]
[[::1209–1200 BC1209–1200 BC
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[[::1209 BC1209 BC
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[[::1208 BC1208 BC
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[[::1207 BC1207 BC
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[[::1206 BC1206 BC
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[[::1205 BC1205 BC
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[[::1204 BC1204 BC
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[[::1203 BC1203 BC
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[[::1202 BC1202 BC
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[[::1201 BC1201 BC
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[[::1200 BC1200 BC
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[[::1190s BC1190s BC
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[[::1199 BC1199 BC
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[[::1198 BC1198 BC
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[[::1197 BC1197 BC
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[[::1196 BC1196 BC
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[[::1195 BC1195 BC
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[[::1194 BC1194 BC
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[[::1193 BC1193 BC
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[[::1192 BC1192 BC
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[[::1191 BC1191 BC
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[[::1190 BC1190 BC
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[[::1180s BC1180s BC
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[[::1189 BC1189 BC
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[[::1188 BC1188 BC
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[[::1187 BC1187 BC
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[[::1186 BC1186 BC
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[[::1185 BC1185 BC
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[[::1184 BC1184 BC
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[[::1183 BC1183 BC
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[[::1182 BC1182 BC
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[[::1181 BC1181 BC
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[[::1180 BC1180 BC
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[[::1170s BC1170s BC
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[[::1179 BC1179 BC
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[[::1178 BC1178 BC
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[[::1177 BC1177 BC
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[[::1176 BC1176 BC
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[[::1175 BC1175 BC
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[[::1174 BC1174 BC
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[[::1173 BC1173 BC
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[[::1172 BC1172 BC
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[[::1171 BC1171 BC
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[[::1170 BC1170 BC
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[[::1160s BC1160s BC
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[[::1169 BC1169 BC
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[[::1168 BC1168 BC
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[[::1167 BC1167 BC
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[[::1166 BC1166 BC
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[[::1165 BC1165 BC
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[[::1164 BC1164 BC
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[[::1163 BC1163 BC
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[[::1162 BC1162 BC
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[[::1161 BC1161 BC
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[[::1160 BC1160 BC
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[[::1150s BC1150s BC
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[[::1159 BC1159 BC
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[[::1158 BC1158 BC
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[[::1157 BC1157 BC
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[[::1156 BC1156 BC
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[[::1155 BC1155 BC
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[[::1154 BC1154 BC
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[[::1153 BC1153 BC
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[[::1152 BC1152 BC
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[[::1151 BC1151 BC
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[[::1150 BC1150 BC
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[[::1140s BC1140s BC
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[[::1149 BC1149 BC
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[[::1148 BC1148 BC
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[[::1147 BC1147 BC
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[[::1146 BC1146 BC
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[[::1145 BC1145 BC
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[[::1144 BC1144 BC
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[[::1143 BC1143 BC
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[[::1142 BC1142 BC
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[[::1141 BC1141 BC
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[[::1140 BC1140 BC
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[[::1130s BC1130s BC
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[[::1139 BC1139 BC
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[[::1138 BC1138 BC
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[[::1137 BC1137 BC
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[[::1136 BC1136 BC
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[[::1135 BC1135 BC
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[[::1134 BC1134 BC
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[[::1133 BC1133 BC
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[[::1132 BC1132 BC
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[[::1131 BC1131 BC
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[[::1130 BC1130 BC
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[[::1120s BC1120s BC
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[[::1129 BC1129 BC
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[[::1128 BC1128 BC
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[[::1127 BC1127 BC
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[[::1126 BC1126 BC
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[[::1125 BC1125 BC
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[[::1124 BC1124 BC
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[[::1123 BC1123 BC
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[[::1122 BC1122 BC
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[[::1121 BC1121 BC
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[[::1120 BC1120 BC
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[[::1110s BC1110s BC
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[[::1119 BC1119 BC
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[[::1118 BC1118 BC
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[[::1117 BC1117 BC
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[[::1116 BC1116 BC
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[[::1115 BC1115 BC
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[[::1114 BC1114 BC
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[[::1113 BC1113 BC
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[[::1112 BC1112 BC
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[[::1111 BC1111 BC
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[[::1110 BC1110 BC
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[[::1109–1100 BC1109–1100 BC
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[[::1109 BC1109 BC
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[[::1108 BC1108 BC
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[[::1107 BC1107 BC
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[[::1106 BC1106 BC
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[[::1105 BC1105 BC
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[[::1104 BC1104 BC
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[[::1103 BC1103 BC
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[[::1102 BC1102 BC
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[[::1101 BC1101 BC
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[[::1100 BC1100 BC
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[[::1090s BC1090s BC
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[[::1099 BC1099 BC
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[[::1098 BC1098 BC
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[[::1097 BC1097 BC
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[[::1096 BC1096 BC
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[[::1095 BC1095 BC
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[[::1094 BC1094 BC
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[[::1093 BC1093 BC
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[[::1092 BC1092 BC
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[[::1091 BC1091 BC
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[[::1090 BC1090 BC
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[[::CenturiesCenturies]] and [[::MillenniaMillennia]]
Millennium  Century  

Before Christ / Before Common Era (BC/BCE)  
[[::4th millennium BC4th]]:  [[::40th century BC40th]]  [[::39th century BC39th]]  [[::38th century BC38th]]  [[::37th century BC37th]]  [[::36th century BC36th]]  [[::35th century BC35th]]  [[::34th century BC34th]]  [[::33rd century BC33rd]]  [[::32nd century BC32nd]]  [[::31st century BC31st]] 
[[::3rd millennium BC3rd]]:  [[::30th century BC30th]]  [[::29th century BC29th]]  [[::28th century BC28th]]  [[::27th century BC27th]]  [[::26th century BC26th]]  [[::25th century BC25th]]  [[::24th century BC24th]]  [[::23rd century BC23rd]]  [[::22nd century BC22nd]]  [[::21st century BC21st]] 
[[::2nd millennium BC2nd]]:  [[::20th century BC20th]]  [[::19th century BC19th]]  [[::18th century BC18th]]  [[::17th century BC17th]]  [[::16th century BC16th]]  [[::15th century BC15th]]  [[::14th century BC14th]]  [[::13th century BC13th]]  [[::12th century BC12th]]  [[::11th century BC11th]] 
[[::1st millennium BC1st]]:  [[::10th century BC10th]]  [[::9th century BC9th]]  [[::8th century BC8th]]  [[::7th century BC7th]]  [[::6th century BC6th]]  [[::5th century BC5th]]  [[::4th century BC4th]]  [[::3rd century BC3rd]]  [[::2nd century BC2nd]]  [[::1st century BC1st]] 
Anno Domini / Common Era (AD/CE)  
[[::1st millennium1st]]:  [[::1st century1st]]  [[::2nd century2nd]]  [[::3rd century3rd]]  [[::4th century4th]]  [[::5th century5th]]  [[::6th century6th]]  [[::7th century7th]]  [[::8th century8th]]  [[::9th century9th]]  [[::10th century10th]] 
[[::2nd millennium2nd]]:  [[::11th century11th]]  [[::12th century12th]]  [[::13th century13th]]  [[::14th century14th]]  [[::15th century15th]]  [[::16th century16th]]  [[::17th century17th]]  [[::18th century18th]]  [[::19th century19th]]  [[::20th century20th]] 
[[::3rd millennium3rd]]:  [[::21st century21st]]  [[::22nd century22nd]]  [[::23rd century23rd]]  [[::24th century24th]]  [[::25th century25th]]  [[::26th century26th]]  [[::27th century27th]]  [[::28th century28th]]  [[::29th century29th]]  [[::30th century30th]] 
[[::4th millennium4th]]:  [[::31st century31st]] 
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