1275 1276 1277 - 1278 - 1279 1280 1281
1240s 1250s 1260s - 1270s - 1280s 1290s 1300s
12th century - 13th century - 14th century
|1278 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Category: Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Births – Deaths – Works|
|Art and literature|
|1278 in poetry|
|Gregorian calendar||1278 |
|Ab urbe condita||2031|
|Armenian calendar||727 |
|Bahá'í calendar||-566 – -565|
|Coptic calendar||994 – 995|
|Ethiopian calendar||1270 – 1271|
|Hebrew calendar||5038 – 5039|
|- Vikram Samvat||1333 – 1334|
|- Shaka Samvat||1200 – 1201|
|- Kali Yuga||4379 – 4380|
|Iranian calendar||656 – 657|
|Islamic calendar||676 – 677|
|- Imperial Year||Kōki 1938|
|Thai solar calendar||1821|
Events[edit | edit source]
- May 8 - Emperor Duanzong of Song China dies of illness and is succeeded by his brother Zhao Bing, who became Emperor Bing of Song. Meanwhile, the international armed forces under the Mongol leader Kublai Khan are drawing closer to the remnants of the Song court. A year later at the Battle of Yamen the Song Dynasty would cease to exist, incorporated into the Yuan Dynasty of China.
- August 26 - Kings Rudolph I of Germany and Ladislaus IV of Hungary defeat King Otakar II of Bohemia in the Battle of Marchfield, a match of over 80,000 men and the largest battle of knights in the Middle Ages. The battle ends a power struggle between Rudolph and Otakar over the fate of central Europe, and Rudolph's Habsburg family will continue to rule Austria and other captured territories until the end of World War I in 1918.
- The independence, boundaries, and political structure of Andorra are agreed to by the Spanish Bishop of Urgell and the French Count of Foix.
- The earliest known written copy of the Avesta, a collection of ancient sacred Persian Zoroastrian texts previously passed down orally, is produced.
- An edict by Pope Nicholas III requires all Jews to attend conversion sermons.
- The Japanese era Kenji ends, and the Koan era begins.
Births[edit | edit source]
- Constantine III of Armenia (died c. 1310)
- Ferdinand of Majorca (died 1316)
- Philip I of Taranto (d. 1332)
Deaths[edit | edit source]
- February 10 - Margaret II (born 1202)
- May 1 - William II Villehardouin
- May 8 - Emperor Duanzong of China (born 1268)
- June 30 - Pierre de la Broce, French courtier
- August 26 - King Otakar II of Bohemia
- Al-Nawawi, Syrian writer (born 1233)
- Ulrich von Liechtenstein, knight, politician, and minnesinger (born 1200)
- Nicola Pisano, Italian sculptor
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1278. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|
People of the year 1278 at Familypedia
28 people were born in 1278
9 children were born to the 9 women born in 1278
14 people died in 1278
990 people lived in 1278
Events of the year 1278 at Familypedia
13 people were married in 1278.
There were 0 military battles in 1278.
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