1265 1266 1267 - 1268 - 1269 1270 1271
1230s 1240s 1250s - 1260s - 1270s 1280s 1290s
12th century - 13th century - 14th century
|1268 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Category: Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Births – Deaths – Works|
|Art and literature|
|1268 in poetry|
|Gregorian calendar||1268 |
|Ab urbe condita||2021|
|Armenian calendar||717 |
|Bahá'í calendar||-576 – -575|
|Coptic calendar||984 – 985|
|Ethiopian calendar||1260 – 1261|
|Hebrew calendar||5028 – 5029|
|- Vikram Samvat||1323 – 1324|
|- Shaka Samvat||1190 – 1191|
|- Kali Yuga||4369 – 4370|
|Iranian calendar||646 – 647|
|Islamic calendar||666 – 667|
|- Imperial Year||Kōki 1928|
|Thai solar calendar||1811|
Events[edit | edit source]
Europe[edit | edit source]
War and politics[edit | edit source]
- February 18 - The Livonian Brothers of the Sword are defeated by Dovmont of Pskov in the Battle of Rakovor.
- October 29 - Conradin, the last legitimate male heir of the Hohenstaufen dynasty of Kings of Germany and Holy Roman Emperors, is executed along with his companion Frederick I by Charles I of Sicily, a political rival and ally to the hostile Roman Catholic church.
- King Stephen V of Hungary launches a war against Bulgaria.
- The county of Wernigerode become a vassal state of the margrave of Brandenburg.
- The House of Bourbon first rises to prominence with the marriage of Robert to King Louis IX of France's daughter, Beatrice of Burgundy, heiress to the lordship of Bourbon.
- New election procedures for the election of the doge are established in Venice in order to reduce the influence of powerful individual families.
- Pope Clement IV dies; the following papal election fails to choose a new pope for almost three years, precipitating the later creation of stringent rules governing the electoral procedures.
Culture[edit | edit source]
- Nicola Pisano completes the famous octagonal Gothic-style pulpit at the Duomo di Siena.
- The carnival in Venice is first recorded.
- In France, the use of hops as the exclusive flavoring agent used in the manufacture of beer is made compulsory.
- In Slovakia, Guta was founded (currently Kolárovo).
Asia[edit | edit source]
- May 18 - The Principality of Antioch, a crusader state, falls to the Mamluk Sultan Baibars in the Battle of Antioch; Baibars' destruction of the city of Antioch was so great as to permanently negate the city's importance.
- The Battle of Xiangyang, a six-year battle between the Chinese Song Dynasty and the Mongol forces of Kublai Khan, begins in what is today Hubei.
- Kublai Khan sends an emissary to the Kamakura Shogunate of Japan demanding an acknowledgment of souzerainty and payment of tribute; the Japanese refuse, starting a diplomatic back-and-forth lasting until the Mongols attempt to invade in 1274.
- An earthquake in Cilicia kills an estimated 60,000 people.
Births[edit | edit source]
Deaths[edit | edit source]
- October 29 - Conradin, Duke of Swabia (executed) (born 1252)
- October 29 - Frederick I (executed) (born 1249)
- November 29 - Pope Clement IV
- December 9 - Vaisvilkas, Prince of Black Ruthenia
- Barral of Baux, Grand Justiciar of Sicily
- Henry de Bracton, English jurist
- Peter II of Savoy (born 1203)
In fiction[edit | edit source]
- Gwenyth Hood's alternative history novel The Coming of the Demons explores an alternative history in which Conradin's execution is averted by wandering extraterrestrials.
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People of the year 1268 at Familypedia
19 people were born in 1268
14 children were born to the 6 women born in 1268
17 people died in 1268
983 people lived in 1268
Events of the year 1268 at Familypedia
16 people were married in 1268.
There were 0 military battles in 1268.
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