1251 1252 1253 - 1254 - 1255 1256 1257
1220s 1230s 1240s - 1250s - 1260s 1270s 1280s
12th century - 13th century - 14th century
|1254 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Category: Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Births – Deaths – Works|
|Art and literature|
|1254 in poetry|
|Gregorian calendar||1254 |
|Ab urbe condita||2007|
|Armenian calendar||703 |
|Bahá'í calendar||-590 – -589|
|Coptic calendar||970 – 971|
|Ethiopian calendar||1246 – 1247|
|Hebrew calendar||5014 – 5015|
|- Vikram Samvat||1309 – 1310|
|- Shaka Samvat||1176 – 1177|
|- Kali Yuga||4355 – 4356|
|Iranian calendar||632 – 633|
|Islamic calendar||651 – 652|
|- Imperial Year||Kōki 1914|
|Thai solar calendar||1797|
Events[edit | edit source]
Europe[edit | edit source]
War and politics[edit | edit source]
- October 10 - Edward Plantagenet marries Eleanor of Castile. His father Henry III had demanded the marriage in exchange of ending the war with her brother Alfonso X of Castile
- December 2 - Manfred of Sicily defeats army of Pope Innocent IV at Foggia.
- King Louis IX of France, having exhausted his funds and being needed at home, abandons the Seventh Crusade (which he had conducted first in Egypt and then Syria) and returns to France.
- King Louis IX of France expels all Jews from France.
- King Afonso III of Portugal holds the first session of the Cortes (Portugal's general assembly composed of nobles, members of the middle class, and representatives from all municipalities) in Leiria.
- In England, an important step in the evolution of the Parliament and Peerage occurs, as lesser barons are replaced on the King's Council by elected representatives from shires and cities.
- Pope Innocent IV excommunicates Conrad IV of Germany and Rudolph I of Germany (later elected Holy Roman Emperor).
- The Ghibelline town of Pistoia is taken over by Guelph Florence.
Culture[edit | edit source]
- The Danish city of Copenhagen receives its city charter.
- The Catholic dogma of purgatory is clarified and so named by the Catholic church.
- The Horses of Saint Mark, once supposed to have adorned the Arch of Trajan in ancient Rome, are installed at Saint Mark's Basilica in Venice.
- The Swedish city of Malmö is founded.
- Construction is begun on the Cathedral of Saint Martin in Utrecht.
- December 12 - Pope Alexander IV succeeds Pope Innocent IV as the 181st pope.
Asia[edit | edit source]
- Byzantines defeat Bulgarians in the Battle of Adrianople.
- The classic Japanese text Kokin Chomonjo is completed.
- Mongols destroys Nanzhao kingdom in modern Yunnan.
- Mongols enslave 200,000 Koreans and take them away.
Births[edit | edit source]
- September 15 - Marco Polo, Italian explorer (died 1324)
- Floris V (died 1296)
- Zhao Mengfu, Chinese scholar, painter and calligrapher (died 1322)
- Ren Renfa, Chinese painter
Deaths[edit | edit source]
- May 21 - Conrad IV of Germany (born 1228)
- November 3 - John III Ducas Vatatzes, Byzantine Emperor (born 1193)
- December 7 - Pope Innocent IV
- William de Ferrers (born 1193)
- Silvester de Everdon, English bishop
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1254. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|
People of the year 1254 at Familypedia
24 people were born in 1254
11 children were born to the 10 women born in 1254
15 people died in 1254
995 people lived in 1254
Events of the year 1254 at Familypedia
21 people were married in 1254.
There were 0 military battles in 1254.
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.