Centuries: 9th century - 10th century - 11th century
Decades: 970s  980s  990s  - 1000s -  1010s  1020s  1030s

Years: 997 998 999 - 1000 - 1001 1002 1003

1000 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1000

Ab urbe condita 1753
Armenian calendar 449
Bahá'í calendar -844 – -843
Buddhist calendar 1544
Coptic calendar 716 – 717
Ethiopian calendar 992 – 993
Hebrew calendar 4760 4761
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1055 – 1056
 - Shaka Samvat 922 – 923
 - Kali Yuga 4101 – 4102
Holocene calendar 11000
Iranian calendar 378 – 379
Islamic calendar 390 – 391
Japanese calendar
 - Imperial Year Kōki 1660
Julian calendar 1045
Korean calendar 3333
Thai solar calendar 1543

The year 1000 of the Gregorian Calendar was the last year of the 10th century as well as the last year of the first millennium of the Christian era. AD 1000 was a leap year starting on Monday.

Overview[edit | edit source]

China[edit | edit source]

In what is today China, the Song Dynasty remained the world's most populous empire and continued to thrive under Emperor Zhenzong of Song China. By the late 11th century, the Song Dynasty had a total population of some 101 million people, an average annual iron output of 125,000 tons produced a year, and bolstered its enormous economy with the world's first known paper-printed money.

Europe[edit | edit source]

Speculation that the world would end in the year 1000 was confined largely to Christian monks in France,[1] as most clerks at the time used regnal years — i.e. the fourth year of the reign of Robert II of France, etc. The use of the Dionysian "anno domini" calendar era was confined to the Venerable Bede and other chroniclers of universal history.

Western Europe began to cross over from the Early Middle Ages into the High Middle Ages beginning around 1000, as marked by numerous distinct changes in Western European life: the rise of the medieval communes, the reawakening of widespread city life, the appearance of the burgher class, the revival of long-distance trade that reconnected Europe with the Mediterranean world, the founding of the first European universities, the rediscovery of Roman law, and the beginnings of vernacular literature, to name a few. The papacy at this time remained firmly under the control of Holy Roman Emperor Otto III — the self-proclaimed "Emperor of the World".

In Eastern Europe, the Byzantine Empire continued to thrive during its Golden Age in what is today primarily Greece and Turkey. Constantinople, with a population of about 300,000, dwarfed the Western cities of Rome and Paris, which at this time had populations of about 35,000 and 20,000, respectively.

The Viking Age continued in eastern and western Europe much as it had for the previous two centuries, with Viking trade, raids, and culture influencing much of European life. It was in the year 1000 that Leif Ericsson landed in what is today Newfoundland, naming it Vinland.

Islamic world[edit | edit source]

The Islamic world was experiencing a Golden Age around the year 1000 and continued to flourish under the Arab Empire (including the Ummayad, Abbasid and Fatimid caliphates), which included what is now the Middle East, North Africa, Central Asia and Iberian Peninsula. By 1000, Muslim traders and explorers had established a global economy across the Old World leading to a Muslim Agricultural Revolution, establishing the Arab Empire as the world's leading extensive economic power.

The scientific achievements of the Islamic civilization also reaches its zenith during this time, with the emergence of the first experimental scientists and the scientific method, which would form the basis of modern science.

Most of the leading scientists around the year 1000 were Muslim scientists, including Ibn al-Haytham (Alhacen), Abu Rayhan al-Biruni, Avicenna, Abu al-Qasim (Abulcasis), Ibn Yunus, Abu Sahl al-Quhi (Kuhi), Abu-Mahmud al-Khujandi, Abu Nasr Mansur, Abu al-Wafa, Ahmad ibn Fadlan, Al-Muqaddasi, Ali Ibn Isa, and al-Karaji (al-Karkhi), among others.

In particular, Ibn al-Haytham, Avicenna, Abu Rayhan al-Biruni, and Abu al-Qasim, who all flourished around the year 1000, are considered among the greatest scientists in history.

Events[edit | edit source]

By Place[edit | edit source]

Africa[edit | edit source]

Americas[edit | edit source]

Asia[edit | edit source]

Europe[edit | edit source]

Europe in 1000

By Topic[edit | edit source]

Religion[edit | edit source]

Science and Technology[edit | edit source]

World Population[edit | edit source]

Births[edit | edit source]

Deaths[edit | edit source]

People of the year 1000 at Familypedia

39 people were born in 1000

 FatherMotherAge mother at birth
Charles of Argouges (1000-c1047)Torf of Argouges (980-1020)Amicie d'Estouteville (975-?)
Imad Billung (c1000-1076)Liutger von Westfalengau (?-1011)Emma von Lesum (c977-1038)
Louis II de Chiny (?-?)Louis I de Chiny (?-1025)Adelaide
Luitgarde de Chiny (?-?)Louis I de Chiny (?-1025)Adelaide
Otto de Vermandois (c1000-1045)Herbert III de Vermandois (953-1015)Ermengard de Bar (946-aft1035)
Gerhard III. von Egisheim (?-1038)Hugo IV. von Egisheim (970-1047)Heilwig von Dagsburg (?-?)
Renaud I de Nevers (1000-1040)Landry de Nevers (c970-1028)Matilda de Bourgogne (c975-1005)
Barshaba Pendergrass (1783-1850)Solomon Salisbury Pendergrass (1769-1850)Miss Wright
Tatyana Mstislavna of Tmutarakan (c1000-c1050)Mstislav of Chernigov (c983-1036)Anastasia
Hugh de Talbot (c1000-)
Guillaume II d'Auvergne (1000-1060)Robert II d'Auvergne (c965-1032)Ermengarde of Arles (975-1033)
Estefania de Barcelona (c1000-bef1040)Ramon Borrel de Barcelone (972-1017)Ermessinde de Carcassonne (972-1057)
Garsinde de Besalu (c1000-aft1066)Bernard I Taillefer de Besalu (c965-c1020)Toda of Arles (981-?)
Renaud de Creil (c1000-aft1048)Hilduin de Breteuil (c975-aft1000)Emmeline de Chartres (?-?)
Manasses de Montdidier (c1000-1037)Manasses of Omont (c971-?)Odélie de Castrice (c970-?)
... further results

22 children were born to the 10 women born in 1000

15 people died in 1000

 FatherMotherAge at death
Malfrida (c965-1000)
Gisele Capet (c968-c1000)Hugh Capet (c940-996)Adelaide of Aquitaine (c945-1004)
Heinrich von Altdorf (?-1000)Rudolph II von Altdorf (?-c995)Ita von Schwaben (?-?)
Luis de Bigorre (?-1000)Ramon I Donat de Bigorre (c910-?)Tachilène of Astarac (c920-c967)
Hilduin de Breteuil (c975-aft1000)Hildouin III de Ponthieu (c933-c1009)Hersende la Pieuse de Ramerupt (c930-?)
Pons I de Fos et Hyeres (935-1000)Ison d'Arles (910-942)Unknown de Benevent (915-952)
Anne de Lebarten (927-1000)Eberhardt III de Lebarten (898-927)Unknown von Eilsz (?-?)
Hugues de Ponthieu (c970-c1000)Hildouin III de Ponthieu (c933-c1009)Hersende la Pieuse de Ramerupt (c930-?)
Gislebert de Roucy (c950-c1000)Renaud de Roucy (-967)Alberade de Lorraine (c929-c967)
Velasco Gómez de Saldaña y Liébana (?-1000)Gómez Díaz de Saldaña y Liébana (?-c987)Muniadona of Castile (?-c1015)
Corrado Cono di Ivrea (?-c1000)Berengar II of Italy (900-966)Willa of Arles (912-970)
Hugues du Perche (-c1000)Fulcois du Perche (?-?)Melisende de Nogent (?-?)
Ælfthryth (c945-c1000)Ordgar of Devon (-971)
Sizzo I. von Käfernburg (-aft1000)Siger von Käfernburg (bef955)
Ita von Schwaben (?-?)Konrad von Schwaben (c930-997)Reginlint von Sachsen (c950-)

396 people lived in 1000

Konstantin Dobrynich (c965-1022)Dobrynya (c945-c995)
Malfrida (c965-1000)
Malusha (940-1020)Malk Lyubchanin
Mstislava Vladimirovna (c986-c1030)Vladimir I Svyatoslavich of Kiev (c958-1015)Rogneda Rogvolodovna of Polotsk (962-1002)
Daughter of Bolesław I the Brave (995-1018)Bolesław I the Brave (967-1025)Emnilda
Ostromir Konstantinovich (c995-1057)Konstantin Dobrynich (c965-1022)
Pozvizd Vladimirovich (c985-c1030)Vladimir I Svyatoslavich of Kiev (c958-1015)
Predslava Vladimirovna (c983-c1025)Vladimir I Svyatoslavich of Kiev (c958-1015)Rogneda Rogvolodovna of Polotsk (962-1002)
Premyslava Vladimirovna (c985-1015)Vladimir I Svyatoslavich of Kiev (c958-1015)Rogneda Rogvolodovna of Polotsk (962-1002)
Abd al-Rahman Sanchuelo (983-1009)Al-Mansur Ibn Abi Aamir (c938-1002)Urraca Sanchez of Pamplona (?-?)
Abu al-Qasim Muhammad ibn Abbad (984-1042)Ismail of Seville, Judge/Iman of Seville
Anleta of Scotland (986-c1033)Malcolm II of Scotland (c954-1034)
Malcolm II of Scotland (c954-1034)Kenneth II of Scotland (bef954-995)Unknown of Leinster (c930-)
Anna Porphyrogenita (963-1011)Romanos II (938-963)Theophano (941-c980)
Adalbert I Arbald (986-1041)Rostaing Arbald (965-1023)Dame de Roussillon (965-?)
... further results

Events of the year 1000 at Familypedia

13 people were married in 1000.

 Joined with
Bethóc of Scotland (c980-)Crínán, Abbot of Dunkeld (-1045)
Torf of Argouges (980-1020)Amicie d'Estouteville (975-?)
Ermengol of Urgell (974-1010)Tetberga de Forez (?-?)+Guisla de Roussillon (?-?)
Rodolphe II von Urach und Achalm (967-1039)Adelaide von Wulfingen (975-?)
Pons I de Gevaudan (c969-c1017)NN + Théoberge de Maurienne (970-1013)
Beatrice de Hainaut (c995-c1030)Ebles I de Roucy (c985-1033)
Ascélina de Limoges (965-c1012)Boson II de la Marche (950-1006)
Aymeric I de Rochechouart (965-1018)Ève of Angoulême (983-c1030)
Thorold de Pont-Audemer (970-1042)Aveline de Crépon (974-1031)
Boson II de la Marche (950-1006)Ascélina de Limoges (965-c1012)
Arduin of Ivrea (955-1015)Berta (-aft1014)
Ève of Angoulême (983-c1030)Aymeric I de Rochechouart (965-1018)
Eva von Luxemburg (?-?)Gerhard von Metz (965-c1024)

There were 1 military battles in 1000.

 Event date
Battle of Cervera29 July 1000 JL
0.098484848484848 2.2 0.037878787878788

See also[edit | edit source]

Further reading[edit | edit source]

  • Robert Lacey and Danny Danziger The Year 1000: What Life Was Like at the Turn of the First Millennium (1999) ISBN 0-316-55840-0
  • John Man Atlas of the Year 1000 (1999) ISBN 0-14-051419-8

References[edit | edit source]

  1. ^ Cantor, 1993 Europe in 1050 p. 235.

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