1271 1272 1273 - 1274 - 1275 1276 1277
1240s 1250s 1260s - 1270s - 1280s 1290s 1300s
12th century - 13th century - 14th century
|1274 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Category: Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Births – Deaths – Works|
|Art and literature|
|1274 in poetry|
|Gregorian calendar||1274 |
|Ab urbe condita||2027|
|Armenian calendar||723 |
|Bahá'í calendar||-570 – -569|
|Coptic calendar||990 – 991|
|Ethiopian calendar||1266 – 1267|
|Hebrew calendar||5034 – 5035|
|- Vikram Samvat||1329 – 1330|
|- Shaka Samvat||1196 – 1197|
|- Kali Yuga||4375 – 4376|
|Iranian calendar||652 – 653|
|Islamic calendar||672 – 673|
|- Imperial Year||Kōki 1934|
|Thai solar calendar||1817|
Events[edit | edit source]
Europe[edit | edit source]
- May 7 - The Second Council of Lyons, held by the leadership of the Roman Catholic Church convenes to consider the conquest of the Holy Land via Crusades and address the East-West Schism with the Byzantine church. The Council eventually approves a tithe to support efforts to conquer the Holy Land from Muslims, and reaches apparent resolution of the schism which ultimately proves unsuccessful.
- November - The diet at Nuremberg orders that all crown estates seized since the death of Frederick II be restored to Rudolph I of Germany; almost all European rulers agree, with the notable exception of King Otakar II of Bohemia, who had benefited greatly by conquering or otherwise coming into possession of many of those lands.
- Pope Gregory X decrees that conclaves (meetings during which the electors have no contact with the outside) should be used for papal elections, reforming the electoral process which had taken over three years to elect him.
England[edit | edit source]
- August 2 - King Edward I of England finally returns from the Ninth Crusade to England to be crowned king, two years after his father King Henry III's death.
- His interim chancellor and effective regent, Walter de Merton retires from royal service to make the final revisions to his statutes for the foundation of Merton College and take up the post of Bishop of Rochester.
- One of Edward's first acts is to enforce a decree requiring all English Jews to wear yellow badges.
- The first main survey of the Hundred Rolls, an English census seen as a follow up to the Domesday Book completed in 1086, is begun; it lasts until 1275.
Italy[edit | edit source]
- Bonvesin de la Riva wrote the didactic-allegoric poemet Libro de le tre scritture (Negra, Rubra, Aurea), first text in ancient Western Lombard language (still similar to other gallo-italic languages), and one of the first great literary work in Italy. It tells about Hell, Christ's Passion and Paradise; this plot suggested Dante in his Comedia.
Asia[edit | edit source]
- November 20 - The Mongol Empire attempts the first of several invasions of Japan (30,000 soldiers and support personnel sails from Korea); after the Mongols capture outlying islands, they are repulsed on the main island at the Battle of Bun'ei by amassed Japanese warriors and a strong storm which batters their forces and fleet. Credit for the storm — called a kamikaze, or divine wind — is given by the Japanese to the god Raiden.
- Nichiren, founder of Nichiren Buddhism, enters a voluntary exile on Mount Minobu.
Births[edit | edit source]
- July 11 - Robert the Bruce, King of Scotland (died 1329)
- Eric VI of Denmark (died 1319)
- Saint Louis of Toulouse (died 1297)
- Adam Murimuth, English ecclesiastic and chronicler (approximate date; died 1347)
- Marchetto da Padova, Italian music theorist (approximate date)
Deaths[edit | edit source]
- March 7 - Saint Thomas Aquinas, Italian Catholic theologian (born 1225)
- June 25 - Nasir al-Din Tusi, Persian scientist and writer (born 1201)
- July 15 - Bonaventure, Italian theologian and saint (born 1221)
- August 15 - Robert de Sorbon, French theologian and founder of the Sorbonne (born 1201)
- September 2 - Prince Munetaka, Japanese shogun (born 1242)
- Henry III of Champagne
- Aedh mac Felim Ua Conchobair, King of Connacht
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1274. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|
People of the year 1274 at Familypedia
16 people were born in 1274
3 children were born to the 3 women born in 1274
21 people died in 1274
970 people lived in 1274
Events of the year 1274 at Familypedia
9 people were married in 1274.
There were 0 military battles in 1274.
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.