1252 1253 1254 - 1255 - 1256 1257 1258
1220s 1230s 1240s - 1250s - 1260s 1270s 1280s
12th century - 13th century - 14th century
|1255 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Category: Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Births – Deaths – Works|
|Art and literature|
|1255 in poetry|
|Gregorian calendar||1255 |
|Ab urbe condita||2008|
|Armenian calendar||704 |
|Bahá'í calendar||-589 – -588|
|Coptic calendar||971 – 972|
|Ethiopian calendar||1247 – 1248|
|Hebrew calendar||5015 – 5016|
|- Vikram Samvat||1310 – 1311|
|- Shaka Samvat||1177 – 1178|
|- Kali Yuga||4356 – 4357|
|Iranian calendar||633 – 634|
|Islamic calendar||652 – 653|
|- Imperial Year||Kōki 1915|
|Thai solar calendar||1798|
- August - The final Cathar stronghold in southern France falls, eliminating the last refuge of the heretical Cathars after the Roman Catholic Church engaged in a program to crush the sect, starting in 1209 with the Albigensian Crusade.
- The death of Little Saint Hugh of Lincoln prompts persecution of Jews in England on accusations of blood libel.
- Lisbon becomes the capital of the Kingdom of Portugal.
- The Gothic cathedral at Bourges, France, is completed. It is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- A survey of royal privileges is conducted, which is included in the Hundred Rolls, an English census seen as a follow up to the Domesday Book completed in 1086; the Hundred Rolls is later completed with two larger surveys in 1274/1275 and 1279/1280.
Central and Eastern Europe
- May - William of Rubruck from Constantinople returns to Cyprus from his missionary journey to convert the Tatars of central and eastern Asia, his efforts having been unsuccessful.
- Königsberg (now Kaliningrad) is founded in Prussia.
- Theodore II Lascaris, Byzantine Emperor (in exile in the Empire of Nicaea), conducts a military campaign to recover Thrace from the Bulgarians. He concludes the task successfully a year later in 1256.
- The Duchy of Bavaria is split into Upper and Lower Bavaria
- The German state of Nassau is divided, not to be reunited until 1806.
- King Béla IV of Hungary grants Banská Bystrica municipal rights of a royal town.
- Hulagu Khan is dispatched by his brother Möngke Khan to destroy the remaining Muslim states in southwestern Asia.
- Albert I of Germany, Holy Roman Emperor (died 1308)
- William de Ros, claimant to the crown of Scotland (died 1317)
- Duccio di Buoninsegna, Sienese painter (died 1319)
- Grand Prince Andrey of Gorodets (approximate date; died 1304)
- Adolf of Nassau-Weilburg, King of the Romans (approximate date; died 1298)
- May 1 - Walter de Gray, English prelate and statesman
- Little Saint Hugh of Lincoln (born 1247)
- Jarler, Archbishop of Sweden
- Sundiata Keita, semi-historical hero and founder of the Mali Empire. (approximate date; born c. 1190)
- Batu Khan, Mongol ruler and founder of the Blue Horde.
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1255. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|
People of the year 1255 at Familypedia
44 people were born in 1255
24 children were born to the 12 women born in 1255
19 people died in 1255
1024 people lived in 1255
Events of the year 1255 at Familypedia
14 people were married in 1255.
There were 0 military battles in 1255.