- For the computer virus, see 1260.
1257 1258 1259 - 1260 - 1261 1262 1263
1230s 1240s 1250s - 1260s - 1270s 1280s 1290s
12th century - 13th century - 14th century
|1260 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Category: Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Births – Deaths – Works|
|Art and literature|
|1260 in poetry|
|Gregorian calendar||1260 |
|Ab urbe condita||2013|
|Armenian calendar||709 |
|Bahá'í calendar||-584 – -583|
|Coptic calendar||976 – 977|
|Ethiopian calendar||1252 – 1253|
|Hebrew calendar||5020 – 5021|
|- Vikram Samvat||1315 – 1316|
|- Shaka Samvat||1182 – 1183|
|- Kali Yuga||4361 – 4362|
|Iranian calendar||638 – 639|
|Islamic calendar||658 – 659|
|- Imperial Year||Kōki 1920|
|Thai solar calendar||1803|
Events[edit | edit source]
Europe[edit | edit source]
War and politics[edit | edit source]
- September 4 - The Sienese Ghibellines, supported by the forces of King Manfred of Sicily, defeats the Florentine Guelphs at Montaperti.
- King Otakar II of Bohemia captures Styria from King Bela IV of Hungary in the Battle of Kressenbrunn.
- The Baltic Samogitians and Curonians defeat the Teutonic knights in the Battle of Durbe.
- The Duchy of Saxony is divided into Saxony-Lauenberg and Saxony-Wittenberg, marking the end of the first Saxon state.
- War breaks out in the Valais (today in Switzerland) as the Bishopry of Sion defends against an invasion by the County of Savoy.
Culture[edit | edit source]
- October 24 - The spectacular Cathedral of Chartres is dedicated in the presence of King Louis IX of France; the cathedral is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- Construction on the Dunkeld Cathedral begins in Perthshire, Scotland.
- Construction begins on the cathedral at Meißen.
- Construction begins on the cathedral at Schwerin.
- Jacobus de Voragine compiles his work, the Golden Legend, a late medieval best-seller.
- Nicola Pisano sculpts the pulpit of the Pisa Baptistery.
- German musical theorist Franco of Cologne publishes Ars Cantus Mensurabilis, in which he advances a new theory of musical notation in which the length of a musical note is denoted by the shape of that note, a system still used today.
- The mosaic Christ between the Virgin and St Minias is made on the facade of Florence's Basilica di San Miniato al Monte.
- The advent of the Age of the Holy Spirit predicted by Joachim of Fiore according to his interpretation of Revelations Ch 6.
Asia[edit | edit source]
- May 5 - Kublai Khan becomes ruler of the Mongol Empire.
- May 21 - Kublai sends his envoy Hao Jing to negotiate with the Song Dynasty Chancellor Jia Sidao, after the small force left by Kublai south of the Yangzi River is destroyed by a Chinese army of the Southern Song Dynasty. Chancellor Jia Sidao ordered to imprison the entire embassy of Kublai. This slight would not be forgotten by Kublai, but he was unable to assault the Song due to the civil war with his rival brother Ariq Böke.
- September 3 - The Mamluks defeat the Mongols at the Battle of Ain Jalut in Palestine, marking their first decisive defeat and the point of maximum expansion of the Mongol Empire.
- The Sena Dynasty of Bengal falls.
- The Chinese era Jingding begins and ends in the Southern Song Dynasty of China.
- The Japanese Shōgen era ends, and the Bun'ō era begins.
- The Hindu Silharya Dynasty, which ruled an area around Mumbai, ends.
- The newly formed Sukhothai kingdom of Thailand adopts Theravada Buddhism.
Africa[edit | edit source]
- October 24 - Saif ad-Din Qutuz, Mamluk sultan of Egypt, is assassinated by Baibars, who seizes power for himself.
Births[edit | edit source]
- Henry de Cobham (died 1339)
- Matthew Csák, ruler of the Váh and the Tatras regions in present-day Slovakia (died 1321)
- Meister Eckhart, German theologian, philosopher and mystic (died 1328)
- Agnes of France, only daughter of Louis VII of France by his third wife Adèle of Champagne (died 1240)
- Andronicus II Palaeologus, Byzantine Emperor (died 1332)
- Enguerrand de Marigny, minister to King Philip IV of France
- Guillaume de Nogaret, keeper of the seal to King Philip IV of France (year very uncertain) (died 1313)
- Maximus Planudes, Byzantine grammarian and theologian (approximate date; died 1330)
- Farsi, Persian mathematician and physicist (died 1320)
Deaths[edit | edit source]
- October 24 - Saif ad-Din Qutuz, Mamluk sultan of Egypt
- Franciscus Accursius, Italian jurist (approximate date)
- Matilda II of Bologne, sovereign Countess of Bologne
- Aymer de Valence, Bishop of Winchester
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1260. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|
People of the year 1260 at Familypedia
40 people were born in 1260
22 children were born to the 16 women born in 1260
28 people died in 1260
1029 people lived in 1260
Events of the year 1260 at Familypedia
27 people were married in 1260.
There were 1 military battles in 1260.
|Battle of Durbe (1260)||13 July 1260 JL|
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