1267 1268 1269 - 1270 - 1271 1272 1273
1240s 1250s 1260s - 1270s - 1280s 1290s 1300s
12th century - 13th century - 14th century
|1270 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Category: Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Births – Deaths – Works|
|Art and literature|
|1270 in poetry|
|Gregorian calendar||1270 |
|Ab urbe condita||2023|
|Armenian calendar||719 |
|Bahá'í calendar||-574 – -573|
|Coptic calendar||986 – 987|
|Ethiopian calendar||1262 – 1263|
|Hebrew calendar||5030 – 5031|
|- Vikram Samvat||1325 – 1326|
|- Shaka Samvat||1192 – 1193|
|- Kali Yuga||4371 – 4372|
|Iranian calendar||648 – 649|
|Islamic calendar||668 – 669|
|- Imperial Year||Kōki 1930|
|Thai solar calendar||1813|
Events[edit | edit source]
Africa[edit | edit source]
The Eighth Crusade[edit | edit source]
- Before August - King Louis IX of France launches the Eighth Crusade in an attempt to recapture the crusader states from the Mamluk sultan Baibars; the opening engagement is a siege of Tunis.
- August 25 - King Louis IX of France dies while besieging the city of Tunis, possibly due to poor quality drinking water.
- October 30 - The siege of Tunis and the Eighth Crusade end by an agreement between Charles I of Sicily (Louis IX's brother) and the sultan of Tunis.
Other events in Africa[edit | edit source]
- Yekuno Amlak overthrows the Ethiopian Zagwe dynasty, claims the throne and establishes the Solomonic dynasty.
Asia[edit | edit source]
- In Korea, the Sambyeolcho Rebellion begins against the Goryeo Dynasty, a puppet government of the Mongol Empire.
- The ancient city of Ashkelon is captured from the crusader states and utterly destroyed by the Mamluk sultan Baibars, who goes so far as to fill in its important harbor, leaving the site desolate and the city never to be rebuilt.
- The city of Tabriz, in present-day Iran, is made capital of the Mongol Ilkhanate empire (approximate date).
- The independent state of Kutch is founded in present-day India.
- A census of the Chinese city of Hangzhou establishes that some 186,330 families reside within it, not including visitors and soldiers. (Historian Jacques Gernet argues that this means a population of over 1 million inhabitants, making Hangzhou the most populous city in the world.)
Europe[edit | edit source]
- December - Crucial aspects of the philosophy of Averroism (itself based on Aristotle's works) are banned by the Roman Catholic church in a condemnation enacted by papal authority at the University of Paris.
- The Summa Theologica, a work by Thomas Aquinas that is considered within the Roman Catholic Church to be the paramount expression of its theology, is completed (year uncertain).
- Witelo translates Alhazen's 200-year-old treatise on optics, Kitab al-Manazir, from Arabic into Latin, bringing the work to European academic circles for the first time.
- The Sanskrit fables known as the Panchatantra, dating from as early as 200 BCE, are translated into Latin from a Hebrew version by John of Capua.
- Construction of the Old New Synagogue in Prague is completed.
- The cathedral on the Rock of Cashel in Ireland is completed.
Births[edit | edit source]
- March 12 - Charles of Valois, son of Philip III of France (died 1325)
- Jacob ben Asher, Spanish rabbi and religious writer
- Theodore Metochites, Byzantine statesman and author
- Michael of Cesena, Franciscan theologian (died 1342)
- Marsilius of Padua, Italian scholar (died 1342)
- Aymer de Valence (died 1324)
- Cino da Pistoia, Italian poet (died 1336)
- Ma Zhiyuan, Chinese poet
- Namdev, Marathi saint and poet (died 1350)
- William Wallace, Scottish patriot (died 1305)
Deaths[edit | edit source]
- February 23 - Saint Isabel of France, daughter of Louis VIII of France (born 1225)
- March 17 - Philip of Montfort
- May 3 - Béla IV of Hungary (born 1206)
- July 14 - Boniface of Savoy Archbishop of Canterbury
- August 25
- September 24 - Philip of Montfort
- December 4 - Theobald V of Champagne, King of Navarre
- Mansa Wali Keita, second mansa of the Mali Empire
- Roger Bigod (born 1212)
- David VII Ulu, King of Georgia (born 1215)
- Isaac ben Moses of Vienna, Jewish rabbi and scholar (born 1200)
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People of the year 1270 at Familypedia
59 people were born in 1270
34 children were born to the 24 women born in 1270
46 people died in 1270
1013 people lived in 1270
Events of the year 1270 at Familypedia
26 people were married in 1270.
There were 0 military battles in 1270.
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