1288 1289 1290 - 1291 - 1292 1293 1294
1260s 1270s 1280s - 1290s - 1300s 1310s 1320s
12th century - 13th century - 14th century
|1291 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Category: Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Births – Deaths – Works|
|Art and literature|
|1291 in poetry|
|Gregorian calendar||1291 |
|Ab urbe condita||2044|
|Armenian calendar||740 |
|Bahá'í calendar||-553 – -552|
|Coptic calendar||1007 – 1008|
|Ethiopian calendar||1283 – 1284|
|Hebrew calendar||5051 – 5052|
|- Vikram Samvat||1346 – 1347|
|- Shaka Samvat||1213 – 1214|
|- Kali Yuga||4392 – 4393|
|Iranian calendar||669 – 670|
|Islamic calendar||689 – 691|
|- Imperial Year||Kōki 1951|
|Thai solar calendar||1834|
1291 (MCCXCI) was a year in the 13th century.
Events[edit | edit source]
Europe[edit | edit source]
- In the spring of this year, Vandino and Ugolino Vivaldi set sail from Genoa with the goal of reaching India; they never return.
- May 10 - Scottish nobles recognize the authority of King Edward I of England in mediating resolution of the succession crisis created by the death of King Alexander III of Scotland five years prior.
- Early August - According to tradition, the Swiss Confederation is formed by Uri, Schwyz, and Unterwalden, the "three forest cantons". A purported enacting document, the Federal Charter of 1291, is now widely believed to be a forgery.
- Sancho IV of Castile captures Tarifa from the Moors.
- The Habsburgs acquire the Swiss city of Lucerne.
- Pope Nicholas IV confirms the independence of San Marino via papal bull.
- All glassmakers in Venice are forced to moved to the island of Murano in order to contain the risk of fire, thus establishing the glass industry there.
- Klenová castle is constructed in southern Bohemia as part of a frontier defense system.
- King Andrew III of Hungary gives royal town privileges to Bratislava, the present-day capital of Slovakia.
Asia[edit | edit source]
- May 18 - Mamluk Sultan of Egypt Khalil captures Acre, thus exterminating the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem — the final Christian landholding remaining from the Crusades — and ending the Ninth Crusade and effectively all Crusades by eliminating the possibility of further attacks on the Holy Land (see Siege of Acre).
- The artificial Kunming Lake is constructed as a reservoir for Beijing in Yuan Dynasty China by famous engineer and astronomer Guo Shoujing.
- Emperor Kameyama, emperor of Japan, establishes the Zen Buddhist temple of Nanzenji in Kyoto.
Births[edit | edit source]
- February 8 - King Afonso IV of Portugal (died 1357)
- October 31 - Philippe de Vitry, French composer (died 1361)
- Pope Clement VI (died 1352)
- Theodore I of Montferrat (died 1338)
- Aimone of Savoy (died 1343)
Deaths[edit | edit source]
- March 10 - Arghun, Persian ruler
- June 18 - King Alfonso III of Aragon (born 1265)
- June 26 - Eleanor of Provence, queen of Henry III of England
- July 15 - Rudolph I of Germany, Holy Roman Emperor (born 1218)
- Hong Dagu, Korean military leader (born 1244)
- Talabuga, khan of the Blue Horde
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1291. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|
People of the year 1291 at Familypedia
13 people were born in 1291
4 children were born to the 4 women born in 1291
22 people died in 1291
989 people lived in 1291
Events of the year 1291 at Familypedia
15 people were married in 1291.
There were 0 military battles in 1291.
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